Latest & greatest articles for children

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Top results for children

5801. The Relationship Between Child Mortality Rates and Prevalence of Celiac Disease. (Abstract)

The Relationship Between Child Mortality Rates and Prevalence of Celiac Disease. Some evidence suggests that prevalence of celiac disease in the general population is increasing over time. Because the prognosis of celiac disease was a dismal one before discovering the role of gluten, our aim was to investigate a possible relationship between children under-5 mortality rates and prevalence rates of celiac disease.Thanks to a literature review, we found 27 studies performed in 17 different (...) % confidence interval -82% to -33% (P < 0.001). So, the higher the mortality rate, the lower the prevalence of CD. This finding is confirmed by the meta-analysis of the 4 studies conducted in Italy over time.The under-5 mortality rate seems to influence the prevalence of celiac disease in the general population. In the near future, the number of patients with celiac disease will increase, thanks to the better environmental conditions that nowadays allow a better survival of children with celiac disease.

2017 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

5802. Pediatric cancer risk in association with birth defects: A systematic review. (Full text)

overall and for nine major pediatric cancer subtypes.A total of 14,778 article citations were identified, of which 80 met inclusion criteria. Pediatric cancer risk was increased in most studies in association with BDs overall with some notable specific findings, including increased risks for CNS tumors in association with CNS abnormalities and positive associations between rib anomalies and several pediatric cancer types.Some children born with BDs may be at increased risk for specific pediatric (...) Pediatric cancer risk in association with birth defects: A systematic review. Many epidemiological studies have examined associations between birth defects (BDs) and pediatric malignancy over the past several decades. Our objective was to conduct a systematic literature review of studies reporting on this association.We used librarian-designed searches of the PubMed Medline and Embase databases to identify primary research articles on pediatric neoplasms and BDs. English language articles from

2017 PloS one PubMed abstract

5803. The perpetrators of medical child abuse (Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy) - A systematic review of 796 cases. (Abstract)

outcomes.Nearly all abusers were female (97.6%) and the victim's mother (95.6%). Most were married (75.8%). Mean caretaker age at the child's presentation was 27.6 years. Perpetrators were frequently reported to be in healthcare-related professions (45.6%), to have had obstetric complications (23.5%), or to have histories of childhood maltreatment (30%). The most common psychiatric diagnoses recorded were factitious disorder imposed on self (30.9%), personality disorder (18.6%), and depression (14.2%).From (...) The perpetrators of medical child abuse (Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy) - A systematic review of 796 cases. Little is known about the perpetrators of medical child abuse (MCA) which is often described as "Munchausen's syndrome by proxy" or "factitious disorder imposed on another". The demographic and clinical characteristics of these abusers have yet to be described in a sufficiently large sample. We aimed to address this issue through a systematic review of case reports and series

2017 Child abuse & neglect

5804. Adverse events in women and children who have received intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis treatment: a systematic review. (Full text)

Adverse events in women and children who have received intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis treatment: a systematic review. Adverse events from intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) are poorly documented yet essential to inform clinical practice for neonatal group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease prevention. In this systematic review, we appraised and synthesised the evidence on the adverse events of IAP in the mother and/or her child.We searched MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed (...) serious outcomes such as cerebral palsy; however, it had limited applicability and unclear biological plausibility. Seven observational studies showed that IAP for maternal GBS colonisation alters the infant microbiome. However, study populations were not followed through to clinical outcomes, therefore clinical significance is unknown. There was also observational evidence for increased antimicrobial resistance, however studies were at high or unclear risk of bias.The evidence base to determine

2017 BMC pregnancy and childbirth PubMed abstract

5805. Opioids for chronic non-cancer pain in children and adolescents. (Full text)

Opioids for chronic non-cancer pain in children and adolescents. Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization guidelines for pharmacological treatments for children's persisting pain acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. While in the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, views (...) on children's pain have changed over time, and relief of pain is now seen as importantWe designed a suite of seven reviews on chronic non-cancer pain and cancer pain (looking at antidepressants, antiepileptic drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, and paracetamol as priority areas) in order to review the evidence for children's pain utilising pharmacological interventions in children and adolescents.As the leading cause of morbidity in children and adolescents in the world today, chronic

2017 Cochrane PubMed abstract

5806. Advances in the diagnosis of pneumonia in children. (Abstract)

Advances in the diagnosis of pneumonia in children. Pneumonia remains a major cause of childhood mortality and morbidity globally. Accurate diagnosis and attribution of the causes of pneumonia are important for measuring the burden of disease, implementing appropriate preventive or treatment strategies, and developing more effective interventions. This review summarizes recent diagnostic advances in radiological techniques, specimen collection, and laboratory methods. Although chest ultrasound (...) and chest magnetic resonance imaging are promising modalities for radiological diagnosis, their role in clinical management and their impact on outcomes need further study. Rapid, highly sensitive, multiplex laboratory tests performed on upper respiratory tract samples or induced sputum can detect nucleic acid from potential pathogens in most children with pneumonia. However, it may be difficult to attribute causality because it is often impossible to distinguish between organisms colonizing

2017 BMJ

5807. Challenges faced by parents of children with learning disabilities in Opuwo, Namibia (Full text)

Challenges faced by parents of children with learning disabilities in Opuwo, Namibia Parenting children with learning disabilities requires a high level of knowledge and access to resources, information and services. In developing countries, however, these resources and services are not always available. Parents in Namibia, a developing country, therefore face challenges addressing children's learning and other developmental disabilities, including challenges related to preventative (...) and supportive interventions.This research focuses on challenges faced by parents as they parent children with learning disabilities in Opuwo, Namibia.In-depth interviews were conducted with eight parents regarding the challenges they face in parenting their children with learning disabilities. Thematic analysis enabled the researchers to identify, analyse and report on themes that emerged from the qualitative interview data.Analysis of the interviews indicated that some participants had only a vague

2017 African journal of disability PubMed abstract

5808. Searching for Evidence of an Anti-Inflammatory Diet in Children: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials for Pediatric Obesity Interventions With a Focus on Leptin, Ghrelin, and Adiponectin. (Abstract)

Searching for Evidence of an Anti-Inflammatory Diet in Children: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials for Pediatric Obesity Interventions With a Focus on Leptin, Ghrelin, and Adiponectin. To address the complex phenomenon of pediatric obesity, one must understand the physiological mechanisms regulating energy intake and inflammation. The peptide hormones leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin are involved in both, but their functions are dysregulated in obesity. The purpose (...) of this systematic review is (1) to characterize studies of nutrition interventions for weight management in children who measure these peptides as outcomes, (2) to assess risk of bias in the studies, and (3) to determine the relationships between these peptides and body mass index (BMI). Eligibility Criteria: Peer-reviewed articles written in English, published in 2001-2016, and describing randomized controlled trials of pediatric interventions involving a nutrition component with the outcome measures leptin

2017 Biological research for nursing

5809. Magnitude and direction of the association between Clostridium difficile infection and proton pump inhibitors in adults and pediatric patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Magnitude and direction of the association between Clostridium difficile infection and proton pump inhibitors in adults and pediatric patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a cause of increased morbidity and health care costs among hospitalized patients. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are mainly used for the treatment of acid-related upper gastrointestinal diseases. The aim of the study was to assess the risks associated with initial (...) and recurrent CDI in adult and pediatric patients treated with PPIs.A systematic search was performed using PubMed (Medline), Embase, and Web of Science with the following search terms: ("proton pump inhibitor," "PPI," or "acid suppression") AND ("infection," "diarrhea," "diarrhoea," "colitis," or "disease") AND ("Clostridium difficile"). Meta-analysis was performed using Revman5.3 software. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) presented as standard plots with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were determined.Sixty-seven

2017 Journal of gastroenterology

5810. Bivariate genome-wide association meta-analysis of pediatric musculoskeletal traits reveals pleiotropic effects at the SREBF1/TOM1L2 locus. (Full text)

Bivariate genome-wide association meta-analysis of pediatric musculoskeletal traits reveals pleiotropic effects at the SREBF1/TOM1L2 locus. Bone mineral density is known to be a heritable, polygenic trait whereas genetic variants contributing to lean mass variation remain largely unknown. We estimated the shared SNP heritability and performed a bivariate GWAS meta-analysis of total-body lean mass (TB-LM) and total-body less head bone mineral density (TBLH-BMD) regions in 10,414 children (...) in murine and human osteoblasts, as well as in human muscle tissue. This is the first bivariate GWAS meta-analysis to demonstrate genetic factors with pleiotropic effects on bone mineral density and lean mass.Bone mineral density and lean skeletal mass are heritable traits. Here, Medina-Gomez and colleagues perform bivariate GWAS analyses of total body lean mass and bone mass density in children, and show genetic loci with pleiotropic effects on both traits.

2017 Nature communications PubMed abstract

5811. Swimming attendance during childhood and development of asthma: Meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Swimming attendance during childhood and development of asthma: Meta-analysis. 28745459 2018 02 09 2018 12 02 1442-200X 59 7 2017 07 Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society Pediatr Int Swimming attendance during childhood and development of asthma: Meta-analysis. 846-847 10.1111/ped.13276 Bernard Alfred A 0000-0003-3171-3743 Laboratory of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Research, Catholic University of Louvain (...) , Brussels, Belgium. eng Letter Comment Australia Pediatr Int 100886002 1328-8067 IM Pediatr Int. 2017 Jul;59(7):847-848 28745462 Pediatr Int. 2017 Jul;59(7):847-848 28745462 Asthma Environmental Exposure Humans Swimming Swimming Pools 2017 01 26 2017 03 02 2017 7 27 6 0 2017 7 27 6 0 2018 2 10 6 0 ppublish 28745459 10.1111/ped.13276

2017 Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society

5812. A systematic review about Streptococcus Pneumoniae serotype distribution in children in mainland of China before the PCV13 was licensed. (Abstract)

A systematic review about Streptococcus Pneumoniae serotype distribution in children in mainland of China before the PCV13 was licensed. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is a major pathogen of infectious diseases in children. Surveillance of the distribution of pneumococcus serotypes is important for immunization strategies of pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccines (PCVs). Areas covered: This article is a systematic review of studies conducted from 2006 to 2016 that document (...) serotypes of S. pneumoniae isolated from children less than 14 years old in the mainland of China. A total of 40 studies were included in this review. Serotypes 19F, 19A, 23F, 14 and 6B were the most common. Serotype prevalence and percentage varied by region and associated strains. The serotype coverage rate of PCV13 was higher than that of PCV10 due to the prevalence of serotype 19A, and there were no significant difference between the coverage rate of PCV13 and PPSV23. Expert commentary: To prevent

2017 Expert review of vaccines

5813. Nutrition (Micronutrients) in Child Growth and Development: A Systematic Review on Current Evidence, Recommendations and Opportunities for Further Research. (Abstract)

Nutrition (Micronutrients) in Child Growth and Development: A Systematic Review on Current Evidence, Recommendations and Opportunities for Further Research. An important aspect of malnutrition is deficiency of different micronutrients during pregnancy or early childhood. We systematically reviewed the role of nutrition in child growth (weight or height gain) and development.A comprehensive literature search was done on PubMed/Cochrane Library browsing through 38,795 abstracts until December 31 (...) feeding), conditional-cash-transfers, and integrated nutrition/psychosocial interventions are discussed.Based on this evidence we make policy and programmatic recommendations for supplementation to mothers and children at high-risk of deficiency.

2017 Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP

5814. Delayed breastfeeding initiation and infant survival: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Delayed breastfeeding initiation and infant survival: A systematic review and meta-analysis. To assess the existing evidence regarding breastfeeding initiation time and infant morbidity and mortality.We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Popline, LILACS, AIM, and Index Medicus to identify existing evidence. We included observational studies and randomized control trials that examined the association between breastfeeding (...) initiation time and mortality, morbidity, or nutrition outcomes from birth through 12 months of age in a population of infants who all initiated breastfeeding. Two reviewers independently extracted data from eligible studies using a standardized form. We pooled effect estimates using fixed-effects meta-analysis.We pooled five studies, including 136,047 infants, which examined the association between very early breastfeeding initiation and neonatal mortality. Compared to infants who initiated

2017 PloS one PubMed abstract

5815. The Effect of Nursing Quality Improvement and Mobile Health Interventions on Infant Sleep Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (Full text)

The Effect of Nursing Quality Improvement and Mobile Health Interventions on Infant Sleep Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Inadequate adherence to recommendations known to reduce the risk of sudden unexpected infant death has contributed to a slowing in the decline of these deaths.To assess the effectiveness of 2 interventions separately and combined to promote infant safe sleep practices compared with control interventions.Four-group cluster randomized clinical trial of mothers (...) of healthy term newborns who were recruited between March 2015 and May 2016 at 16 US hospitals with more than 100 births annually. Data collection ended in October 2016.All participants were beneficiaries of a nursing quality improvement campaign in infant safe sleep practices (intervention) or breastfeeding (control), and then received a 60-day mobile health program, in which mothers received frequent emails or text messages containing short videos with educational content about infant safe sleep

2017 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high PubMed abstract

5816. The effect of music on pain and vital signs of children before and after endoscopy (Full text)

The effect of music on pain and vital signs of children before and after endoscopy Gentle music has relaxing and pain reducing effects. In this study, the effect of music on patients' vital signs and pain was investigated before and after endoscopy.This clinical trial study was conducted on 100 children from seven to fourteen years of age in Gha'em Hospital, Mashhad in 2015. Children were divided into two equal groups (case group=50 and control group=50). The control group received endoscopy (...) according to the standards, without any other procedure. For the case group, a classic musical piece by Clayderman was played during endoscopy (from the time of entering the endoscopy room to the end of the process). After conducting endoscopy, FALCC scale and Baker-Wong pain scale were filled for both groups. In addition, children's vital signs including: heart rate (pulse), diastolic and systolic blood pressure were measured before and after endoscopy for both groups. Data analysis was conducted using

2017 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

5817. Montelukast versus inhaled mometasone for treatment of otitis media with effusion in children: A randomized controlled trial (Full text)

Montelukast versus inhaled mometasone for treatment of otitis media with effusion in children: A randomized controlled trial Otitis media is one of the most common infections among children and is a complication in about 30% of common colds. The most common complication of acute otitis media is otitis media with effusion. Some studies have reported the effects of montelukast and mometasone nasal spray in treatment of otitis media with effusion. However, current information is inadequate (...) in this issue.To compare the effectiveness of montelukast and mometasone nasal spray in treatment of otitis media with effusion in children attending Koodakan hospital in Bandar Abbas, Iran.This randomized controlled trial was done on 2- to 6-year-old children attending Koodakan Hospital in Bandar Abbas, southern Iran, in 2014. Patients were divided into three groups of montelukast, mometasone, and control group. Audiometry was done for all patients at baseline and four weeks after treatment. Patients were

2017 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

5818. Exploring the adaptive experiences of children with parents of myocardial infarction: A Qualitative Study (Full text)

Exploring the adaptive experiences of children with parents of myocardial infarction: A Qualitative Study Cardiovascular diseases are the world's leading cause of mortality. These diseases are rooted in an unhealthy lifestyle. In order to confront this subject, it is essential to identify several risk factors that contribute to heart disease (HD) in people with different attitudes, values, beliefs, expectations and motivations. This study was therefore an attempt to explain the adaptive (...) experiences of children whose parents were involved in myocardial infarction since they were more likely subjected to get the so-called disease.To identify the risk factors and to clear ambiguity using a qualitative research method from the experiences of people at risk of the above mentioned disease.This qualitative study was a directed content analysis. Eighteen children (above 18 years old) of parents with a history of myocardial infarction participated, and were chosen with purposive sampling

2017 Electronic physician PubMed abstract

5819. Interventions to Improve Infant Safe Sleep Practices (Full text)

Infant Care Sleep Sudden Infant Death 2017 7 26 6 0 2017 7 26 6 0 2017 9 8 6 0 ppublish 28742890 2645083 10.1001/jama.2017.9422 PMC5591649 NIHMS901917 Pediatrics. 2016 Nov;138(5):null 27940805 Curr Pediatr Rev. 2016;12 (1):67-75 26496723 Acad Pediatr. 2016 Aug;16(6):540-9 26851615 Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Jul;156(7):717-20 12090841 Pediatrics. 2017 Jul;140(1):null 28759397 JAMA. 1998 Jul 22-29;280(4):329-35 9686549 J Pediatr. 2010 Jul;157(1):92-97.e2 20303505 JAMA. 2017 Jul 25;318(4):351-359 (...) Interventions to Improve Infant Safe Sleep Practices 28742890 2017 09 07 2018 11 13 1538-3598 318 4 2017 07 25 JAMA JAMA Interventions to Improve Infant Safe Sleep Practices. 336-338 10.1001/jama.2017.9422 Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K CK Division of Reproductive Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. eng CC999999 Intramural CDC HHS United States Editorial Comment United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 AIM IM JAMA. 2017 Jul 25;318(4):351-359 28742913 Humans Infant

2017 JAMA PubMed abstract

5820. Quality improvement, implementation, and dissemination strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents: a systematic review. (Full text)

Quality improvement, implementation, and dissemination strategies to improve mental health care for children and adolescents: a systematic review. Some outcomes for children with mental health problems remain suboptimal because of poor access to care and the failure of systems and providers to adopt established quality improvement strategies and interventions with proven effectiveness. This review had three goals: (1) assess the effectiveness of quality improvement, implementation (...) , and dissemination strategies intended to improve the mental health care of children and adolescents; (2) examine harms associated with these strategies; and (3) determine whether effectiveness or harms differ for subgroups based on system, organizational, practitioner, or patient characteristics.Sources included MEDLINE®, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and CINAHL, from database inception through February 17, 2017. Additional sources included gray literature, additional studies from reference lists

2017 Implementation Science : IS PubMed abstract