Latest & greatest articles for children

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Top results for children

61. Preemptive Pregabalin in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Posterior Instrumented Spinal Fusion: A Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial

(L.L.H. and T.M.) and Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgery (L.L.H., H.O., M.L., O.P., and I.J.H.), University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland. 2 Department of Biostatistics, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. PMID: 31770296 DOI: Item in Clipboard Preemptive Pregabalin in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Posterior Instrumented Spinal Fusion: A Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial Linda L Helenius et al. J Bone Joint Surg Am . 2020 . Show details J Bone (...) Preemptive Pregabalin in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Posterior Instrumented Spinal Fusion: A Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial Preemptive Pregabalin in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Posterior Instrumented Spinal Fusion: A Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed go

2020 EvidenceUpdates

62. Comparison of quadratus lumborum block and caudal block for postoperative analgesia in pediatric patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair and orchiopexy surgeries: a randomized controlled trial

=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Parent satisfaction scores were higher in the QLB group (p=0.014). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, QLB can provide much more effective analgesia than caudal block without adjuvants in multimodal analgesia management of children undergoing inguinal hernia repair and orchiopexy surgeries. Trial registration number: . Keywords: Pediatric pain; postoperative pain; truncal blocks. © American Society of Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2020 (...) Comparison of quadratus lumborum block and caudal block for postoperative analgesia in pediatric patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair and orchiopexy surgeries: a randomized controlled trial Comparison of Quadratus Lumborum Block and Caudal Block for Postoperative Analgesia in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Inguinal Hernia Repair and Orchiopexy Surgeries: A Randomized Controlled Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete

2020 EvidenceUpdates

63. Effectiveness of a modified comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics for children and adolescents with tourette`s syndrome: A randomized controlled trial

University, Taipei, Taiwan. 2 Division of Pediatric Neurology, Chang Gung Children's Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan. 3 Division of Pediatric Neurology, Landseed International Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan. PMID: 31782167 DOI: Item in Clipboard Effectiveness of a Modified Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics for Children and Adolescents With Tourette's Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial Chia-Wen Chen et al. J Adv Nurs . 2020 Mar . Show details J Adv Nurs (...) Actions . 2020 Mar;76(3):903-915. doi: 10.1111/jan.14279. Epub 2020 Jan 13. Authors , , , Affiliations 1 School of Nursing, College of nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. 2 Division of Pediatric Neurology, Chang Gung Children's Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan. 3 Division of Pediatric Neurology, Landseed International Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan. PMID: 31782167 DOI: Item in Clipboard Full-text links Cite Abstract in , Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness

2020 EvidenceUpdates

64. A randomized trial of a distraction-type intervention to assist in managing dressing changes for children experienced burns

of the wound therapist and children's parents presented also better outcomes compared with the control group. Conclusion: This study demonstrated application of the medical screen for burns can relieve the pain of 1 - 3-year old children experienced a burn during dressing changes. In addition, the application of the medical screen also increased the satisfaction of the child's parents and wound therapist. Registration NO: 1,900,020,953. Impact: Compared with conventional dressing methods, the medical (...) , R., & Bhananker, S. M. (2010). Analgesia and sedation for children undergoing burn wound care. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 10(11), 1747-1759. https://doi.org/10.1586/ern.10.158.Review Chen, X.-J., Sun, W.-J., Wang, J., Han, D.-Z., Gao, G.-Z., Yan, D.-X., … Wang, G.-S. (2014). Epidemiology of bedside stove burns in a retrospective cohort of 5089 pediatric patients. Burns, 40(8), 1761-1769. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2014.03.018 Show all 24 references LinkOut - more resources Full

2020 EvidenceUpdates

65. Effects of virtual reality on pain, fear and anxiety during blood draw in children aged 5-12 years old: A randomised controlled study

citation management software Create file Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation J Clin Nurs Actions . 2020 Apr;29(7-8):1151-1161. doi: 10.1111/jocn.15173. Epub 2020 Jan 22. Effects of Virtual Reality on Pain, Fear and Anxiety During Blood Draw in Children Aged 5-12 Years Old: A Randomised Controlled Study , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliation 1 Pediatric Nursing Department, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Nursing, Izmir, Turkey. PMID: 31889358 DOI: Item in Clipboard Effects (...) of Virtual Reality on Pain, Fear and Anxiety During Blood Draw in Children Aged 5-12 Years Old: A Randomised Controlled Study Gülçin Özalp Gerçeker et al. J Clin Nurs . 2020 Apr . Show details J Clin Nurs Actions . 2020 Apr;29(7-8):1151-1161. doi: 10.1111/jocn.15173. Epub 2020 Jan 22. Authors , , , Affiliation 1 Pediatric Nursing Department, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Nursing, Izmir, Turkey. PMID: 31889358 DOI: Item in Clipboard Full-text links Cite Abstract Aim and objectives: Virtual reality (VR

2020 EvidenceUpdates

66. Early Childhood Antibiotic Treatment for Otitis Media and Other Respiratory Tract Infections Is Associated With Risk of Type 1 Diabetes: A Nationwide Register-Based Study With Sibling Analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

University, Uppsala, Sweden. 6 Department of Pediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden. 7 Pediatric Allergy and Pulmonology Unit at Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. 8 Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular Epidemiology and Science for Life Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden tove.fall@medsci.uu.se. PMID: 32132008 DOI: Item in Clipboard Early Childhood Antibiotic Treatment for Otitis Media and Other Respiratory Tract (...) Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden tove.fall@medsci.uu.se. 4 Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. 5 Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. 6 Department of Pediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden. 7 Pediatric Allergy and Pulmonology Unit at Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. 8 Department

2020 EvidenceUpdates

67. ISHLT Consensus Statement on Donor Organ Acceptability and Management in Pediatric Heart Transplantation Full Text available with Trip Pro

failure in Japan: importance of mechanical circulatory support. Heart Vessels . 2016 ; 31 : 1162–1167 Australia (22% mortality with 7% delisted for clinical deterioration), x 4 Shi, WY, Rouse, M, Weintraub, RG et al. Predictors of outcomes in children awaiting heart transplantation: an experience from a National Paediatric Heart Transplantation Programme. Eur J Cardio Thorac Surg . 2016 ; 49 : 1711–1718 Eurotransplant (18%), x 5 Smits, JM, Thul, J, De Pauw, M et al. Pediatric heart allocation (...) Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Children's Medical Center, Dallas, Texas Correspondence Reprint requests: Richard Kirk, MD, MA, FRCP, FRCPCH, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Children's Medical Center, 1935 Medical District Drive, B3.440, Dallas, TX 75235. Telephone: +1-469-866-6787. Fax: 214-456-6154. , MA, FRCP, FRCPCH a , , x Richard Kirk Affiliations Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University

2020 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation

68. Interaction therapy for preterm infants and their parents

discharge. Child outcomes Infant cognitive and motor development Authors' conclusion: “Interventions with a component that focused on the parent-infant relationship had a greater impact on cognitive outcomes at infancy and preschool age when compared with interventions that focused on infant development or parent support alone.” “The current review has demonstrated diminishing effects of early developmental interventions over time. These diminishing effects support the need for further intervention (...) risk of bias Included studies Population/Intervention Outcome O’Hara et al 2019 [4] 22 studies, 3 on preterm population Population: Children <5 years old at risk of poor outcomes. N total=1 889 parent-child dyads or family units (n=17 –237), of which n=294 parent-preterm infant dyads Intervention: Video feedback on parental interaction with child Primary Outcomes: Parental outcomes Parental sensitivity Parental reflective functioning Attachment security Parental stress Parental anxiety Secondary

2020 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

69. Surviving Sepsis Campaign International Guidelines for the Management of Septic Shock and Sepsis-Associated Organ Dysfunction in Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

, London, United Kingdom. 3 Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care, and Department of Health Research Methods and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. 4 Department of Pediatrics (to Dr. Agus), Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain (to Drs. Mehta and Randolph), Boston Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. 5 C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI. 6 St. Mary’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom. 7 Paediatric Critical Care Research Group (...) Pediatric Society, and the French Society of Intensive Care. The remaining authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest. For information regarding this article, E-mail: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002198 Free Metrics Abstract Objectives: To develop evidence-based recommendations for clinicians caring for children (including infants, school-aged children, and adolescents) with septic shock and other sepsis -associated organ dysfunction

2020 Society of Critical Care Medicine

70. Adverse childhood experiences: What we know, what we don't know, and what should happen next

Adverse childhood experiences: What we know, what we don't know, and what should happen next application/octet-stream

2020 Early Intervention Foundation

71. Financial education for HIV?vulnerable youth, orphans, and vulnerable children: A systematic review of outcome evidence Full Text available with Trip Pro

(AFI), 3ie, MEDA, MasterCard Foundation, United Nations Capital Development Foundation‐YouthStart, World Health Organization, Microfinance Opportunities, Women's World Banking, International Labor Organization, Freedom from Hunger, Save the children—Youthsave, FHI 360, Population Council, Microsave, Child and Youth Finance International, International Gateway for Financial Education (OECD), Google Scholar, UNDP, World Bank, Sultan Qabus University of Oman, Jordanian Public University Library, King (...) evidence that savings account access and financial education complement one another. An intervention in Ghana compared financial education and savings with plural education (combined with personal awareness and child rights education) and savings (Berry et al., ). Both led to a positive effect on savings after 9 months mainly due to a change in location (from home to school) rather than an increase. Children were also more likely to work than have leisure with financial education but no negative effect

2020 Campbell Collaboration

72. Cognitive Behavioral Treatments for Anxiety in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial

exposure tasks, and reinforcement. The CBT intervention adapted for ASD was similar but also addressed social communication and self-regulation challenges with perspective-taking training and behavior-analytic techniques. Main outcomes and measures: The primary outcome measure per a priori hypotheses was the Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale. Secondary outcomes included treatment response on the Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement scale and checklist measures. Results: Of 214 children initially (...) enrolled, 167 were randomized, 145 completed treatment, and 22 discontinued participation. Those who were not randomized failed to meet eligibility criteria (eg, confirmed ASD). There was no significant difference in discontinuation rates across conditions. Randomized children had a mean (SD) age of 9.9 (1.8) years; 34 were female (20.5%). The CBT program adapted for ASD outperformed standard-of-practice CBT (mean [SD] Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale score, 2.13 [0.91] [95% CI, 1.91-2.36] vs 2.43 [0.70

2020 EvidenceUpdates

73. Reducing Tobacco Smoke Exposure in High-Risk Infants: A Randomized, Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Reducing Tobacco Smoke Exposure in High-Risk Infants: A Randomized, Controlled Trial To evaluate a hospital-initiated intervention to reduce tobacco smoke exposure in infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.A randomized, controlled trial compared motivational interviewing plus financial incentives with conventional care on infant urine cotinine at 1 and 4 months' follow-up. Mothers of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (N = 360) who reported a smoker living in the home were (...) enrolled. Motivational interviewing sessions were delivered in both the hospital and the home. Financial incentives followed session attendance and negative infant cotinine tests postdischarge.The intervention effect on infant cotinine was not significant, except among mothers who reported high baseline readiness/ability to protect their infant (P ≤ .01) and mothers who completed the study within 6 months postdischarge (per protocol; P ≤ .05). Fewer mothers in the motivational interviewing plus

2020 EvidenceUpdates

74. Distraction using virtual reality for children during intravenous injections in an emergency department: A randomised trial (Abstract)

Distraction using virtual reality for children during intravenous injections in an emergency department: A randomised trial To determine whether the virtual reality as a distracting intervention could reduce pain and fear in school-age children receiving intravenous injections at an emergency department.An intravenous injection is the most common invasive procedure that paediatric patients encounter in emergency department. School-age children seldom show their fear or discomfort during (...) the procedure which may be ignored.A randomised controlled trial was conducted from December 2017-May 2018 and performed according to the CONSORT guidelines.One hundred and thirty-six children aged 7-12 years were randomly allocated to receive either a routine intravenous injection procedure or one with an immersive virtual reality experience. Children were asked to rate their pain and fear along with their caregivers and nurses on the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale and Children's Fear Scale

2020 EvidenceUpdates

75. Efficacy of the Enquiring About Tolerance (EAT) study among infants at high risk of developing food allergy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy of the Enquiring About Tolerance (EAT) study among infants at high risk of developing food allergy The Enquiring About Tolerance (EAT) study was a randomized trial of the early introduction of allergenic solids into the infant diet from 3 months of age. The intervention effect did not reach statistical significance in the intention-to-treat analysis of the primary outcome.We sought to determine whether infants at high risk of developing a food allergy benefited from early (...) introduction.A secondary intention-to-treat analysis was performed of 3 groups: nonwhite infants; infants with visible eczema at enrollment, with severity determined by SCORAD; and infants with enrollment food sensitization (specific IgE ≥0.1 kU/L).Among infants with sensitization to 1 or more foods at enrollment (≥0.1 kU/L), early introduction group (EIG) infants developed significantly less food allergy to 1 or more foods than standard introduction group (SIG) infants (SIG, 34.2%; EIG, 19.2%; P = .03

2020 EvidenceUpdates

76. Oral Ondansetron to Reduce Vomiting in Children Receiving Intranasal Fentanyl and Inhaled Nitrous Oxide for Procedural Sedation and Analgesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Oral Ondansetron to Reduce Vomiting in Children Receiving Intranasal Fentanyl and Inhaled Nitrous Oxide for Procedural Sedation and Analgesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial Intranasal fentanyl and inhaled nitrous oxide are increasingly combined to provide procedural sedation and analgesia in the pediatric emergency setting. This regimen is attractive because of its nonparenteral administration, but is associated with a higher incidence of vomiting than nitrous oxide alone. We seek to assess (...) whether prophylactic oral ondansetron use could reduce the incidence of vomiting associated with intranasal fentanyl and nitrous oxide for procedural sedation compared with placebo.This was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial of oral ondansetron versus placebo conducted at a single tertiary care pediatric emergency department. Children aged 3 to 18 years with planned sedation with intranasal fentanyl and nitrous oxide were randomized to receive oral ondansetron or placebo 30 to 60 minutes

2020 EvidenceUpdates

77. Outcome in Children With Standard-Risk B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Results of Children`s Oncology Group Trial AALL0331 (Abstract)

Outcome in Children With Standard-Risk B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Results of Children`s Oncology Group Trial AALL0331 Children's Oncology Group (COG) AALL0331 tested whether intensified postinduction therapy that improves survival in children with high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) would also improve outcomes for those with standard-risk (SR) ALL.AALL0331 enrolled 5,377 patients between 2005 and 2010. All patients received a 3-drug induction with dexamethasone (...) CCR: SC, 77.5% ± 4.8%; IC, 77.1% ± 4.8%; P = .71). At 6 years, the CCR and OS rates among 635 nonrandomly treated patients with SR-high disease were 85.55% ± 1.49% and 92.97% ± 1.08%, respectively.The 6-year OS rate for > 5,000 children with SR ALL enrolled in AALL0331 exceeded 95%. The addition of IC to treatment for patients with SR-average disease did not improve CCR or OS, even in patients with higher MRD, in whom it might have been predicted to provide more value. The EFS and OS rates

2020 EvidenceUpdates

78. Effectiveness of Intrapleural Tissue Plasminogen Activator and Dornase Alfa vs Tissue Plasminogen Activator Alone in Children with Pleural Empyema: A Randomized Clinical Trial

to an existing collection Name your collection: Name must be less than 100 characters Choose a collection: Unable to load your collection due to an error Add Cancel Add to My Bibliography My Bibliography Unable to load your delegates due to an error Add Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation JAMA Pediatr Actions 2020 Feb 3 [Online ahead of print] Effectiveness of Intrapleural Tissue Plasminogen Activator and Dornase Alfa vs Tissue Plasminogen Activator Alone in Children With Pleural Empyema (...) : A Randomized Clinical Trial , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 McMaster Children's Hospital, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. 2 Golisano Children's Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York. 3 Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 4 Image-Guided Therapy, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto

2020 EvidenceUpdates

79. Physiological-based cord clamping in very preterm infants - Randomised controlled trial on effectiveness of stabilisation Full Text available with Trip Pro

/NL7004). Copyright © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Similar articles R Knol et al. Front Pediatr 7, 134. 2019. PMID 31106181. Background: Most preterm infants fail to aerate their immature lungs at birth and need respiratory support for cardiopulmonary stabilization. Cord clamping before … E Brouwer et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 104 (4), F396-F402. Jul 2019. PMID 30282674. PBCC in preterm infants using the Concord is feasible. HR remained stable, and SpO (...) : Unable to load your collection due to an error Add Cancel Add to My Bibliography My Bibliography Unable to load your delegates due to an error Add Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Resuscitation Actions , 147, 26-33 2020 Feb 1 Physiological-based Cord Clamping in Very Preterm Infants - Randomised Controlled Trial on Effectiveness of Stabilisation , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Erasmus University Medical

2020 EvidenceUpdates

80. Does intramuscular ondansetron have an effect on intramuscular ketamine-associated vomiting in children? A prospective, randomized, double blind, controlled study

in controlling ketamine-associated vomiting. Keywords: Children; Ketamine; Ondansetron. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Similar articles WT Langston et al. Ann Emerg Med 52 (1), 30-4. Jul 2008. PMID 18353503. - Randomized Controlled Trial IV ondansetron significantly reduces the incidence of vomiting associated with IV ketamine procedural sedation in children. JS Lee et al. J Paediatr Child Health 50 (7), 557-61. Jul 2014. PMID 24612260. - Randomized Controlled Trial A relatively high (...) Does intramuscular ondansetron have an effect on intramuscular ketamine-associated vomiting in children? A prospective, randomized, double blind, controlled study Does Intramuscular Ondansetron Have an Effect on Intramuscular Ketamine-Associated Vomiting in Children? A Prospective, Randomized, Double Blind, Controlled Study - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed go

2020 EvidenceUpdates