Latest & greatest articles for elderly

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Top results for elderly

61. Cognitive frailty as a predictor of dementia among older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Cognitive frailty as a predictor of dementia among older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the pooled risk effect and to determine whether cognitive frailty is a predictor of dementia among older adults.Systematic review and meta-analysis.PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched until June 5, 2019. Only cohort studies and population-based longitudinal studies published (...) in English were eligible. Study selection, data extraction and quality assessment of including studies were independently completed by two researchers. A fixed-effects model was used to synthesize the risk of baseline cognitive frailty on dementia in the older adults compared with older adults without cognitive frailty.The risk of cognitive frailty on incident dementia.Of the 1566 identified records, 7 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. And 4 studies reporting hazard

2020 Archives of gerontology and geriatrics

62. Are cost-effective technologies feasible to measure gait in older adults? A systematic review of evidence-based literature. (Abstract)

potential alternatives for gait assessment with acceptable validity and reliability compared with sophisticated devices. The popularity and development of cost-effective devices have made large-scale data collection for gait assessment possible in the daily environment. Further study could involve older adults and their family members/caregivers in use of these technologies to design elderly-friendly products.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (...) Are cost-effective technologies feasible to measure gait in older adults? A systematic review of evidence-based literature. Unrestricted by time and place, innovative technologies seem to provide cost-effective solutions for gait assessment in older adults.The objective of this study is to provide an overview of gait assessment for older adults by investigating critical gait characteristics of older adults, discussing advantages and disadvantages of the current gait assessment technologies

2020 Archives of gerontology and geriatrics

63. Pain Is Associated With Poor Balance in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. (Abstract)

and meta-analysis.Studies from inception to March 2019 were identified from electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL), contact with the primary authors, and reference lists of included articles.Cross-sectional and case-control studies that compared objective balance measures between older (minimum age 60 years) adults with and without pain were included.Thirty-nine eligible studies (n = 17,626) were identified. All balance modalities (static, dynamic, multicomponent, and reactive) were (...) Pain Is Associated With Poor Balance in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Pain is a risk factor for falls in older adults, but the mechanisms are not well understood, limiting our ability to implement effective preventive strategies. The aim of this study was to systematically review and synthesize the literature that has examined the impact of pain on static, dynamic, multicomponent, and reactive balance in community-dwelling older adults.Systematic review

2020 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

64. Core components and impact of nurse-led integrated care models for home-dwelling older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Core components and impact of nurse-led integrated care models for home-dwelling older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Integrated care models are highly recommended to overcome care fragmentation in the multimorbid older population. Nurses are potentially ideally situated to fulfil the role as care coordinator to guide integrated care. No systematic review has been conducted specifically focusing on the impact of nurse-led integrated care models for older people in community (...) -led integrated care models in home-dwelling older people is inconclusive and of low quality. Future studies should include key components of implementation research, such as context analyses, process evaluations and proximal outcomes, to strengthen the evidence-base of nurse-led integrated care.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

2020 International journal of nursing studies

65. Nutrition interventions implemented in hospital to lower risk of sarcopenia in older adults: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. (Abstract)

Nutrition interventions implemented in hospital to lower risk of sarcopenia in older adults: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. There is no standardised interventional approach to preventing or treating sarcopenia in older adults in hospital. The aim of this review was to systematically identify and synthesise the effects of nutritional interventions on markers of sarcopenia in hospitalised patients aged 65 years and older.Four databases were searched using terms (...) inconsistent between studies.Few studies inform nutritional management of inpatients with sarcopenia or at risk of sarcopenia. High quality, large intervention trials are needed urgently to identify the optimal nutrition and physical activity intervention combinations to manage sarcopenia in older hospitalised adults. These studies need to include outcome measures of physical function and muscle quality.© 2020 Dietitians Association of Australia.

2020 Nutrition & dietetics: the journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia

66. The Safety and Tolerability of Statin Therapy in Primary Prevention in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. (Abstract)

The Safety and Tolerability of Statin Therapy in Primary Prevention in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. The use of statins in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in older adults. Nonetheless, good clinical evidence for the safety and tolerability of statins in this population is limited.We aimed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of statins in older adults without overt CVD, focusing on statin-related muscle symptoms.Double-blinded (...) randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of statins published before January 2012 were identified from a Cochrane review updated to 2012. Trials published between January 2012 and July 2018 were identified through the CENTRAL, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases. Eligible trials were limited to those including individuals aged ≥ 65 years without overt CVD, who were followed for at least 1 year. Trials had to have reported at least one of the outcomes of interest. Pooled relative risk (RR) estimates and 95

2020 Drugs & Aging

67. Sex-specific differences in age-related aortic valve calcium load: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Sex-specific differences in age-related aortic valve calcium load: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Aging of the aortic valve, characterized by leaflet thickening and loss of extensibility, leads to progressive changes in valve function. These age-related mechanisms have not been evaluated yet in sex-specific calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS) onset and progression. Recent studies reported the association between high aortic valve calcification (AVC) load and male gender in patients (...) with CAVS while women present faster progression than men. To evaluate these age- and sex-specific differences, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis with meta-regression. A systematic search related to AVC measured by computed tomography and gender-specific differences was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Seven studies, enrolling 1859 men and 1055 women, were included in the quantitative synthesis. We found a significant difference between men and women both in AVC load

2020 Ageing research reviews

68. The role of the dietitian in the management of malnutrition in the elderly: A systematic review of current practices. (Abstract)

The role of the dietitian in the management of malnutrition in the elderly: A systematic review of current practices. The prevalence of age-related malnutrition is increasing in almost all Western countries. Because of their expertise, dietitians should have a central role in the management of malnutrition. This review aimed to synthesise the literature on the role of the dietitian in the management of malnutrition in the elderly in comparison with other health professionals.In November 2018 (...) important in crossing or guarding role boundaries.The role of dietitians in managing age-related malnutrition is not always clear and coherent. Therefore, how dietitians shape their role to provide optimal management of malnutrition in the elderly is open to debate.© 2019 Dietitians Association of Australia.

2020 Nutrition & dietetics: the journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia

69. Genetic influence on ageing-related changes in resting-state brain functional networks in healthy adults: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Genetic influence on ageing-related changes in resting-state brain functional networks in healthy adults: A systematic review. This systematic review examines the genetic and epigenetic factors associated with resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in healthy human adult brains across the lifespan, with a focus on genes associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). There were 58 studies included. The key findings are: (i) genetic factors have a low to moderate contribution; (ii

2020 Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews

70. Role of sFlt-1 and PlGF in the screening of small-for-gestational age neonates during pregnancy: A systematic review. (Full text)

Role of sFlt-1 and PlGF in the screening of small-for-gestational age neonates during pregnancy: A systematic review. 31762291 2020 04 25 1758-1001 57 1 2020 01 Annals of clinical biochemistry Ann. Clin. Biochem. Role of sFlt-1 and PlGF in the screening of small-for-gestational age neonates during pregnancy: A systematic review. 44-58 10.1177/0004563219882042 Hendrix Mle M 0000-0002-9954-5822 Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, GROW School of Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht (...) , The Netherlands. Al-Nasiry S S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, GROW School of Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC), Maastricht, The Netherlands. eng Journal Article 2019 11 23 England Ann Clin Biochem 0324055 0004-5632 IM Biochemical markers fetal growth restriction placenta small-for-gestational age 2019 11 26 6 0 2019 11 26 6 0 2019 11 26 6 0 ppublish 31762291 10.1177/0004563219882042

2020 Annals of clinical biochemistry PubMed abstract

71. Clopidogrel versus ticagrelor or prasugrel in patients aged 70 years or older with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (POPular AGE): the randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial. (Abstract)

Clopidogrel versus ticagrelor or prasugrel in patients aged 70 years or older with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (POPular AGE): the randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial. Current guidelines recommend potent platelet inhibition with ticagrelor or prasugrel in patients after an acute coronary syndrome. However, data about optimal platelet inhibition in older patients are scarce. We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of clopidogrel compared with ticagrelor or prasugrel (...) in older patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS).We did the open-label, randomised controlled POPular AGE trial in 12 sites (ten hospitals and two university hospitals) in the Netherlands. Patients aged 70 years or older with NSTE-ACS were enrolled and randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio using an internet-based randomisation procedure with block sizes of six to receive a loading dose of clopidogrel 300 mg or 600 mg, or ticagrelor 180 mg or prasugrel 60 mg, and then a maintenance

2020 Lancet

72. Effects of exercise interventions on the functional status of acutely hospitalised older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Effects of exercise interventions on the functional status of acutely hospitalised older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acute hospitalisation can have adverse effects in older adults, notably functional decline. We aimed to summarize evidence on the effects of exercise interventions in acutely hospitalised older adults.Relevant articles were systematically searched (PubMed, Web of Science, Rehabilitation & Sports Medicine Source, and EMBASE) until 19th March 2020. Randomized (...) controlled trials (RCTs) of in-hospital exercise interventions versus usual care conducted in older adults (>60yrs) hospitalised for an acute medical condition were included. Methodological quality of the studies was assessed with the PEDro scale. Primary outcomes included functional independence and physical performance. Intervention effects were also assessed for other major outcomes (length of hospital stay, incidence of readmission, and mortality). A meta-analysis was conducted when ≥3 studies

2020 Ageing research reviews

73. Effectiveness of multifactorial interventions in preventing falls among older adults in the community: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

(risk ratio 0.80; 95% confidence interval 0.68-0.95) had a significantly lower number of people who experienced falls compared to those receiving usual care.Active multifactorial interventions had positive effects on fall rates and the number of people experiencing falls. Thus, healthcare workers, including nurses, should be involved in planning fall prevention programs so that older adults can be provided with optimal care; multifactorial interventions that include exercise and environmental (...) Effectiveness of multifactorial interventions in preventing falls among older adults in the community: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Falls often cause unexpected injuries that older adults find difficult to recover from (e.g., hip and other major fractures, intracranial bleeding); therefore, fall prevention and interventions are of particular significance.This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of multifactorial fall prevention interventions among community-dwelling older adults

2020 International journal of nursing studies

74. Physical activity and nutrition interventions for older adults with cancer: a systematic review. (Full text)

inclusion criteria: (1) lifestyle nutrition and/or activity intervention for people with any cancer diagnosis, (2) measured HRQoL, (3) all participants over 60 years of age and (4) randomized controlled trials.Searches identified 5179 titles; 114 articles had full text review, with 14 studies (participant n = 1660) included. Three had nutrition and activity components, one, nutrition only and ten, activity only. Duration ranged from 7 days to 1 year. Interventions varied from intensive daily (...) Physical activity and nutrition interventions for older adults with cancer: a systematic review. The aim of this review was to summarize the current literature for the effectiveness of activity and nutritional based interventions on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older adults living with and beyond cancer (LWBC).We conducted systematic structured searches of CINAHL, Embase, Medline, Cochrane CENTRAL databases, and bibliographic review. Two independent researchers selected against

2020 Journal of cancer survivorship : research and practice PubMed abstract

75. The effect of mind-body exercise on memory in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

The effect of mind-body exercise on memory in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The current systematic review aims to examine the effect of mind-body exercise on different memory types in the elderly population.Four literature databases (Pubmed, Cochrane library, Embase and Sinomed) were searched from inception to March 19, 2019. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of mind-body exercise on memory in older adults were included. The assessment of risk (...) of bias for the included studies and data synthesis were conducted using the software of review manager 5.3 based on the Cochrane handbook.Twelve eligible RCTs with a total 1051 participants were identified that met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review. Meta-analysis in elderly adults without known neurological diseases showed mind-body exercise intervention had a large effect on general memory (SMD = 1.24, p = 0.005), a moderate effect on short-term memory (SMD = 0.51, p = 0.02) and long

2020 Aging clinical and experimental research

76. The Role of Physical Activity as Conservative Treatment for Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis in Older People: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Full text)

to controls, Aquatic Exercise, Land-based Exercise, Tai Chi, and Yoga showed a small to high effect for improving pain, physical function, quality of life, and stiffness. Active exercise and sport are effective to improve pain and physical function in elderly people with osteoarthritis. Nevertheless, further studies are required to validate the use of land-based exercise, aquatic exercise, or sport to treat the symptoms of older adults that suffer from knee and hip osteoarthritis. (...) The Role of Physical Activity as Conservative Treatment for Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis in Older People: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. : The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the role of physical activity as a conservative treatment for older people with knee or hip osteoarthritis. The effect on pain, physical function, stiffness, quality of life, and dynamic balance of Aquatic Exercise, Land-based Exercise, and Sports were compared in a specific

2020 Journal of clinical medicine PubMed abstract

77. Frailty, Sarcopenia, and Malnutrition Frequently (Co-)occur in Hospitalized Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Frailty, Sarcopenia, and Malnutrition Frequently (Co-)occur in Hospitalized Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the prevalence of, and association between, physical frailty or sarcopenia and malnutrition in older hospitalized adults.A systematic literature search was performed in 10 databases.Articles were selected that evaluated physical frailty or sarcopenia and malnutrition according to predefined (...) criteria and cutoffs in older hospitalized patients.Data were pooled in a meta-analysis to evaluate the prevalence of prefrailty and frailty [together (pre-)frailty], sarcopenia, and risk of malnutrition and malnutrition [together (risk of) malnutrition], and the association between either (pre-)frailty or sarcopenia and (risk of) malnutrition.Forty-seven articles with 18,039 patients (55% female) were included in the systematic review, and 39 articles (8868 patients, 62% female) were eligible

2020 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

78. The efficacy and safety of bisphosphonates for osteoporosis in women older than 65 years: a meta-analysis. (Abstract)

significantly increased after drug delivery, BPs are highly effective and safe for managing osteoporosis in women older than 65 years. Zoledronic acid caused an increased rate of AEs in women older than 65 years, but these AEs seemed to be mild to moderate. In addition, the hip fracture rate in women older than 80 years old treated with BPs was different than that in the other included patients. Therefore, doctors may prescribe BPs for women older than 65 years in order to increase BMD, and AEs and hip (...) The efficacy and safety of bisphosphonates for osteoporosis in women older than 65 years: a meta-analysis. Osteoporosis presents a major threat to the health of women older than 65 years. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are now the principal class of medications for osteoporosis.To evaluate the efficacy and safety of BPs in women older than 65 years.A comprehensive search in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Central databases was undertaken for randomized controlled trials (RCTs

2020 Current pharmaceutical design

79. A Systematic Review of Interventions for Hope/Hopelessness in Older Adults. (Abstract)

A Systematic Review of Interventions for Hope/Hopelessness in Older Adults. Objectives: Hope/hopelessness is an important determinant of health and death, and is a modifiable risk factor for older adults. The present review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions on hope among older populations.Methods: PsychINFO and PubMed were systematically searched. Publications reporting on interventions delivered to older adults that included quantitative data on hope/hopelessness were (...) systematically reviewed.Results: Thirty-six studies were included, most with hope/hopelessness as a secondary outcome. Interventions based on CBT alone or combined with antidepressants significantly decreased hopelessness in depressed older adults. Psychological interventions based on life review effectively improved hope/hopelessness in a range of samples, including depressed, bereaving, or medically ill older adults. Little to no support was found for exercise programs for healthy older adults, educational

2020 Clinical Gerontologist

80. Effects of Meditation and Mind-Body Exercises on Older Adults' Cognitive Performance: A Meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Effects of Meditation and Mind-Body Exercises on Older Adults' Cognitive Performance: A Meta-analysis. Meditation and mind-body exercises are suggested to delay decline or enhance cognitive capabilities in older adults. However, their effectiveness remains uncertain. This study assessed the effectiveness of meditation and mind-body exercises to improve cognition in elderly people aged 60 years or above. Moderator variables were also explored.A databases search (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO (...) to improve cognition of older adults aged 60 years or above, and exercise parameters should be considered for intervention planning.© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

2020 The Gerontologist