Latest & greatest articles for falls

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on falls and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Top results for falls

341. Functionele mobiliteitstests voor het valrisico bij verpleeghuispatienten. Een literatuuronderzoek naar de diagnostische waarde [Functional mobility tests of proclivity for falls in nursing home patients]

Functionele mobiliteitstests voor het valrisico bij verpleeghuispatienten. Een literatuuronderzoek naar de diagnostische waarde [Functional mobility tests of proclivity for falls in nursing home patients] Functionele mobiliteitstests voor het valrisico bij verpleeghuispatienten. Een literatuuronderzoek naar de diagnostische waarde [Functional mobility tests of proclivity for falls in nursing home patients] Functionele mobiliteitstests voor het valrisico bij verpleeghuispatienten. Een (...) literatuuronderzoek naar de diagnostische waarde [Functional mobility tests of proclivity for falls in nursing home patients] de Kinkelder A, Dierkx R I Authors' objectives To evaluate the diagnostic value (sensitivity and specificity) of the available functional mobility tests in the nursing home setting. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1980 until 1 August 2000, using the search terms 'balance', 'fall', 'gait', 'mobility', 'sensitivity' and 'specificity' within the age group of 65 years and over

2001 DARE.

342. Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 2: Controlled trial in multiple centres

Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 2: Controlled trial in multiple centres Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 2: Controlled trial in multiple centres Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 2: Controlled trial in multiple centres Robertson M C, Gardner M M, Devlin N, McGee R, Campbell A J Record Status (...) This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of a home-based exercise programme, as delivered by a trained nurse from general practice, for preventing falls and injuries among elderly people. The nurses were supervised by a physiotherapist

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

343. Economic evaluation of a community based exercise programme to prevent falls

Economic evaluation of a community based exercise programme to prevent falls Economic evaluation of a community based exercise programme to prevent falls Economic evaluation of a community based exercise programme to prevent falls Robertson M C, Devlin N, Scuffham P, Gardner M M, Buchner D M, Campbell A J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) years who were living in the community, and who were invited by their general practitioner (GP) to take part. Patients were excluded if they were unable to walk around their own residence, were receiving physiotherapy, or were unable to understand the study requirements. Setting The study was carried out in a community setting, but the patients were selected from primary care and some were admitted to hospital as a result of a fall. The economic study took place in Dunedin, New Zealand. Dates

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

344. Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 1: Randomized controlled trial

Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 1: Randomized controlled trial Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 1: Randomized controlled trial Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls. 1: Randomized controlled trial Robertson M C, Devlin N, Gardner M M, Campbell A J Record Status This is a critical abstract (...) of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of a home-based exercise programme, as delivered by a trained district nurse, for preventing falls and injuries among elderly people. The nurse training lasted one week and was held by a research physiotherapist

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

345. Interventions for preventing falls in the elderly. (Abstract)

Interventions for preventing falls in the elderly. Fractures in the elderly often result from a simple fall.To assess the effects of programmes designed to reduce the incidence of falls in community dwelling, institutionalised, or hospitalised elderly people.We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycLIT, Social Science Citation Index, Dissertation Abstracts, Index to UK Theses, the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, and bibliographies of identified studies. We contacted known workers (...) in the field. Trials were also obtained from the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Injuries Group trials register. Date of the most recent search: May 1997.Randomised trials of interventions designed to minimise the effect of, or prevent exposure to, any putative risk factor for falling in elderly individuals living in the community, in institutional care, or in hospital. The main outcomes of interest were number of fallers or falls, or the number sustaining a fall resulting in injury. Trials that focused

