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Latest & greatest articles for hepatitis
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Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Glucose Peak Time Is Most Predictive of Prediabetes and Hepatic Steatosis in Obese Girls Obese adolescent girls are at increased risk for type 2 diabetes, characterized by defects in insulin secretion and action. We sought to determine if later glucose peak timing (>30 minutes), 1-hour glucose >155 mg/dl, or monophasic pattern of glucose excursion during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) reflect a worse cardiometabolic risk profile. Post-pubertal overweight/obese (...) ). Girls with a late (N = 54) vs earlier peak (n = 34) timing had higher peak glucose (P < 0.001) and insulin (P = 0.023), HbA1c (P = 0.021); prevalence of hepatic steatosis (62% vs 26%; P = 0.003) and lower oral disposition index (P < 0.001) and glucagon-like peptide-1 response (P = 0.037). When classified by 1-hour glucose, group differences were similar to peak timing, but minimal when classified by glucose pattern. In the >155 mg/dL group only, peripheral insulin sensitivity and fasting free fatty
A Systematic Literature Review of Syphilitic Hepatitis in Adults Syphilitic hepatitis in adults is not frequently found in the population and is easily misdiagnosed. The incidence of viral hepatitis is increasing year by year, concomitantly increasing the importance of obtaining a systematic understanding of the clinical features and treatment strategies for this disease. There is, however, a lack of published definitive data regarding the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and standard (...) treatment options for this disease. Searches were made using the MEDLINE database of PubMed and OVID for syphilitic hepatitis publications from 1951 to 2017 in an attempt to analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics.
The Incidence and Predictive Factors in the Development of Acute Hepatitis in Patients with Leukemia Liver involvement is common in hematological malignancies, but the incidence and pattern of liver injury vary among the different types. The aims of our study were to determine the incidence and clinical course of acute hepatitis and the important factors for its development in patients with leukemia after chemotherapy.All patients with the diagnosis of leukemia who were treated (...) at the Department of Hematology between January 2008 and January 2013 were included in the study. A detailed medical history, clinical and laboratory findings, treatment modalities, complications, and clinical course were recorded retrospectively.A total of 124 patients (64 females) with the diagnosis of leukemia were included in the study. The mean age was 45.2 years (16-89 years) and mean follow-up time was 29.7 months (0.25-192 months). A total of 43 (34.6%) patients had acute hepatitis after chemotherapy
Epidemiology, Genotype Distribution, Prognosis, Control, and Management of Viral Hepatitis B, C, D, and Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Mongolia Mongolia is located between Russia and China. The total population of Mongolia as of December 2017 is estimated to be 3.2 million people. According to our previous study results, the prevalence of HBV was 11.8%, and anti-HDV was detected in 4.8% among the HBsAg-positive subjects. Interestingly, most HCV infection is caused by genotype 1b. Among all HBV DNA (...) -positive samples, 98.5% were classified into genotype D, and regarding HDV genotypes, all HDV RNA-positive samples, 100%, were classified into genotype I. The second study is the baseline survey of a Nationwide Cancer Cohort Study. Prevalence of HBsAg was 10.6%. Additionally, HCV infection was observed in 9.9%, and 0.8% were coinfected with HBV and HCV among the general population aged from 10 to 64 years. The third study investigated the population-based prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus
Hepatitis B Virus Infection among Health Care Workers in Indonesia Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global health problem with an estimated 257 million chronically infected people. Indonesia is a moderately hepatitis B-endemic country with 7.1% prevalence of hepatitis surface antigen (HBsAg). This infection is considered as an important occupational hazard among health care workers (HCWs), who may become further transmitters of this infection. The extent of hepatitis B among HCWs (...) with hepatitis B vaccination and provide continuing education at various health care setups. The establishment of a national policy and a roadmap for effective and efficient intervention is required for the prevention, diagnosis, postexposure management, and treatment of HBV infection in this special population. How to cite this article: Muljono DH, Wijayadi T, Sjahril R. Hepatitis B Virus Infection among Health Care Workers in Indonesia. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2018;8(1):88-92.
Cross-validation Studies of a Novel Low-cost Hepatitis B Virus Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction System This research focused on the results of the cross-validation program related with the performance of a Cuban novel low-cost real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay for hepatitis B virus (HBV) quantification developed by the Therapeutic Vaccine against Hepatitis B Department, Vaccines Division, Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), Havana (...) , Cuba.Dilution series with the plasmid standard at concentrations of 900,000 to 0.09 copies/reaction (c/r) were made for each PCR instrument. The mean cycles threshold (Ct) values and PCR efficiency were compared among the cyclers. Hepatitis B virus-positive serum samples were used for the calculation of reproducibility of the HBV assay. Biotecon Diagnostics (BCD) also ordered the oligo sequences from a second supplier and compared the PCR performance to those provided from the CIGB.All PCR cyclers were able
Nature of Host Immunity during Hepatitis B Virus Infection and designing Immune Therapy Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections represent one of the major public health problems in global context. More than 2 billion people in the world have been infected with this virus at some point of time in their life and millions are chronically infected, indicating that chronic HBV-infected subjects remain as a living source of HBV transmission. The public health impact of this is tremendous. Considerable (...) numbers of chronic HBV-infected individuals would eventually develop progressive liver diseases and their complications like hepatic failure, liver cirrhosis (LC), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Epidemiological studies have suggested that about 0.6 to 1.2 million people die annually from HBV-related liver diseases. These figures about death due to HBV and sufferings from HBV-related diseases indicate a notion of medical emergencies about HBV. In addition to these, the impact of HBV on health care
Epidemiology of Chronic Hepatitis B in Turkey Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health problem and it is also a major health concern of Turkey. The estimated number of HBV carriers in Turkey is about 3.3 million, with an overall HBV prevalence of 4.57%. Thus, both prevention and therapy of HBV-infected patients are urgent medical need of Turkey. A total of 1,533 among 37,637 patients who were examined at the Department of Gastroenterology, Ankara University School of Medicine (...) were found to be hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive (4%). Viral hepatitis treatment is fully reimbursed in Turkey through the national insurance system, which covers all residents across Turkey. How to cite this article: Özkan H. Epidemiology of Chronic Hepatitis B in Turkey. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2018;8(1):73-74.
Reviewing of Research Finding of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Lao Peopleâ€™s Democratic Republic The seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive blood donors was 8.7%. The prevalence among males (9.7%) was higher than among females (6.2%). The prevalence of antihepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive blood donors was 1.1%, with no significant differences between males (1.1%) and females (1.0%). Annual positive rates for HBsAg and anti-HCV donors during the years 2003 (...) to 2005 did not differ significantly. In Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), HBV is highly endemic. However, blood donations are only screened for HBsAg, leaving a risk of transmission by HBsAg-negative occult infected donors. Here, we characterized first-time blood donors to assess prevalence of HBV infections and occult infected donors. Despite hepatitis B vaccination at birth and at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age, HBV infection continues to be endemic in Lao PDR. We carried a cross-sectional
Defibrotide (Defitelio) - hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), also known as sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) Search Page - Drug and Health Product Register Language selection Search and menus Search Search website Search Topics menu You are here: Summary Basis of Decision - - Health Canada Expand all Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) for Contact: Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) documents provide information related to the original authorization of a product. The for is located below
Chronic Hepatitis B Infection: A Review. More than 240 million individuals worldwide are infected with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV). Among individuals with chronic HBV infection who are untreated, 15% to 40% progress to cirrhosis, which may lead to liver failure and liver cancer.Pegylated interferon and nucleos(t)ide analogues (lamivudine, adefovir, entecavir, tenofovir disoproxil, and tenofovir alafenamide) suppress HBV DNA replication and improve liver inflammation and fibrosis. Long-term (...) viral suppression is associated with regression of liver fibrosis and reduced risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in cohort studies. The cure (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen loss with undetectable HBV DNA) rates after treatment remain low (3%-7% with pegylated interferon and 1%-12% with nucleos[t]ide analogue therapy). Pegylated interferon therapy can be completed in 48 weeks and is not associated with the development of resistance; however, its use is limited by poor tolerability and adverse
Can we reliably predict response to corticosteroid treatment in severe alcoholic hepatitis? 29881814 2018 11 14 2471-254X 2 6 2018 Jun Hepatology communications Hepatol Commun Can we reliably predict response to corticosteroid treatment in severe alcoholic hepatitis? 625-627 10.1002/hep4.1191 Chokshi Shilpa S Chief Scientific Officer Institute of Hepatology Foundation for Liver Research London United Kingdom. eng Editorial 2018 04 27 United States Hepatol Commun 101695860 2471-254X 2018 03 29
Hepatic iron concentration correlates with insulin sensitivity in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Rodent and cell-culture models support a role for iron-related adipokine dysregulation and insulin resistance in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, substantial human data are lacking. We examined the relationship between measures of iron status, adipokines, and insulin resistance in patients with NAFLD in the presence and absence of venesection. This study forms (...) immunosorbent assay array. Hepatic iron concentration (HIC) was determined using MR FerriScan. Unexpectedly, analysis revealed a significant positive correlation between baseline serum adiponectin concentration and HIC, which strengthened after correction for age, sex, and body mass index (rho = 0.36; P = 0.007). In addition, there were significant inverse correlations between HIC and measures of insulin resistance (adipose tissue insulin resistance (Adipo-IR), serum insulin, serum glucose, homeostasis
Protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 3B gene variation protects against hepatic fat accumulation and fibrosis in individuals at high risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major cause of liver damage and has a strong genetic component. The rs4841132 G>A variant, modulating the expression of protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 3B (PPP1R3B), which is involved in glycogen synthesis, has been reported to reduce the risk of NAFLD (...) was not associated with nonalcoholic or nonviral diseases of the liver but was associated with lower cholesterol (P = 1.7 × 10-8). In individuals with obesity, the A allele protecting against steatosis was associated with increased PPP1R3B messenger RNA expression and activation of lipid oxidation and with down-regulation of pathways related to lipid metabolism, inflammation, and cell cycle. Conclusion: The rs4841132 A allele is associated with protection against hepatic steatosis and fibrosis in individuals
Forecasted impacts of a sofosbuvir-based national hepatitis C treatment programme on Egyptâ€™s hepatocellular cancer epidemic: simulation of alternatives Egypt is experiencing a hepatocellular cancer (HCC) epidemic due to widespread hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission. The use of sofosbuvir-related therapies producing improved treatment success has permitted an updated, nationwide, HCV treatment programme with expanded coverage. This study simulated the multidecade impacts of the new treatment (...) programme on hepatitis and HCC.A Markov model of HCV infection and treatment analysed the HCV-related HCC epidemic between 2009 and 2050, using parameters based on peer-reviewed studies and expert opinion. Comparing the 'new' and 'old' scenarios, and with the old treatment programme being replaced or not by the new programme in 2015, the annual number, prevalence and incidence of HCC were simulated for representative Egypt populations including HCV-infected patients aged 15-59 years in 2008, healthy
Metabolic risk factors are associated with nonâ€hepatitis B nonâ€hepatitis C hepatocellular carcinoma in Taiwan, an endemic area of chronic hepatitis B Metabolic risk factors, such as obesity, fatty liver, high lipidemia, and diabetes mellitus are associated with increased risk for nonviral hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, few nonviral HCC studies have stratified patients according to underlying etiologies. From 2005 to 2011, 3,843 patients with HCC were recruited into the Taiwan (...) Liver Cancer Network. Of these patients, 411 (10.69%) who were negative for hepatitis B virus (HBV), surface antigen, HBV DNA, and anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody were classified as non-HBV non-HCV (NBNC)-HCC. Detailed clinical analyses of these patients were compared with age- and sex-matched patients with HBV-HCC or HCV-HCC for the associated metabolic risk factors. For this comparison, 420 patients with HBV-HCC and 420 patients with HCV-HCC were selected from the 3,843 patients with HCC
Baseline urine metabolic phenotype in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis and its association with outcome Severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH) has a high mortality rate, and corticosteroid therapy is effective in 60% patients. This study aimed to investigate a baseline metabolic phenotype that could help stratify patients not likely to respond to steroid therapy and to have an unfavorable outcome. Baseline urine metabolome was studied in patients with SAH using ultra-high performance liquid
Liver Transplantation for Hepatitis B Virus-related Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Hong Kong Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer and the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Curative resection is frequently limited in Hong Kong by hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis, and liver transplantation is the treatment of choice. Liver transplantation has been shown to produce superior oncological benefits, when compared to hepatectomy for HCC. New (...) developments in the context of patient selection criteria, modification of organ allocation, bridging therapy, salvage liver transplantation and pharmaceutical breakthrough have improved the survival of HCC patients. In this article, we will share our experience in transplanting hepatitis B virus-related HCC patients in Hong Kong and discuss the recent progress in several areas of liver transplantation.