Latest & greatest articles for constipation

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Top results for constipation

141. Laxatives for the management of constipation in palliative care patients. (Abstract)

Laxatives for the management of constipation in palliative care patients. Constipation is a common problem for palliative care patients which can generate considerable suffering for patients due to both the unpleasant physical symptoms and psychological preoccupations that can arise. There is uncertainty about the 'best' management of constipation in palliative care patients and variation in practice between palliative care settings.To determine the effectiveness of laxative administration (...) for the management of constipation in palliative care patients, and the differential efficacy of the laxatives used to manage constipation.We searched The Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library Issue four, 2005), MEDLINE (1966 to January 2005), EMBASE (1980 to January 2005), CANCERLIT, PUBMED, Science Citation Index, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, SIGLE, NTIS, DHSS-DATA, Dissertation Abstracts, Index to Scientific and Technical Proceedings and NHS-NRR and reference lists

2006 Cochrane

142. Review: good evidence supports use of polyethylene glycol and tegaserod for constipation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Review: good evidence supports use of polyethylene glycol and tegaserod for constipation Review: good evidence supports use of polyethylene glycol and tegaserod for constipation | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: good evidence supports use of polyethylene glycol and tegaserod for constipation Article Text Treatment Review: good evidence supports use of polyethylene glycol and tegaserod for constipation Free Jane P Joy

2006 Evidence-Based Nursing

143. Review: intravenous and oral opioids reduce chronic non-cancer pain but are associated with high rates of constipation, nausea, and sleepiness Full Text available with Trip Pro

Review: intravenous and oral opioids reduce chronic non-cancer pain but are associated with high rates of constipation, nausea, and sleepiness Review: intravenous and oral opioids reduce chronic non-cancer pain but are associated with high rates of constipation, nausea, and sleepiness | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use (...) of constipation, nausea, and sleepiness Article Text Treatment Review: intravenous and oral opioids reduce chronic non-cancer pain but are associated with high rates of constipation, nausea, and sleepiness Free Sandra M LeFort , RN, PhD Statistics from Altmetric.com Kalso E, Edwards JE, Moore RA, et al . Opioids in chronic non-cancer pain: systematic review of efficacy and safety. Pain 2004 ; 112 : 372 –80. Q Are opioids effective and safe for reducing chronic non-cancer pain? METHODS Data sources: Medline

2006 Evidence-Based Nursing

144. Systematic review: FDA-approved prescription medications for adults with constipation

Systematic review: FDA-approved prescription medications for adults with constipation Systematic review: FDA-approved prescription medications for adults with constipation Systematic review: FDA-approved prescription medications for adults with constipation Cash B D, Lacy B E CRD summary The authors concluded that there is a lack of high-quality evidence supporting the use of lactulose and polyethylene glycol-3350 in the treatment of chronic constipation, although the data does support use (...) in acute, episodic constipation. High-quality evidence supporting the use of tegaserod was found. Potential publication and language bias, limitations of the evidence, and differences between the studies mean that the authors' conclusions should be interpreted with caution. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved prescription treatments for adults with constipation. Searching MEDLINE (from 1966) and EMBASE (from 1980) were searched

2006 DARE.

145. Review: soluble fibre improves overall symptoms and constipation but not abdominal pain in irritable bowel syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Review: soluble fibre improves overall symptoms and constipation but not abdominal pain in irritable bowel syndrome Review: soluble fibre improves overall symptoms and constipation but not abdominal pain in irritable bowel syndrome | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username (...) and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: soluble fibre improves overall symptoms and constipation but not abdominal pain in irritable bowel syndrome Article Text Therapeutics Review: soluble fibre

2005 Evidence-Based Medicine

146. Is polyethylene glycol safe and effective for chronic constipation in children?

Is polyethylene glycol safe and effective for chronic constipation in children? BestBets: Is polyethylene glycol safe and effective for chronic constipation in children? Is polyethylene glycol safe and effective for chronic constipation in children? Report By: R Arora and R Srinivasan - Specialist Registrars Search checked by Bob Phillips - Section Editor Archimedes, Archives of Disease in Childhood Institution: Llandough Hospital, Cardiff, UK Date Submitted: 25th May 2005 Date Completed: 25th (...) May 2005 Last Modified: 25th May 2005 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [children with chronic constipation] is [polyethylene glycol] better [in improving stool frequency and consistency while causing fewer side effects]? Clinical Scenario Chronic constipation is a frequently encountered problem in the paediatric wards and clinics. Your usual line of management has been to prescribe adequate doses of regular lactulose and use sodium picosulphate as a second line laxative or as add

2005 BestBETS

147. Prevention of constipation in the older adult population.

Prevention of constipation in the older adult population. Guidelines and Measures | Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality HHS.gov Search ahrq.gov Search ahrq.gov Menu Topics A - Z Healthcare Delivery Latest available findings on quality of and access to health care Searchable database of AHRQ Grants, Working Papers & HHS Recovery Act Projects AHRQ Projects funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund You are here Guidelines and Measures Funding for the National Guideline

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

148. Prevention of Constipation in the Older Adult Population

Prevention of Constipation in the Older Adult Population Nursing Best Practice Guideline Shaping the future of Nursing Revised March 2005 Prevention of Constipation in the Older Adult PopulationGreetings from Doris Grinspun Executive Director Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario It is with great excitement that the Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario disseminates this revised nursing best practice guideline to you. Evidence-based practice supports the excellence in service (...) , BJ Program Assistant Carrie Scott Administrative Assistant Julie Burris Administrative Assistant Keith Powell, BA, AIT Web Editor Prevention of Constipation in the Older Adult Population Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario Nursing Best Practice Guidelines Program 111 Richmond Street West, Suite 1100 Toronto, Ontario M5H 2G4 Website: www.rnao.org/bestpracticesJean Benton, RN(EC), BScN, PHCNP , CGN(C), NCA Team Leader Primary Health Care Nurse Practitioner County of Renfrew Municipal Homes

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

149. Does successful treatment of constipation or faecal impaction resolve lower urinary tract symptoms: a structured review of the literature. Systematic review

Does successful treatment of constipation or faecal impaction resolve lower urinary tract symptoms: a structured review of the literature. Systematic review Does successful treatment of constipation or faecal impaction resolve lower urinary tract symptoms: a structured review of the literature. Systematic review Does successful treatment of constipation or faecal impaction resolve lower urinary tract symptoms: a structured review of the literature. Systematic review Ostaszkiewicz J, Ski C (...) , Hornby L CRD summary The authors concluded that there was limited and conflicting evidence about the relationship between constipation or faecal impaction and urinary incontinence and other lower urinary tract symptoms, and that further research is required. There were limitations to this review but, overall, the authors' conclusions appear to reflect the limitations of the evidence presented. Authors' objectives To evaluate the relationship between constipation or faecal impaction and urinary

2005 DARE.

150. Diagnostic value of abdominal radiography in constipated children: a systematic review

Diagnostic value of abdominal radiography in constipated children: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

151. Clinical utility of diagnostic tests for constipation in adults: a systematic review

Clinical utility of diagnostic tests for constipation in adults: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

152. Efficacy and safety of traditional medical therapies for chronic constipation: systematic review

Efficacy and safety of traditional medical therapies for chronic constipation: systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

153. Management of constipation in residents with dementia: sorbitol effectiveness and cost

Management of constipation in residents with dementia: sorbitol effectiveness and cost Management of constipation in residents with dementia: sorbitol effectiveness and cost Management of constipation in residents with dementia: sorbitol effectiveness and cost Volicer L, Lane P, Panke J A, Lyman P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions (...) followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study compared the therapeutic substitution of sorbitol for lactulose in the treatment of chronic constipation among nursing home residents with dementia. The doses ranged from 30 mL every other day to 6 mL twice daily. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised the residents of a dementia

2004 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

154. What is the role of stimulant laxatives in the management of childhood constipation and soiling?. (Abstract)

What is the role of stimulant laxatives in the management of childhood constipation and soiling?. Constipation is extremely common in childhood and may lead to overflow soiling/encopresis. Standard treatment of the more severe case is to empty the bowels of impacted faeces by the use of oral or rectal laxatives and then maintain regular bowel movements by the continuation of osmotic and stimulant laxatives.The objective of the review was to determine the effect of stimulant laxative treatment (...) in children with chronic constipation who may also suffer from soiling / encopresis.The Cochrane database of randomised controlled trials was searched. Additional citations were sought by hand searching of paediatric journals and from contact with known professionals in the field.All identified randomised controlled trials (RCTs) which compare the administering of stimulant laxatives to children with either placebo or alternative treatment.No trials were found that met the selection criteria.No trials

2001 Cochrane

155. Management of faecal incontinence and constipation in adults with central neurological diseases. (Abstract)

Management of faecal incontinence and constipation in adults with central neurological diseases. People with neurological disease have a much higher risk of both faecal incontinence and constipation than the general population. There is often a fine dividing line between the two conditions, with any management intended to ameliorate, one risking precipitating the other. Bowel problems are observed to be the cause of much anxiety and may reduce quality of life in these people. Current bowel (...) management is largely empirical with a limited research base.To determine the effects of management strategies for faecal incontinence and constipation in people with neurological diseases affecting the central nervous system.We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Trials Register, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE and all reference lists of relevant articles. Date of the most recent searches: May 2000.All randomised or quasi-randomised trials evaluating any types

2001 Cochrane

156. Dietary fiber for constipation in older adults: a systematic review

Dietary fiber for constipation in older adults: a systematic review Dietary fiber for constipation in older adults: a systematic review Dietary fiber for constipation in older adults: a systematic review Kenny K A, Skelly J M Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of dietary fibre for constipation in older adults. Searching MEDLINE (from 1966 to present) and CINAHL (from 1982 to present) were searched for publications in the English language, using the terms 'constipation' and 'dietary (...) of magnesia, enemas, and suppositories. Participants included in the review Older patients (aged 60 years or over) with constipation were eligible. The included participants were either in hospital or long-stay care settings. No definition of constipation was specified as an inclusion criteria for the review. Patients with irritable bowel syndrome or diverticular disease were excluded. Outcomes assessed in the review Trials that quantified outcomes for at least one measure of bowel function were eligible

2001 DARE.

157. Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy. (Abstract)

Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy. Circulating progesterone may be the cause of slower gastrointestinal movement in mid and late pregnancy.The objective of this review was to assess the effects of different methods for treating constipation in pregnancy.We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and Medline (1987 to 1997).Randomised trials of any treatment for constipation in pregnancy.Trial quality (...) assessments and data extraction were done independently by two reviewers.One trial of 40 women was included. Fibre supplements increased the frequency of defaecation (odds ratio 0.18, 95% confidence interval 0.05 to 0.67), and lead to softer stools.Dietary supplements of fibre in the form of bran or wheat fibre are likely to help women experiencing constipation in pregnancy.

2000 Cochrane

158. Methylnaltrexone for reversal of constipation due to chronic methadone use: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Methylnaltrexone for reversal of constipation due to chronic methadone use: a randomized controlled trial. Constipation is the most common chronic adverse effect of opioid pain medications in patients who require long-term opioid administration, such as patients with advanced cancer, but conventional measures for ameliorating constipation often are insufficient.To evaluate the efficacy of methylnaltrexone, the first peripheral opioid receptor antagonist, in treating chronic methadone-induced (...) , and no significant adverse effects were reported by the subjects during the study.Our data demonstrate that intravenous methylnaltrexone can induce laxation and reverse slowing of oral cecal-transit time in subjects taking high opioid dosages. Low-dosage methylnaltrexone may have clinical utility in managing opioid-induced constipation.

2000 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

159. How useful is docusate in patients at risk for constipation: a systematic review of the evidence in the chronically ill

How useful is docusate in patients at risk for constipation: a systematic review of the evidence in the chronically ill How useful is docusate in patients at risk for constipation: a systematic review of the evidence in the chronically ill How useful is docusate in patients at risk for constipation: a systematic review of the evidence in the chronically ill Hurdon V, Viola R, Schroder C Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of docusate for constipation in chronic illness. Searching (...) Searches were conducted of the following sources for articles published after 1940: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE (Issue 3) and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register using the terms 'constipation', 'dioctyl', and 'docusate'; MEDLINE (1966 to April 1997) and CINAHL (1982 to April 1997) using the terms 'constipation' and 'docusate' and 'dioctyl', both as subject headings and textwords, 'doxidan' as a textword, and 'docusate' via its MEDLINE drug registry number. Floating sub-headings

2000 DARE.

160. Abdominal massage therapy for chronic constipation: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials

Abdominal massage therapy for chronic constipation: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

1999 DARE.