2000 Cochrane

346. Quality of life related to fear of falling and hip fracture in older women: a time trade off study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Quality of life related to fear of falling and hip fracture in older women: a time trade off study. To estimate the utility (preference for health) associated with hip fracture and fear of falling among older women.Quality of life survey with the time trade off technique. The technique derives an estimate of preference for health states by finding the point at which respondents show no preference between a longer but lower quality of life and a shorter time in full health.A randomised trial (...) of external hip protectors for older women at risk of hip fracture.194 women aged >/= 75 years enrolled in the randomised controlled trial or who were eligible for the trial but refused completed a quality of life interview face to face.Respondents were asked to rate their own health by using the Euroqol instrument and then rate three health states (fear of falling, a "good" hip fracture, and a "bad" hip fracture) by using time trade off technique.On an interval scale between 0 (death) and 1 (full health

2000 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

347. Effects of a programme of multifactorial home visits on falls and mobility impairments in elderly people at risk: randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of a programme of multifactorial home visits on falls and mobility impairments in elderly people at risk: randomised controlled trial. To evaluate whether a programme of multifactorial home visits reduces falls and impairments in mobility in elderly people living in the community.Randomised controlled trial with 18 months of follow up.Six general practices in Hoensbroek, the Netherlands.316 people aged 70 and over living in the community, with moderate impairments in mobility (...) or a history of recent falls.Five home visits by a community nurse over a period of one year. Visits consisted of screening for medical, environmental, and behavioural factors causing falls and impairments in mobility, followed by specific advice, referrals, and other actions aimed at dealing with the observed hazards.Falls and impairments in mobility.No differences were found in falls and mobility outcomes between the intervention and usual care groups.Multifactorial home visits had no effects on falls

2000 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

348. Prevention of falls in the construction industry: evidence for program effectiveness

Prevention of falls in the construction industry: evidence for program effectiveness Prevention of falls in the construction industry: evidence for program effectiveness Prevention of falls in the construction industry: evidence for program effectiveness Rivara F P, Thompson D C Authors' objectives To review the evidence for the effectiveness of different strategies to prevent falls from heights in the construction industry. Searching The authors used the Cochrane Collaboration search strategy (...) in the review were: Washington State fall protection regulations, enacted February 1991; behavioural-based safety management focusing on housekeeping, access to heights and bamboo scaffolding; and posters and flyers aimed at scaffold fall safety, plus training seminars. Participants included in the review Workers in the construction industry of any age. The authors also included shipyard workers as the actual trades involved are classified in the construction industry. Outcomes assessed in the review

2000 DARE.

349. Physical activity, falls, and fractures among older adults: a review of the epidemiologic evidence

Physical activity, falls, and fractures among older adults: a review of the epidemiologic evidence Physical activity, falls, and fractures among older adults: a review of the epidemiologic evidence Physical activity, falls, and fractures among older adults: a review of the epidemiologic evidence Gregg E W, Pereira M A, Caspersen C J Authors' objectives To assess the relationship between physical activity and the risk of falls and osteoporotic fractures among older adults. Searching MEDLINE (...) and Current Contents were searched from 1975 to 1998 using the terms 'physical activity', 'exercise', 'falls' and 'fractures' as subject terms and keywords. The reference lists of retrieved articles were examined for further studies. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review The authors did not specify any inclusion or exclusion criteria relating to study design. Both observational studies and controlled trials were included in the review. Specific interventions included

2000 DARE.

350. Fall in mean arterial pressure and fetal growth restriction in pregnancy hypertension: a meta-analysis

Fall in mean arterial pressure and fetal growth restriction in pregnancy hypertension: a meta-analysis Fall in mean arterial pressure and fetal growth restriction in pregnancy hypertension: a meta-analysis Fall in mean arterial pressure and fetal growth restriction in pregnancy hypertension: a meta-analysis von Dadelszen P, Ornstein M P, Bull S B, Logan A G, Koren G, Magee L A Authors' objectives To investigate the relationship between foetoplacental growth and the use of oral antihypertensive (...) , the change in MAP from trial entry to the last record in pregnancy was calculated from the treatment values; this defined mean differences in MAP for each trial. Therefore a positive difference in MAP reflected a greater fall in the treatment group than in the control group. The severity of hypertension was defined by the mean value at enrolment: mild (MAP 107 to 113 mmHg), moderate (MAP 114 to 129 mmHg) or severe (MAP greater than or equal to 130 mmHg). Both the dose and duration of therapy were

2000 DARE.

351. Exercise in preventing falls and fall related injuries in older people: a review of randomised controlled trials

Exercise in preventing falls and fall related injuries in older people: a review of randomised controlled trials Exercise in preventing falls and fall related injuries in older people: a review of randomised controlled trials Exercise in preventing falls and fall related injuries in older people: a review of randomised controlled trials Gardner M M, Robertson M C, Campbell A J Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of exercise programmes in preventing falls, and/or lowering the risk (...) of falls and fall-related injuries, in older people. Searching The following sources were searched for articles published in the English language: MEDLINE from 1990 to 1999, PsycLIT from 1991 to 1999, Current Contents from 1995 to 1999, CINAHL from 1982 to 1999, and the ISI Web of Science from 1990 to 1999. The search terms used were: 'controlled trials', 'public health', 'health promotion', 'elderly', 'old', 'exercise', 'physical activity', 'falls', 'falls injuries', 'fall prevention', 'costs

2000 DARE.

352. The cost effectiveness of a home hazard reduction program to reduce falls among older persons

The cost effectiveness of a home hazard reduction program to reduce falls among older persons The cost effectiveness of a home hazard reduction program to reduce falls among older persons The cost effectiveness of a home hazard reduction program to reduce falls among older persons Salkeld G, Cumming R G, O'Neill E, Thomas M, Szonyi G, Westbury C Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief (...) sample in respect of age, gender, falls in the last year, and other clinical characteristics. Study sample The study sample comprised 530 patients, 264 in the HHRP group and 266 in the control group. No power calculations to determine the sample size were reported. The participants were mainly recruited while inpatients at a teaching hospital, although some were recruited while outpatients or from day care centres. Only those patients living in the community were included. All of the patients had

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

353. Do hospital fall prevention programs work: a systematic review

Do hospital fall prevention programs work: a systematic review Do hospital fall prevention programs work: a systematic review Do hospital fall prevention programs work: a systematic review Oliver D, Hopper A, Seed P Authors' objectives To analyse published hospital fall prevention programmes to determine whether there is any effect on fall rates; to review the methodological quality of such programmes and the range of interventions used; and to provide directions for further research. Searching (...) MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched from 1974 to 1999 using combinations of the search words 'Accident', 'Accidental', 'Older', 'Falls', 'Hospital', 'Inpatients', 'Institution', 'Patients' and 'Prevention'. Secondary references from papers, review articles, and authoritative texts were also sought. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review The authors did not specify any inclusion or exclusion criteria relating to the study design. Specific interventions included in the review

2000 DARE.

354. Guidelines for the prevention of falls in people over 65

Guidelines for the prevention of falls in people over 65 Guidelines for the prevention of falls in people over 65 Guidelines for the prevention of falls in people over 65 Feder G, Cryer C, Donovan S, Carter Y Authors' objectives To translate trial evidence about the prevention of falls into recommendations that can be implemented in different settings, with the aim of reducing the rate of falls and injurious falls in people over 65 years. Searching Two previous systematic reviews (see Other (...) Publications of Related Interest nos.1-2) were updated to include any new evidence up to March 1998. MEDLINE was searched using the terms 'fall(s)', 'accidental falls', 'fracture', 'elderly', 'aged', 'older' and 'senior'. The reference lists of papers were followed up, and researchers in the prevention of falls were contacted. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews were included. Specific interventions included

2000 DARE.

355. Prevention of falls in the elderly trial (PROFET): a randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

Prevention of falls in the elderly trial (PROFET): a randomised controlled trial. Falls in elderly people are a common presenting complaint to accident and emergency departments. Current practice commonly focuses on the injury, with little systematic assessment of the underlying cause, functional consequences, and possibilities for future prevention. We undertook a randomised controlled study to assess the benefit of a structured inderdisciplinary assessment of people who have fallen in terms (...) of further falls.Eligible patients were aged 65 years and older, lived in the community, and presented to an accident and emergency department with a fall. Patients assigned to the intervention group (n=184) underwent a detailed medical and occupational-therapy assessment with referral to relevant services if indicated; those assigned to the control group (n=213) received usual care only. The analyses were by intention to treat. Follow-up data were collected every 4 months for 1 year.At 12-month follow

1999 Lancet Controlled trial quality: uncertain

356. Fall prevention: a systematic review

Fall prevention: a systematic review Fall prevention: a systematic review Fall prevention: a systematic review Evans D, Hodgkinson B, Lambert L, Wood J Authors' objectives To present the best available research evidence on the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of patient falls during hospitalisation. Searching CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycLIT, Current Contents, Cochrane Library and EMBASE were searched. Databases searched for unpublished papers included Dissertation (...) Abstracts International and Proceedings. The bibliographies of all retrieved papers were checked for additional studies. Search terms were 'fall*' and 'accident*'. Search years were not stated. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Studies using other research methods, such as uncontrolled trials, were assessed for inclusion in the review as part of the narrative summary to document what interventions have been

1999 DARE.

357. Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. II. Cardiac and analgesic drugs

Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. II. Cardiac and analgesic drugs Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. II. Cardiac and analgesic drugs Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. II. Cardiac and analgesic drugs Leipzig RM, Cumming RG, Tinetti ME Authors' objectives To evaluate critically the evidence linking specific classes of cardiac and analgesic drugs with falls in older people. Searching (...) A search was conducted for English language studies in MEDLINE from 1966 to March 1996 using the keywords 'accidents' (1966 to 1996) and 'accidental falls' (1987 to 1996) and 'aged' or 'age factors'. Reference lists of retrieved papers were reviewed. Authors of included studies were contacted and experts were consulted. No unpublished studies were included. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Cohort, case-control, and cross-section designs were included

1999 DARE.

358. Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. I. Psychotropic drugs

Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. I. Psychotropic drugs Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. I. Psychotropic drugs Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. I. Psychotropic drugs Leipzig RM, Cumming RG, Tinetti ME Authors' objectives To evaluate critically the evidence linking psychotropic drugs with falls in older patients. Searching A search was conducted for English language studies (...) in MEDLINE from 1966 to March 1996 using the following key terms: "accidents"; "accidental falls"; and "aged or age factors". Reference lists of retrieved papers were reviewed. Authors of included studies were contacted and experts were consulted. No unpublished studies were included. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Cohort, case-control, and cross-section designs were included if the association between sedative/hypnotic, antidepressant, neuroleptic or psychotropic

1999 DARE.

359. Falls in acute hospitals: a systematic review

Falls in acute hospitals: a systematic review Falls in acute hospitals: a systematic review Falls in acute hospitals: a systematic review Evans D, Hodgkinson B, Lambert L, Wood J, Kowanko I Authors' objectives To present the best available information for the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of falls in patients during hospitalisation. The review also provides a narrative summary of the characteristics of patients who fall, major hospital environmental factors (...) that contribute to falls, and interventions that are currently employed or being trialed. Searching CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Current Contents, the Cochrane Library and PsycLIT were searched using a two step search method and an optimal search strategy as outlined by Dickersin et al. (see 'Other Publications of Related Interest' no.1). The dates of the searches were not listed but the search terms were provided. The bibliographies of retrieved articles were searched for additional references and unpublished

1998 DARE.

360. The cost-effectiveness of home assessment and modification to reduce falls in the elderly

The cost-effectiveness of home assessment and modification to reduce falls in the elderly The cost-effectiveness of home assessment and modification to reduce falls in the elderly The cost-effectiveness of home assessment and modification to reduce falls in the elderly Smith R D, Widiatmoko D Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions (...) followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Fall prevention programmes for the elderly. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Elderly people aged 75 years or older, living independently in the community. Setting Community setting. The study used Australian data where possible. Dates to which data relate The effectiveness data were retrieved from studies

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.