Latest & greatest articles for calcium

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Top results for calcium

1. Do Calcium Antagonists Decrease Mortality or Dependency in Acute Ischemic Stroke? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Do Calcium Antagonists Decrease Mortality or Dependency in Acute Ischemic Stroke? Do Calcium Antagonists Decrease Mortality or Dependency in Acute Ischemic Stroke? - Annals of Emergency Medicine Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Share this page Access provided by Volume 74, Issue 4, Pages 575–577 Do Calcium Antagonists Decrease Mortality or Dependency in Acute Ischemic Stroke? x Rachel E. Bridwell , MD (EBEM Commentator) , x Brit Long , MD (EBEM Commentator (...) ) , x Michael D. April , MD, DPhil (EBEM Commentator) Department of Emergency Medicine, San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, Fort Sam Houston, TX DOI: | Publication History Published online: May 09, 2019 Expand all Collapse all Article Outline Take-Home Message The use of calcium antagonists in acute ischemic stroke does not reduce mortality or dependency in activities of daily living. Methods Data Sources An information specialist searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials

2019 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

2. Calcium supplementation commencing before or early in pregnancy, for preventing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. (Abstract)

Calcium supplementation commencing before or early in pregnancy, for preventing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy include pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension, chronic hypertension, and undefined hypertension. Pre-eclampsia is considerably more prevalent in low-income than in high-income countries. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is dietary differences, particularly calcium deficiency. Calcium supplementation in the second half (...) of pregnancy reduces the serious consequences of pre-eclampsia, but has limited effect on the overall risk of pre-eclampsia. It is important to establish whether calcium supplementation before, and in early pregnancy (before 20 weeks' gestation) has added benefit. Such evidence could count towards justification of population-level interventions to improve dietary calcium intake, including fortification of staple foods with calcium, especially in contexts where dietary calcium intake is known

2019 Cochrane

3. Genetic predisposition to increased serum calcium, bone mineral density, and fracture risk in individuals with normal calcium levels: mendelian randomisation study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genetic predisposition to increased serum calcium, bone mineral density, and fracture risk in individuals with normal calcium levels: mendelian randomisation study. To determine if genetically increased serum calcium levels are associated with improved bone mineral density and a reduction in osteoporotic fractures.Mendelian randomisation study.Cohorts used included: the UK Biobank cohort, providing genotypic and estimated bone mineral density data; 25 cohorts from UK, USA, Europe, and China (...) , providing genotypic and fracture data; and 17 cohorts from Europe, providing genotypic and serum calcium data (summary level statistics).A genome-wide association meta-analysis of serum calcium levels in up to 61 079 individuals was used to identify genetic determinants of serum calcium levels. The UK Biobank study was used to assess the association of genetic predisposition to increased serum calcium with estimated bone mineral density derived from heel ultrasound in 426 824 individuals who had

2019 BMJ

4. Calcium, vitamin D or recombinant parathyroid hormone for managing post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism. (Abstract)

Calcium, vitamin D or recombinant parathyroid hormone for managing post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism. Post-surgical hypoparathyroidism is a common complication after thyroid surgery. The incidence is likely to increase given the rising trend in the annual number of thyroid operations being performed. Measures to prevent post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism including different surgical techniques and prophylactic calcium and vitamin D supplements have been extensively studied (...) . The management of post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism however has not been extensively evaluated. Routine use of calcium and vitamin D supplements in the postoperative period may reduce the risk of symptoms, temporary hypocalcaemia and hospital stay. However, this may lead to overtreatment and has no effect on long-term hypoparathyroidism. Current recommendations on the management of post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism is based on low-quality evidence. Existing guidelines do not often distinguish between

2019 Cochrane

5. Effect of Calcium-Channel Blocker Therapy on Radial Artery Grafts After Coronary Bypass Surgery (Abstract)

Effect of Calcium-Channel Blocker Therapy on Radial Artery Grafts After Coronary Bypass Surgery Few studies have evaluated the effect of chronic calcium-channel blocker therapy (CCB) on the angiographic and clinical outcome of radial artery (RA) grafts used for coronary bypass surgery.The purpose of this study was to evaluate if CCB influences midterm clinical and angiographic outcomes of RA grafts.Patient-level data of 6 angiographic randomized trials evaluating RA graft status at midterm

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Calcium antagonists for acute ischemic stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Calcium antagonists for acute ischemic stroke. The sudden loss of blood supply in ischemic stroke is associated with an increase of calcium ions within neurons. Inhibiting this increase could protect neurons and might reduce neurological impairment, disability, and handicap after stroke.To assess the effects of calcium antagonists for reducing the risk of death or dependency after acute ischemic stroke. We investigated the influence of different drugs, dosages, routes of administration, time (...) of VIP information, and Wanfang Data. We also searched the following trials registers: ClinicalTrials.gov, EU Clinical Trials Register, Stroke Trials Registry, ISRCTN registry, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, and we contacted trialists and researchers.Randomized controlled trials comparing a calcium antagonist versus control in people with acute ischemic stroke.Two review authors independently selected trials, extracted data, assessed risk

2019 Cochrane

7. Triple Antibiotic Solution Promotes Similar Antibacterial Effects as Calcium Hydroxide/2% Chlorhexidine When Used as an Intracanal Medicament

Triple Antibiotic Solution Promotes Similar Antibacterial Effects as Calcium Hydroxide/2% Chlorhexidine When Used as an Intracanal Medicament UTCAT3361, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Triple Antibiotic Solution Promotes Similar Antibacterial Effects as Calcium Hydroxide/2% Chlorhexidine When Used as an Intracanal Medicament Clinical Question In patients undergoing non-surgical therapy in a tooth (...) diagnosed with pulpal necrosis, does the use of triple antibiotic paste as an intracanal medicament have better antibacterial efficacy than a calcium hydroxide/chlorhexidine formulation? Clinical Bottom Line Triple antibiotic solution (1 mg/mL) promoted similar antibacterial effects as calcium hydroxide/2% chlorhexidine when used as an intracanal medicament. This is based on several randomized clinical trials in which intracanal medicaments were placed for 7 to 21 days in primary and immature/mature

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

8. Astronaut Cardiovascular Health and Risk Modification (Astro-CHARM) Coronary Calcium Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Calculator Full Text available with Trip Pro

Astronaut Cardiovascular Health and Risk Modification (Astro-CHARM) Coronary Calcium Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Calculator Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is a powerful novel risk indicator for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Currently, there is no available ASCVD risk prediction tool that integrates traditional risk factors and CAC.To develop a CAC ASCVD risk tool for younger individuals in the general population, subjects aged 40 to 65 without prior

2018 EvidenceUpdates

9. Is Adenosine or an Intravenous Calcium Channel Blocker More Effective for Treating Supraventricular Tachycardia? (SRS therapy)

Is Adenosine or an Intravenous Calcium Channel Blocker More Effective for Treating Supraventricular Tachycardia? (SRS therapy) TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Among patients presenting with supraventricular tachycardia, rates of reversion to sinus rhythm and hypotension were similar between patients who were given adenosine or calcium channel blockers. Is Adenosine or an Intravenous Calcium Channel Blocker More Effective for Treating Supraventricular Tachycardia? EBEM Commentators Michael Gottlieb, MD (...) studies, although one study had both a verapamil and a diltiazem treat- ment arm. There was no difference in the rates of reversion to sinus rhythm between adenosine and calcium channel antagonists (Table). Three trials reported on hypotension, with only one case identi?ed in the calcium channel antagonist group. Four studies, comprising 442 patients, evaluated time to reversion, with a signi?cantly reduced time in the adenosine group (mean¼44 seconds) compared with the calcium channel antago- nist

2018 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

10. Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems. Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are common causes of serious morbidity and death. Calcium supplementation may reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia, and may help to prevent preterm birth. This is an update of a review last published in 2014.To assess the effects of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and related maternal and child outcomes.We searched Cochrane (...) Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register, ClinicalTrials.gov, the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) (18 September 2017), and reference lists of retrieved studies.We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs), including cluster-randomised trials, comparing high-dose calcium supplementation (at least 1 g daily of calcium) during pregnancy with placebo. For low-dose calcium we included quasi-randomised trials, trials without placebo, trials with cointerventions and dose

2018 Cochrane

11. Calcium

Calcium Top results for calcium - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 (...) or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for calcium The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

12. Patiromer sorbitex calcium (Veltassa) - for the treatment of hyperkalaemia in adults

Patiromer sorbitex calcium (Veltassa) - for the treatment of hyperkalaemia in adults 1 patiromer (as patiromer sorbitex calcium) 8.4g and 16.8g powder for oral suspension (Veltassa ® ) SMC2084 Vifor Fresenius Medical Care Renal Pharma UK Ltd 6 July 2018 The Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) has completed its assessment of the above product and advises NHS Boards and Area Drug and Therapeutic Committees (ADTCs) on its use in NHS Scotland. The advice is summarised as follows: ADVICE: following

2018 Scottish Medicines Consortium

13. Empagliflozin, calcium, and SGLT1/2 receptor affinity: another piece of the puzzle Full Text available with Trip Pro

Empagliflozin, calcium, and SGLT1/2 receptor affinity: another piece of the puzzle 30024112 2018 11 14 2018 11 14 2055-5822 5 4 2018 08 ESC heart failure ESC Heart Fail Empagliflozin, calcium, and SGLT1/2 receptor affinity: another piece of the puzzle. 549-551 10.1002/ehf2.12345 Anker Stefan D SD Division of Cardiology and Metabolism, Department of Cardiology (CVK), Berlin-Brandenburg Center for Regenerative Therapies (BCRT), German Centre for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK) partner site Berlin (...) , Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, University Medicine Göttingen (UMG), Göttingen, Germany. Butler Javed J Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi, Jackson, MS, USA. eng Editorial Comment 2018 07 19 England ESC Heart Fail 101669191 2055-5822 0 Benzhydryl Compounds 0 Glucosides 0 Sodium-Glucose Transporter 1 HDC1R2M35U empagliflozin IY9XDZ35W2 Glucose SY7Q814VUP Calcium IM ESC Heart Fail. 2018 Aug;5(4):642-648 30117720 Benzhydryl

2018 ESC heart failure

14. Calcium channel blockers for preventing cardiomyopathy due to iron overload in people with transfusion-dependent beta thalassaemia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Calcium channel blockers for preventing cardiomyopathy due to iron overload in people with transfusion-dependent beta thalassaemia. Beta thalassaemia is a common inherited blood disorder. The need for frequent blood transfusions in this condition poses a difficult problem to healthcare systems. The most common cause of morbidity and mortality is cardiac dysfunction from iron overload. The use of iron chelation therapy has reduced the severity of systemic iron overload but specific, non-toxic (...) treatment is required for removal of iron from the myocardium.To assess the effects of calcium channel blockers combined with standard iron chelation therapy in people with transfusion-dependent beta thalassaemia on the amount of iron deposited in the myocardium, on parameters of heart function, and on the incidence of severe heart failure or arrhythmias and related morbidity and mortality.We searched the Cochrane Haemoglobinopathies Trials Register, compiled from electronic database searches

2018 Cochrane

15. Calcium-RasGRP2-Rap1 signaling mediates CD38-induced migration of chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

Calcium-RasGRP2-Rap1 signaling mediates CD38-induced migration of chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells CD38 is a transmembrane exoenzyme that is associated with poor prognosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). High CD38 levels in CLL cells are linked to increased cell migration, but the molecular basis is unknown. CD38 produces nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate and adenosine 5'-diphosphate-ribose, both of which can act to increase intracellular Ca2+ levels. Here we show that CD38

2018 Blood advances

16. Heparin Oligosaccharides Have Antiarrhythmic Effect by Accelerating the Sodium-Calcium Exchanger Full Text available with Trip Pro

Heparin Oligosaccharides Have Antiarrhythmic Effect by Accelerating the Sodium-Calcium Exchanger Background: Blockage of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is used to determine the role of NCX in arrhythmogenesis. Trisulfated heparin disaccharide (TD) and Low Molecular Weight Heparins (LMWHs) can directly interact with the NCX and accelerate its activity. Objective: In this work, we investigated the antiarrhythmic effect of heparin oligosaccharides related to the NCX activity. Methods: The effects (...) of heparin oligosaccharides were tested on the NCX current (patch clamping) and intracellular calcium transient in rat cardiomyocytes. The effects of heparin oligosaccharides were further investigated in arrhythmia induced in isolated rat atria and rats in vivo. Results: The intracellular Ca2+ concentration decreases upon treatment with either enoxaparin or ardeparin. These drugs abolished arrhythmia induction in isolated atria. The NCX antagonist KB-R7943 abolished the enoxaparin or ardeparin

2018 Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine

17. Vitamin D, Calcium, or Combined Supplementation for the Primary Prevention of Fractures in Community-Dwelling Adults: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. (Abstract)

Vitamin D, Calcium, or Combined Supplementation for the Primary Prevention of Fractures in Community-Dwelling Adults: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Osteoporotic fractures result in significant morbidity and mortality.To update the evidence for benefits and harms of vitamin D, calcium, or combined supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force.PubMed, EMBASE (...) , Cochrane Library, and trial registries through March 21, 2017; references; and experts. Surveillance continued through February 28, 2018.English-language randomized clinical trials (RCTs) or observational studies of supplementation with vitamin D, calcium, or both among adult populations; studies of populations that were institutionalized or had known vitamin D deficiency, osteoporosis, or prior fracture were excluded.Dual, independent review of titles/abstracts and full-text articles and study quality

2018 JAMA

18. Vitamin D, Calcium, or Combined Supplementation for the Primary Prevention of Fractures in Community-Dwelling Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. (Abstract)

Vitamin D, Calcium, or Combined Supplementation for the Primary Prevention of Fractures in Community-Dwelling Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Because of the aging population, osteoporotic fractures are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Approximately 2 million osteoporotic fractures occurred in the United States in 2005, and annual incidence is projected to increase to more than 3 million fractures by 2025. Within (...) 1 year of experiencing a hip fracture, many patients are unable to walk independently, more than half require assistance with activities of daily living, and 20% to 30% of patients will die.To update the 2013 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on vitamin D supplementation, with or without calcium, to prevent fractures.The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on vitamin D, calcium, and combined supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults

2018 JAMA

19. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation and increased risk of serrated polyps: results from a randomised clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation and increased risk of serrated polyps: results from a randomised clinical trial Serrated lesions such as sessile serrated adenomas or polyps (SSA/Ps) are important colorectal cancer precursors, but aetiological factors for these lesions are largely unknown. We aimed to determine the effects of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on the incidence of serrated polyps (SPs) in general and hyperplastic polyps and SSA/Ps specifically.Participants with one (...) or more adenoma at baseline were randomised to receive 1200 mg/day of elemental calcium, 1000 IU/day of vitamin D3, both or neither agent. Treatment continued for 3 or 5 years, when risk of polyps was determined from surveillance colonoscopy (treatment phase). Outcomes after treatment ceased were also assessed (observational phase). Adjusted risk ratios (aRRs) of SPs were determined via multivariable generalised linear models.SPs were diagnosed in 565 of 2058 (27.5%) participants during the treatment

2018 EvidenceUpdates

20. Calcium channel blockers for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Calcium channel blockers for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Schizophrenia and related disorders affect a sizable proportion of any population. Antipsychotic medications are the primary treatment for these disorders. Antipsychotic medications are associated with a variety of adverse effects including tardive dyskinesia. Dyskinesia is a disfiguring movement disorder of the orofacial region that can be tardive (having a slow or belated onset). Tardive dyskinesia is difficult to treat (...) , despite experimentation with several treatments. Calcium channel blockers (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil, flunarizine) have been among these experimental treatments.To determine the effects of calcium channel blocker drugs (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil) for treatment of neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or other chronic mental illnesses.We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (July 2015

2018 Cochrane