Latest & greatest articles for cardiac arrest

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Top results for cardiac arrest

241. Cardiac arrest during long-distance running races. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, initiation of bystander-administered cardiopulmonary resuscitation and an underlying diagnosis other than hypertrophic cardiomyopathy were the strongest predictors of survival.Marathons and half-marathons are associated with a low overall risk of cardiac arrest and sudden death. Cardiac arrest, most commonly attributable to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or atherosclerotic coronary disease, occurs primarily among male marathon participants; the incidence rate in this group increased during the past decade. (...) Cardiac arrest during long-distance running races. Approximately 2 million people participate in long-distance running races in the United States annually. Reports of race-related cardiac arrests have generated concern about the safety of this activity.We assessed the incidence and outcomes of cardiac arrest associated with marathon and half-marathon races in the United States from January 1, 2000, to May 31, 2010. We determined the clinical characteristics of the arrests by interviewing

2012 NEJM

242. Emergency Medical Service Dispatch Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Prearrival Instructions to Improve Survival From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Full Text available with Trip Pro

January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Emergency Medical Service Dispatch Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Prearrival Instructions to Improve Survival From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association , PhD , MD, MPH , MD , EMT-P, MPH , MD, FAHA , MD, MHSc, FRCPC , MD , BA, EMT-P (...) of a communication strategy that conveys leadership and confidence may help the bystander focus on the task of CPR. Core Content of CPR Prearrival Instructions A related challenge to bystander CPR may be the difficulty of coordinating multiple psychomotor skills, especially when dispatcher assistance is required. A primary benefit of CPR for adults is the generation of blood flow to the brain and heart during cardiac arrest. Therefore, CPR prearrival instructions for adults who suddenly collapse should

2012 American Heart Association

243. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in adults

recovery of blood flow to vital organs, particularly the brain and heart. Standard treatment for OHCA is highquality cardiopulmonary resuscitation, rapid defibrillation, and transport to a hospital for definitive treatment. The survival rate of these patients rapidly decreases with time and refractory cardiac arrest. Final publication URL The report may be purchased from: Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Adult; Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenations; Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (...) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in adults Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in adults Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in adults Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for out

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

244. Vasopressors in cardiac arrest: a systematic review

Vasopressors in cardiac arrest: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

245. Bedside echocardiography for prognosis of emergency department cardiac arrest?

cardiac ultrasound (echocardiography) would be of any prognostic or diagnostic utility. Search Strategy Ovid Medline(R) 1950 to August 2011 ((exp ultrasonography OR exp echocardiography) AND (exp cardiopulmonary resuscitation OR exp heart arrest OR cardiac arrest)). Limited to English and human. Search Outcome 457 papers were found of which six were considered relevant to the three-part question. Relevant Paper(s) Author, date and country Patient group Study type (level of evidence) Outcomes Key (...) physicians with minimal training can reliably differentiate cardiac standstill from contractile myocardium. Experienced EP sonographers can also use bedside echocardiography to accurately diagnose reversible causes of cardiac arrest (ie, pericardial effusion, hypovolaemia, right heart strain, etc) and therefore potentially improve their patient's prognosis by treating the underlying process. References Niendorff DF, Rassias AJ, Palac R, et al. Rapid cardiac ultrasound of inpatients suffering PEA arrest

2011 BestBETS

246. Hypothermia for neuroprotection after cardiac arrest: systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis

Hypothermia for neuroprotection after cardiac arrest: systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2011 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

247. International validation of the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest score in the United States (Abstract)

International validation of the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest score in the United States Investigators in France have developed a risk score to predict death or poor neurologic outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The aim of this study is to externally validate this score in an independent patient population in the United States.Retrospective, observational, cohort study.Patients being admitted to the intensive care unit after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.Two geographically distinct (...) characteristic curve. Of a total of 128 patients, 99 (77%) had a poor outcome, including 91 nonsurvivors (71%). The probability of poor neurologic outcome and mortality increased stepwise with increasing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest score. Graphic display of observed against predicted outcomes and goodness-of-fit test indicated good calibration of the score (p = .4). The score showed good discrimination for poor outcome (area under the receiving operating characteristic curve, 0.85; 95% confidence interval

2011 EvidenceUpdates

248. ROSC after cardiac arrest--the RACA score to predict outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest Full Text available with Trip Pro

ROSC after cardiac arrest--the RACA score to predict outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following cardiopulmonary resuscitation from cardiac arrest (CA) depends on numerous variables. The aim of this study was to develop a score to predict the initial resuscitation outcome-the RACA (ROSC after cardiac arrest) score.Based on 5471 prospectively registered out-of-hospital CAs patients between 1998 and 2008 within the German Resuscitation Registry

2011 EvidenceUpdates

249. [Therapeutic hypothermia in patients who underwent cardiac arrest resuscitation]

[Therapeutic hypothermia in patients who underwent cardiac arrest resuscitation] Hipotermia terapeutica en pacientes resucitados de un paro cardiaco [Therapeutic hypothermia in patients who underwent cardiac arrest resuscitation] Hipotermia terapeutica en pacientes resucitados de un paro cardiaco [Therapeutic hypothermia in patients who underwent cardiac arrest resuscitation] Pichon Riviere A, Augustovski F, Garcia Marti S, Glujovsky D, Lopez A, Rey-Ares L, Bardach A, Regueiro A, Alcaraz (...) in patients who underwent cardiac arrest resuscitation] Buenos Aires: Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS). Informe de Respuesta Rapida No 224. 2011 Authors' objectives To assess the available evidence on the efficacy, safety and coverage related aspects of therapeutic hypothermia in patients who underwent cardiac arrest resuscitation. Authors' conclusions The studies found had adequate methodological quality to support the use of therapeutic hypothermia within the first six hours

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

250. Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during in-hospital cardiac arrest

Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during in-hospital cardiac arrest PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2011 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

251. Perishock Pause: An Independent Predictor of Survival From Out-of-Hospital Shockable Cardiac Arrest Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perishock Pause: An Independent Predictor of Survival From Out-of-Hospital Shockable Cardiac Arrest Perishock pauses are pauses in chest compressions before and after defibrillatory shock. We examined the relationship between perishock pauses and survival to hospital discharge.We included out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Epistry-Cardiac Arrest who suffered arrest between December 2005 and June 2007, presented with a shockable rhythm (ventricular (...) interval.In patients with cardiac arrest presenting in a shockable rhythm, longer perishock and preshock pauses were independently associated with a decrease in survival to hospital discharge. The impact of preshock pause on survival suggests that refinement of automatic defibrillator software and paramedic education to minimize preshock pause delays may have a significant impact on survival.

2011 EvidenceUpdates

252. Hypothermia for Neuroprotection After Cardiac Arrest

Hypothermia for Neuroprotection After Cardiac Arrest Hypothermia for Neuroprotection After Cardiac Arrest – TheNNTTheNNT Mild Therapeutic Hypothermia for Neuroprotection Following Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) 6 for mortality In summary, for patients treated with mild hypothermia after CPR: Benefits in NNT 84% saw no benefit 16% were helped by having a neurologically-intact survival 1 in 6 were helped (neurologically-intact life saved) Harms in NNT 0% were harmed None were harmed View (...) As: NNT % Source: Efficacy Endpoints: Neurologic recovery (best outcome while in hospital, as measured by cerebral performance categories), survival to hospital discharge Harm Endpoints: Bleeding, pneumonia, sepsis, pulmonary edema, cardiac dysrhythmias Narrative: After the return of spontaneous circulation following cardiac arrest, neurologic injury may occur in the process of reperfusion. Past investigations have suggested that the induction of hypothermia in initially comatose survivors can help

2011 theNNT

253. Compression-Only CPR or Standard CPR in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Compression-Only CPR or Standard CPR in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2011 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

254. Outcomes among neonates, infants, and children after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for refractory in-hospital pediatric cardiac arrest: A report from the National Registry of CardioPulmonary Resuscitation

Outcomes among neonates, infants, and children after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for refractory in-hospital pediatric cardiac arrest: A report from the National Registry of CardioPulmonary Resuscitation PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2011 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

255. Is Vasopressin Indicated in the Management of Cardiac Arrest?

Is Vasopressin Indicated in the Management of Cardiac Arrest? Is Vasopressin Indicated in the Management of Cardiac Arrest? – Clinical Correlations Search Is Vasopressin Indicated in the Management of Cardiac Arrest? February 2, 2011 7 min read By Brandon Oberweis, MD Faculty Peer Reviewed Case Report : A 65-year-old male with a past medical history significant for NYHA class IV heart failure was found by his wife to be unresponsive. Emergency Medical Services was subsequently called and upon (...) , asystole accounts for 20-40% of cardiac arrests and is most often refractory to cardiac resuscitation [4]. Given the significant consequences and sequelae of cardiac arrest, the American Heart Association developed the ACLS protocol to attempt to provide a consistent and optimal management strategy. ACLS Guidelines : It is well-established that the first minutes following cardiac arrest are the most critical to a patient’s survival. The ACLS guidelines recommend Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR

2011 Clinical Correlations

256. Chest compression-only CPR by lay rescuers and survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Chest compression-only CPR by lay rescuers and survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2011 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

257. Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias after Cardiac Arrest in Public versus at Home. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias after Cardiac Arrest in Public versus at Home. The incidence of ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia as the first recorded rhythm after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has unexpectedly declined. The success of bystander-deployed automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in public settings suggests that this may be the more common initial rhythm when out-of-hospital cardiac arrest occurs in public. We conducted a study to determine whether (...) the location of the arrest, the type of arrhythmia, and the probability of survival are associated.Between 2005 and 2007, we conducted a prospective cohort study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in adults in 10 North American communities. We assessed the frequencies of ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia and of survival to hospital discharge for arrests at home as compared with arrests in public.Of 12,930 evaluated out-of-hospital cardiac arrests, 2042 occurred in public and 9564

2011 NEJM

258. A Critic's Assessment of Our Approach to Cardiac Arrest. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Critic's Assessment of Our Approach to Cardiac Arrest. 21268731 2011 02 04 2011 04 28 1533-4406 364 4 2011 Jan 27 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. A critic's assessment of our approach to cardiac arrest. 374-5 10.1056/NEJMe1012554 Bardy Gust H GH eng Comment Editorial United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 AIM IM N Engl J Med. 2011 Jan 27;364(4):313-21 21268723 N Engl J Med. 2011 Apr 28;364(17):1675; author reply 1676 21524218 N Engl J Med. 2011 Apr 28;364(17):1674-5 (...) ; author reply 1676 21524219 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Comorbidity Defibrillators Emergency Treatment Heart Arrest complications mortality therapy Humans Survival Rate Time Factors Treatment Failure Ventricular Fibrillation epidemiology etiology therapy 2011 1 28 6 0 2011 1 28 6 0 2011 2 5 6 0 ppublish 21268731 10.1056/NEJMe1012554

2011 NEJM

259. Cardiac Genetic Investigation of Young Sudden Unexplained Death and resuscitated Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest

resuscitated cardiac arrest. Possible Causes of SUD SUD can be caused by a number of primary arrhythmogenic disorders. Table 1 lists possible disorders likely to cause SUD with normal hearts at autopsy. Apart from WPW syndrome, the commonest causes relate to abnormalities in ion channels, leading to the collective term “ion channelopathies.” It is important to note however, that a negative autopsy does not exclude some cardiomyopathies, particularly ARVC (arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (...) of >500 beats in 24 hours is one of the diagnostic features of ARVC. 11 SQTS and changes of Brugada syndrome can be missed in the presence of a fast heart rate and may become manifest during nocturnal bradycardia during 24-hour ambulatory monitoring. It may also help in the diagnosis of LQTS and short coupled Torsades. Signal averaged ECG (SAECG) may be helpful in the diagnosis of ARVC. Cardiac Genetic Investigation of Young Sudden Unexplained Death and Resuscitated Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Page

2011 Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand

260. Therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest (IPG386)

Therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest (IPG386) Overview | Therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest | Guidance | NICE Therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest Interventional procedures guidance [IPG386] Published date: March 2011 Share Save Guidance The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on Therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest. Description People (...) who have a cardiac arrest can sometimes develop neurological problems because of the lack of oxygen to the brain. In this procedure, after resuscitation a cooling device is used to reduce the person’s core temperature to 32–34°C to reduce the risk of developing neurological problems. and for this guidance. Your responsibility This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, healthcare professionals

2011 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Interventional Procedures