Latest & greatest articles for cancer

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Top results for cancer

1. COVID-19 mortality in patients with cancer on chemotherapy or other anticancer treatments: a prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and comorbidities, chemotherapy in the past 4 weeks had no significant effect on mortality from COVID-19 disease, when compared with patients with cancer who had not received recent chemotherapy (1·18 [0·81-1·72]; p=0·380). We found no significant effect on mortality for patients with immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, radiotherapy use within the past 4 weeks.Mortality from COVID-19 in cancer patients appears to be principally driven by age, gender, and comorbidities. We are not able to identify (...) evidence that cancer patients on cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anticancer treatment are at an increased risk of mortality from COVID-19 disease compared with those not on active treatment.University of Birmingham, University of Oxford.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2020 Lancet

2. Clinical impact of COVID-19 on patients with cancer (CCC19): a cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical impact of COVID-19 on patients with cancer (CCC19): a cohort study. Data on patients with COVID-19 who have cancer are lacking. Here we characterise the outcomes of a cohort of patients with cancer and COVID-19 and identify potential prognostic factors for mortality and severe illness.In this cohort study, we collected de-identified data on patients with active or previous malignancy, aged 18 years and older, with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2 (...) ) infection from the USA, Canada, and Spain from the COVID-19 and Cancer Consortium (CCC19) database for whom baseline data were added between March 17 and April 16, 2020. We collected data on baseline clinical conditions, medications, cancer diagnosis and treatment, and COVID-19 disease course. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality within 30 days of diagnosis of COVID-19. We assessed the association between the outcome and potential prognostic variables using logistic regression analyses

2020 Lancet

3. Trastuzumab Deruxtecan in Previously Treated HER2-Positive Gastric Cancer. (Abstract)

in patients with HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer. Patients with centrally confirmed HER2-positive gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma that had progressed while they were receiving at least two previous therapies, including trastuzumab, were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive trastuzumab deruxtecan (6.4 mg per kilogram of body weight every 3 weeks) or physician's choice of chemotherapy. The primary end point was the objective response, according to independent central review (...) trastuzumab deruxtecan-related interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis (grade 1 or 2 in 9 patients and grade 3 or 4 in 3), as adjudicated by an independent committee. One drug-related death (due to pneumonia) was noted in the trastuzumab deruxtecan group; no drug-related deaths occurred in the physician's choice group.Therapy with trastuzumab deruxtecan led to significant improvements in response and overall survival, as compared with standard therapies, among patients with HER2-positive gastric cancer

2020 NEJM

4. <i>H pylori</i> treatment reduced risk for gastric cancer in patients with a family history of gastric cancer. (Abstract)

H pylori treatment reduced risk for gastric cancer in patients with a family history of gastric cancer. Choi IJ, Kim CG, Lee JY, et al. Family history of gastric cancer andHelicobacter pyloritreatment. N Engl J Med. 2020;382:427-36. 31995688.

2020 Annals of Internal Medicine

5. Cancer prevention with aspirin in hereditary colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome), 10-year follow-up and registry-based 20-year data in the CAPP2 study: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cancer prevention with aspirin in hereditary colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome), 10-year follow-up and registry-based 20-year data in the CAPP2 study: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lynch syndrome is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer and with a broader spectrum of cancers, especially endometrial cancer. In 2011, our group reported long-term cancer outcomes (mean follow-up 55·7 months [SD 31·4]) for participants with Lynch syndrome enrolled (...) into a randomised trial of daily aspirin versus placebo. This report completes the planned 10-year follow-up to allow a longer-term assessment of the effect of taking regular aspirin in this high-risk population.In the double-blind, randomised CAPP2 trial, 861 patients from 43 international centres worldwide (707 [82%] from Europe, 112 [13%] from Australasia, 38 [4%] from Africa, and four [<1%] from The Americas) with Lynch syndrome were randomly assigned to receive 600 mg aspirin daily or placebo. Cancer

2020 Lancet

6. Oral Relugolix for Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Advanced Prostate Cancer. (Abstract)

Oral Relugolix for Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Advanced Prostate Cancer. Injectable luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists (e.g., leuprolide) are the standard agents for achieving androgen deprivation for prostate cancer despite the initial testosterone surge and delay in therapeutic effect. The efficacy and safety of relugolix, an oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist, as compared with those of leuprolide are not known.In this phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned patients (...) with advanced prostate cancer, in a 2:1 ratio, to receive relugolix (120 mg orally once daily) or leuprolide (injections every 3 months) for 48 weeks. The primary end point was sustained testosterone suppression to castrate levels (<50 ng per deciliter) through 48 weeks. Secondary end points included noninferiority with respect to the primary end point, castrate levels of testosterone on day 4, and profound castrate levels (<20 ng per deciliter) on day 15. Testosterone recovery was evaluated in a subgroup

2020 NEJM

7. Enzalutamide and Survival in Nonmetastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. (Abstract)

Enzalutamide and Survival in Nonmetastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. Preliminary trial results showed that enzalutamide significantly improved metastasis-free survival among men who had nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer and rapidly increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels while taking androgen-deprivation therapy. Results from the final analysis of overall survival have not yet been reported.In this double-blind, phase 3 trial, men with nonmetastatic (...) , castration-resistant prostate cancer (defined on the basis of conventional imaging and a PSA doubling time of ≤10 months) who were continuing to receive androgen-deprivation therapy were randomly assigned (in a 2:1 ratio) to receive enzalutamide at a dose of 160 mg or placebo once daily. Overall survival was assessed with a group sequential testing procedure and an O'Brien-Fleming-type alpha-spending function.As of October 15, 2019, a total of 288 of 933 patients (31%) in the enzalutamide group and 178

2020 NEJM

8. AGA Clinical Practice Update on Screening and Surveillance for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Expert Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

of liver cirrhosis, hepatic decompensation, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent data confirm that HCC represents the fifth most common cancer and is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and NAFLD has been identified as a rapidly emerging risk factor for this malignancy. NAFLD-associated liver complications are projected to become the leading indication for liver transplantation in the next decade. Despite evidence that NAFLD-associated HCC may arise in the absence (...) Carcinoma Screening Several studies have shown that patients with NAFLD without cirrhosis may, albeit rarely, develop HCC. Stine J.G. Wentworth B.J. Zimmet A. et al. Systematic review with meta-analysis: risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis without cirrhosis compared to other liver diseases. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2018; 48 : 696-703 White et al White D.L. Kanwal F. El-Serag H.B. Association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and risk for hepatocellular cancer, based

2020 American Gastroenterological Association Institute

9. Management of Cancer Cachexia: ASCO Guideline

Management of Cancer Cachexia: ASCO Guideline Management of Cancer Cachexia: ASCO Guideline - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health National Library of Medicine National Center for Biotechnology Information Show account info Close Account Logged in as: username (My NCBI) (My Bibliography (...) ;JCO2000611. doi: 10.1200/JCO.20.00611. Online ahead of print. Management of Cancer Cachexia: ASCO Guideline , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, MA. 2 American Society of Clinical Oncology, Alexandria, VA. 3 University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 4 MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. 5 Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA. 6 Cambia Health Solutions, Portland, OR. 7 Edinburgh Oncology Centre

2020 EvidenceUpdates

10. Simultaneous Versus Delayed Resection for Initially Resectable Synchronous Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases: A Prospective, Open-label, Randomized, Controlled Trial

background data: Numerous studies have compared both strategies. All were retrospective and conclusions were contradictory. Methods: Adults with colorectal cancer and resectable SLM were randomly assigned to either simultaneous or delayed resection of the metastases. The primary outcome was the rate of major complications within 60 days following surgery. Secondary outcomes included overall and disease-free survival. Results: A total of 105 patients were recruited. Eighty-five patients (39 and 46 (...) group, 8 patients did not reach the liver resection stage, and this was due to disease progression in 6 cases. After 2 years, overall and disease-free survival tended to be improved in simultaneous as compared with delayed-resection groups (P = 0.05), a tendency which persisted for OS after a median follow-up of 47 months. Conclusions: Complication rates did not appear to differ when colorectal cancer and synchronous liver metastases are resected simultaneously. Delayed resection tended to impair

2020 EvidenceUpdates

11. Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

of interest). The scope is limited to curative management of invasive carcinomas of the uterine cervix, which include squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas, and does not include rare histologies, noninvasive disease or palliative treatment. It focuses on management of cervical cancer with RT and its indications, techniques, and outcomes. It additionally covers other therapies that modify the efficacy of RT when used concurrently or in sequence (eg, chemotherapy or surgery). Key Questions (...) no further therapy in selected patients with stage IB carcinoma of the cervix after radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy: A Gynecologic Oncology Group Study. Gynecol Oncol. 1999; 73 : 177-183 Occult cervical cancer after total hysterectomy For women who are found to have an occult invasive cervical cancer after total hysterectomy (either for benign disease or uterine cancer), further treatment is needed for stages greater than or equal to IA2 because a radical hysterectomy with lymph node

2020 American Society for Radiation Oncology

12. Management of Cancer Cachexia

Management of Cancer Cachexia Supportive Care and Treatment Related Issues | ASCO Search form Search ASCO Family of Sites ASCOconnection.org features blogs from members, the online version of the membership magazine, a discussion area, working groups, and links to the Membership Directory, Career Center, and Volunteer Portal. ASCO Daily News is the official conference reporter for ASCO meetings and symposia, providing high-quality, unbiased research summaries and oncology news to members (...) and oncology health care providers. ASCO’s growing roster of cutting-edge journals serves readers as the most credible, authoritative, peer-reviewed resources for significant clinical oncology research and research that informs the delivery of efficient, high-quality cancer care across the globe. ASCO Practice Central helps oncology professionals navigate a complicated and ever-changing practice environment—while providing high-quality patient care. ASCO eLearning serves as a comprehensive online learning

2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

13. CIRSE Standards of Practice on Thermal Ablation of Liver Tumours

of liver tumours, including radiofrequency, microwave and cryoablation techniques. This is a preview of subscription content, to check access. Access options References 1. Ahmed M, Solbiati L, Brace CL, Breen DJ, Callstrom, Charboneau JW, et al. International Working Group on Image-Guided Tumor Ablation, Interventional Oncology Sans Frontières Expert Panel, Technology Assessment Committee of the Society of Interventional Radiology, Standard of Practice Committee of the Cardiovascular and Interventional (...) Radiological Society of Europe, et al. Image-guided tumor ablation: standardization of terminology and reporting criteria—a 10-year update. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2014;25(11):1691–705. 2. Wang X, Sofocleous CT, Erinjeri JP, Petre EN, Gonen M, Do KG, et al. Margin size is an independent predictor of local tumor progression after ablation of colon cancer liver metastases. Cardiovasc Interv Radiol. 2013;36(1):166–75. 3. Kim YS, Lee WJ, Rhim H, Lim HK, Choi D, Lee JY. The minimal ablative margin

2020 Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe

14. Shared follow-up care for women with low-risk endometrial cancer: A guide for General Practitioners

requiring further investigation and management. Addressing co-morbidities including obesity-related issues, hypertension and diabetes is important with evidence suggesting that, overall, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among endometrial cancer patients. 3 Interventions and investigations aimed at addressing risk factors for these diseases may have the greatest potential to improve outcomes for women diagnosed with low-risk endometrial cancer. GPs can provide whole person care (...) below. Identify, monitor and manage newly emerging or ongoing co-morbidities as required, including obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease Actively promote secondary prevention strategies and encourage realistic goal-setting (including maintaining a healthy body weight, regular exercise, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake) Women who require management of menopausal symptoms after treatment of endometrial cancer should be managed in consultation with the treating gynaecological cancer

2020 Cancer Australia

15. European Association of Urology Guidelines on Muscle-invasive and Metastatic Bladder Cancer: Summary of the 2020 Guidelines

of MMIBC. The recommendations are based on the current literature (until the end of 2019), with emphasis on high-level data from randomised clinical trials and meta-analyses and on the findings of an international consensus meeting. Surgical removal of the bladder and bladder preservation are discussed, as well as the use of chemotherapy and immunotherapy in localised and metastatic disease. Keywords: Bladder cancer; Cystectomy; Diagnosis; European Association of Urology; Follow-up; Guidelines (...) European Association of Urology Guidelines on Muscle-invasive and Metastatic Bladder Cancer: Summary of the 2020 Guidelines European Association of Urology Guidelines on Muscle-invasive and Metastatic Bladder Cancer: Summary of the 2020 Guidelines - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health

2020 EvidenceUpdates

16. Pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and docetaxel for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (CLEOPATRA): end-of-study results from a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study

, Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. 6 N N Petrov Research Institute of Oncology, St Petersburg, Russia. 7 12 de Octubre University Hospital, Medical Oncology Department, Madrid, Spain. 8 National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany. 9 Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. 10 F Hoffmann-La Roche, Basel, Switzerland. 11 Roche Products, Welwyn Garden City, UK. 12 (...) , Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. 6 N N Petrov Research Institute of Oncology, St Petersburg, Russia. 7 12 de Octubre University Hospital, Medical Oncology Department, Madrid, Spain. 8 National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany. 9 Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. 10 F Hoffmann-La Roche, Basel, Switzerland. 11 Roche Products, Welwyn Garden City, UK. 12

2020 EvidenceUpdates

17. Effectiveness of auricular point therapy for cancer-related fatigue: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Effectiveness of auricular point therapy for cancer-related fatigue: A systematic review and meta-analysis Effectiveness of Auricular Point Therapy for Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health National Library of Medicine National (...) RSS Cancel RSS Link Copy Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Review J Adv Nurs Actions . 2020 May 19. doi: 10.1111/jan.14375. Online ahead of print. Effectiveness of Auricular Point Therapy for Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 School of Nursing, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, China. 2 School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China. 3 Fujian Provincial

2020 EvidenceUpdates

18. Effect of Enzalutamide plus Androgen Deprivation Therapy on Health-related Quality of Life in Patients with Metastatic Hormone-sensitive Prostate Cancer: An Analysis of the ARCHES Randomised, Placebo-controlled, Phase 3 Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

survival (rPFS) versus ADT alone. Objective: To evaluate patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to week 73. Design, setting, and participants: ARCHES ( ) was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study in mHSPC patients. Intervention: Enzalutamide (160 mg/day) plus ADT or placebo plus ADT. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: PROs were assessed at baseline, week 13, and every 12 wk until disease progression using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (...) for confirmed deterioration for pain outcomes). Enzalutamide delays deterioration in several HRQoL subscales and pain severity in high-volume disease. Conclusions: Enzalutamide plus ADT enables men with mHSPC to maintain high-functioning HRQoL and low symptom burden. Patient summary: This study examined the effect on health-related quality of life and pain of adding enzalutamide or placebo to androgen deprivation therapy for patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. Addition

2020 EvidenceUpdates

19. Treatment of High-grade Non-muscle-invasive Bladder Carcinoma by Standard Number and Dose of BCG Instillations Versus Reduced Number and Standard Dose of BCG Instillations: Results of the European Association of Urology Research Foundation Randomised Phas

a predefined stopping criterion for inferiority. Conclusions: The reduced frequency schedule was inferior to the standard schedule regarding the time to first recurrence. Further recruitment of patients was stopped immediately to avoid harm in the reduced frequency BCG arm. Patient summary: After surgical removal of the tumour, patients with high-grade non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer are treated with bacillus Calmette-Guérin to prevent recurrence and progression. This is associated with significant side (...) effects. We report the results of a clinical trial showing a reduction in the number of instillations (from 15 to nine in total) being inferior to the standard protocol. From today's perspective, complete tumour resection and a standard number of instillations remain the standard of care. Keywords: Bacillus Calmette-Guérin; Instillation therapy; Non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer; Reduced frequency. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V. Similar articles Järvinen R, Marttila T, Kaasinen E

2020 EvidenceUpdates

20. Upfront FOLFOXIRI plus bevacizumab and reintroduction after progression versus mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab followed by FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab in the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (TRIBE2): a multicentre, open-label, phase 3, rand Full Text available with Trip Pro

: TRIBE2 was an open-label, phase 3, randomised study of patients aged 18-75 years with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2, with unresectable, previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer, recruited from 58 Italian oncology units. Patients were stratified according to centre, ECOG performance status, primary tumour location, and previous adjuvant chemotherapy. A randomisation system incorporating a minimisation algorithm was used to randomly assign patients (1:1 (...) , and one sepsis). Interpretation: Upfront FOLFOXIRI plus bevacizumab followed by the reintroduction of the same regimen after disease progression seems to be a preferable therapeutic strategy to sequential administration of chemotherapy doublets, in combination with bevacizumab, for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer selected according to the study criteria. Funding: The GONO Cooperative Group, the ARCO Foundation, and F Hoffmann-La Roche. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

2020 EvidenceUpdates