Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

61. Inadequate Evidence to Support a Correlation Between Maloccusion and Dental Caries Amongst Pediatric Patients

Inadequate Evidence to Support a Correlation Between Maloccusion and Dental Caries Amongst Pediatric Patients UTCAT3002, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Inadequate Evidence to Support a Correlation Between Maloccusion and Dental Caries Amongst Pediatric Patients Clinical Question Is a pediatric patient with moderate to severe malocclusion at a higher risk of developing dental caries than a patient (...) with normal occlusion? Clinical Bottom Line There is insufficient evidence to support a correlation between malocclusion and dental caries in pediatric patients. Although there were multiple cross-sectional studies that showed a correlation between malocclusion and caries, there are no higher quality longitudinal studies with prolonged follow-ups that support this claim. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

62. Sealants for Preventing and Arresting Pit-and-fissure Occlusal Caries in Primary and Permanent Molars: A systematic Review

://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adaj.2016.06.003. The articles are identical. Either citation can be used when citing this article. Sealants for Preventing and Arresting Pit-and-fissure Occlusal Caries in Primary and Permanent Molars A systematic review of randomized controlled trials—a report of the American Dental Association and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry John T. Wright, DDS, MS 1 • Malavika P. Tampi, MPH 2 • Laurel Graham, MLS 3 • Cameron Estrich, MPH 4 • James J. Crall, DDS, MS, ScD 5 (...) one- fourth of children and over one-half of adolescents experienced dental caries in their permanent teeth. The purpose of this review was to sum- marize the available clinical evidence regarding the effect of dental sealants for the prevention and management of pit-and-fissure occlusal carious lesions in primary and permanent molars, compared with a control without sealants, with fluoride varnishes, or with other head-to head comparisons. Type of Studies Reviewed: The authors included parallel

2016 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

63. KHA-CARI guideline recommendations for the diagnosis and management of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

KHA-CARI guideline recommendations for the diagnosis and management of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease Original Article KHA-CARIguidelinerecommendationsforthediagnosisand managementofautosomaldominantpolycystickidneydisease GOPALA KRANGAN, 1,2 STEPHEN IALEXANDER, 3,4 KATRINA LCAMPBELL, 5,6 MARKAJDEXTER, 7 VINCENTW LEE, 1,2 PAMELA LOPEZ-VARGAS, 3,8 JUNMAI, 9 ANDREWMALLETT, 10,11,12 CHIRAG PATEL, 13 MANISHPATEL, 14,15 MICHELCTCHAN, 16,17 ALLISONTONG, 3,8 DAVIDJTUNNICLIFFE, 3,8 (...) ,ICAandpolycystic liverdisease.Knowledgeofthegeneticaspectsofthediseaseis variable. Studies also showed that quality of life is seriously affected, and patients suffer pain and experience social and psychologicalchanges,whichaffecttheiremotionalstate. Guidelinerecommendations The following statements are modi?ed from the KHA-CARI earlyCKDguidelinesonmodi?cationoflifestyleandnutrition interventions for management of early CKD, 35 as there is no evidencespeci?ctoADPKDthatwouldaltertheserecommen- dations:(http

2016 KHA-CARI Guidelines

64. Visual Inspection for Caries Remains The Clinical Diagnostic Standard

assessing caries diagnosis, unbiased and clear results are hard to achieve. However, visual detection of caries remains the clinical standard as it is a simple, low cost method for caries detection that demonstrates few false positives. Utilization of a validated visual scoring system is recommended. Specialty/Discipline (General Dentistry) Keywords Dental caries, diagnosis, visual detection, caries, cavities, interproximal decay, pit (fissure) cavity(ies), decay, tooth decay, smooth surface cavity(ies (...) have proven to increase the accuracy of visual inspection, however. #2) Gomez/ 2013 42 articles Systematic review of randomized trials Key results There was high variability in sensitivity and specificity with visual detection of caries (limitations shared by all alternative diagnostic methods). Visual detection is recommended as the standard for clinical practice. Evidence Search ("Dental Caries/diagnosis"[Majr] AND (Meta-Analysis[ptyp] OR systematic[sb])) AND (visual[All Fields] AND detection[All

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

65. Association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries. (Abstract)

Association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries. 26492798 2016 08 24 2018 12 02 1476-5446 16 3 2015 Sep Evidence-based dentistry Evid Based Dent Association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries. 72-3 10.1038/sj.ebd.6401111 Burns Jacqueline J Department of Public Health, NHS Fife, Leven, Scotland, UK. Hollands Kate K Department of Public Health, NHS Fife, Leven, Scotland, UK. eng Journal Article Comment England Evid Based Dent 100883603 1462-0049 D IM J (...) Dent. 2015 Jun;43(6):619-28 25862273 DMF Index Dental Caries Dental Enamel Humans 2015 10 24 6 0 2015 10 24 6 0 2016 8 25 6 0 ppublish 26492798 6401111 10.1038/sj.ebd.6401111 Int Dent J. 1997 Jun;47(3):173-82 9448804 Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2013 Mar 01;18(2):e187-93 23229271 Int J Paediatr Dent. 2012 Jul;22(4):250-7 22010979 Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2009 Oct;37(5):405-15 19694775 J Dent. 2015 Jun;43(6):619-28 25862273 PLoS Med. 2009 Jul 21;6(7):e1000097 19621072

2015 Evidence-based dentistry

66. Secondhand smoke and incidence of dental caries in deciduous teeth among children in Japan: population based retrospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

on household smoking status at age 4 months and records of dental examinations at age 18 months and 3 years. Smoking during pregnancy and exposure of infants to secondhand smoke at age 4 months was assessed by standardised parent reported questionnaires. The main outcome measure was the incidence of caries in deciduous teeth, defined as at least one decayed, missing, or filled tooth assessed by qualified dentists without radiographs. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios of exposure (...) to secondhand smoke compared with having no smoker in the family after propensity score adjustment for clinical and lifestyle characteristics.Prevalence of household smoking among the 76 920 children was 55.3% (n=42 525), and 6.8% (n=5268) had evidence of exposure to tobacco smoke. A total of 12 729 incidents of dental caries were observed and most were decayed teeth (3 year follow-up rate 91.9%). The risk of caries at age 3 years was 14.0% (no smoker in family), 20.0% (smoking in household but without

2015 BMJ

67. Silver Diamine Fluoride May Be Better Than Sodium Fluoride Varnish In Arresting and Preventing Cavitated Caries Lesions

studies performed on primary teeth, but the evidence was insufficient and limited. Most of the studies suggested higher efficacy of SDF in the primary dentition, however one study demonstrated that SDF promotes a faster arrestment of caries lesions in permanent first molars. This is supported by a systematic review of 2 well-conducted clinical trails and other trails. SDF is highly effective, inexpensive and easy to apply. It was suggested by WHO to use it when dental resources are limited. Best (...) effects. WHO support the use of topical fluoride to arrest caries especially when access to dental care services is limited. Also, it’s a valuable option to arrest early childhood caries, when final treatment cannot be carried out due to the patient’s young age and inability to cooperate in the dental office. Specialty/Discipline (Public Health) (General Dentistry) (Pediatric Dentistry) Keywords Arrest, Dental Caries, Fluoride, Prevention, Silver Diamine Fluoride, Sodium Fluoride Varnish ID# 2924 Date

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

68. Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Published on: September 2, 2015 Project Number: RA0786 (...) -000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of interim stabilization therapy or interim therapeutic restorations for patients with dental caries? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of interim stabilization therapy or interim therapeutic restorations for patients with dental caries? Key Message One randomized controlled trial, two non-randomized studies, and five evidence-based

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

69. Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. Full Text available with Trip Pro

schools in an area with high prevalence of dental caries and a low level of fluoride in drinking water. Data from 166 participants were available for analysis. The study carried a high risk of bias. After three years, there was a reduction of caries in permanent teeth (mean difference (MD) -0.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.24 to -0.02) and in primary teeth (MD -1.14, 95% CI -1.86 to -0.42), as measured by the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT for permanent teeth and dmft for primary (...) Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. Dental caries remains a major public health problem in most industrialised countries, affecting 60% to 90% of schoolchildren and the vast majority of adults. Milk may provide a relatively cost-effective vehicle for fluoride delivery in the prevention of dental caries. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2005.To assess the effects of milk fluoridation for preventing dental caries at a community level.We searched the Cochrane

