Latest & greatest articles for chlorhexidine

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Top results for chlorhexidine

121. Chlorhexidine varnish for preventing dental caries in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review

Chlorhexidine varnish for preventing dental caries in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2006 DARE.

122. Cost-effectiveness analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution for catheter-site care in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand

Cost-effectiveness analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution for catheter-site care in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand Cost-effectiveness analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution for catheter-site care in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand Cost-effectiveness analysis of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution for catheter-site care in Siriraj Hospital, Thailand Maenthaisong R, Chaiyakunapruk N, Thamlikitkul V Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary The study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of antiseptics such as chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) and povidone-iodine solution (PI) for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections

2006 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

123. Prevention of alveolar osteitis with chlorhexidine: a meta-analytic review

Prevention of alveolar osteitis with chlorhexidine: a meta-analytic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

124. Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour to prevent early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal infection. (Abstract)

Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour to prevent early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal infection. Early-onset group B beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GBS) infection accounts for approximately 30% of neonatal infections, has a high mortality rate and is acquired through vertical transmission from colonized mothers. Several trials have demonstrated the efficacy of intrapartum chemoprophylaxis (IPC) for preventing early-onset disease (EOD). Vaginal disinfection with chlorhexidine during labour (...) has been proposed as another strategy for preventing GBS EOD in the preterm and term neonate. Chlorhexidine has been found to have no impact on antibiotic resistance, is inexpensive, and applicable to poorly equipped delivery sites.To determine the effectiveness of vaginal disinfection with chlorhexidine during labour for preventing early-onset GBS infection in preterm and term neonates.We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth trials register (October 2003), the Cochrane Central Register

2004 Cochrane

125. Vascular catheter site care: the clinical and economic benefits of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone iodine Full Text available with Trip Pro

Vascular catheter site care: the clinical and economic benefits of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone iodine Vascular catheter site care: the clinical and economic benefits of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone iodine Vascular catheter site care: the clinical and economic benefits of chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone iodine Chaiyakunapruk N, Veenstra D L, Lipsky B A, Sullivan S D, Saint S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone iodine for vascular catheter insertion site care was investigated. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

126. Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis

Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis Chaiyakunapruk N, Veenstra D L, Lipsky B A, Saint S Authors' objectives To evaluate the efficacy of skin disinfection with chlorhexidine gluconate, compared with povidone-iodine solution (...) , in preventing vascular catheter-related bloodstream infection. Searching MEDLINE (1966 to 2001), CINAHL (1982 to 2001), Doctoral Dissertation Abstracts (1861 to 2001), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1970 to 2001), EMBASE, LexisNexis, ISI Web of Sciences and the Cochrane Library (dates not specified) were searched. The MeSH terms 'chlorhexidine' and 'catheterization' and the exploded keywords 'chlorhexidine' and 'catheter' were used for the searches. No language restrictions were applied. Index

2002 DARE.

127. A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment

A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment A meta-analysis of clinical studies on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment van Rijkom H M, Truin G J, van't Hof M A Authors' objectives To perform a meta-analysis on the caries-inhibiting effect of chlorhexidine treatment, and to explore potential modifying factors. Searching MEDLINE (...) was searched from 1975 to 1994 using the keywords 'chlorhexidine' and '(dental) caries'. The search was restricted to studies published in English, French or German. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which treatment duration was of at least 1 year and incidence of surface caries was evaluated at the end of this time. Specific interventions included in the review Chlorhexidine applied as either a gel, paste or rinse. Participants

1996 DARE.

128. Prevention of excess neonatal morbidity associated with group B streptococci by vaginal chlorhexidine disinfection during labour. The Swedish Chlorhexidine Study Group. (Abstract)

Prevention of excess neonatal morbidity associated with group B streptococci by vaginal chlorhexidine disinfection during labour. The Swedish Chlorhexidine Study Group. Streptococcus agalactiae transmitted to infants from the vagina during birth is an important cause of invasive neonatal infection. We have done a prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-centre study of chlorhexidine prophylaxis to prevent neonatal disease due to vaginal transmission of S agalactiae (...) . On arrival in the delivery room, swabs were taken for culture from the vaginas of 4483 women who were expecting a full-term single birth. Vaginal flushing was then done with either 60 ml chlorhexidine diacetate (2 g/l) (2238 women) or saline placebo (2245) and this procedure was repeated every 6 h until delivery. The rate of admission of babies to special-care neonatal units within 48 h of delivery was the primary end point. For babies born to placebo-treated women, maternal carriage of S agalactiae

1992 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

129. Prospective randomised trial of povidone-iodine, alcohol, and chlorhexidine for prevention of infection associated with central venous and arterial catheters. (Abstract)

Prospective randomised trial of povidone-iodine, alcohol, and chlorhexidine for prevention of infection associated with central venous and arterial catheters. More than 90% of all intravascular device-related septicaemias are due to central venous or arterial catheters. To assess the efficacy of cutaneous antisepsis to prevent catheter-associated infection, we prospectively studied three antiseptics for disinfection of patients' central venous and arterial catheter insertion sites in a surgical (...) intensive care unit. 668 catheters were randomised to 10% povidone-iodine, 70% alcohol, or 2% aqueous chlorhexidine disinfection of the site before insertion and for site care every other day thereafter. Chlorhexidine was associated with the lowest incidence of local catheter-related infection (2.3 per 100 catheters vs 7.1 and 9.3 for alcohol and povidone-iodine, respectively, p = 0.02) and catheter-related bacteraemia (0.5 vs 2.3 and 2.6). Of the 14 infusion-related bacteraemias (4 due to contaminated

1991 Lancet Controlled trial quality: uncertain