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Latest & greatest articles for diltiazem
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An assessment of diltiazem and hydrochlorothiazide in hypertension. Application of factorial trial design to a multicenter clinical trial of combination therapy. This multicenter, factorial-design trial assessed the safety and additive antihypertensive efficacy of a slow-release (SR) formulation of diltiazem hydrochloride given alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide for treatment of mild to moderate hypertension. After a 4- to 6-week placebo run-in period, 297 qualifying patients were (...) randomized to receive placebo, 1 of 4 doses of diltiazem SR monotherapy, 1 of 3 doses of hydrochlorothiazide monotherapy, or 1 of 12 possible combinations of diltiazem SR and hydrochlorothiazide for 6 weeks. A dose-related reduction in blood pressure was demonstrated for each drug as monotherapy and for the two drugs in combination. Absolute blood pressures of patients who received combination therapy were lower by an overall mean of 3.0 mm Hg diastolic and 8.0 mm Hg systolic vs diltiazem SR used alone
The effect of diltiazem on mortality and reinfarction after myocardial infarction. The Multicenter Diltiazem Postinfarction Trial Research Group. We studied the effect of diltiazem on mortality and reinfarction in 2466 patients with previous infarction from 38 hospitals in the United States and Canada. The patients were randomly assigned to receive diltiazem (240 mg per day, n = 1234) or placebo (n = 1232) and followed for 12 to 52 months (mean, 25). Total mortality rates were nearly identical (...) among the two treatment groups (167 and 166, respectively), as were cumulative mortality rates. There were 11 percent fewer first recurrent cardiac events (death from cardiac causes or nonfatal reinfarction) in the diltiazem group than in the placebo group (202 vs. 226; Cox hazard ratio, 0.90; 95 percent confidence limits, 0.74 and 1.08). A significant (P = 0.0042) bidirectional interaction between diltiazem and pulmonary congestion was observed on x-ray examination. In 1909 patients without
Diltiazem and reinfarction in patients with non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. Results of a double-blind, randomized, multicenter trial. We performed a multicenter, double-blind, randomized study to evaluate the effect of diltiazem on reinfarction after a non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. Nine centers enrolled 576 patients: 287 received diltiazem (90 mg every six hours) and 289 received placebo. Treatment was initiated 24 to 72 hours after the onset of infarction and continued for up to 14 days (...) . The primary end point, reinfarction, was defined as an abnormal reelevation of MB creatine kinase in plasma within 14 days. Reinfarction occurred in 27 patients in the placebo group (9.3 percent) and in 15 in the diltiazem group (5.2 percent)--a 51.2 percent reduction in cumulative life-table incidence (P = 0.0297; 90 percent confidence interval, 7 to 67 percent). Diltiazem reduced the frequency of refractory postinfarction angina (a secondary end point) by 49.7 percent (P = 0.0345; 90 percent confidence