2015 Cochrane

70. Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. (Abstract)

schools in an area with high prevalence of dental caries and a low level of fluoride in drinking water. Data from 166 participants were available for analysis. The study carried a high risk of bias. After three years, there was a reduction of caries in permanent teeth (mean difference (MD) -0.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.24 to -0.02) and in primary teeth (MD -1.14, 95% CI -1.86 to -0.42), as measured by the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT for permanent teeth and dmft for primary (...) Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. Dental caries remains a major public health problem in most industrialised countries, affecting 60% to 90% of schoolchildren and the vast majority of adults. Milk may provide a relatively cost-effective vehicle for fluoride delivery in the prevention of dental caries. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2005.To assess the effects of milk fluoridation for preventing dental caries at a community level.We searched the Cochrane

2015 Cochrane

71. Effective Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants to Prevent Pit and Fissure Caries on the Permanent Posterior Teeth of Children and Youth

a dentist to make sure there was no presence of decay, thought radiographs were needed, and were not comfortable applying PFS on children and youth. Management discussed prevention as a cornerstone of public health and encouraged staff to use PFS interventions to prevent dental caries on permanent posterior teeth. 7 2 Context One program objective for PPH Oral Health teams is to reduce tooth decay in Peel children and youth under 18 years of age. 7 PPH Oral Health staff conduct screenings of untreated (...) Appendix F: Dental Program Eligibility Criteria 43 1 Key Messages The following key messages are based on the findings from this Rapid Review: 1. To prevent pit and fissure caries, the permanent molar teeth of children and youth, who are identified at risk for caries, should have sealants applied. 2. Sealants should be placed on the permanent molar teeth of children and youth as soon as possible after the tooth has fully erupted. However, the occlusal surface of teeth remains at risk for caries

2015 Peel Health Library

72. Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries

Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Svetlana Tikhonova, DMD, MSc, PhD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Sealants to prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars are recommended, but the benefits in different caries risk populations and types of sealants have yet to be established. Critical Summary Assessment Resin-based sealants in permanent molars reduces risk of experiencing caries up to 48 months compared

2015 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

73. Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries

Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Svetlana Tikhonova, DMD, MSc, PhD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Sealants to prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars are recommended, but the benefits in different caries risk populations and types of sealants have yet to be established. Critical Summary Assessment Resin-based sealants in permanent molars reduces risk of experiencing caries up to 48 months compared

2015 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

74. Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries

Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Sealing pits and fissures of permanent molars in children and adolescents is effective in controlling dental caries Svetlana Tikhonova, DMD, MSc, PhD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Sealants to prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars are recommended, but the benefits in different caries risk populations and types of sealants have yet to be established. Critical Summary Assessment Resin-based sealants in permanent molars reduces risk of experiencing caries up to 48 months compared

2015 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

75. In Pediatric Patients, Use of Removable Orthodontic Appliances May Lead to an Increased Risk of Dental Caries

In Pediatric Patients, Use of Removable Orthodontic Appliances May Lead to an Increased Risk of Dental Caries UTCAT2816, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title In Pediatric Patients, Use of Removable Orthodontic Appliances May Lead to an Increased Risk of Dental Caries Clinical Question In pediatric patients, does use of a removable orthodontic appliance increase the risk of dental caries? Clinical Bottom Line (...) of dental caries, was isolated in more children who had been using removable appliances for at least 6 months (n=53) (60.4%) compared to the control group of children who have never undergone orthodontic therapies (n=94) (47.8%), but not at statistically significant levels (P > 0.05). However, S. mutans was isolated at a statistically significant (P Evidence Search "Orthodontic Appliances, Removable"[Mesh] AND "Dental Caries"[Mesh] Comments on The Evidence Validity: The study above has a reasonable

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

76. Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered

control trial did not address the cost difference concerning laser versus traditional excavation techniques. It also does not address the accessibility of patients to dental offices that utilize this Er:YAG equipment. Applicability Caries excavation is one of the most common procedures in dentistry. For the very small percentage of patients who either refuse local anesthesia or who have contraindications to its use, the Er:YAG laser may be an effective way to remove caries while reducing (...) Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered UTCAT2881, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Er:YAG Lasers Are Less Likely Than Rotary Burs to Cause a Patient Discomfort During Caries Excavation When No Anesthesia Has Been Administered Clinical Question Are lasers less likely than rotary burs to cause a patient

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

77. Chlorhexidine-Thymol Varnish May Provide a Benefit in the Prevention of Root Caries in High Caries Risk Individuals with Poor Oral Hygiene

results Systematic reviews of over six different randomized control trials were included in reviewing the outcome of CHX-V application on exposed root surfaces. Although the findings are inconsistent and as such the evidence considered ‘weak’, in the absence of regular professional tooth cleaning and oral hygiene instructions, 3 monthly applications of either 1, 10, or 40% CHX-V does provide significant benefits in preventing root caries better than fluoride Varnish for high caries risk patients (...) (elderly or xerostomic). However, when professional tooth cleaning and hygiene instructions are regularly followed, little to no additional effect of CHX-V is evident. The overall weighted mean difference between the CHX-V and control/placebo was 0.65 in favor of the CHX-V (p = 0.0003, 95% CI –1.01 to –0.30). #2) Baca/2009 68 institutionalized elderly Randomized Controlled Trial Key results This study by Baca et al (2009) aimed to examine the effectiveness of CHX-V in preventing root caries in elderly

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

78. No Strong Evidence in Support of Either Chlorhexidine Mouthwash or Varnish in Preventing Dental Caries

No Strong Evidence in Support of Either Chlorhexidine Mouthwash or Varnish in Preventing Dental Caries UTCAT2885, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title No Strong Evidence in Support of Either Chlorhexidine Mouthwash or Varnish in Preventing Dental Caries Clinical Question Is chlorhexidine mouthwash more effective in preventing caries development than chlorhexidine varnish? Clinical Bottom Line The available (...) clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of chlorhexidine varnish on preventing dental caries is weak. There is also no evidence to support the efficacy of chlorhexidine mouthwash in preventing dental caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Autio-Gold/2008 All age groups Literature review Key results A review of the current literature on chlorhexidine mouthwashes did not reveal

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

79. Cavitation of Proximal Caries Lesions Can Be Determined More Accurately on Bitewing Radiographs When the Radiolucent Depth Is > 0.5 mm From the DEJ

proximal surfaces in permanent premolars and molars Laboratory Key results This study compared the accuracy of two methods of taking digital bitewing radiographs to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in detecting surface cavitation. CBCT was significantly more accurate in detecting surface cavitation (p Evidence Search (“Dental Caries/radiography”[Mesh])OR (“Radiography, Dental, Digital/instrumentation”[Mesh]) Comments on The Evidence Validity: In Ratledge’s study, the technique used to establish (...) radiation exposure for the patient. Specialty/Discipline (Oral Medicine/Pathology/Radiology) (General Dentistry) (Restorative Dentistry) Keywords Dental caries, detection ID# 2882 Date of submission: 04/08/2015 E-mail keshwani@livemail.uthscsa.edu Author Nikhaar Keshwani Co-author(s) Co-author(s) e-mail Faculty mentor/Co-author Bennett T. Amaechi, BDS, MSc, PhD Faculty mentor/Co-author e-mail amaechi@uthscsa.edu Basic Science Rationale (Mechanisms that may account for and/or explain the clinical

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

80. Lactobacillus Salivarius Containing Probiotics May Have Benefits Similar to Xylitol in Decreasing Caries Risk

individuals Randomized Open-Label Clinical Trial Key results While a decrease in mutans streptococci levels was seen in the L. salivarius group, it was not a statistically significant difference (p Evidence Search ((("lactobacillus"[MeSH Terms] OR "lactobacillus"[All Fields]) AND salivarius[All Fields]) AND ("xylitol"[MeSH Terms] OR "xylitol"[All Fields])) AND (("dental caries"[MeSH Terms] OR ("dental"[All Fields] AND "caries"[All Fields]) OR "dental caries"[All Fields] OR "caries"[All Fields]) AND ("risk (...) "[MeSH Terms] OR "risk"[All Fields])) Comments on The Evidence Validity: The design of this trial was open-label and not double-blinded. Also the tablets used to study the effects of L. salivarius were compounded with 280mg of xylitol, which was compared to tablets containing only the 280mg of xylitol. Study subjects were 64 healthy dental students with a mean age of 24.8. Perspective: While this trial shows that L. salivarius may contribute to caries control, a double blind randomized control trial

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library