Latest & greatest articles for chronic pain

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Top results for chronic pain

1. Craniosacral therapy for chronic pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Full Text available with Trip Pro

Craniosacral therapy for chronic pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials To systematically assess the evidence of Craniosacral Therapy (CST) for the treatment of chronic pain.PubMed, Central, Scopus, PsycInfo and Cinahl were searched up to August 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of CST in chronic pain patients were eligible. Standardized mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for pain intensity (...) . Secondary outcomes were all significantly more improved in CST patients than in other groups, except for six-month mental quality of life versus sham. Sensitivity analyses revealed robust effects of CST against most risk of bias domains. Five of the 10 RCTs reported safety data. No serious adverse events occurred. Minor adverse events were equally distributed between the groups.In patients with chronic pain, this meta-analysis suggests significant and robust effects of CST on pain and function lasting

2020 EvidenceUpdates

2. 10-kHz High-Frequency Spinal Cord Stimulation for Adults With Chronic Noncancer Pain

10-kHz High-Frequency Spinal Cord Stimulation for Adults With Chronic Noncancer Pain Published March 2020 Volume 20, Number 6 ONTARIO HEALTH TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT SERIES 10-kHz High-Frequency Spinal Cord Stimulation for Adults With Chronic Noncancer Pain: A Health Technology Assessment KEY MESSAGES What Is This Health Technology Assessment About? Chronic pain is pain that lasts for a long time, usually more than 3 months. People may develop chronic pain because of an injury, an infection (...) , a disease, or a surgery—or there may be no obvious reason for the pain. Chronic pain has a negative effect on people’s physical, emotional, social, and mental health. People may try a range of treatment options to manage their chronic pain, including physiotherapy, mindfulness practices, and medications. Spinal cord stimulation is typically recommended if these options do not work to relieve a person's pain. It delivers low-voltage electricity to the nerves in the spine to suppress pain signals

2020 Health Quality Ontario

3. Long-term safety and efficacy of closed-loop spinal cord stimulation to treat chronic back and leg pain (Evoke): a double-blind, randomised, controlled trial (Abstract)

Long-term safety and efficacy of closed-loop spinal cord stimulation to treat chronic back and leg pain (Evoke): a double-blind, randomised, controlled trial Spinal cord stimulation has been an established treatment for chronic back and leg pain for more than 50 years; however, outcomes are variable and unpredictable, and objective evidence of the mechanism of action is needed. A novel spinal cord stimulation system provides the first in vivo, real-time, continuous objective measure of spinal (...) of chronic back and leg pain.This multicentre, double-blind, parallel-arm, randomised controlled trial was done at 13 specialist clinics, academic centres, and hospitals in the USA. Patients with chronic, intractable pain of the back and legs (Visual Analog Scale [VAS] pain score ≥60 mm; Oswestry Disability Index [ODI] score 41-80) who were refractory to conservative therapy, on stable pain medications, had no previous experience with spinal cord stimulation, and were appropriate candidates for a spinal

2020 EvidenceUpdates

4. A systematic review of the evidence for the efficacy of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain in community-dwelling older adults (Abstract)

A systematic review of the evidence for the efficacy of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain in community-dwelling older adults the ageing global population and concomitant increase in the use of opioid analgesia have highlighted the need to evaluate the effectiveness of opioids for chronic pain in older people.a systematic review of the evidence for the efficacy of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain in community-dwelling people aged 65 years or more was conducted using PRISMA guidelines (...) at baseline was associated with severe pain, severe impairment in activities of daily living and a diagnosis of depression. Fear of causing harm to older people was common amongst opioid prescribers, limiting prescription. Facilitators of opioid prescription included educational interventions and access to an evidence base for opioid use.there is limited evidence supporting the use of long-term opioid use in older people for chronic non-cancer pain and a lack of trials in this age group. Age-specific

2020 EvidenceUpdates

5. Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain

Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain Management Briefs eBrief-no166 -- Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now An official website of the United States government Here's how you know The .gov means it's official. Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're (...) eBrief-no166 -- Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 166 » Issue 166 January 2020 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Program. Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain In response to the evolving public health crisis related to opioid use, many providers, health systems, and payers

2020 Veterans Affairs - R&D

6. Electrocatheter-mediated High-voltage Pulsed Radiofrequency of the Dorsal Root Ganglion in the Treatment of Chronic Lumbosacral Neuropathic Pain: A Randomized Controlled Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Electrocatheter-mediated High-voltage Pulsed Radiofrequency of the Dorsal Root Ganglion in the Treatment of Chronic Lumbosacral Neuropathic Pain: A Randomized Controlled Study Electrocatheter-mediated High-voltage Pulsed Radiofrequency of the Dorsal Root Ganglion in the Treatment of Chronic Lumbosacral Neuropathic Pain: A Randomized Controlled Study - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed (...) to an existing collection Name your collection: Name must be less than 100 characters Choose a collection: Unable to load your collection due to an error Add Cancel Add to My Bibliography My Bibliography Unable to load your delegates due to an error Add Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Clin J Pain Actions , 36 (1), 25-33 Jan 2020 Electrocatheter-mediated High-voltage Pulsed Radiofrequency of the Dorsal Root Ganglion in the Treatment of Chronic Lumbosacral Neuropathic Pain

2020 EvidenceUpdates

7. Effects of open-label placebo on pain, functional disability, and spine mobility in patients with chronic back pain: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

Effects of open-label placebo on pain, functional disability, and spine mobility in patients with chronic back pain: a randomized controlled trial Chronic back pain (CBP) is a major global health problem, while its treatment is hampered by a lack of efficacy and restricted safety profile of common frontline therapies. The present trial aims to determine whether a 3-week open-label placebo treatment reduces pain intensity and subjective and objective functional disability in patients with CBP (...) . This randomized controlled trial, following a pretest-posttest design, enrolled 127 patients with CBP (pain duration >12 weeks) from the Back Pain Center, Neurology, University Hospital Essen, Germany. Patients randomized to the open-label placebo group received a 3-week open-label placebo treatment. Patients in the treatment as usual (TAU) group received no intervention. Both groups continued TAU. Primary outcome was the change in pain intensity. Secondary outcomes included patient-reported functional

2019 EvidenceUpdates

8. Moderators of Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With Chronic Pain: Who Benefits From Treatment at Long-Term Follow-Up? (Abstract)

Moderators of Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With Chronic Pain: Who Benefits From Treatment at Long-Term Follow-Up? Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective for pediatric chronic pain, but little is understood about which youth are most likely to benefit. The current study aimed to identify individual characteristics for which CBT yielded the greatest (and least) clinical benefit among adolescents with chronic pain participating in a multicenter (...) randomized controlled trial of Internet-delivered CBT (WebMAP2). A total of 273 adolescents ages 11 to 17 with chronic pain (M age = 14.7; 75.1% female) were randomly assigned to Internet-delivered CBT or Internet-delivered pain education and evaluated at pretreatment, post-treatment, and 2 longer term follow-up periods (6 and 12 months). Multilevel growth models tested several adolescent- and parent-level moderators of change in pain-related disability including 1) adolescent age, sex, pain

2019 EvidenceUpdates

9. Couple Interventions for Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review (Abstract)

Couple Interventions for Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review Couple interventions for chronic pain have been shown to more effectively reduce pain intensity for individuals with chronic pain (ICPs) than individual behavioral interventions or usual care. This systematic review identified randomized controlled trials of couple interventions to highlight strategies that could be incorporated into psychotherapy with ICPs and their romantic partners.The authors identified articles reporting randomized (...) controlled trials of couple interventions for chronic pain. Three databases were searched (ie, PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo), resulting in 18 studies and 22 articles.Couple interventions resulted in statistically significant improvements in pain intensity compared with other conditions in 8% to 40% of the studies depending on the comparator group (i.e., control, individual intervention, another couple intervention), and in statistically significant improvements on a pain-related outcome compared

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. Is a combined programme of manual therapy and exercise more effective than usual care in patients with non-specific chronic neck pain? A randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

Is a combined programme of manual therapy and exercise more effective than usual care in patients with non-specific chronic neck pain? A randomized controlled trial The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a combined intervention of manual therapy and exercise (MET) versus usual care (UC), on disability, pain intensity and global perceived recovery, in patients with non-specific chronic neck pain (CNP).Randomized controlled trial.Outpatient care units.Sixty-four non-specific (...) CNP patients were randomly allocated to MET (n = 32) or UC (n = 32) groups.Participants in the MET group received 12 sessions of mobilization and exercise, whereas the UC group received 15 sessions of usual care in physiotherapy.The primary outcome was disability (Neck Disability Index). The secondary outcomes were pain intensity (Numeric Pain Rating Scale) and global perceived recovery (Patient Global Impression Change). Patients were assessed at baseline, three weeks, six weeks (end of treatment

2019 EvidenceUpdates

11. Pharmacological interventions for treating chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. (Abstract)

Pharmacological interventions for treating chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disorder in which the two main clinical features are pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms. There are currently many approaches for its management, using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The National Institute of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score is a validated measure (...) commonly used to measure CP/CPPS symptoms. We considered a 25% decrease of NIH-CPSI baseline score or a six-point reduction as MCID.To assess the effects of pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.We performed a comprehensive search using CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, trial registries, grey literature and conference proceedings, with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search of all databases

2019 Cochrane

12. Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness (...) , and Guidelines Last updated: February 12, 2019 Project Number: RC1074-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of tiered or stepped care for patients with chronic, non-malignant pain in outpatient settings? What is the cost-effectiveness of tiered or stepped care for patients with chronic, non-malignant pain in outpatient settings? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding tiered

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

13. Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update

Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost (...) -effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update Last updated: May 10, 2019 Project Number: RC1110-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of multidisciplinary treatment programs for patients with chronic, non-malignant pain

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

14. Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines

Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness (...) and Guidelines Last updated: July 8, 2019 Project Number: RC1139-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of yoga for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? What is the cost-effectiveness of yoga for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of yoga for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? Key Message Evidence of limited quality from one

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

15. Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Last updated: July 24, 2019 Project Number: RC1153 (...) -000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of medical cannabis for the treatment of chronic pain? What are the evidence-based guidelines associated with the use of medical cannabis for the treatment of chronic pain? Key Message Based on four overviews (with overlapping systematic reviews), and one systematic review of guidelines,8 there is some suggestion of benefit with cannabis-based medicines

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

16. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: September 16, 2019 Project Number: RC1181-000 Product Line: Research (...) Type: Non-Pharma Mental Health Intervention Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy for chronic non-cancer pain? Key Message There were five systematic reviews included in this report, four of which were Cochrane reviews. Four of the five included systematic reviews had one weakness in the AMSTAR critical domains. The clinical effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy was assessed in several

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

17. Mindfulness Training and Yoga for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness

Mindfulness Training and Yoga for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness Mindfulness Training and Yoga for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Mindfulness Training and Yoga for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness Mindfulness Training and Yoga (...) for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness Last updated: September 20, 2019 Project Number: RC1185-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of mindfulness training for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? What is the clinical effectiveness of yoga for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? What is the cost-effectiveness

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

18. Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines

Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness (...) , Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Last updated: September 24, 2019 Project Number: RA1070-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of manual therapies for non-cancer, non-specific neck pain? What is the cost-effectiveness of manual therapies for non-cancer, non-specific neck pain? What are the evidence based guidelines regarding manual therapies for non-cancer, non-specific neck pain? Key Message

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

19. Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: September 27, 2019 Project Number: RC1193-000 Product Line: Research (...) Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of strength-based exercise for chronic non-cancer back pain? Key Message No evidence was found regarding the clinical effectiveness of strength-based exercise alone compared with pharmacological interventions for chronic non-cancer back pain in non-pregnant people. Files Rapid Response Summary with Critical Appraisal Published : September 27, 2019 Follow us: © 2019

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

20. Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Last updated: June 28, 2019 Project Number (...) : RA1041-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of prescribing opioids in smaller quantities for patients with chronic non-cancer pain? What are the evidence-based guidelines associated with opioid prescribing for patients with chronic non-cancer pain? Key Message One non-randomized study and three evidence-based guidelines were identified regarding short-term prescribing of opioids for patient with chronic non

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review