Latest & greatest articles for corticosteroids

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Top results for corticosteroids

521. A meta-analysis of the use of corticosteroids in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes

on these problems. Funding Medical Research Council Bibliographic details Pattinson R C. A meta-analysis of the use of corticosteroids in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes. South African Medical Journal 1999; 89(8): 870-873 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adrenal Cortex Hormones /therapeutic use; Anti-Bacterial Agents /therapeutic use; Chorioamnionitis /diagnosis /drug therapy; Endometritis /diagnosis /drug therapy; Enterocolitis, Necrotizing /drug (...) A meta-analysis of the use of corticosteroids in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes A meta-analysis of the use of corticosteroids in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes A meta-analysis of the use of corticosteroids in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes Pattinson R C Authors' objectives To assess the use of corticosteroids in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM

1999 DARE.

522. The role of vitamin D in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis: a meta-analytic approach

Rheumatol 2000;18:3-4. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adrenal Cortex Hormones /adverse effects; Female; Humans; Male; Meta-Analysis as Topic; Osteoporosis /chemically induced /therapy; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Vitamin D /physiology AccessionNumber 11999001644 Date bibliographic record published 31/10/2000 Date abstract record published 31/10/2000 Record Status This is a critical abstract of a systematic review that meets the criteria for inclusion on DARE. Each (...) . disodium monofluorophosphate, sodium fluoride) or hormone replacement therapy, with or without vitamin D or calcium. In all cases vitamin D included any of its metabolites or analogs, e.g. calcitriol, alfacalcidol, dihydrotachsterol. The dose regimens of vitamin D varied in terms of the frequency and size of doses. Doses regimens of the other intervention and control treatments were not stated. Participants included in the review Patients receiving oral corticosteroid therapy, including adults

1999 DARE.

523. Cost effectiveness of fluticasone propionate and flunisolide in the treatment of corticosteroid-naive patients with moderate asthma

Cost effectiveness of fluticasone propionate and flunisolide in the treatment of corticosteroid-naive patients with moderate asthma Cost effectiveness of fluticasone propionate and flunisolide in the treatment of corticosteroid-naive patients with moderate asthma Cost effectiveness of fluticasone propionate and flunisolide in the treatment of corticosteroid-naive patients with moderate asthma Volmer T, Kielhorn A, Weber H H, Wiessmann K J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Use of Fluticasone propionate (FP) or flunisolide (FL) in corticosteroid-naive patients with asthma of moderate severity. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Corticosteroid-naive

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

524. Long term effects of inhaled corticosteroids in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a meta-analysis

Long term effects of inhaled corticosteroids in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a meta-analysis Long term effects of inhaled corticosteroids in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a meta-analysis Long term effects of inhaled corticosteroids in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a meta-analysis van Grunsven P M, van Schayck C P, Derenne J P, Kerstjens H A, Renkema T E, Postma D S, Similowski T, Akkermans R P, Pasker-de Jong P C, Dekhuijzen P N, van Herwaarden C L, van Weel C (...) Authors' objectives To answer the question 'Are inhaled corticosteroids able to slow down the decline in lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second, FEV1) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)'. Searching The following electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE from 1983 to 1996; BIOSIS Previews from 1991 to 1996; On Line Contents from 1993 to 1996; Grey Literature in the Netherlands ('GLIN') from 1982 to 1996; the Cochrane Library; and EMBASE from 1993 to 1996. A free text

1999 DARE.

525. Effect of inhaled corticosteroids on bronchial responsiveness in patients with "corticosteroid naive" mild asthma: a meta-analysis

Effect of inhaled corticosteroids on bronchial responsiveness in patients with "corticosteroid naive" mild asthma: a meta-analysis Effect of inhaled corticosteroids on bronchial responsiveness in patients with "corticosteroid naive" mild asthma: a meta-analysis Effect of inhaled corticosteroids on bronchial responsiveness in patients with "corticosteroid naive" mild asthma: a meta-analysis van Grunsven P M, van Schayck C P, Molema J, Akkermans R P, van Weel C Authors' objectives To assess (...) the effects of inhaled corticosteroids on bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in patients with corticosteroid naive asthma by conventional meta-analysis. Searching MEDLINE (January 1966-June 1998) was searched, and the search terms were provided. The reference lists of the retrieved articles were also checked for additional references. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Only randomised controlled studies with a duration of at least two weeks were included. Specific

1999 DARE.

526. Effectiveness of corticosteroid injections versus physiotherapy for treatment of painful stiff shoulder in primary care: randomised trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of corticosteroid injections versus physiotherapy for treatment of painful stiff shoulder in primary care: randomised trial. To compare the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections with physiotherapy for the treatment of painful stiff shoulder.Randomised trial.40 general practices.109 patients consulting general practitioners for shoulder pain were enrolled in the trial.Patients were randomly allocated to 6 weeks of treatment either with corticosteroid injections (53 (...) with 26 (46%) out of 56 treated with physiotherapy (difference between groups 31%, 95% confidence interval 14% to 48%). The difference in improvement favoured those treated with corticosteroids in nearly all outcome measures; these differences were statistically significant. At 26 and 52 weeks differences between the groups were comparatively small. Adverse reactions were generally mild. However, among women receiving treatment with corticosteroids adverse reactions were more troublesome: facial

1998 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

527. Dose response to inhaled corticosteroids: benefits and risks

are needed on the risk of developing posterior subcapsular cataracts with high potency inhaled corticosteroids other than beclomethasone (such as fluticasone). Bibliographic details Lipworth B J, Wilson A M. Dose response to inhaled corticosteroids: benefits and risks. Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 1998; 19(6): 625-646 Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Adrenal Cortex Hormones /administration & Asthma /drug therapy; dosage AccessionNumber 11999000283 Date (...) , adrenal gland, bone and growth. Alternative non-steroidal treatments such as long-acting beta-2 agonists, theophyllines, cromones or antileukotrines should be considered as a way of facilitating the use of lower doses of inhaled corticosteroid. The physician should strive to identify the lowest possible maintenance dose of inhaled corticosteroid because this will result in the smallest risk for long-term systemic effects. Post-menopausal women receiving high-dose inhaled corticosteroid therapy should

1998 DARE.

528. Intranasal corticosteroids versus oral H1 receptor antagonists in allergic rhinitis: systematic review of randomised controlled trials

commentaries may also be of interest. Intranasal corticosteroids in allergic rhinitis.(Multiple letters) BMJ 1999;381:1350-1351. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Administration, Intranasal; Administration, Oral; Adrenal Cortex Hormones /administration & Female; Humans; Male; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Receptors, Histamine H1 /administration & Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial /drug therapy; Treatment Outcome; dosage; dosage AccessionNumber 11998009737 Date bibliographic record (...) Intranasal corticosteroids versus oral H1 receptor antagonists in allergic rhinitis: systematic review of randomised controlled trials Intranasal corticosteroids versus oral H1 receptor antagonists in allergic rhinitis: systematic review of randomised controlled trials Intranasal corticosteroids versus oral H1 receptor antagonists in allergic rhinitis: systematic review of randomised controlled trials Weiner J M, Abramson M J, Puy R M Authors' objectives To determine whether intranasal

1998 DARE.

529. Comparison of physiotherapy, manipulation, and corticosteroid injection for treating shoulder complaints in general practice: randomised, single blind study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of physiotherapy, manipulation, and corticosteroid injection for treating shoulder complaints in general practice: randomised, single blind study. To compare the efficacy of physiotherapy, manipulation, and corticosteroid injection for treating patients with shoulder complaints in general practice.Randomised, single blind study.Seven general practices in the Netherlands.198 patients with shoulder complaints, of whom 172 were divided, on the basis of physical examination, into two (...) diagnostic groups: a shoulder girdle group (n = 58) and a synovial group (n = 114).Patients in the shoulder girdle group were randomised to manipulation or physiotherapy, and patients in the synovial group were randomised to corticosteroid injection, manipulation, or physiotherapy.Duration of shoulder complaints analysed by survival analysis.In the shoulder girdle group duration of complaints was significantly shorter after manipulation compared with physiotherapy (P < 0.001). Also the number of patients

1997 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

530. Intermittent etidronate therapy to prevent corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. (Abstract)

Intermittent etidronate therapy to prevent corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a recognized complication of corticosteroid therapy. Whether it can be prevented is not known. We conducted a 12-month, randomized, placebo-controlled study of intermittent etidronate (400 mg per day for 14 days) followed by calcium (500 mg per day for 76 days), given for four cycles, in 141 men and women (age, 19 to 87 years) who had recently begun high-dose corticosteroid therapy. The primary (...) . 7 of 32 patients, P = 0.05), and the etidronate-treated postmenopausal women also had significantly fewer vertebral fractures per patient (P = 0.04).Intermittent etidronate therapy prevents the loss of vertebral and trochanteric bone in corticosteroid-treated patients.

1997 NEJM Controlled trial quality: uncertain

531. Effect of inhaled formoterol and budesonide on exacerbations of asthma. Formoterol and Corticosteroids Establishing Therapy (FACET) International Study Group. (Abstract)

Effect of inhaled formoterol and budesonide on exacerbations of asthma. Formoterol and Corticosteroids Establishing Therapy (FACET) International Study Group. The role of long-acting, inhaled beta2-agonists in treating asthma is uncertain. In a double-blind study, we evaluated the effects of adding inhaled formoterol to both lower and higher doses of the inhaled glucocorticoid budesonide.After a four-week run-in period of treatment with budesonide (800 microg twice daily), 852 patients being

1997 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

532. Effect of inhaled corticosteroids on episodes of wheezing associated with viral infection in school age children: randomised double blind placebo controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of inhaled corticosteroids on episodes of wheezing associated with viral infection in school age children: randomised double blind placebo controlled trial. To determine the effect of regular prophylactic inhaled corticosteroids on wheezing episodes associated with viral infection in school age children.Randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial.Community based study in Southampton.104 children aged 7 to 9 years who had had wheezing in association with symptoms of upper and lower

1997 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

533. Epidural corticosteroid injections for sciatica due to herniated nucleus pulposus. (Abstract)

Epidural corticosteroid injections for sciatica due to herniated nucleus pulposus. Although epidural corticosteroid injections are commonly used for sciatica, their efficacy has not been established.In a randomized, double-blind trial, we administered up to three epidural injections of methylprednisolone acetate (80 mg in 8 ml of isotonic saline) or isotonic saline (1 ml) to 158 patients with sciatica due to a herniated nucleus pulposus. All patients had Oswestry disability scores higher than

1997 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

534. Limited bone loss due to corticosteroids: a systematic review of prospective studies in rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases

Limited bone loss due to corticosteroids: a systematic review of prospective studies in rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases Limited bone loss due to corticosteroids: a systematic review of prospective studies in rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases Limited bone loss due to corticosteroids: a systematic review of prospective studies in rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases Verhoeven A C, Boers M Authors' objectives To clarify the relationship between changes in bone density, the treated (...) disease and dose of corticosteroids prescribed. Searching The authors provide an outline of 3 clusters of structured keyword searches which they used to locate relevant studies. MEDLINE (from January 1966 to December 1995) was the only database searched. The authors state that no language restrictions applied. A bibliographic search of '6 key reviews' and an additional search of citations in selected studies were also carried out. In addition, the authors inquired amongst colleagues to elicit further

