Latest & greatest articles for calcium

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Top results for calcium

41. Association of Coronary Artery Calcium Score vs Age With Cardiovascular Risk in Older Adults: An Analysis of Pooled Population-Based Studies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Coronary Artery Calcium Score vs Age With Cardiovascular Risk in Older Adults: An Analysis of Pooled Population-Based Studies Besides age, other discriminators of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk are needed in older adults.To examine the predictive ability of coronary artery calcium (CAC) score vs age for incident ASCVD and how risk prediction changes by adding CAC score and removing only age from prediction models.We conducted an analysis of pooled US (...) population-based studies, including the Framingham Heart Study, the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, and the Cardiovascular Health Study. Results were compared with 2 European cohorts, the Rotterdam Study and the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study. Participants underwent CAC scoring between 1998 and 2006 using cardiac computed tomography. The participants included adults older than 60 years without known ASCVD at baseline.Coronary artery calcium scores.Incident ASCVD events including coronary heart disease

2017 JAMA cardiology

42. Magnesium disorders can cause calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease: A case report and literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Magnesium disorders can cause calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease: A case report and literature review Calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD) disease, also known as pseudogout, is one of the most common forms of inflammatory arthritis. A variety of comorbidities and metabolic conditions have been recognized to predispose to CPPD. We describe here a patient with chronic CPP arthritis due to hypomagnesemia, which is one of the metabolic etiologies associated with CPPD, especially in younger

2017 European journal of rheumatology

43. Hypocalciuria as a Predictor of Reduced Intestinal Calcium Absorption Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hypocalciuria as a Predictor of Reduced Intestinal Calcium Absorption Impaired intestinal calcium absorption contributes to osteoporosis, but its measurement is limited to research settings. We hypothesized that 24-hour urine calcium (24HUC) values could diagnose low fractional calcium absorption (FCA). We performed a post hoc analysis of clinical trial data to determine whether 24HUC predicted low FCA compared with the gold standard dual calcium isotope method. Two hundred thirty (...) postmenopausal women <75 years old without osteoporosis underwent 445 FCA measurements using calcium isotopes (8 mg of oral 44Ca, 3 mg of intravenous 42Ca) and a 24-hour inpatient urine collection at 0 and 12 months. We determined subjects' total calcium intake via review of food diaries and supplements. Net calcium absorption (NCA) was total calcium intake × FCA. NCA and 24HUC values demonstrated a positive correlation (r = 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.25 to 0.42; P < 0.001). We calculated sensitivity

2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society

44. Association of Genetic Variants Related to Serum Calcium Levels With Coronary Artery Disease and Myocardial Infarction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Genetic Variants Related to Serum Calcium Levels With Coronary Artery Disease and Myocardial Infarction. Serum calcium has been associated with cardiovascular disease in observational studies and evidence from randomized clinical trials indicates that calcium supplementation, which raises serum calcium levels, may increase the risk of cardiovascular events, particularly myocardial infarction.To evaluate the potential causal association between genetic variants related to elevated (...) serum calcium levels and risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction using mendelian randomization.The analyses were performed using summary statistics obtained for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified from a genome-wide association meta-analysis of serum calcium levels (N = up to 61 079 individuals) and from the Coronary Artery Disease Genome-wide Replication and Meta-analysis Plus the Coronary Artery Disease Genetics (CardiogramplusC4D) consortium's 1000 genomes

2017 JAMA

45. The use of a biphasic calcium phosphate in a maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure: a clinical, radiological, histological, and histomorphometric evaluation with 9- and 12-month healing times Full Text available with Trip Pro

The use of a biphasic calcium phosphate in a maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure: a clinical, radiological, histological, and histomorphometric evaluation with 9- and 12-month healing times This study evaluates the clinical, radiological, histological, and histomorphometric aspects of a fully synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) (60% hydroxyapatite and 40% ß-tricalcium phosphate), used in a human maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE) procedure with 9- and 12-month healing time.A

2017 International journal of implant dentistry

46. Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk?

Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk? Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk? View/ Open Date 2016-12 Format Metadata Abstract Q: Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk? Evidence (...) -based answer: No. Supplemental vitamin D without calcium -- in doses averaging as much as 800 IU per day -- doesn't reduce the risk of hip, vertebral, or nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women and older men (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, large, high-quality meta-analysis of randomized or quasirandomized placebo-controlled trials). The vitamin D analogs alfacalcidol and calcitriol also don't reduce hip or nonvertebral fractures (SOR: A, multiple randomized, controlled trials [RCTs

2017 Clinical Inquiries

47. Influence of renal impairment on aldosterone status, calcium metabolism, and vasopressin activity in outpatients with systolic heart failure Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influence of renal impairment on aldosterone status, calcium metabolism, and vasopressin activity in outpatients with systolic heart failure Renal dysfunction (RD) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in heart failure (HF). At present, no specific treatment for patients with RD, to prevent progression of HF, has been developed. How different hormone axes-and thereby potential treatment options-are affected by RD in HF warrants further investigations.Patients with left

2017 ESC heart failure

48. Ridge preservation using an in situ hardening biphasic calcium phosphate (β-TCP/HA) bone graft substitute—a clinical, radiological, and histological study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ridge preservation using an in situ hardening biphasic calcium phosphate (β-TCP/HA) bone graft substitute—a clinical, radiological, and histological study Post-Extraction ridge preservation using bone graft substitutes is a conservative technique to maintain the width of the alveolar ridge. The objective of the present study was to evaluate an in situ hardening biphasic (HA/β-TCP) bone graft substitutes for ridge preservation without primary wound closure or a dental membrane.A total of 15

2017 International journal of implant dentistry

49. Management of Asymptomatic Patients With Positive Coronary Artery Calcium Scans Full Text available with Trip Pro

Management of Asymptomatic Patients With Positive Coronary Artery Calcium Scans The widespread availability of the coronary artery calcium scan to diagnose coronary artery atheroma semiquantitatively and its prognostic significance has frequently resulted in a difficult therapeutic decision for physicians caring for asymptomatic patients.Of particular concern are patients over 40 years of age and young adults characterized by multiple cardiovascular risk factors. The correct prognostic (...) interpretation of coronary artery calcium scores and the potential benefits and risks of various therapeutic modalities need to be understood.This review describes the therapeutic choices available to endocrinologists and provides recommendations for various treatment options.

2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society

50. Selective Arterial Calcium Stimulation With Hepatic Venous Sampling in Immune-Mediated Hypoglycemia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Selective Arterial Calcium Stimulation With Hepatic Venous Sampling in Immune-Mediated Hypoglycemia The purpose of the current study was to review the biochemical results of selective arterial calcium stimulation (SACST) with hepatic venous sampling in patients with immune-mediated hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia. A retrospective review was undertaken of four patients with immune-mediated hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia who underwent SACST with hepatic venous sampling from January 1996 to March (...) 2014. Baseline systemic arterial and hepatic venous insulin concentrations (uIU/mL) were compared, and the absolute and relative-fold increase in hepatic venous insulin concentration after calcium stimulation was calculated. Baseline systemic arterial and hepatic venous insulin concentrations were elevated in all vessels sampled (range, 95 to 1704 uIU/mL), and there was no increase in the absolute or relative (1.0- to 1.3-fold) hepatic venous insulin concentration after calcium injection into any

2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society

51. For Socket Preservation, Calcium Sulfate Alloplast Shows Similar Results as Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft for Maintenance of Socket Dimension and New Bone Formation

For Socket Preservation, Calcium Sulfate Alloplast Shows Similar Results as Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft for Maintenance of Socket Dimension and New Bone Formation UTCAT3240, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title For Socket Preservation, Calcium Sulfate Alloplast Shows Similar Results as Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft for Maintenance of Socket Dimension and New Bone Formation Clinical Question Following (...) extractions in adult patients, does socket preservation using the alloplast calcium sulfate result in a similar volume and dimension of bone compared to allograft materials? Clinical Bottom Line Alloplast graft materials such as calcium sulfate have shown similar clinical results for socket preservation when compared to freeze-dried bone allografts (FDBA). However, calcium sulfate is more easily resorbed when compared to FDBA. This may help in replacement of graft material by native bone during

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

52. Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation Along with Oral Hygiene Show Positive Affect on Periodontal Health

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation Along with Oral Hygiene Show Positive Affect on Periodontal Health UTCAT3161, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation Along with Oral Hygiene Show Positive Affect on Periodontal Health Clinical Question In patients with periodontal disease does oral supplementation of vitamin D and calcium along with recommended oral hygiene regimens (...) result in improved periodontal health? Clinical Bottom Line Evidence showed that there is only a slight positive affect on periodontal health when supplementing vitamin D and calcium along with oral hygiene. This is supported by evidence from a randomized clinical trial and an observational clinical trial that measured the periodontal health in two patient groups, one taking supplementation and one that was not. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

53. Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults

Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring uses computed tomography scanning to detect and assess the extent of atherosclerosis and quantifies the findings using a scoring system to assess and stratify risk of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

54. Association of Coronary Artery Calcium in Adults Aged 32 to 46 Years With Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Death Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Coronary Artery Calcium in Adults Aged 32 to 46 Years With Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Death Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, prognostic data on CAC are limited in younger adults.To determine if CAC in adults aged 32 to 46 years is associated with incident clinical CHD, CVD, and all-cause mortality during 12.5 years of follow-up.The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults

2017 JAMA cardiology

55. The Use of Laser Irradiation in Adjunct with Calcium Hydroxide Treatment of Direct Pulp Capping Procedures Leads to Higher Success Rates than Calcium Hydroxide Alone

The Use of Laser Irradiation in Adjunct with Calcium Hydroxide Treatment of Direct Pulp Capping Procedures Leads to Higher Success Rates than Calcium Hydroxide Alone UTCAT3149, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title The Use of Laser Irradiation in Adjunct with Calcium Hydroxide Treatment of Direct Pulp Capping Procedures Leads to Higher Success Rates than Calcium Hydroxide Alone Clinical Question In patients (...) needing a direct pulp cap, does the use of a laser irradiation prior to calcium hydroxide application improve the prognosis of the restoration compared to the use of calcium hydroxide alone? Clinical Bottom Line When direct pulp capping is performed, the use of laser irradiation as an adjunct to calcium hydroxide shows higher success rates for maintaining pulp vitality than the use of calcium hydroxide alone. This is supported by two meta-analyses, both reporting a significant difference

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

56. Effect of Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation on Cancer Incidence in Older Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (Abstract)

Effect of Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation on Cancer Incidence in Older Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Evidence suggests that low vitamin D status may increase the risk of cancer.To determine if dietary supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium reduces the risk of cancer among older women.A 4-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled, population-based randomized clinical trial in 31 rural counties (June 24, 2009, to August 26, 2015-the final date of follow-up). A total of 2303 healthy (...) postmenopausal women 55 years or older were randomized, 1156 to the treatment group and 1147 to the placebo group. Duration of treatment was 4 years.The treatment group (vitamin D3 + calcium group) received 2000 IU/d of vitamin D3 and 1500 mg/d of calcium; the placebo group received identical placebos.The primary outcome was the incidence of all-type cancer (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers), which was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and proportional hazards modeling.Among 2303 randomized

2017 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

57. Lack of Influence of Calcium/Phosphorus Ratio on Hip and Lumbar Bone Mineral Density in Older Americans: NHANES 2005-2006 Cross-Sectional Data Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lack of Influence of Calcium/Phosphorus Ratio on Hip and Lumbar Bone Mineral Density in Older Americans: NHANES 2005-2006 Cross-Sectional Data We sought to ascertain the effect of a low dietary calcium/phosphorus (Ca:P) ratio on the bone health of older adults in the United States. The present analysis assessed whether a high dietary consumption of P, which generally leads to a low dietary Ca:P ratio, has an unfavorable effect on the bone mineral density (BMD) of the hip and lumbar vertebrae

2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society

58. Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring

Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring – Position Statement Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring (CAC) is a non-invasive quantitation of coronary artery calcification using computed tomography (CT). It is a marker of atherosclerotic plaque burden and an independent predictor of future myocardial infarction and mortality. CAC provides incremental risk information beyond traditional risk calculators (eg. Framingham Risk Score (...) ). Its use for risk stratification is confined to primary prevention of cardiovascular events, and can be considered as “individualized coronary risk scoring” for those not considered to be of high or low risk. Medical practitioners should carefully counsel patients prior to CAC. CAC should only be undertaken if an alteration in therapy including embarking on pharmacotherapy is being considered based on the test result. Patient groups to consider Coronary Calcium Scoring 1. CAC is of most value

2017 Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand

59. Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand position statement executive summary: coronary artery calcium scoring

Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand position statement executive summary: coronary artery calcium scoring Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand position statement executive summary: coronary artery calcium scoring | The Medical Journal of Australia mja-search search Use the for more specific terms. Title contains Body contains Date range from Date range to Article type Author's surname Volume First page doi: 10.5694/mja__.______ Search Reset  close Individual Login Purchase (...) options Connect person_outline Login keyboard_arrow_down Individual Login Purchase options menu search Advertisement close Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand position statement executive summary: coronary artery calcium scoring Christian R Hamilton-Craig, Clara K Chow, John F Younger, V M Jelinek, Jonathan Chan and Gary YH Liew Med J Aust 2017; 207 (8): . || doi: 10.5694/mja16.01134 Published online: 16 October 2017 Topics Summary Introduction This article summarises the Cardiac Society

2017 MJA Clinical Guidelines