Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

121. Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients

products Access oral-health information for the public and ADA Find-A-Dentist Partnerships and Commissions Learn about ADA CERP recognition, look up CERP recognized CE providers and find CE courses. Explore CODA's role and find accredited schools and programs Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists Learn about recognized dental specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit (...) some patients David Leader DMD, MPH Associate Clinical Professor, Tufts University . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Chlorhexidine varnish (CHX-V) may be effective in preventing root caries in the absence of regular professional tooth cleaning and oral hygiene instructions for patients who need special care. Critical Summary Assessment A review of six randomized controlled trials demonstrates that CHX-V may benefit patients who require special care. Evidence Quality Rating Limited Evidence

2013 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

122. Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit some patients

products Access oral-health information for the public and ADA Find-A-Dentist Partnerships and Commissions Learn about ADA CERP recognition, look up CERP recognized CE providers and find CE courses. Explore CODA's role and find accredited schools and programs Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists Learn about recognized dental specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Use of chlorhexidine varnish to prevent root caries may benefit (...) some patients David Leader DMD, MPH Associate Clinical Professor, Tufts University . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Chlorhexidine varnish (CHX-V) may be effective in preventing root caries in the absence of regular professional tooth cleaning and oral hygiene instructions for patients who need special care. Critical Summary Assessment A review of six randomized controlled trials demonstrates that CHX-V may benefit patients who require special care. Evidence Quality Rating Limited Evidence

2013 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

123. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of fluoride toothpastes on the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition of preschool children

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of fluoride toothpastes on the prevention of dental caries in the primary dentition of preschool children Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2013 DARE.

124. Curodont? Repair and Curodont Protect? for the treatment and prevention of tooth decay

Repair and Curodont Protect™ for the treatment and prevention of tooth decay. Birmingham: NIHR Horizon Scanning Centre (NIHR HSC). Horizon Scanning Review. 2013 Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Dental Cariess Language Published English Country of organisation England English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence The NIHR Horizon Scanning Centre, Department of Public Health, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, School (...) Curodont? Repair and Curodont Protect? for the treatment and prevention of tooth decay Curodont™ Repair and Curodont Protect™ for the treatment and prevention of tooth decay Curodont™ Repair and Curodont Protect™ for the treatment and prevention of tooth decay NIHR HSC Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NIHR HSC. Curodont™

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

125. Use of ultrasound testing for interproximal caries causes increased false positive results compared with bite wing radiography

% for ultrasound. #2) Matalon/2007 197 Approximal surfaces on 47 adult patients Clinical trial Key results Reported sensitivity and specificity of 82% and 75% for ultrasound versus 75% and 90% for bite wing. #3) Matalon/2003 36 extracted teeth Laboratory blind comparison to gold standard Key results Reported sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 100% for ultrasound. Bite wing sensitivity and specificity was reported as 92% and 90% respectively. Evidence Search (("dental caries"[MeSH Terms] OR ("dental"[All (...) Fields] AND "caries"[All Fields]) OR "dental caries"[All Fields]) AND detection[All Fields]) AND ("ultrasonography"[MeSH Terms] OR "ultrasonography"[All Fields] OR "ultrasonic"[All Fields] OR "ultrasonics"[MeSH Terms] OR "ultrasonics"[All Fields]) Comments on The Evidence Validity: Tagtekin 2008 did not directly compare to bite wing radiography. The extracted teeth were mounted individually which made it unclear as to where the ultrasound probe was placed. Placement of the probe directly

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

126. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) may offer a great non-invasive method for early caries detection.

) Shimada/2013 86 proximal surfaces of 53 patients Case Series Experimental Study Key results Shimada Y et. al., concluded that “SS-OCT appears to be a more reliable and accurate method than bite wing radiographs for the detection and estimation of the depth of proximal lesions in the clinical environment.” #2) Holtzman/2010 40 extracted teeth Lab Study Key results Holtzman JS et. al., concluded that "In this ex vivo study, dentists were able to detect tooth decay beneath four commonly used dental (...) Optical coherence tomography (OCT) may offer a great non-invasive method for early caries detection. UTCAT2536, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) May Offer a Great Non-Invasive Method for Early Caries Detection Clinical Question In a patient with developing decay, would Optical coherence tomography offer an early detection tool compared to traditional methods? Clinical

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

127. In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay.

In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay. UTCAT2529, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay. Clinical Question In a patient with occlusal caries, is a laser fluorescent device (...) as accurate as radiographic imaging at detecting dentin decay? Clinical Bottom Line A laser fluorescent device is able to detect dentin caries better than radiographs because its sensitivity is better than radiographs. Laser fluorescence device is good adjunct to detect occlusal caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Lussi/2001 240 patients; 332 occlusal surfaces evaluated Controlled Clinical

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

128. Logicon Caries DetectorTM (a computer-assisted caries diagnostic tool) may provide improved sensitivity for detection of caries that extends into dentin.

does Logicon Caries DetectorTM (LCD) compare to the current clinical diagnostic test (visual assessment of images) in the diagnosis of interproximal decay? Clinical Bottom Line Logicon Caries DetectorTM, currently available only for use with Carestream (Kodak) imaging system, may improve the sensitivity of detecting interproximal dentin caries versus visual inspection of images alone. Drawbacks include initial software cost and additional dentist time to use the system/analyze images. Best Evidence (...) was an experienced LCD user’s judgment confirmed by either a) cavity preparation of teeth determined to be decayed, or b) monitoring of “healthy” teeth over a three year period. This is reasonable and ethical gold standard for a clinical caries study. The gold standard was applied to all evaluated surfaces and was measured blind to LCD. The dentists using LCD were novices with both digital radiographs and LCD. LCD was used in the reference standard and the radiographs selected for the study did not include any

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

129. Fluoride varnish was effective at reducing caries on high caries risk school children in rural Brazil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS).The main outcome was decayed and filled surfaces (DFS) increment at 12 months.Two hundred and ten (55.4%) children having one or two applications of fluoride varnish or placebo were available for follow-up at 12 months. At the baseline examination, the children in the treatment and control groups presented with on average 6.2 and 5.6 DFS, respectively (P < 0.001). At 12 months, the children in the varnish group showed (...) Fluoride varnish was effective at reducing caries on high caries risk school children in rural Brazil. Placebo controlled randomised controlled trial (RCT).Recruited children were randomly assigned to either a treatment (5% NaF varnish, n = 198) or a control group (placebo, n = 181). Data on oral health habits and socio-demographic characteristics was collected from the children by trained interviewers. Diet information was collected using a seven day food frequency diary. Caries was assessed

2013 Evidence-based dentistry Controlled trial quality: predicted high

130. Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children

, randomized controlled trial, review, systematic reviews, English Comments on The Evidence All evidence seems to be valid since all the study types do a good job of limiting bias and are known for being reliable and valid study types. Applicability This topic is applicable to the use of fluoride in children as a way to prevent caries. Specialty/Discipline (Public Health) (Pediatric Dentistry) (Dental Hygiene) Keywords Public health, prevention, caries, fluoride, fluoride varnish, fluoride frequency (...) Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children UTCAT2507, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children Clinical Question In children, does receiving a fluoride varnish twice a year compared to once a year have an effect on carries development? Clinical Bottom Line Semiannual administration of fluoride

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

131. UPDATED: Caris Target Now? molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours

UPDATED: Caris Target Now? molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours UPDATED: Caris Target Now™ molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours UPDATED: Caris Target Now™ molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours NIHR HSC Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NIHR HSC. UPDATED: Caris Target

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

132. Individuals suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to root caries but not coronal caries compared to those without diabetes

Individuals suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to root caries but not coronal caries compared to those without diabetes UTCAT2483, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Individuals Suffering From Diabetes Are More Susceptible to Root Caries But Not Coronal Caries Compared to Those Without Diabetes Clinical Question Are individuals suffering from diabetes more susceptible to dental caries than those (...) (control group). Cross-sectional Key results Type II diabetic subjects had a higher prevalence of root caries (40% vs 18.5% P=0.001) and a higher number of decayed/filled root surfaces (1.2 ± 0.2 versus 0.5 ± 0.1; P #2) Marin/2008 105 diabetic subjects (Type I and Type II diabetes) and 70 non-diabetic subjects (control group). Cross-sectional Key results Both Type I diabetes and Type II diabetes groups showed no significant difference in the presence of caries, filled teeth and DMFT index compared

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

133. Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index

Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index UTCAT2365, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index Clinical Question Are obese individuals more susceptible to dental caries than non-obese individuals? Clinical Bottom Line There is a non-linear association between BMI and dental caries. Individuals with either high or low Body (...) Mass Index (BMI) are susceptible to dental caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Hooley/2012 48 studies from 2004-2011 age 0-18 years Systematic Review Key results 48% of the studies reviewed found no association between BMI and dental caries; 35% showed positive association; and 19% showed inverse association. There is a non-linear relationship between BMI and dental caries

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

134. Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users

that neither snuff use nor daily smoking increase the risk of dental caries. #2) Nagarajappa/2010 Smokeless tobacco users (42) and non-chewers (42) RCT Key results 42 smokeless tobacco chewers and 42 non-chewers (age 20-60 years) were evaluated for the prevalence of periodontal disease and dental caries using the Decayed Missing Filled Surface (DMFS) index, Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and Loss of Attachment (LA) index. 20 different types of oral microorganisms were collected and cultured from (...) Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users UTCAT2369, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users Clinical Question Among healthy individuals, are tobacco users more susceptible to dental caries than non-users? Clinical Bottom Line Two randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) and one study of three cross-sectional studies

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

135. Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates

Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates UTCAT2391, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates Clinical Question Does the risk of dental caries increase in children that consume a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates compared to children that do not consume (...) a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates? Clinical Bottom Line Children that eat a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates have a significant increase in their dental caries risk compared to children that do not have a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Huew/2012 Children 12 years of age Survey Key results In this study, the authors examined

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

136. Efficacy of Chlorhexidine Varnish In Treating Root Caries Of Geriatric Patients

of the studies. Applicability These studies show that if a patient is at risk for root caries, chlorhexidine varnish treatment can reduce or cease the progression of root caries. These studies may apply to those patients that are limited in dexterity to mechanically maintain oral hygiene and may need a more chemical assistance for plaque removal in maintaining their oral hygiene. Specialty/Discipline (Public Health) (General Dentistry) (Dental Hygiene) Keywords Geriatric, dentistry, chlorhexidine, aged (...) Efficacy of Chlorhexidine Varnish In Treating Root Caries Of Geriatric Patients UTCAT2411, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Efficacy of Chlorhexidine Varnish In Treating Root Caries of Geriatric Patients Clinical Question Will the application of a chlorhexidine varnish prevent or reduce the progression of root caries in a geriatric population versus a placebo group? Clinical Bottom Line Chlorhexidine

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

137. Salivary Bacteria Levels Of Lactobacillus and Streptococcus Mutans Is Not A Reliable Indicator Of Caries Risk Of An Individual Patient

approaches rather than the use of single parameters may improve caries risk prediction for individuals as well as groups of subjects. #2) Leroy/2012 1057 children Cohort, longitudinal Key results This study concluded that visible plaque, not salivary bacteria levels, as well as previous caries experienced are confirmed as significant risk factors for visible caries in preschool children. Evidence Search Children: ((("Dental Caries"[Mesh]) AND "Saliva"[Mesh]) AND "Streptococcus mutans"[Mesh (...) ]) AND "Lactobacillus"[Mesh] Adults: (("Dental Caries Activity Tests"[Mesh] AND "Adult"[Mesh]) AND "Lactobacillus"[Mesh]) AND "Streptococcus mutans"[Mesh] Comments on The Evidence Both articles are indicating that bacteria count cannot reliably be used to predict the caries activities or caries risk in all group of people. It may predict individuals at low risk or a population/community at high risk. Applicability Salivary bacteria level tests do not pose any relative risk to the patient, but can be used to help

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

138. Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties

Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties UTCAT2456, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties Clinical Question In a patient with high caries risk, are dental amalgams or resin composites more effective as antibacterial agents (...) of the oral cavity in addition to other factors. As a result the evidence should not be ignored but certainly the idealism that amalgam is not a substitution for good preparation form or technique as it is highly unlikely that the antibacterial properties of amalgam alone are enough to prevent secondary caries from forming. Specialty/Discipline (Endodontics) (General Dentistry) (Periodontics) (Prosthodontics) Keywords Restorative materials, resin composite, dental amalgam, secondary caries, antibacterial

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

139. There Is No Direct Link Between Asthma and Dental Caries but Associated Secondary Factors May Increase Caries Incidence

There Is No Direct Link Between Asthma and Dental Caries but Associated Secondary Factors May Increase Caries Incidence UTCAT2455, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title There Is No Direct Link Between Asthma and Dental Caries but Associated Secondary Factors May Increase Caries Incidence Clinical Question Are adolescents and children with asthma more susceptible to dental caries? Clinical Bottom Line Evidence (...) for a definitive association between asthma and dental caries appears to be inconclusive. However, secondary factors of the disease could put both adolescents and children at greater risk of dental caries. Dentists should individually assess each asthmatic patient to determine increased caries risk. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Alavaikko/2011 11 studies on primary dentition 14 studies

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

140. KHA-CARI commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for Glomerulonephritis

KHA-CARI commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for Glomerulonephritis Editorial Commentary on the KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for Glomerulonephritis Not so long ago, a paper published in Kidney International explored the reasons for the paucity of high-quality clinical trials in glomerulonephritis (GN). 1 The authors identi?ed several factors, including the low prevalence of disease, vari- ability in clinical presentation, variability in treatment responses, lack

2013 KHA-CARI Guidelines