Latest & greatest articles for elderly

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Top results for elderly

81. Quality of life is substantially worse for community-dwelling older people living with frailty: systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Quality of life is substantially worse for community-dwelling older people living with frailty: systematic review and meta-analysis. Frailty is an important predictor of adverse health events in older people, and improving quality of life (QOL) is increasingly recognised as a focus for services in this population. This systematic review synthesised evidence of the relationship between frailty and QOL in community-dwelling older people, with an emphasis on how this relationship varied across QOL (...) domains.We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis. We searched five databases for reports of QOL in older people with frailty and included studies based on pre-defined criteria. We conducted meta-analyses comparing "frail" and "not frail" groups for each QOL scale where data were available. We compared pooled results to distribution-based and known-group differences to enhance interpretation. We summarised reported cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses.Twenty-two studies (24,419

2020 Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation PubMed abstract

82. Update on the global epidemiology of intussusception: a systematic review of incidence rates, age distributions and case-fatality ratios among children aged <5 years, before the introduction of rotavirus vaccination. (Full text)

Update on the global epidemiology of intussusception: a systematic review of incidence rates, age distributions and case-fatality ratios among children aged <5 years, before the introduction of rotavirus vaccination. In some countries that have introduced oral rotavirus vaccines, a small but elevated risk of intussusception-a rare bowel disorder-has been reported. Updated estimates on the global epidemiology of intussusception are needed to help predict the potential number of intussusception (...) cases that could be caused by the vaccine in different settings.We estimated incidence rates, age distributions and case-fatality ratios (CFRs) for intussusception hospital admissions among children aged <5 years, before the introduction of rotavirus vaccines. We included all articles identified in a systematic review between January 2002 and January 2018, and contacted authors for more granular unpublished data on age distributions.We identified 128 articles containing 227 country datasets (61 age

2020 International journal of epidemiology PubMed abstract

83. Use of Direct In-Person Observation in the Care of Hospitalized Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

Use of Direct In-Person Observation in the Care of Hospitalized Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review. Hospitalized older adults with cognitive impairment (CI) due to dementia and/or delirium may require individualized care strategies such as direct observation to mitigate safety concerns and manage behavioral symptoms. Despite common use of direct observation as a strategy, little is known about its practice and outcomes. A systematic review was conducted to identify (...) , appraise, and synthesize literature on direct observation among hospitalized older adults with CI. The search yielded 16 eligible studies, with four describing current practices, nine reporting quality improvement efforts to broaden direct observation, and three focusing on direct observation reduction. Strength of evidence across studies was weak, limited in scope, and lacking clarity in definitions, indications for use and discontinuation, and documentation. Overall, findings highlight differing

2020 Journal of gerontological nursing

84. Deconstructing athletes' sleep: A systematic review of the influence of age, sex, athletic expertise, sport type, and season on sleep characteristics. (Full text)

Deconstructing athletes' sleep: A systematic review of the influence of age, sex, athletic expertise, sport type, and season on sleep characteristics. This systematic review aims to describe objective sleep parameters for athletes under different conditions and address potential sleep issues in this specific population.PubMed and Scopus were searched from inception to April 2019. Included studies measured sleep only via objective evaluation tools such as polysomnography or actigraphy (...) . The modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used for the quality assessment of the studies.Eighty-one studies were included, of which 56 were classified as medium quality, 5 as low, and 20 as high quality. A total of 1830 athletes were monitored over 18,958 nights. Average values for sleep-related parameters were calculated for all athletes according to sex, age, athletic expertise level, training season, and type of sport. Athletes slept on average 7.2 ± 1.1 h/night, with 86.3% ± 6.8% sleep

2020 Journal of sport and health science PubMed abstract

85. Usability Issues of Clinical and Research Applications of Virtual Reality in Older People: A Systematic Review. (Full text)

Usability Issues of Clinical and Research Applications of Virtual Reality in Older People: A Systematic Review. Aging is a condition that may be characterized by a decline in physical, sensory, and mental capacities, while increased morbidity and multimorbidity may be associated with disability. A wide range of clinical conditions (e.g., frailty, mild cognitive impairment, metabolic syndrome) and age-related diseases (e.g., Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, cancer, sarcopenia, cardiovascular (...) and respiratory diseases) affect older people. Virtual reality (VR) is a novel and promising tool for assessment and rehabilitation in older people. Usability is a crucial factor that must be considered when designing virtual systems for medicine. We conducted a systematic review with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines concerning the usability of VR clinical systems in aging and provided suggestions to structure usability piloting. Findings show

2020 Frontiers in human neuroscience PubMed abstract

86. Protocol for a systematic review of self-management interventions for older adults living with cancer. (Full text)

Protocol for a systematic review of self-management interventions for older adults living with cancer. Cancer predominates in adults over age 65. Cancer treatments are known to create physical and psychosocial challenges, which may be amplified for older adults with cancer. Learning and applying self-management behaviours and skills during treatment with cancer can help to manage/recover health and improve quality of life. In many other chronic illnesses, self-management interventions are known (...) to improve health outcomes and lower healthcare costs. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine the effectiveness of self-management interventions for older adults with cancer on physical, psychosocial, and health system-related outcomes.We are conducting a systematic review of self-management interventions for older adults (65+) diagnosed with cancer (solid tumour or haematological) in the active treatment phase of cancer. This systematic review is guided by the Preferred Reporting Items

2020 Systematic reviews PubMed abstract

87. Primary care interventions to address physical frailty among community-dwelling adults aged 60 years or older: A meta-analysis. (Full text)

Primary care interventions to address physical frailty among community-dwelling adults aged 60 years or older: A meta-analysis. The best interventions to address frailty among older adults have not yet been fully defined, and the diversity of interventions and outcome measures makes this process challenging. Consequently, there is a lack of guidance for clinicians and researchers regarding which interventions are most likely to help older persons remain robust and independent. This paper uses (...) meta-analysis to assess effectiveness of primary care interventions for physical frailty among community-dwelling adults aged 60+ and provides an up-to-date synthesis of literature in this area.PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, and PEDro databases were searched, and RCTs, controlled pilot studies, or trials with similar study designs addressing frailty in the primary care setting among persons aged 60+ were chosen. Study data was abstracted following PRISMA guidelines

2020 PloS one PubMed abstract

88. Tai Chi is Effective in Delaying Cognitive Decline in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Evidence from a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Full text)

, the methodological quality was moderate. The meta-analysis revealed that Tai Chi could significantly improve global cognitive function; memory and learning; mental speed and attention; ideas, abstraction, figural creations, and mental flexibility; and visuospatial perception. The present review adds to the evidence showing that Tai Chi is potentially beneficial in improving cognitive functions among elderly people with MCI. However, strictly designed and well-reported RCTs are required.Copyright © 2020 Jingjing (...) Tai Chi is Effective in Delaying Cognitive Decline in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Evidence from a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. To determine whether Tai Chi (TC) is effective in slowing cognitive decline in older populations with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on Tai Chi and MCI. We searched eight electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Wanfang, Web of Science, MEDLINE, CNKI

2020 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM PubMed abstract

89. Association between anticholinergic (atropinic) drug exposure and cognitive function in longitudinal studies among individuals over 50 years old: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Association between anticholinergic (atropinic) drug exposure and cognitive function in longitudinal studies among individuals over 50 years old: a systematic review. With increasing age, adults are often exposed to anticholinergic drugs and are prone to potential adverse drug reaction, among which cognitive impairment. If the short-term cognitive effects of anticholinergic drugs are well established, their long-term cognitive effects have less been studied.To provide a systematic review

2020 European journal of clinical pharmacology

90. Reply to: "Comment on the Role of Muscle Mass Gain Following Protein Supplementation Plus Exercise Therapy in Older Adults with Sarcopenia and Frailty Risks: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression Analysis of Randomized Trials, (Full text)

Reply to: "Comment on the Role of Muscle Mass Gain Following Protein Supplementation Plus Exercise Therapy in Older Adults with Sarcopenia and Frailty Risks: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression Analysis of Randomized Trials, We thank Chen et al [...].

2020 Nutrients PubMed abstract

91. Movement-based interventions for preschool-age children with, or at risk of, motor impairment: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Movement-based interventions for preschool-age children with, or at risk of, motor impairment: a systematic review. To explore the efficacy of movement-based interventions to improve motor skills in preschool-age children with, or at risk of, motor impairment, including those with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder, and developmental coordination disorder.Relevant electronic databases were searched for randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials. Outcomes were (...) in either the body structure and function or activity domains in most studies. No studies used a participation outcome measure.There is a paucity of evidence exploring movement-based interventions in the preschool-age group. Although movement-based interventions showed potential for improving body structure and function and activity outcomes for children with motor impairment, results were mostly not significant. Small sample sizes, variable study quality, and risk of bias limit confidence

2020 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

92. Association between benzodiazepines use and risk of hip fracture in the elderly people: A meta-analysis of observational studies. (Abstract)

Association between benzodiazepines use and risk of hip fracture in the elderly people: A meta-analysis of observational studies. Hip fracture is one of the leading causes of disability, cost, morbidity, and mortality. Several studies reported that benzodiazepines (BDZs) have been associated with an increased risk of hip fracture in older individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnitude of hip fracture risk with BDZs.A systematic literature search on EMBASE, PubMed, Google (...) of users, the current and recent users of BDZs had higher risk of hip fracture (RR: 1.83, 95% CI: 1.46-2.28, P<0.0001 and RR: 1.61, 95% 1.30-1.99, P<0.0001) whereas there was no increased risk of hip fracture in past BDZs users (RR: 1.18, 95%CI: 1.07-1.29, P<0.0001).Our meta-analysis showed an increased risk of hip fracture in patients with BDZs compared with non-users. Physicians should be aware of the unwanted consequence of BDZs when they will prescribe BDZs for their patients, especially elderly

2020 Joint bone spine

93. Cognitive, functional, physical, and nutritional status of the oldest old encountered in primary care: a systematic review. (Full text)

Cognitive, functional, physical, and nutritional status of the oldest old encountered in primary care: a systematic review. The oldest old (individuals over 90 years) are a fast-growing population. Characterizing their specificity would be helpful to adapt health care. This study aimed to characterize the cognitive, functional, nutritional, and physical status of individuals over 90.We conducted a systematic review of cross-sectional or cohort studies of individuals aged 90 years old or more (...) of oldest old with a low level of disability. These findings suggest that a specific approach in the care of the oldest old could help prevent disability.

2020 BMC family practice PubMed abstract

94. Association of Patient Age With Progression of Low-Risk Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Under Active Surveillance: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. (Abstract)

to 50 years compared with younger individuals was 0.51 when adjusted for confounders (95% CI, 0.29-0.89; 1619 patients, 2 studies), and the unadjusted risk ratio of this outcome for individuals 40 years or older was 0.55 (95% CI, 0.36-0.82; 2097 patients, 4 studies). In adults aged 40 to 45 years, the unadjusted risk ratio for any tumor volume increase compared with younger individuals was 0.65 (95% CI, 0.51-0.83; 1232 patients, 4 studies). The pooled risk ratio for incident nodal metastases (...) in individuals 40 years or older was 0.22 (95% CI, 0.10-0.47; 1806 patients, 3 studies); however, in a secondary analysis, the risk difference was not significantly different. There was no statistically significant heterogeneity in any of the meta-analyses. There were no thyroid cancer-related deaths nor incident distant metastases.This study suggests that older age may be associated with a reduced risk of primary papillary thyroid carcinoma tumor growth under active surveillance. Incident metastatic disease

2020 JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery

95. Drug-Eluting Versus Bare-Metal Stents in Older Patients: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. (Abstract)

Drug-Eluting Versus Bare-Metal Stents in Older Patients: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Despite the high prevalence of ischemic heart disease in older patients, there is a substantial lack of evidence to guide clinical decision-making in this population. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to determine the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS).Electronic databases were searched (...) for randomized trials comparing DES with BMS in patients ≥70 years-old. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Secondary outcomes included different ischemic and bleeding events. Subgroup analyses for dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration were conducted.We included 7 trials with a total of 5449 patients. The use of DES compared with BMS was associated with a significant reduction in MACE (odds ratio [OR]:0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI]:0.62-0.93; P = 0.007

2020 Cardiovascular revascularization medicine : including molecular interventions

96. Systematic Review of Pulmonary Function and Cognition in Aging. (Abstract)

Systematic Review of Pulmonary Function and Cognition in Aging. Substantial research is dedicated to understanding the aging-related dynamics among individual differences in level, change, and variation across physical and cognitive abilities. Evaluating replicability and synthesizing findings has been limited by differences in measurements, samples, study design, and statistical analyses that confound between-person differences with within-person changes. Here, we systematically reviewed (...) longitudinal results on the aging-related dynamics linking pulmonary function and cognitive performance.Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used to systematically review longitudinal studies of pulmonary function and cognition.Only four studies thoroughly investigating cognitive and pulmonary longitudinal associations (three or more measurement occasions) were identified. Expanded review criteria identified three studies reporting two measurement occasions

2020 The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences

97. Surgical and regional treatments for colorectal cancer metastases in older patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

or non-surgical) for mCRC in patients aged ≥65 years. Pooled data analyses were conducted by calculating the risk ratio (RR), mean differences (MD) and hazard ratio (HR) between older and younger patients or between two different approaches in older patients.After screening 266 articles, 29 were included in this review. These studies reported the outcomes of surgery (n = 19) and non-surgical local ablation treatments (n = 3) for CRC metastases in older vs. younger patients or compared the outcomes (...) Surgical and regional treatments for colorectal cancer metastases in older patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The present study explored the existing literature to describe the outcomes of surgical and regional treatments for colorectal cancer metastases (mCRC) in older patients.A literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and ClinicalTrials.gov for studies published since 2000 that investigated the short- and long-term outcomes of regional treatments (surgical

2020 PloS one PubMed abstract

98. Efficacy and Safety of Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Elderly Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Network Meta-Analysis. (Full text)

Efficacy and Safety of Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Elderly Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Network Meta-Analysis. Background: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have been widely used in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) for antithrombotic prophylaxis, which were shown to have a favorable risk-benefit profile. However, there are no guidelines for the use of DOACs in elderly patients (aged ≥75 years) with AF, which creates uncertainty about the optimal antithrombotic treatment (...) , warfarin, and rivaroxaban (rank probabilities, 21.0, 5.8, 0.9, and 0.8%, respectively). Conclusions: DOACs showed a lower incidence of stroke/systemic embolism and major bleeding compared with warfarin in antithrombotic therapy in elderly patients (aged ≥75 years), with apixaban being the best of those interventions. Therefore, apixaban should be given priority as an anticoagulant in stroke prevention for elderly patients with AF.Copyright © 2020 Deng, Cheng, Rao, Xu, Li and Gao.

2020 Frontiers in medicine PubMed abstract

99. Risk and protective factors and processes for behavioral sleep problems among preschool and early school-aged children: A systematic review. (Abstract)

variables experienced indirectly by the child) and processes (proximal variables experienced directly by the child) for child sleep problems among preschool (1-5 y) and school-age (6-10 y) children. Variables were categorized into biological, psychological, and environmental factors/processes at the individual, family/parent, and community levels. The quality of evidence was assessed using GRADE. A literature search identified 98 articles meeting inclusion criteria. Older child age, difficult (...) Risk and protective factors and processes for behavioral sleep problems among preschool and early school-aged children: A systematic review. Behavioral sleep problems in early childhood are common, affecting about 25% of children, and include symptoms such as problems going to sleep and staying asleep. This review employed the developmental psychopathology framework and 4P model (Predisposing, Precipitating, Perpetuating, Protective) to organize the diverse risk/protective factors (distal

2020 Sleep medicine reviews

100. Association of Hypothyroidism and Mortality in the Elderly Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Abstract)

the association between hypothyroidism and all-cause and/or cardiovascular mortality in the elderly population (ages ≥ 60 years) were eligible.Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the quality of the studies. Relative risk (RR) was retrieved for synthesis. A random-effects model for meta-analyses was used.A total of 27 cohort studies with 1 114 638 participants met the inclusion criteria. Overall, patients with hypothyroidism experienced a higher risk of all-cause mortality than those (...) Association of Hypothyroidism and Mortality in the Elderly Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The evidence of whether hypothyroidism increases mortality in the elderly population is currently inconsistent and conflicting.The objective of this meta-analysis is to determine the impact of hypothyroidism on mortality in the elderly population.PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception until May 10, 2019.Studies evaluating

2020 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism