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Latest & greatest articles for children
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on children or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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The ability of environmental healthcare design strategies To impact event related anxiety in paediatric patients: A comprehensive systematic review. Background Children's' hospitals are by definition hospitals specialized in all aspects of children's care, but are they and if so, how is that achieved? Are healthcare facilities more than a 'space' in which to ask medical questions, seek answers and obtain treatment? Some suggest that the very design of a space can positively or negatively impact (...) challenge. Those involved in designing such hospitals are faced with the opportunity and responsibility to care for and respond to the needs of children across the age spectrum; infants to toddlers, school aged children to adolescents. As healthcare professionals and architects, it is our responsibility to create healthcare facilities that are of purposeful design; anticipating and alleviating children's anxiety and fear wherever possible.Objectives The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate
Adverse drug reactions of oral dexamethasone in children and adolescents with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a systematic review. To summarise and review the best available evidence on the poorer outcome of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) induced by oral dexamethasone in adolescents with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) than in children with ALL.Five databases for published literature were searched for the period 1990 to 2009. Additionally, the reference lists of all retrieved (...) was presented in a narrative format as the methodologically heterogeneous nature of the quantitative studies made it not appropriate to perform meta-analysis.Eleven included studies, mostly descriptive, formed the basis of this systematic review. The ADRs induced by oral dexamethasone that have a poorer outlook in adolescents with ALL than in children with ALL are: transient hyperglycemia, infectious complications, thrombosis, thromboembolism and avascular necrosis. Adolescents were observed to have higher
and a negative z-score indicates a child is lighter than the mean. Thus, a z-score compares the BMI of a given child to the BMI distribution for a population of children of the same age and sex.The incidence of obesity has more than doubled since 1980. Overweight and obesity now ranks as the fifth leading global risk for mortality. Sixty-five percent of the world's population lives in countries where childhood overweight and obesity kills more people than being underweight. In addition, 44% of the diabetes (...) of obesity and non-communicable diseases later in life, affected children experience adverse outcomes such as breathing difficulties, increased risk of fractures, hypertension, and early markers of cardiovascular disease, different forms of cancers, insulin resistance, and psychological effects. Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of obesity, premature death, and disability in adulthood. If a child is overweight before eight years of age, obesity in adulthood is likely to be more
the relationships of children's demographics characteristics (i.e. gender, age and past surgical experience) and their perioperative anxiety and pain.Children who had higher levels of pre- and post-operative anxiety experienced a higher level of post-operative pain. The review results inform healthcare providers of the role perioperative anxiety plays on paediatric postoperative pain.This evidence serves to generate implications for clinical practice and future studies in order to better manage children's (...) Anxiety and pain in children undergoing elective surgical procedures: a systematic review. Anxiety and pain are two significant problems experienced by children undergoing elective surgical procedures, which may lead to suboptimal postoperative outcomes. Previous studies have shown a correlation between perioperative anxiety and pain in children.This review aimed to present the best available evidence on the correlation between perioperative anxiety and pain in children undergoing elective
Societal Contexts and Experiences that Predispose Children under 5 Years to Severe Malaria in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review. 27820283 2019 11 20 1838-2142 10 56 Suppl 2012 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev Societal Contexts and Experiences that Predispose Children under 5 Years to Severe Malaria in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review. 1-10 Adjei George G 1. Kintampo Health Research Centre, Kintampo, Ghana 2. Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA 3
Impact of findings from grey literature on the outcomes of systematic reviews on interventions to prevent obesity among children: a systematic review. 27820284 2019 11 20 1838-2142 10 56 Suppl 2012 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev Impact of findings from grey literature on the outcomes of systematic reviews on interventions to prevent obesity among children: a systematic review. 1-14 Tyndall Jessica J 1 Masters of Clinical Science Candidate, The Joanna Briggs Institute
A comprehensive systematic review of evidence on the feasibility, appropriateness, meaningfulness and effectiveness of management of dental anxiety and dental fear in paediatric and adult patients. 27820285 2019 11 20 1838-2142 10 56 Suppl 2012 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev A comprehensive systematic review of evidence on the feasibility, appropriateness, meaningfulness and effectiveness of management of dental anxiety and dental fear in paediatric and adult patients. 1-26
The incidence, prevalence and contributing factors associated with the occurrence of medication errors for children and adults in the community setting: a systematic review. Medication delivery is a complex process which provides numerous opportunities for error occurrence. While the community environment presents a unique potential for medication errors, to date, an exploration of these errors had not been conducted.The overall objective of the review was to identify the incidence, prevalence (...) and contributing factors associated with the occurrence of medication errors for children and adults in the community setting.Studies involving children and adults from the community setting.In this review we considered studies that evaluate the incidence, prevalence and contributing factors associated with the occurrence of medication errors in the community setting for both children and adults.In this review we considered any randomised controlled trials, non-randomised controlled trials, controlled before
Best practice in the management of primary nocturnal enuresis in children: a systematic review. Nocturnal enuresis is the involuntary loss of urine at night in a child of an age and physical health where they would be expected to be dry. The prevalence of this condition in Australia has been estimated at 18.9% in children 5 to 12 years of age, with up to 19% of boys and 16% of girls aged 5 years wetting the bed at least once per month. Up to the age of 13 years bedwetting is more common in boys (...) and more common in girls after this age. Nocturnal enuresis has a spontaneous cure rate of approximately 14% however up to 3% of children remain enuretic as adults. Although this condition is pathologically benign, it can have serious social and psychological repercussions for the sufferer including affects on self esteem, school success, parental disapproval and even sexual activity in later life. Despite the volume of information available for the management of enuresis, the majority of research has
with fevers. Responses of caregivers to fever in children under the age of five years are multiple but can broadly be categorised into two groups depending on the how soon after fever onset caregivers seek treatment for their children: early treatment seekers and late treatment seekers. Within each group, the specific actions taken by caregivers are variable and dynamic and commonly do not lead to the child with fever illness getting prompt and effective antimalarial treatment. In addition, numerous (...) Responses of caregivers to children under the age of five with fever and living in areas where malaria is endemic: a systematic review of qualitative studies. The aim of this systematic review of qualitative studies was to provide a concise description of caregivers' responses to fever in children under the age of five and identify important factors that influence those responses.The review considered English language qualitative studies published between 1997 and 2007 which examined responses
The effectiveness of educational strategies in improving parental/caregiver management of fever in their child: a systematic review. "Fever phobia" has been identified as a common problem among parents, and may result in unnecessary use of medical facilities, overuse and inappropriate dosage of antipyretics, and unnecessary parental anxiety. Current research findings support the claim that parents have serious misconceptions, misinformation, and limited skills regarding fever management.The (...) to be effective, with replication of the outcome measures.Those strategies delivered by health care providers, formal in structure, and relevant to current situations, i.e. in close proximity to the time of fever, with multidimensional methods, and reinforced, have been shown to be more effective in improving parental management of fever in their child. One-dimensional methods such as written material alone did not appear to be statistically significant in affecting behaviours, however did decrease anxiety
Association between nurse staffing and hospitalised children's health outcomes: A systematic review. 27820053 2019 11 20 1838-2142 8 8 Suppl 2010 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev Association between nurse staffing and hospitalised children's health outcomes: A systematic review. 1-15 Wilson Sally S 1Western Australian Centre for Evidence Informed Healthcare Practice, Curtin University, Collaborating Centre of Joanna Briggs Institute, Adelaide 2School of Population Health
Effectiveness of parent-centred interventions for the prevention and treatment of childhood overweight and obesity in community settings: A Systematic Review. 27820561 2019 11 20 1838-2142 8 16 Suppl 2010 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev Effectiveness of parent-centred interventions for the prevention and treatment of childhood overweight and obesity in community settings: A Systematic Review. 1-12 Bray James J 1. PhD Candidate, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health
Meaningfulness and the experience of support initiatives for the family of a child in a critical care context: A systematic review. 27820565 2019 11 20 1838-2142 8 16 Suppl 2010 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev Meaningfulness and the experience of support initiatives for the family of a child in a critical care context: A systematic review. 1-11 Blanchard Denise D 1 Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Australia, JBI Remote Reviewer, The Joanna
A systematic review of effectiveness of patient therapeutic education in children diagnosed with cancer and their family on health outcomes including health-related quality of life measures and health care utilisation. 27820333 2019 11 20 1838-2142 8 24 Suppl 2010 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev A systematic review of effectiveness of patient therapeutic education in children diagnosed with cancer and their family on health outcomes including health-related quality of life