1997 DARE.

535. Rectal corticosteroids versus alternative treatments in ulcerative colitis: a meta-analysis

Rectal corticosteroids versus alternative treatments in ulcerative colitis: a meta-analysis Rectal corticosteroids versus alternative treatments in ulcerative colitis: a meta-analysis Rectal corticosteroids versus alternative treatments in ulcerative colitis: a meta-analysis Marshall J K, Irvine E J Authors' objectives To examine the role of rectal corticosteroids in the management of active ulcerative colitis. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 1996 and EMBASE from 1985 to 1996 using (...) 14 to 56 days. Specific interventions included in the review Rectal corticosteroids including hydrocortisone, prednisolone, betamethasone, budesonide, methylprednisolone, prednisolone metasulphobenzoate and beclomethasone were studied. Comparison treatments included rectal aminosalicylates (4-ASA and 5-ASA), oral corticosteroids, placebo and rectal budesonide. Rectal preparations included suppositories, foam and liquid enemas. Participants included in the review Patients were included if they had

1997 DARE.

536. A pragmatic cost-effectiveness study of routine epidural corticosteroid injections for lumbosciatic syndrome requiring inhospital management

A pragmatic cost-effectiveness study of routine epidural corticosteroid injections for lumbosciatic syndrome requiring inhospital management A pragmatic cost-effectiveness study of routine epidural corticosteroid injections for lumbosciatic syndrome requiring inhospital management A pragmatic cost-effectiveness study of routine epidural corticosteroid injections for lumbosciatic syndrome requiring inhospital management Lafuma A, Bouvenot G, Cohen C, Eschwege E, Fagnani F, Vignon E Record Status (...) This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Routine epidural corticosteroid injections for lumbosciatic syndrome requiring in-hospital management. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Male

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

537. Corticosteroids in acute traumatic brain injury: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Corticosteroids in acute traumatic brain injury: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

1997 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

538. Low-dose corticosteroids in rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis of their moderate-term effectiveness

Low-dose corticosteroids in rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis of their moderate-term effectiveness Low-dose corticosteroids in rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis of their moderate-term effectiveness Low-dose corticosteroids in rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis of their moderate-term effectiveness Saag K G, Criswell L A, Sems K M, Nettleman M D, Kolluri S Authors' objectives To compare the effectiveness of prednisolone to placebo and active drug controls, and to compare the relative (...) effectiveness of prednisolone to second line agents in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Searching Clinical studies published in the English language were identified by searching MEDLINE from 1966 to 1994 using the subject headings 'corticosteroids' and 'rheumatoid arthritis', and by handsearching Arthritis and Rheumatism and the Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology from inception through 1994; all abstracts of Arthritis and Rheumatism over the past 15 years were also examined for unpublished

1996 DARE.

539. Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview

and chronicity of complaints. The authors' conclusions are, therefore, conservative but appropriate given the variation between the primary studies. Bibliographic details Assendelft W J, Hay E M, Adshead R, Bouter L M. Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview. British Journal of General Practice 1996; 46: 209-216 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adrenal Cortex Hormones /adverse effects /therapeutic use; Humans; Injections, Intra-Articular (...) Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic overview Assendelft W J, Hay E M, Adshead R, Bouter L M Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 1994 and EMBASE from 1980 to 1994 using the subject headings

1996 DARE.

540. Impact of inhaled corticosteroids on acute asthma hospitalization in Sweden

MeSH Administration, Inhalation; Adrenal Cortex Hormones /administration & Aged; Asthma /drug therapy; Child, Preschool; Cross-Sectional Studies; Drug Utilization /trends; Hospitalization /economics /statistics & Humans; Infant; Models, Statistical; Regression Analysis; Retrospective Studies; Sweden; dosage; numerical data AccessionNumber 21997008017 Date bibliographic record published 31/03/1999 Date abstract record published 31/03/1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED) Produced (...) Impact of inhaled corticosteroids on acute asthma hospitalization in Sweden Impact of inhaled corticosteroids on acute asthma hospitalization in Sweden Impact of inhaled corticosteroids on acute asthma hospitalization in Sweden Gerdtham U G, Hertzman P, Jonsson B, Boman G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.