Latest & greatest articles for elderly

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Top results for elderly

1041. Age-Related Changes in Achilles Tendon Stiffness and Impact on Functional Activities: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Abstract)

Age-Related Changes in Achilles Tendon Stiffness and Impact on Functional Activities: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Achilles tendon stiffness determines calf muscle functioning during functional activities. However, contrasting evidence was found in studies comparing Achilles tendon stiffness in older and younger adults. Therefore, this systematic review compares Achilles tendon stiffness and elastic modulus in older and younger adults and reviews functional implications. Studies (...) revealed by systematic bibliographic searches were included if healthy older adults were investigated, and if Achilles tendon stiffness was measured using ultrasound and dynamometry. Meta-analyses were performed to compare Achilles tendon stiffness and elastic modulus in older and younger adults. Achilles tendon stiffness (weighted standardized mean difference = 1.40, 95% confidence intervals [0.42-2.38]) and elastic modulus (weighted standardized mean difference = 1.74, 95% confidence intervals [0.99

2019 Journal of aging and physical activity

1042. Beauchamp MK, Lee A, Ward RF, et al. Do exercise interventions improve participation in life roles in older adults? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther. 2017;97:964-974. (Full text)

Beauchamp MK, Lee A, Ward RF, et al. Do exercise interventions improve participation in life roles in older adults? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther. 2017;97:964-974. 29939366 2019 11 20 1538-6724 98 7 2018 07 01 Physical therapy Phys Ther Beauchamp MK, Lee A, Ward RF, et al. Do exercise interventions improve participation in life roles in older adults? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther. 2017;97:964-974. 627 10.1093/ptj/pzy016 eng Journal Article Published Erratum

2019 Physical therapy PubMed abstract

1043. Correction to: Relative Age Effects Across and Within Female Sport Contexts: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Full text)

Correction to: Relative Age Effects Across and Within Female Sport Contexts: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. An Online First version of this article was made available at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40279-018-0890-8 on 13 March 2018. Some errors were subsequently identified by the authors, particularly in regard to Table 4. Although the details pertained to in the table were correct in the original manuscript, it appears that errors were introduced during production

2019 Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.) PubMed abstract

1044. Correction to: Systematic Review for the 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American He (Abstract)

Correction to: Systematic Review for the 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American He 29743248 2019 11 20 1524-4563 71 6 2018 06 Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979) Hypertension Correction to: Systematic Review for the 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation

2019 Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979)

1045. Physical exercise, IGF-1 and cognition A systematic review of experimental studies in the elderly. (Full text)

Physical exercise, IGF-1 and cognition A systematic review of experimental studies in the elderly. One of hypothetical mechanisms related to cognition is exercise-induced IGF-1.The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of exercise on IGF-1 levels and cognition in the elderly.The article searches were conducted on Pubmed, Web of Science, PsycINFO and Scielo databases and reviewed according to PRISMA guidelines. The inclusion criteria were: [1] original articles published up to 2017; [2 (...) ] samples including elderly; [3] protocols including physical exercise; [4] longitudinal studies having exercise as main outcome; [5] assessment of IGF-1; [6] cognition assessment.Seven studies were included in this review. Three of the studies showed an exercise-induced increase in IGF-1; three found stable IGF-1 levels and one found a reduction in IGF-1; with and without improvement in cognition.Disparities in the type of physical exercise, protocols and samples under different conditions hinder

2019 Dementia & neuropsychologia PubMed abstract

1046. Lower-Limb Factors Associated with Balance and Falls in Older Adults: (Full text)

age-related changes in the lower-limb, footwear and orthoses to evidence-based fall-risk factors (e.g., balance impairment) or prospectively demonstrated a relationship with falls. Results: The systematic review consisted of 81 articles that met the inclusion criteria. Our results reflect a narrative review of the appraised literature for 8 pathways of lower-limb related influences on fall-risk in older adults. Six out of the eight pathways, including range of motion, orthoses, strength, footwear (...) Lower-Limb Factors Associated with Balance and Falls in Older Adults: Background: Despite evidence suggesting that lower-limb related factors may contribute to fall-risk in older adults, lower-limb and footwear influences on fall-risk have not been systematically summarized. This study was undertaken to systematically review the literature related to lower-limb and footwear factors that may increase fall-risk among community-dwelling older adults. To facilitate the transfer of findings

2019 Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association PubMed abstract

1047. Age-Related Changes in the Plasticity of Neural Networks Assessed by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation With Electromyography: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Full text)

Age-Related Changes in the Plasticity of Neural Networks Assessed by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation With Electromyography: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Objective: The excitability of cerebral cortical cells, neural pathway, and neural networks, as well as their plasticity, are key to our exploration of age-related changes in brain structure and function. The combination of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with electromyography (EMG) can be applied to the primary motor cortex (...) ; it activates the underlying neural group and passes through the corticospinal pathway, which can be quantified using EMG. This meta-analysis aimed to analyze changes in cortical excitability and plasticity in healthy elderly individuals vs. young individuals through TMS-EMG. Methods: The Cochrane Library, Medline, and EMBASE databases were searched to identify eligible trials published from database inception to June 3, 2019. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool and improved Jadad scale were used to assess

2019 Frontiers in cellular neuroscience PubMed abstract

1048. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty in patients aged 65 years or younger: a systematic review of the literature. (Full text)

Reverse shoulder arthroplasty in patients aged 65 years or younger: a systematic review of the literature. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is offered to young patients with a failed previous arthroplasty or a cuff-deficient shoulder, but the overall results are still uncertain. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to report the midterm outcomes and complications of RSA in patients younger than 65 years.A search of the MEDLINE and Cochrane electronic databases identified (...) clinical studies reporting the results, at a minimum 2-year follow-up, of patients younger than 65 years treated with an RSA. The methodologic quality was assessed with the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies score by 2 independent reviewers. Complications, reoperations, range of motion, functional scores, and radiologic outcomes were analyzed.Eight articles were included, with a total of 417 patients. The mean age at surgery was 56 years (range, 21-65 years). RSA was used as a primary

2019 JSES open access PubMed abstract

1049. The effect of music on postoperative recovery in older patients: A systematic review. (Abstract)

The effect of music on postoperative recovery in older patients: A systematic review. Surgery is an important part of the treatment modalities offered to older patients with cancer. Natural ageing processes lead to deterioration of organ function, making older patients more vulnerable and at risk for experiencing less-favourable outcomes and complications after surgery. Non-pharmaceutical interventions, such as music, may be preferable to medical interventions in older people, who are at risk (...) intervention for hospitalised patients postoperative, population mean age 60 years or older were selected. All types of postoperative music interventions, consisting of single or more sessions, which take place at a hospital ward. All patient outcomes were included. The search and screening was performed twice, independently, and seventeen articles were finally selected.Four theoretical models were detected underpinning the effect of music on postoperative recovery. The way the music interventions were

2019 Journal of geriatric oncology

1050. (Horseback) Riding into the Sunset. Re: "Benefits of Hippotherapy and Horse Riding Simulation Exercise on Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review". (Abstract)

(Horseback) Riding into the Sunset. Re: "Benefits of Hippotherapy and Horse Riding Simulation Exercise on Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review". 30653852 2019 11 13 2019 11 13 1934-1563 11 3 2019 03 PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation PM R (Horseback) Riding into the Sunset. Re: "Benefits of Hippotherapy and Horse Riding Simulation Exercise on Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review". 325-326 10.1002/pmrj.12075 Ferriero Giorgio G 0000-0002-7873-6777 Istituti (...) -328 30653839 Aged Animals Equine-Assisted Therapy Exercise Therapy Horses Humans Postural Balance 2018 12 01 2018 12 18 2018 12 21 2019 1 18 6 0 2019 11 14 6 0 2019 1 18 6 0 ppublish 30653852 10.1002/pmrj.12075

2019 PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation

1051. (Horseback) Riding into the Sunset. Re: "Benefits of Hippotherapy and Horse Riding Simulation Exercise on Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review"-Reply. (Abstract)

(Horseback) Riding into the Sunset. Re: "Benefits of Hippotherapy and Horse Riding Simulation Exercise on Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review"-Reply. 30653839 2019 11 13 2019 11 13 1934-1563 11 3 2019 03 PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation PM R (Horseback) Riding into the Sunset. Re: "Benefits of Hippotherapy and Horse Riding Simulation Exercise on Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review"-Reply. 327-328 10.1002/pmrj.12076 Hilliere Camille C Departamento de (...) Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal. eng Letter Comment 2019 03 12 United States PM R 101491319 1934-1482 IM PM R. 2018 Oct;10(10):1062-1072 29626616 PM R. 2019 Mar;11(3):325-326 30653852 Aged Animals Equine-Assisted Therapy Exercise Therapy Horses Humans Postural Balance 2018 12 13 2018 12 23 2019 01 09 2019 1 18 6 0 2019 11 14 6 0 2019 1 18 6 0 ppublish 30653839 10.1002/pmrj.12076

2019 PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation

1052. The Effect of Very Advanced Maternal Age on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

The Effect of Very Advanced Maternal Age on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes: A Systematic Review. To summarize information on the maternal and perinatal outcomes among pregnant women with a maternal age greater or equal to 45 years old compared with women with a maternal age of less than 45.A comprehensive systematic search of online databases from January 1946 through June 2015 was completed. The maternal outcomes were: fetal loss, preterm birth, full-term birth, complications of pregnancy (...) , the type of delivery, and periconception hemorrhage. The fetal outcomes were: intrauterine growth restriction/LGA, fetal anomalies, APGAR score, and neonatal death.Twenty articles were included in the systematic review and 15 included in the meta-analysis. There was a 2.60 greater likelihood of fetal loss (I2 = 99%). Newborns of women of a very advanced maternal age were 2.49 more likely to have a concerning 5-minute APGAR score. Very advanced maternal age women had a 3.32 greater likelihood

2019 Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC

1053. Longevity of defective direct restorations treated by minimally invasive techniques or complete replacement in permanent teeth: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Longevity of defective direct restorations treated by minimally invasive techniques or complete replacement in permanent teeth: A systematic review. This systematic review aimed to verify if there is difference in the longevity of minimally invasive techniques compared to the complete replacement for the treatment of defective direct restorations in permanent teeth.The data included randomized controlled clinical trials comparing the clinical performance of defective dental restorations treated (...) and refurbishment techniques did not present a significant difference in clinical longevity in comparison to the replacement technique in permanent teeth with overall moderate quality of evidence.The present findings demonstrated that the best treatment for defective restorations is conservative management. The evidence demonstrated here helps and encourages clinicians during the decision-making process. Moreover, it suggests not replacing imperfect restorations, but to managing them in a minimally invasive way

2019 Journal of dentistry

1054. Management of full thickness rotator cuff tears in the elderly: a systematic review protocol. (Abstract)

Management of full thickness rotator cuff tears in the elderly: a systematic review protocol. The objective of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of non-surgical and surgical treatment on the clinical and functional outcomes of elderly patients with full thickness rotator cuff tear.

2019 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

1055. Effectiveness of multisensory stimulation in managing neuropsychiatric symptoms in older adults with major neurocognitive disorder: a systematic review. (Abstract)

and capacity for independent living. Most older adults with this condition have one or more concomitant symptoms known as NPS. Evidence shows that nonpharmacological therapies have been effective in controlling these symptoms, with multisensory stimulation attracting further investigation.The review considered studies on older adults aged 65 years or over with major NCD. The intervention of interest was multisensory stimulation, and the comparator was usual care (e.g. no occupational therapy, no cognitive (...) Effectiveness of multisensory stimulation in managing neuropsychiatric symptoms in older adults with major neurocognitive disorder: a systematic review. The objective of the review was to synthesize the effectiveness of multisensory stimulation in managing neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in older adults with major neurocognitive disorder (NCD).Major neurocognitive disorder is characterized by changes in specific cognitive domains with a progressive deterioration in cognitive ability

2019 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

1056. Food Insecurity and Cognitive Function in Middle to Older Adulthood: A Systematic Review. (Full text)

Food Insecurity and Cognitive Function in Middle to Older Adulthood: A Systematic Review. Food insecurity (FI) may limit cognitive functioning during aging. The goal of this systematic review was to summarize existing evidence linking FI and general or specific cognitive functions in middle and older adulthood. A systematic search of human studies published between 1 January 2000 and 30 April 2018 was conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, and CAB Direct. Four independent reviewers assessed

2019 Advances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.) PubMed abstract

1057. Characteristics and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for older adults living in residential care: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Characteristics and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for older adults living in residential care: a systematic review. Objectives: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression and anxiety for older adults living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) needs to accommodate the care needs of residents and the circumstances of RACFs. This systematic review examines the delivery and content characteristics of these interventions, in relation to participant satisfaction, staff

2019 Aging & mental health

1058. Nursing students' experiences with clinical placement in residential aged care facilities: a systematic review protocol of qualitative evidence. (Abstract)

Nursing students' experiences with clinical placement in residential aged care facilities: a systematic review protocol of qualitative evidence. The objective of this review is to analyze and synthesize the best available evidence on nursing students' experiences with clinical placement in residential aged care facilities.The specific review questions are.

2019 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

1059. The influence of occupation on wellbeing, as experienced by the elderly: a systematic review. (Abstract)

The influence of occupation on wellbeing, as experienced by the elderly: a systematic review. The objective of this review was to synthesize knowledge regarding which types of occupations the elderly perceive as important to and supporting their overall wellbeing.Being active is an important part of managing the daily challenges of advanced old age. Occupational therapy and occupational science are based on the premise that a person's occupations are intertwined with their health and are thus (...) needed for them to experience a meaningful life and improve their wellbeing.This review, which included independently living elderly people aged 65 and over living in Europe, the USA, Canada and Australia, sought to uncover if the elderly see any specific types of occupations as enhancing their wellbeing. This review included qualitative studies with designs including, but not limited to, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography and action research.A three-step search strategy using Joanna Briggs

2019 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

1060. Exercise interventions for improving physical function, daily living activities and quality of life in community-dwelling frail older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (Abstract)

Exercise interventions for improving physical function, daily living activities and quality of life in community-dwelling frail older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. This review reports the most current evidence on the effects of exercise interventions on improving physical function, daily living activities and quality of life in community-dwelling frail older adults. CBMdisc, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled

2019 Geriatric nursing (New York, N.Y.)