Latest & greatest articles for hypertension

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Top results for hypertension

161. Effect of Electronic Health Record-Based Medication Support and Nurse-Led Medication Therapy Management on Hypertension and Medication Self-management: A Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

visits; EHR-alone group), EHR-based tools plus nurse-led medication management support (EHR plus education group), or usual care.Outcomes at 12 months included systolic blood pressure (primary outcome), medication reconciliation, knowledge of drug indications, understanding of medication instructions and dosing, and self-reported medication adherence. Medication outcomes were assessed for all hypertension prescriptions, all prescriptions to treat chronic disease, and all medications.Among the 794 (...) participants (68.6% women; mean [SD] age, 52.7 [9.6] years), systolic blood pressure at 12 months was greater in the EHR-alone group compared with the usual care group by 3.6 mm Hg (95% CI, 0.3 to 6.9 mm Hg). Systolic blood pressure in the EHR plus education group was not significantly lower compared with the usual care group (difference, -2.0 mm Hg; 95% CI, -5.2 to 1.3 mm Hg) but was lower compared with the EHR-alone group (-5.6 mm Hg; 95% CI, -8.8 to -2.4 mm Hg). At 12 months, hypertension medication

2018 EvidenceUpdates

162. “A stepwise composite echocardiographic score predicts severe pulmonary hypertension in patients with interstitial lung disease” Simon Bax, Charlene Bredy, Aleksander Kempny, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Anand Devaraj, Simon Walsh, Joseph Jacob, Arjun Nai Full Text available with Trip Pro

“A stepwise composite echocardiographic score predicts severe pulmonary hypertension in patients with interstitial lung disease” Simon Bax, Charlene Bredy, Aleksander Kempny, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Anand Devaraj, Simon Walsh, Joseph Jacob, Arjun Nai [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1183/23120541.00124-2017.].

2018 ERJ open research

163. Review on the prevalence, risk factors and disease Management of Hypertension among floating population in China during 1990–2016 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Review on the prevalence, risk factors and disease Management of Hypertension among floating population in China during 1990–2016 To have a basic and comprehensive understanding about the prevalence, risk factors and disease management situation of hypertension among floating population in China.We used "(hypertension or hypertensive or chronic disease) and (floating population or migrant worker)" as the key words, to search in the China academic literature database (CNKI), Wan Fang database (...) , PubMed and Web of Science for relevant literature and extracted the data about the prevalence of hypertension, relevant risk factors and disease management of floating population in China from 1990 to 2016.The 23 related studies that entered into final analysis were all articles in Chinese. The prevalence of hypertension in floating population is lower than that in both general population and local residents. The prevalence of hypertension in male floating population is higher than that in females

2018 Global health research and policy

164. Urinary Plasmin(ogen): New Predictor of Hypertension? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Urinary Plasmin(ogen): New Predictor of Hypertension? 30450446 2018 12 07 2468-0249 3 6 2018 Nov Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep Urinary Plasmin(ogen): New Predictor of Hypertension? 1242-1244 10.1016/j.ekir.2018.07.012 Kohan Donald E DE Division of Nephrology, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. eng Editorial 2018 07 21 United States Kidney Int Rep 101684752 2468-0249 2018 11 20 6 0 2018 11 20 6 0 2018 11 20 6 1 epublish 30450446 10.1016/j.ekir

2018 Kidney international reports

165. Pulmonary hypertension in chronic heart failure: definitions, advances, and unanswered issues Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pulmonary hypertension in chronic heart failure: definitions, advances, and unanswered issues Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common and severe complication of heart failure (HF). Consequently, HF is the leading cause of PH. For many years, specialists have attempted to better understand the pathophysiology of PH in HF, to define its prevalence and its impact on prognosis in order to improve the therapeutic management of these patients. Nowadays, despite the recent guidelines published (...) on the subject, several points remain unclear or debated, and until now, no study has demonstrated the efficacy of any treatment. The aim of this review is to report the evolution of the concepts on post-capillary PH (diagnosis, prevalence, prognosis, and therapeutics). The main issues are raised, focusing especially on the link between structural alterations and haemodynamic abnormalities, to discuss the possible reasons for treatment failures and future potential targets.© 2018 The Authors. ESC Heart

2018 ESC heart failure

166. Spleen and Liver Volumetrics as Surrogate Markers of Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient in Patients With Noncirrhotic Portal Hypertension Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spleen and Liver Volumetrics as Surrogate Markers of Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient in Patients With Noncirrhotic Portal Hypertension Noncirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) is a rare disease that may lead to serious clinical consequences. Currently, noninvasive tools for the assessment of NCPH are absent. We investigated the utility of spleen and liver volumetrics as a marker of the presence and severity of portal hypertension in this population. A cohort of NCPH patients evaluated between (...) 2003 and 2015 was retrospectively studied. The association of spleen and liver volumes with the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) level was evaluated using locally weighted scatterplot smoothing curves. A cohort of patients with viral hepatitis-related liver disease was used as controls. Of the 86 patients with NCPH evaluated during the study period, 75 (mean age, 35 ± 17; 73% males) were included in the final analysis. Patients with portal hypertension had significantly higher spleen

2018 Hepatology communications

167. Gut-Liver Axis Links Portal Hypertension to Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gut-Liver Axis Links Portal Hypertension to Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is considered a distinct syndrome in patients with liver disease, with systemic inflammation playing a central role. Portal hypertension (PHT) is also aggravated by inflammation and may subsequently impact the course of ACLF. PHT is more than just an increase in portal pressure in the portal venous system; it aggravates the course of liver disease and, thus, also facilitates

2018 Visceral medicine

168. Impact of 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines on prevalence of hypertension and eligibility for antihypertensive treatment in United States and China: nationally representative cross sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines on prevalence of hypertension and eligibility for antihypertensive treatment in United States and China: nationally representative cross sectional study. To examine the effect of the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) hypertension guidelines on the prevalence of hypertension and eligibility for initiation and intensification of treatment in nationally representative populations from the United States (...) and China.Observational assessment of nationally representative data.US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for the most recent two cycles (2013-14, 2015-16) and China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) (2011-12).All 45-75 year old adults who would have a diagnosis of hypertension and be candidates for treatment on the basis of the ACC/AHA guidelines, compared with current guidelines.Diagnosis of hypertension and candidacy for initiation and intensification of antihypertensive

2018 BMJ

169. Case of Proteinuria, Worsening Hypertension, and Glomerular Endotheliosis With Erlotinib and Gefitinib Full Text available with Trip Pro

Case of Proteinuria, Worsening Hypertension, and Glomerular Endotheliosis With Erlotinib and Gefitinib 30450475 2019 02 26 2468-0249 3 6 2018 Nov Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep Case of Proteinuria, Worsening Hypertension, and Glomerular Endotheliosis With Erlotinib and Gefitinib. 1477-1481 10.1016/j.ekir.2018.07.005 Latcha Sheron S Renal Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA. Division of Pathology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York (...) Med. 2011 Oct 11;17(10):1188-9 21988993 N Engl J Med. 2009 Sep 3;361(10):947-57 19692680 J Clin Invest. 1989 Dec;84(6):1757-61 2592559 Exp Cell Res. 2009 Feb 15;315(4):602-10 18761338 Hypertension. 2008 Dec;52(6):987-93 18981331 Lancet Oncol. 2010 Jun;11(6):521-9 20493771 Cancer. 2015 Jan 15;121(2):311-9 25236375

2018 Kidney international reports

170. Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy and Maternal Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor Development: An Observational Cohort Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy and Maternal Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor Development: An Observational Cohort Study. Women with a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are nearly twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease (CVD) as those who are normotensive during pregnancy. However, the emergence of CVD risk factors after HDP is less well-understood.To identify associations between HDP and maternal CVD risk factors and chart the trajectory of risk factor (...) ). Although these women were more likely to develop CVD risk factors throughout follow-up, the relative risk for chronic hypertension was strongest within 5 years after their first birth. Recurrence of HDP further elevated risks for all end points.Participants self-reported HDP.Women with HDP in their first pregnancy had increased rates of chronic hypertension, T2DM, and hypercholesterolemia that persisted for several decades. These women may benefit from lifestyle intervention and early screening

2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

171. CA-125 Significance in Cirrhosis and Correlation with Disease Severity and Portal Hypertension: A Retrospective Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

