Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

301. Preventing dental caries</a>

Preventing dental caries Preventing dental caries We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Preventing dental caries Share: Reading time approx. 2 minutes This document was published more than 2 years ago. The nature of the evidence may have changed. Dental caries remains a health problem for many children and adolescents in Sweden (...) . Adults also have major care needs as a result of caries, particularly those who were not covered by preventive services while young. While the methods for preventing caries are relatively simple, considerable disagreement is found in the scientific literature about their effects, and practices among dental services vary. The report, \"Preventing Caries\", systematically reviews and critically assesses the scientific evidence concerning the preventive effects of various methods. Methods The Project

2002 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

302. Fluoride gels for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. (Abstract)

and manufacturers.Randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials with blind outcome assessment, comparing fluoride gel with placebo or no treatment in children up to 16 years during at least one year. The main outcome was caries increment measured by the change in decayed, missing and filled tooth surfaces (D(M)FS).Inclusion decisions, quality assessment and data extraction were duplicated in a random sample of one third of studies, and consensus achieved by discussion or a third party. Study authors were contacted (...) Fluoride gels for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. Topically applied fluoride gels have been widely used as a caries-preventive intervention in dental surgeries and school-based programs for over two decades.To determine the effectiveness and safety of fluoride gels in the prevention of dental caries in children and to examine factors potentially modifying their effect.Multiple electronic database searches, reference lists of articles, journal handsearch, selected authors

2002 Cochrane

303. Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests

Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests Taylor-Weetman K, Wake B, Hyde C Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment (...) . No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Taylor-Weetman K, Wake B, Hyde C. Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests. Birmingham: West Midlands Health Technology Assessment Collaboration (WMHTAC). DPHE Report No. 36. 2002 Authors' objectives The review aimed to compare bitewings to orthopantomogram (OPT) for the detection of dental caries. Authors' conclusions Although

2002 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

304. Preventing dental caries

Preventing dental caries Preventing dental caries Preventing dental caries Axelsson S, Dahlgren H, Hammarsjo G, Holm A K, Kallestal C, Lagerlof F, et al Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Axelsson S, Dahlgren H, Hammarsjo G, Holm A K, Kallestal C, Lagerlof F, et al. Preventing dental caries. Stockholm: Swedish Council (...) on Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU) 2002 Authors' objectives Dental caries remains a health problem for many children and adolescents in Sweden. Adults also have major care needs as a result of caries, particularly those who were not covered by preventive services while young. While the methods for preventing caries are relatively simple, considerable disagreement is found in the scientific literature about their effects, and practices among dental services vary. The report systematically reviews

2002 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

305. Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests

Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests Comparison of panoramic and bitewing radiography for the detection of dental caries: a systematic review of diagnostic tests Taylor-Weetman K, Wake B, Hyde C Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of panoramic radiography (...) (orothopantomogram) in place of, or in addition to, the use of bitewing radiography for the detection of occlusal and proximal dental caries in the posterior teeth of the deciduous and permanent dentition. Searching MEDLINE (from 1966 to February 2002), CINAHL (from 1982 to February 2002) and EMBASE (from 1980 to February 2002) were searched; the search strategies were reported. Internet search engines were also used and specific Internet sites were searched. Citations were checked and experts in the field were

2002 DARE.

306. Reviews of evidence on interventions to prevent dental caries, oral and pharyngeal cancers, and sports-related craniofacial injuries

varied by design, analysis models, levels of analysis, measures of dental caries occurrence, differences in the fluoride concentrations being compared, and the direction of change in exposure to CWF over time. The studies were grouped into three subsets: group A, before-and-after measurements of caries at the tooth level in studies with concurrent comparison groups; group B, post-exposure measurements of caries at the tooth level in studies with concurrent comparison groups; and group C, measured (...) effects of CWF on caries at any level (tooth surface or child) using any study design. Seven group A studies showed that starting or continuing water fluoridation decreased dental caries experience among children aged 4 to 17 years by a median of 29.1% during 3 to 12 years of follow-up. Two studies showed negative effects of continuing water fluoridation. The authors noted that these inconsistencies appear to have resulted from inadequate control of confounding. Three group A studies found

2002 DARE.

307. Diagnosis and Management of Dental Caries Throughout Life

its responsibility to compensate providers adequately to ensure that the next generation of conservative therapy can be enjoyed by the American people. 3 4 Introduction There has been remarkable progress in the reduction of dental caries (tooth decay) in the United States over the past 30 years. The existence of children with no dental caries, a rarity in the past, is no longer unusual. The use of fluoride in public water supplies, in toothpaste, and in professional dental products, improved oral (...) hygiene, and increased access to dental care have played major roles in this dramatic improvement. Nevertheless, dental caries remains a significant problem. Nearly 20 percent of children between the ages of 2 and 4 have detectable caries, and by the age of 17 almost 80 percent of young people have had a cavity — a late manifestation of dental caries infection. In addition, more than two-thirds of adults age 35 to 44 years have lost at least one permanent tooth due to dental caries, and older adults

2001 NIH Consensus Statements

308. Clinical decision making for caries management in root surfaces

in root surface. J Dent Educ 2001;65:1147-53. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Dental Caries /prevention & control AccessionNumber 12006008240 Date bibliographic record published 28/02/2007 Date abstract record published 28/02/2007 Record Status This is a critical abstract of a systematic review that meets the criteria for inclusion on DARE. Each critical abstract contains a brief summary of the review methods, results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) Clinical decision making for caries management in root surfaces Clinical decision making for caries management in root surfaces Clinical decision making for caries management in root surfaces Leake J L Authors' objectives To evaluate the methods for diagnosis and management of root caries. Evidence relating to the prevalence, incidence and the natural history of root caries was also presented. Searching MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from 1966 to October 2000 for publications in the English

2001 DARE.

309. Diagnosis and management of dental caries

Diagnosis and management of dental caries Diagnosis and management of dental caries Diagnosis and management of dental caries Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Diagnosis and management of dental caries. Rockville: Agency (...) for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 36. 2001 Authors' objectives This review aims to address three related questions concerning the diagnosis and management of dental caries: (1) the performance (sensitivity, specificity) of currently available diagnostic methods for carious lesions (2) the efficacy of approaches to the management of noncavitated, or initial carious lesions (3) the efficacy of preventive methods in individuals who have experienced

2001 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

310. The use of fluoride varnishes in the prevention of dental caries: a short review

The use of fluoride varnishes in the prevention of dental caries: a short review The use of fluoride varnishes in the prevention of dental caries: a short review The use of fluoride varnishes in the prevention of dental caries: a short review Strohmenger L, Brambilla E Authors' objectives To review the current literature regarding the anti-caries efficacy of fluoride varnishes. In addition, to conduct a meta-analysis of a series of studies designed to detect the efficacy of fluoride varnishes (...) for preventing caries. Searching A literature search was carried out as described by Chalmers et al. (see Other Publications of Related Interest no.1). The following sources were searched: the Index of Dental Literature from 1980 to 1997; MEDLINE from 1980 to 1997; EMBASE from 1980 to 1997; Biological Abstracts from 1995 to 1997; and Core Biomedical Collection from 1993 to 1997. The keywords used were 'fluoride' and 'paint', which included both the terms 'varnish' and 'lacquer'. No language restrictions were

2001 DARE.

311. Cost-effectiveness model for prevention of early childhood caries

of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study assessed three levels of preventative intervention (minimal, intermediate and comprehensive) in treating dental caries in disadvantaged children aged younger than 6 years. The minimal intervention consisted of risk assessment in the form of a dental exam and preventive treatment in the form of a fluoride varnish applied at 6-month intervals. The intermediate intervention included the two components of the minimal intervention, along (...) in preventing dental caries. Sixteen per cent of children in California live in fluoridated areas. Methods used to derive estimates of effectiveness The authors made assumptions to derive estimates of effectiveness. Estimates of effectiveness and key assumptions The authors assumed the following: the proportion of children at high risk of ECC would increase from 0.20 in year 1 to 0.50 in year 5; in the absence of a preventive intervention, in a non-fluoridated area the incidence of ECC would be 10 new

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

312. Glass-ionomer restoratives: a systematic review of a secondary caries treatment effect

for the clinical evaluation of glass-ionomer restorative materials and its further development for the support of future systematic reviews. Bibliographic details Randall R C, Wilson N H. Glass-ionomer restoratives: a systematic review of a secondary caries treatment effect. Journal of Dental Research 1999; 78(2): 628-637 PubMedID Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Dental Caries /prevention & Dental Research /standards; Evidence-Based Medicine; Glass Ionomer Cements (...) Glass-ionomer restoratives: a systematic review of a secondary caries treatment effect Glass-ionomer restoratives: a systematic review of a secondary caries treatment effect Glass-ionomer restoratives: a systematic review of a secondary caries treatment effect Randall R C, Wilson N H Authors' objectives To review the evidence for the ability of glass-ionomer restoratives to inhibit secondary caries at the restoration margin. Searching MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from 1970 to May 1996

1999 DARE.

313. A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of fluoride gel treatment

with a caries incidence of 1.5 DMFS per year (the treatment duration was 1 year). Cost information Yes. The authors presented cost-effectiveness calculations for the fluoride gel treatment situation in the Netherlands, where the twice-a-year application of fluoride gel is still often routine action in dental offices. They calculated that the effort required to prevent 1 DMFS by fluoride gel treatment costs DFL 4,455 and DFL 795 for children in the high- and low-socio-economic status groups, respectively (...) on the caries-inhibiting effect of fluoride gel treatment. Caries Research 1998; 32(2): 83-92 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adolescent; Child; Cost-Benefit Analysis; DMF Index; Dental Caries /epidemiology /prevention & Fluorides, Topical /administration & Gels; Humans; Incidence; MEDLINE; Prevalence; Publication Bias; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Regression Analysis; Self Administration; control; dosage /economics AccessionNumber 11998003536 Date bibliographic

1998 DARE.

314. A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment

Eight RCTs (306 control patients versus 306 chlorhexidine-treated patients) were included. The pooled estimate for caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment was 46% (95% CI: 35, 57). Authors' conclusions The reviewed studies suggest there is a positive benefit from chlorhexidine treatment for the prevention of tooth decay and fillings. CRD commentary The search strategy for studies appears to have been very limited: no effort was made to trace unpublished literature, follow-up references (...) was searched from 1975 to 1994 using the keywords 'chlorhexidine' and '(dental) caries'. The search was restricted to studies published in English, French or German. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which treatment duration was of at least 1 year and incidence of surface caries was evaluated at the end of this time. Specific interventions included in the review Chlorhexidine applied as either a gel, paste or rinse. Participants

1996 DARE.

315. Dental assistants' ability to select caries risk children and to prevent caries

Dental assistants' ability to select caries risk children and to prevent caries Dental assistants' ability to select caries risk children and to prevent caries Dental assistants' ability to select caries risk children and to prevent caries Holst A, Braune K Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical (...) assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Dental assistants' dental caries screening prevention capabilities. Type of intervention Primary prevention, screening. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population All children born in 1987 in a local area were invited to participate. Setting Dental clinic. The economic study was carried out in Blekinge, Sweden. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness data were obtained in 1991 from the clinic

1994 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

316. Fluoride in the prevention of dental caries: a tentative cost-benefit analysis

Fluoride in the prevention of dental caries: a tentative cost-benefit analysis Fluoride in the prevention of dental caries: a tentative cost-benefit analysis Fluoride in the prevention of dental caries: a tentative cost-benefit analysis Davies G N Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) and are the fluoridation process, and dental caries. Price information related to 1970. Currency UK pounds Sterling (). Sensitivity analysis No sensitivity analysis was carried out. Synthesis of costs and benefits Outcome and cost duration was 8 years. Fluorosis has been discussed and estimated to be a negligible concern. CRD Commentary (This commentary was not written by CRD, but by the authors of the DH Register.) The paper has not addressed the likelihood of accidental over fluoridation with its costs

1973 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.