Latest & greatest articles for babies

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Top results for babies

41. A New Recalibrated Four-Category Child-Pugh Score Performs Better than the Original Child-Pugh and MELD Scores in Predicting In-Hospital Mortality in Decompensated Alcoholic Cirrhotic Patients with Acute Variceal Bleeding: a Real-World Cohort Analysis (Abstract)

A New Recalibrated Four-Category Child-Pugh Score Performs Better than the Original Child-Pugh and MELD Scores in Predicting In-Hospital Mortality in Decompensated Alcoholic Cirrhotic Patients with Acute Variceal Bleeding: a Real-World Cohort Analysis There currently is no consensus on how to accurately predict early rebleeding and death after a major variceal bleed. This study investigated the relative predictive performances of the original Child-Pugh (CP), model for end-stage liver disease (...) (MELD) and a four-category recalibrated Child-Pugh (rCP).This prospective study included all adult patients admitted to Groote Schuur Hospital with acute esophageal variceal bleeding secondary to alcoholic cirrhosis, between January 2000 and December 2017. CP and rCP grades and MELD score were calculated on admission, and the predictive ability in discriminating in-hospital rebleeding and death was compared by area under receiver-operating characteristic (AUROC) curves.During the study period, 403

2019 EvidenceUpdates

42. Impact of a complementary feeding intervention and mother's perceptions of child weight status in infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of a complementary feeding intervention and mother's perceptions of child weight status in infants. Introduction: if complementary feeding is not introduced at six months or if it is inadequate, the child's growth will be affected. Objective: to evaluate the impact of a complementary feeding intervention and the mothers' perceptions of child weight status (MPCW) on growth indicators. Method: this was a quasi-experimental intervention in 19 mother-child dyads with seven workshops given (...) to the intervention group (IG). Mothers were asked when, why, and how food groups should be introduced according to their beliefs and experience. Growth indicators were Z-scores for length-for-age (ZLA) and weight-for-length (ZWL). MPCW was measured using the question: "do you think your child is: 'a little underweight or underweight', 'more or less at a normal weight', 'a little overweight' or 'definitely overweight'?" Number of breastfed times, number of feeding times and minimal dietary diversity

2019 Nutricion hospitalaria Controlled trial quality: uncertain

43. Association of Umbilical Cord Milking vs Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping With Death or Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage Among Preterm Infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Umbilical Cord Milking vs Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping With Death or Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage Among Preterm Infants. Umbilical cord milking as an alternative to delayed umbilical cord clamping may provide equivalent benefits to preterm infants, but without delaying resuscitation.To determine whether the rates of death or severe intraventricular hemorrhage differ among preterm infants receiving placental transfusion with umbilical cord milking vs delayed umbilical (...) cord clamping.Noninferiority randomized clinical trial of preterm infants (born at 23-31 weeks' gestation) from 9 university and private medical centers in 4 countries were recruited and enrolled between June 2017 and September 2018. Planned enrollment was 750 per group. However, a safety signal comprising an imbalance in the number of severe intraventricular hemorrhage events by study group was observed at the first interim analysis; enrollment was stopped based on recommendations from the data

2019 JAMA

44. Antimicrobial central venous catheters do not reduce infections in pre-term babies. (Abstract)

Antimicrobial central venous catheters do not reduce infections in pre-term babies. The studyGilbert R, Brown M, Rainford N et al. Antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters for prevention of neonatal bloodstream infection (PREVAIL): an open-label, parallel-group, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019;3:381-90.The study was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme (project number 12/167/02).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to https (...) ://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000782/antimicrobial-central-venous-catheters-for-pre-term-babies-do-not-reduce-infections.Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

2019 BMJ

45. Immunisations: babies up to 13 months of age

Immunisations: babies up to 13 months of age Immunisations: babies up to 13 months of age - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Register by 26 November to vote in the General Election on 12 December (...) . Promotional material Immunisations: babies up to 13 months of age This booklet covers all immunisations for babies during their first year of life. Published 29 July 2013 Last updated 4 November 2019 — From: Documents Ref: Public Health England gateway number 2019179 If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email . Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use

2019 Public Health England

46. Flu immunisation for early years settings including child minders

Flu immunisation for early years settings including child minders Flu immunisation for early years settings including child minders - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Register by 26 November to vote (...) in the General Election on 12 December. Guidance Flu immunisation for early years settings including child minders Guidance for early years childcare settings on the nasal spray flu (influenza) vaccination for preschool children. Published 16 September 2016 Last updated 15 October 2019 — From: Documents Ref: PHE Publications Gateway Number 2019074 15 October 2019 Added pre-school guidance for the 2019 to 2020 flu season. 18 September 2018 Added revised guidance for early years childcare settings. 7 September

2019 Public Health England

47. Evaluation of the Febrile Infant

Evaluation of the Febrile Infant Evaluation of the Febrile Infant | Emergency Medicine | Washington University in St. Louis Open Menu Back Close Menu Search for: Loading... Welcome Our Team Sections Education Alumni Research ECRC Journal Club Events Jermyn Lectures Open Search Vignette You are moonlighting in your local, community ED when the parents of a 26-dayold female infant bring their daughter in for evaluation of fever. The child felt warm to the touch this morning and her mother checked (...) a rectal temperature, which was 100 degrees F. Later that day, they checked temperature again and it was 101. The child has still been breastfeeding well, nursing for 30 to 45 minutes every 2 to 3 hours. She was born via spontaneous vaginal delivery at 38 weeks EGA with no known complications. The mother believes her GBS was negative. The patient was discharged home with mom and has been doing well until today. No siblings in the house. On exam, the infant is well-appearing with no focus of infection

2019 Washington University Emergency Medicine Journal Club

48. Text messaging for maternal and infant retention in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services: A pragmatic stepped-wedge cluster-randomized trial in Kenya Full Text available with Trip Pro

Text messaging for maternal and infant retention in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services: A pragmatic stepped-wedge cluster-randomized trial in Kenya Timely diagnosis of infant HIV infection is essential for antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. In a randomized controlled trial, we found the Texting Improves Testing (TextIT) intervention (a theory-based text messaging system) to be efficacious for improving infant HIV testing rates and maternal retention in prevention (...) of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programs. Using an implementation science approach, we aimed to evaluate real-world effectiveness of the intervention.In a pragmatic, cluster-randomized, stepped-wedge trial with 2 time periods of observation, we randomly allocated 10 clinics to begin implementing the intervention immediately and 10 clinics to begin implementing 6 months later. To approximate real-world conditions, inclusion criteria were broad. Women at clinics implementing the intervention

2019 EvidenceUpdates

49. ASCIA Information on how to introduce solid foods to babies for allergy prevention

they look at food on your plate and watch you eat. • Reach out for your food. • Open their mouth when offered food on a spoon. These signs happen at different times for different babies. If your baby is not eating solid foods by seven months of age, discuss this with your child health nurse, doctor or dietitian. ASCIA INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS, CONSUMERS AND CARERS 3 Q 7: How should solid foods be introduced? • Learning to eat solid foods takes time, so be patient with your baby. • Offer your baby foods (...) of foods. • If your baby is having feeding problems discuss this with your child health nurse, doctor or dietitian. Q 8: In what order should solid foods be introduced? • Solid foods can be introduced in any order. However, iron rich foods need to be included around six months of age (not before four months). These include iron enriched (fortified) cereals, meats, poultry, fish, well cooked egg, tofu and legumes (such as chick peas). • You may choose to introduce one new food at each meal time so

2019 Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy

50. Association of early postnatal transfer and birth outside a tertiary hospital with mortality and severe brain injury in extremely preterm infants: observational cohort study with propensity score matching. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of early postnatal transfer and birth outside a tertiary hospital with mortality and severe brain injury in extremely preterm infants: observational cohort study with propensity score matching. To determine if postnatal transfer or birth in a non-tertiary hospital is associated with adverse outcomes.Observational cohort study with propensity score matching.National health service neonatal care in England; population data held in the National Neonatal Research Database.Extremely (...) preterm infants born at less than 28 gestational weeks between 2008 and 2015 (n=17 577) grouped based on birth hospital and transfer within 48 hours of birth: upward transfer (non-tertiary to tertiary hospital, n=2158), non-tertiary care (born in non-tertiary hospital; not transferred, n=2668), and controls (born in tertiary hospital; not transferred, n=10 866). Infants were matched on propensity scores and predefined background variables to form subgroups with near identical distributions

2019 BMJ

51. Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants. (Abstract)

Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants. Observational data have shown that slow advancement of enteral feeding volumes in preterm infants is associated with a reduced risk of necrotizing enterocolitis but an increased risk of late-onset sepsis. However, data from randomized trials are limited.We randomly assigned very preterm or very-low-birth-weight infants to daily milk increments of 30 ml per kilogram of body weight (faster increment) or 18 ml per kilogram (...) (slower increment) until reaching full feeding volumes. The primary outcome was survival without moderate or severe neurodevelopmental disability at 24 months. Secondary outcomes included components of the primary outcome, confirmed or suspected late-onset sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and cerebral palsy.Among 2804 infants who underwent randomization, the primary outcome could be assessed in 1224 (87.4%) assigned to the faster increment and 1246 (88.7%) assigned to the slower increment. Survival

2019 NEJM

52. Effect of community-initiated kangaroo mother care on survival of infants with low birthweight: a randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

Effect of community-initiated kangaroo mother care on survival of infants with low birthweight: a randomised controlled trial. Coverage of kangaroo mother care remains very low despite WHO recommendations for its use for babies with low birthweight in health facilities for over a decade. Initiating kangaroo mother care at the community level is a promising strategy to increase coverage. However, knowledge of the efficacy of community-initiated kangaroo mother care is still lacking. We aimed (...) to assess the effect of community-initiated kangaroo mother care provided to babies weighing 1500-2250 g on neonatal and infant survival.In this randomised controlled, superiority trial, undertaken in Haryana, India, we enrolled babies weighing 1500-2250 g at home within 72 h of birth, if not already initiated in kangaroo mother care, irrespective of place of birth (ie, home or health facility) and who were stable and feeding. The first eligible infants in households were randomly assigned (1:1

2019 Lancet

53. Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes

Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Last updated: May 14, 2019 Project Number: RB1341-000 Product Line (...) : Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of exercises and/or massage of the wound bed in preventing re-adhesion following tongue tie or lip tie release? Key Message No relevant literature was identified regarding the clinical effectiveness of exercises and massage post-frenectomy for infants with tongue and lip tie. Files Rapid Response Summary of Abstracts Published : May 14, 2019 Related Content Follow us: ©

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

54. Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness

Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: May 16, 2019 Project Number: RB1340-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary (...) of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the comparative clinical effectiveness between different surgical techniques used to perform frenectomy for infants with tongue and lip tie? Key Message One systematic review was identified regarding frenectomy techniques for infants with tongue and lip tie. Files Rapid Response Summary of Abstracts Published : May 16, 2019 Related Content Follow us: © 2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Get our newsletter:

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

55. Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness

Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: May 23, 2019 Project Number: RB1342-000 Product Line: Research (...) Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of craniosacral therapy for mothers and infants with breastfeeding problems? Key Message One systematic review was identified regarding craniosacral therapy for mothers and infants with breastfeeding issues. Files Rapid Response Summary of Abstracts Published : May 23, 2019 Related Content Follow us: © 2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Get our

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

56. Management of Infants at Risk for Group B Streptococcal Disease

Management of Infants at Risk for Group B Streptococcal Disease Management of Infants at Risk for Group B Streptococcal Disease | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics '); document.write(''); } function OAS_AD(pos) { if (OAS_version >= 11 && typeof(OAS_RICH)!='undefined') { OAS_RICH(pos); } else { OAS_NORMAL(pos); } } //--> Search for this keyword Source User menu Sections Sign up for highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. Management (...) of Infants at Risk for Group B Streptococcal Disease Karen M. Puopolo , Ruth Lynfield , James J. Cummings , COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORN , COMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES This article has a correction. Please see: Abstract Group B streptococcal (GBS) infection remains the most common cause of neonatal early-onset sepsis and a significant cause of late-onset sepsis among young infants. Administration of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis is the only currently available effective strategy

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

57. The Impact of Severe Maternal Morbidity on Very Preterm Infant Outcomes (Abstract)

The Impact of Severe Maternal Morbidity on Very Preterm Infant Outcomes To estimate the prevalence of severe maternal morbidity among very preterm births and determine its association with very preterm infant mortality and morbidity.This study used New York City Vital Statistics birth and death records linked with maternal and newborn discharge abstract data for live births between 2010 and 2014. We included 6901 infants without congenital anomalies born between 240/7 and 326/7 weeks (...) of gestation. Severe maternal morbidity was identified as life-threatening conditions or life-saving procedures. Outcomes were first-year infant mortality, severe neonatal morbidity (bronchopulmonary dysplasia, severe necrotizing enterocolitis, stage 3-5 retinopathy of prematurity, and intraventricular hemorrhage grades 3-4), and a combined outcome of death or morbidity.Twelve percent of very preterm live-born infants had a mother with severe maternal morbidity. Maternal and pregnancy characteristics

2019 EvidenceUpdates

58. Identifying Child Abuse Fatalities During Infancy

in young children following abuse allegations: evidence from a prospective, population-based study . Christian CW , Block R ; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect ; American Academy of Pediatrics . Abusive head trauma in infants and children . Choudhary AK , Servaes S , Slovis TL , et al . Consensus statement on abusive head trauma in infants and young children . Chadwick DL , Kirschner RH , Reece RM , et al . Shaken baby syndrome–a forensic pediatric response . Meadow R . Suffocation, recurrent apnea (...) . Mirchandani HG , Mirchandani IH , Hellman F , et al . Passive inhalation of free-base cocaine (‘crack’) smoke by infants . Section on Radiology American Academy of Pediatrics . Diagnostic imaging of child abuse . Brown RH . The battered child syndrome . Lauer B , ten Broeck E , Grossman M . Battered child syndrome: review of 130 patients with controls . Scott PD . Fatal battered baby cases . Harpey JP , Charpentier C , Paturneau-Jouas M . Sudden infant death syndrome and inherited disorders of fatty acid

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

59. Executive Summary: Criteria for Critical Care of Infants and Children: PICU Admission, Discharge, and Triage Practice Statement and Levels of Care Guidance

or injured pediatric patients should be cared for in a child- and family-centered environment by a multidisciplinary pediatric critical care team. Three levels of care are described in these recommendations on the basis of the results of the Delphi survey and expert panel consensus: community-based PICU, tertiary PICU, and quaternary or specialized PICU. Community medical center PICUs play an important role in health care systems that provide care to infants and children. In the previously published (...) Executive Summary: Criteria for Critical Care of Infants and Children: PICU Admission, Discharge, and Triage Practice Statement and Levels of Care Guidance Executive Summary: Criteria for Critical Care of Infants and Children: PICU Admission, Discharge, and Triage Practice Statement and Levels of Care Guidance | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics '); document.write(''); } function OAS_AD(pos) { if (OAS_version >= 11 && typeof(OAS_RICH)!='undefined') { OAS_RICH(pos); } else

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

60. The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy infant feeding for allergy prevention guidelines

The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy infant feeding for allergy prevention guidelines The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy infant feeding for allergy prevention guidelines | The Medical Journal of Australia mja-search search Use the for more specific terms. Title contains Body contains Date range from Date range to Article type Author's surname Volume First page doi: 10.5694/mja__.______ Search Reset  close Individual Login Purchase options Connect (...) person_outline Login keyboard_arrow_down Individual Login Purchase options menu search Advertisement close The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy infant feeding for allergy prevention guidelines Preeti A Joshi, Jill Smith, Sandra Vale and Dianne E Campbell Med J Aust 2019; 210 (2): . || doi: 10.5694/mja2.12102 Published online: 14 January 2019 Topics Abstract Introduction: The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, the peak professional body for clinical immunology

2019 MJA Clinical Guidelines