CA-125 Significance in Cirrhosis and Correlation with Disease Severity and Portal Hypertension: A Retrospective Study Background and Aims: To evaluate the prevalence and significance of elevated cancer antigen-125 (CA-125) levels in patients with cirrhosis being treated in a tertiary care liver center and its correlation with objective markers of disease severity. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 172 adult patients with cirrhosis (due to any etiology) after obtaining CA (...) ). Regression analysis confirmed that CA-125 levels had a better correlation with degree of ascites than MELD score or ALBI score. Conclusions: Elevated CA-125 levels were noted in 85% of patients with cirrhosis at our center. Our study establishes that the more advanced the degree of decompensation based on MELD score, Child's Turcotte-Pugh classification and ALBI score, the higher the elevation in CA-125. Absence of ascites was associated with normal CA-125 level, with a direct correlation between high

2018 Journal of clinical and translational hepatology

172. Usefulness of a Simple Algorithm to Identify Hypertensive Patients Who Benefit from Intensive Blood Pressure Lowering (Abstract)

Usefulness of a Simple Algorithm to Identify Hypertensive Patients Who Benefit from Intensive Blood Pressure Lowering Large randomized trials have provided inconsistent evidence regarding the benefit of intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering in hypertensive patients. Identifying which patients derive a higher net benefit is essential in informing clinical decision-making. We used patient-level data from 2 trials that tested intensive versus standard BP lowering, Systolic Blood Pressure (...) subset (n = 8,357) and externally in ACCORD (n = 2,258). Recursive partitioning produced a 3-variable decision tree model consisting of age ≥74 years, urinary albumin-creatinine ratio ≥34, and history of clinical CVD. It classified 48.6% of SPRINT and 55.3% of ACCORD patients as "high-risk." Compared with standard treatment, intensive BP lowering was associated with lower rates of major adverse cardiovascular event in this high-risk population in both SPRINT cross-validation data (hazard ratio [HR

2018 EvidenceUpdates

173. Effect of ibuprofen vs acetaminophen on postpartum hypertension in preeclampsia with severe features: a double-masked, randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

, or opioid use for inadequate pain control. In a subgroup analysis of patients who experienced severe-range hypertension, the mean time to blood pressure control in the acetaminophen group was 68.4 hours and ibuprofen group was 56.7 hours (P = .26). At 6 weeks postpartum, there were no differences between groups in the rates of obstetric triage visits, hospital readmissions, continued opioid use, or continued antihypertensive use.The first-line use of ibuprofen rather than acetaminophen for postpartum (...) Effect of ibuprofen vs acetaminophen on postpartum hypertension in preeclampsia with severe features: a double-masked, randomized controlled trial Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug use has been shown to increase blood pressure in nonpregnant adults. Because of this, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists suggests avoiding their use in women with postpartum hypertension; however, evidence to support this recommendation is lacking.Our goal was to test the hypothesis

2018 EvidenceUpdates

174. Hypertension

Hypertension Evidence Maps - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4

2018 Trip Evidence Maps

175. Urinary Plasmin(ogen) as a Prognostic Factor for Hypertension Full Text available with Trip Pro

Urinary Plasmin(ogen) as a Prognostic Factor for Hypertension Plasmin and its precursor, plasminogen, are detectable in urine from patients with glomerular disease. Urinary plasmin(ogen) levels correlate with blood pressure (BP) and may contribute to renal Na+ retention by activating the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). In a longitudinal nested-cohort study, we asked whether urinary plasmin(ogen) levels predict subsequent increase in BP, incident hypertension, or mortality in subjects with type I (...) diabetes, who often develop proteinuria.The Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications (EDC) study followed up type I diabetic subjects for 25 years. Urine specimens from 70 subjects with a spectrum of baseline urinary albumin levels were examined. Outcomes included increased BP after 2 years (≥1 SD over baseline systolic or diastolic BP, examined via logistic regression), 25-year incident hypertension (≥140/90 mm Hg or initiating BP-lowering medications), and all-cause or cardiovascular

2018 Kidney international reports

176. Prospective external validation of the Predicting Out-of-OFfice Blood Pressure (PROOF-BP) strategy for triaging ambulatory monitoring in the diagnosis and management of hypertension: observational cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prospective external validation of the Predicting Out-of-OFfice Blood Pressure (PROOF-BP) strategy for triaging ambulatory monitoring in the diagnosis and management of hypertension: observational cohort study. To prospectively validate the Predicting Out-of-OFfice Blood Pressure (PROOF-BP) algorithm to triage patients with suspected high blood pressure for ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in routine clinical practice.Prospective observational cohort study.10 primary care practices (...) and one hospital in the UK.887 consecutive patients aged 18 years or more referred for ABPM in routine clinical practice. All underwent ABPM and had the PROOF-BP applied.The main outcome was the proportion of participants whose hypertensive status was correctly classified using the triaging strategy compared with the reference standard of daytime ABPM. Secondary outcomes were the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) for detecting hypertension.The

2018 BMJ

177. Vitamin D and risk of pregnancy related hypertensive disorders: mendelian randomisation study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Vitamin D and risk of pregnancy related hypertensive disorders: mendelian randomisation study. To use mendelian randomisation to investigate whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration has a causal effect on gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia.One and two sample mendelian randomisation analyses.Two European pregnancy cohorts (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, and Generation R Study), and two case-control studies (subgroup nested within the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort (...) Study, and the UK Genetics of Pre-eclampsia Study).7389 women in a one sample mendelian randomisation analysis (751 with gestational hypertension and 135 with pre-eclampsia), and 3388 pre-eclampsia cases and 6059 controls in a two sample mendelian randomisation analysis.Single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes associated with vitamin D synthesis (rs10741657 and rs12785878) and metabolism (rs6013897 and rs2282679) were used as instrumental variables.Gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia defined

2018 BMJ

178. Transient myopic shift due to ciliary body detachment as the sole ocular manifestation of hypertensive emergency – A case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and there were no retinal changes on dilated fundus examination. Enhanced-depth optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) showed bilateral increased choroidal thickness and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) showed 360° ciliary body detachment with angle closure. With improved blood pressure control, her ciliary body detachment resolved and her refractive error returned to baseline.& Importance: Hypertensive emergency may present with choroidal thickening with anterior ciliary body rotation and detachment. A review (...) year-old female with a blood pressure of 192/114 mmHg presented to the emergency department with headache and acute onset blurry vision. Computed Tomography (CT) of the head, and lumbar puncture were within normal limits. Visual acuity was counting fingers in the right eye and 6/90 in the left eye, both of which improved to 6/9 with -5.00 diopters spherical correction in the right eye, and -4.75 diopters correction in the left eye. Intraocular pressures were normal. Anterior chambers were shallow

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

179. Increased right atrial volume measured with cardiac magnetic resonance is associated with worse clinical outcome in patients with pre‐capillary pulmonary hypertension Full Text available with Trip Pro

Increased right atrial volume measured with cardiac magnetic resonance is associated with worse clinical outcome in patients with pre‐capillary pulmonary hypertension Pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PHpre-cap ) has a poor prognosis, especially when caused by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc-PAH). Whether cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-based quantification of atrial volumes in PHpre-cap is beneficial in risk assessment is unknown. The aims (...) ). RAVmax and RAVmin showed no differences among unmatched or matched groups (P = ns). When matched for PVR, LAVmax , LAVmin , and pulmonary artery wedge pressure were reduced in SSc-PAH compared with IPAH/FPAH (95% CI 0.3-21.4, 95% CI 0.8-19.6, and 95% CI 2-7, respectively).Patients with PHpre-cap and increased right atrial volume measured with CMR had worse clinical outcome. When matched for PVR, left atrial volume was lower in SSc-PAH than in IPAH/FPAH, consistent with left-sided underfilling

2018 ESC heart failure

180. Pulmonary Artery Size in Interstitial Lung Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension: Association with Interstitial Lung Disease Severity and Diagnostic Utility Full Text available with Trip Pro

pressure (mPAP) and PA diameter in ILD (r = 0.608, p < 0.001), and non-ILD cohort (r = 0.426, p < 0.001). PA size was independently associated with mPAP (p < 0.001) and BSA (p = 0.001), but not with forced vital capacity % predicted (p = 0.597), Transfer factor of the lungs for carbon monoxide (TLCO) % predicted (p = 0.321) or the presence of ILD on CT (p = 0.905). The severity of ILD was not associated with pulmonary artery dilatation (r = 0.071, p = 0.459).Pulmonary arterial pressure elevation leads (...) Pulmonary Artery Size in Interstitial Lung Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension: Association with Interstitial Lung Disease Severity and Diagnostic Utility It is postulated that ILD causes PA dilatation independent of the presence of pulmonary hypertension (PH), so the use of PA size to screen for PH is not recommended. The aims of this study were to investigate the association of PA size with the presence and severity of ILD and to assess the diagnostic accuracy of PA size for detecting

2018 Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine