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Latest & greatest articles for hepatitis
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on hepatitis or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Hepatitis C Virus Clearance by Direct-acting Antiviral Results in Rapid Resolution of Hepatocytic Injury as Indicated by Both Alanine Aminotransferase and Aspartate Aminotransferase Normalization Background and Aims: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection results in hepatocytic injury with elevation of both alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). It remains to be determined if direct-acting antiviral treatment can terminate hepatocytic injury following virologic response
Transmission of Hepatitis B and D Viruses in an African Rural Community According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 257 million people worldwide are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), with approximately 15 million of them being coinfected with hepatitis D virus (HDV). To investigate the prevalence and transmission of HBV and HDV within the general population of a rural village in Cameroon, we analyzed serum samples from most (401/448) of the villagers. HBV
Hepatocellular carcinoma in children: hepatic resection and liver transplantation Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare malignancy in children and at the time of diagnosis up to 80% of pediatric HCC are unresectable due to large and multiple lesions. The majority of pediatric HCC occurs on a background of normal liver, and consequently the absence of concomitant chronic liver disease generally allows tolerating pre- and post-operative chemotherapy. Based on the large experiences of adult HCC (...) of the pediatric HCC therapeutic strategy is the radical tumor resection, weather by hepatic resection or liver transplantation, nevertheless the best surgical approaches as well as the optimal neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment are still under debate. Different strategies have been explored to convert unresectable HCC into resectable tumors by extending criteria for surgical treatment and/or associating multi-modal treatments, such as systemic and local-regional therapy, but universal recommendation needs
Suboptimal Level of Boneâ€Forming Cells in Advanced Cirrhosis are Associated with Hepatic Osteodystrophy Bone loss is common in advanced cirrhosis, although the precise mechanisms underlying bone loss in cirrhosis are unknown. We studied the profile and functionality of bone-forming cells and bone-building proteins in bone marrow (BM) of individuals with cirrhosis (n = 61) and individuals without cirrhosis as normal controls (n = 50). We also performed dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
Randomized clinical trial of stapler hepatectomy versus LigaSure transection in elective hepatic resection Previous studies have demonstrated stapler hepatectomy and use of various energy devices to be safe alternatives to the clamp-crushing technique in elective hepatic resection. In this randomized trial, the effectiveness and safety of stapler hepatectomy were compared with those of parenchymal transection with the LigaSure™ vessel sealing system.Patients scheduled for elective liver
Hepatitis C virus prevalence among patients with thalassemia and inherited bleeding disorders in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis Hepatitis C virus prevalence among patients with thalassemia and inherited bleeding disorders in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis - MedCrave online Due to current COVID19 situation and as a measure of abundant precaution, our Member Services centre are operating with minimum staff eISSN: 2469-2778 Hematology & Transfusion International Journal (...) Research Article Volume 6 Issue 4 Hepatitis C virus prevalence among patients with thalassemia and inherited bleeding disorders in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis Vahideh Takhviji, 1 Ebrahim Azizi, 2 Ali Kordian, 2 Abbas Khosravi, 2 Mostafa Paridar, 3 Mohammad Ali Jalalifar, 2 Omid Kiani Ghalehsardi, 4 Mohammad Abdollahi, 5 Mofid Hosseinzadeh, 6 Zahra Bakshandeh 5 Verify Captcha × Regret for the inconvenience: we are taking measures to prevent fraudulent form submissions by extractors
Preventing Hepatitis B Reactivation During Antiâ€CD20 Antibody Treatment in the Veterans Health Administration Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation may occur with high risk immunosuppression, such as anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)20 antibodies (Abs). Appropriate HBV prophylaxis during anti-CD20 Ab therapy averts hepatitis, chemotherapy disruption, and death. Serologic evidence of prior HBV exposure is present in one in nine veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). In 2014
Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Development of Liver Cirrhosis in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Development of Liver Cirrhosis in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients Toggle navigation Collaborations Publish Now Registrations Manuscript Guidelines Other Services Policies Policies ISSN: 2455-5363 Research Article Open Access Peer-Reviewed Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Development of Liver Cirrhosis in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients Gaofeng Cai 1 , Yongdi Chen 1* Li (...) August, 2018 | Published: 28 August, 2018 Keywords : Hepatitis B; Liver cirrhosis; Meta-analysis; Risk factor Cite this as Cai G, Chen Y, Li L, Zhou B, Chonggao Hu, et al. (2018) Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Development of Liver Cirrhosis in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients. Glob J Infect Dis Clin Res 4(2): 004-009. DOI: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) are main reasons for the development of liver cirrhosis (LC) on a worldwide scale. Chronic HBV
Serum Autotaxin Concentrations Reflect Changes in Liver Stiffness and Fibrosis After Antiviral Therapy in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C The purpose of this study was to determine whether serum autotaxin concentrations reflect liver stiffness in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) treated with direct-acting antiviral agents. Adult patients with chronic HCV were enrolled from January 2016 to August 2017. Autotaxin concentrations in these patients were compared with those
Abundance of Cytochromes in Hepatic Extracellular Vesicles Is Altered by Drugs Related With Drugâ€Induced Liver Injury Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a serious worldwide health problem that accounts for more than 50% of acute liver failure. There is a great interest in clinical diagnosis and pharmaceutical industry to elucidate underlying molecular mechanisms and find noninvasive biomarkers for this pathology. Cell-secreted extracellular vesicles (EVs) have provided a new biological
Discovery of the Novel Entecavirâ€Resistant Hepatitis B Virus Reverse Transcriptase A181C Substitution From an Integrated Genotypic Analysis Entecavir (ETV) is a first-line therapy for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV), demonstrating potent suppression of HBV DNA and a high barrier to viral resistance. Previous studies revealed that ETV-resistant (ETVr) HBV DNA resulted from substitutions in the HBV reverse transcriptase (RT) at positions rtT184, rtS202, or rtM250 in combination with lamivudine
Twelve-Month Outcomes After Transplant of Hepatitis C-Infected Kidneys Into Uninfected Recipients: A Single-Group Trial. Organs from hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected deceased donors are often discarded. Preliminary data from 2 small trials, including THINKER-1 (Transplanting Hepatitis C kidneys Into Negative KidnEy Recipients), suggested that HCV-infected kidneys could be safely transplanted into HCV-negative patients. However, intermediate-term data on quality of life and renal function (...) outcome was HCV cure. Exploratory outcomes included 1) RAND-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) quality-of-life scores at enrollment and after transplant, and 2) posttransplant renal function, which was compared in a 1:5 matched sample with recipients of HCV-negative kidneys.The mean age of THINKER participants was 56.3 years (SD, 6.7), 70% were male, and 40% were black. All 20 participants achieved HCV cure. Hepatic and renal complications were transient or were
â€˜Itâ€™s been a long haul, a big haul, but weâ€™ve made itâ€™: hepatitis C virus treatment in post-transplant patients with virus recurrence: An interpretative phenomenological analysis The lived experience of both interferon-based and new interferon-free treatments in patients with hepatitis C virus remains understudied. To explore their journey through hepatitis C virus treatment, we interviewed seven post-transplant patients with recurrent hepatitis C virus. Three themes were identified (...) using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Participants reported an ongoing sense of ontological uncertainty characterized by lack of control over their condition and treatment. Furthermore, an apposition of scepticism and hope accompanying each stage of hepatitis C virus treatment was described. A staged approach to psychological intervention tailored to the needs of the patient and their associated 'stage' of hepatitis C virus treatment was recommended.
Immune Alterations in Patients With Type 1 Autoimmune Hepatitis Persist Upon Standard Immunosuppressive Treatment Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare disease characterized by an immune attack of the liver. This study consists of a comprehensive analysis of immune alterations related to AIH at diagnosis, and during remission phase under treatment. A total of 37 major lymphocyte populations were analyzed from the peripheral blood of new-onset AIH patients (AIHn; n = 14), AIH patients (...) . A trend toward an increase of CD8+CD161+GrB+ cells was also observed. These alterations were not restored with standard immunosuppressive treatments. In the liver of AIHn patients, CD4, forkhead box P3 (Foxp3), and MAIT cell markers were enriched in the portal tract, and CD8, CD161, and GrB markers were enriched in the hepatic lobule. During remission, the hepatic lobule was clear of infiltrating T cells, but residual CD4 and MAIT cells were found in the portal tract, where Foxp3 was decreased
Liver Fibrosis Is Associated With Corrected QT Prolongation During Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir Treatment for Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Combination treatment of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) is first-line treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 in the United States, Europe, and Japan. However, the influence of LDV/SOF on the cardiovascular system is poorly characterized. A total of 470 chronic hepatitis C patients who started LDV/SOF treatment between September 2015
Hepatitis Top results for hepatitis - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4 (...) ) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for hepatitis The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted
Hepatic connexin 32 associates with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease severity Emerging data highlight the critical role for the innate immune system in the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Connexin 32 (Cx32), the primary liver gap junction protein, is capable of modulating hepatic innate immune responses and has been studied in dietary animal models of steatohepatitis. In this work, we sought to determine the association of hepatic Cx32 with the stages of human NAFLD (...) in a histologically characterized cohort of 362 patients with NAFLD. We also studied the hepatic expression of the genes and proteins known to interact with Cx32 (known as the connexome) in patients with NAFLD. Last, we used three independent dietary mouse models of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis to investigate the role of Cx32 in the development of steatohepatitis and fibrosis. In a univariate analysis, we found that Cx32 hepatic expression associates with each component of the NAFLD activity score and fibrosis
Spleen and Liver Volumetrics as Surrogate Markers of Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient in Patients With Noncirrhotic Portal Hypertension Noncirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) is a rare disease that may lead to serious clinical consequences. Currently, noninvasive tools for the assessment of NCPH are absent. We investigated the utility of spleen and liver volumetrics as a marker of the presence and severity of portal hypertension in this population. A cohort of NCPH patients evaluated between (...) 2003 and 2015 was retrospectively studied. The association of spleen and liver volumes with the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) level was evaluated using locally weighted scatterplot smoothing curves. A cohort of patients with viral hepatitis-related liver disease was used as controls. Of the 86 patients with NCPH evaluated during the study period, 75 (mean age, 35 ± 17; 73% males) were included in the final analysis. Patients with portal hypertension had significantly higher spleen
Transplanting Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Versus Uninfected Kidneys Into Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Recipients: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Direct-acting antiviral agents are now available to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).To examine whether it is more cost-effective to transplant HCV-infected or HCV-uninfected kidneys into HCV-infected patients.Markov state-transition decision model.MEDLINE searches and bibliographies from
Hepatitis C Evidence Maps - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading