Latest & greatest articles for low back pain

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Top results for low back pain

441. Massage for low back pain. (Abstract)

Massage for low back pain. Low back pain is one of the most common and costly musculoskeletal problems in modern societies. Proponents of massage therapy claim it can minimize pain and disability, and speed return to normal function.To assess the effects of massage therapy for non-specific low back pain.We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Healthstar, CINAHL and Dissertation abstracts from 1966 to 1999 with no language restrictions. References in the included (...) for non-specific low back pain. There is a need for high quality controlled trials to further evaluate the effects of massage for this condition.

2000 Cochrane

442. Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for subacute low back pain among working age adults. (Abstract)

Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for subacute low back pain among working age adults. Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation programs are widely applied for chronic low back pain patients. The biopsychosocial approach for low back pain could also be considered to prevent chronicity by carrying out the rehabilitation if the acute pain is prolonged. Nevertheless multidisciplinary treatment programmes are often laborious and long processes and require good collaboration (...) between the patient, the rehabilitation team and the work place. By workplace visits and close relationship with occupational health care one might expect results in terms of patients working ability.The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation for subacute low back pain among working age adults.The reviewed studies for this structured Cochrane review were identified from electronic bibliographic databases, the Science Citation Index

2000 Cochrane

443. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for chronic low back pain. (Abstract)

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for chronic low back pain. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), originally based on the gate-control theory of pain, is widely used for the treatment of chronic low back pain. Despite its wide use and theoretical rationale, there appears at first glance little scientific evidence to support its use. This Cochrane review examines the available evidence on TENS (...) for the treatment of chronic back pain through an exhaustive search of the literature.Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (ALTENS) for chronic low back pain management have experienced a tremendous growth over the past 25 years. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of TENS and ALTENS for reducing pain and improving function in patients with chronic back pain.We searched MEDLINE up to November 1997, EMBASE from 1985

2000 Cochrane

444. Bed rest for acute low back pain and sciatica. (Abstract)

Bed rest for acute low back pain and sciatica. Low back pain is a common reason for consulting a general practitioner, and advice on daily activities constitutes an important part in the primary care management of low back pain.To assess the effects of bed rest for patients with acute low back pain or sciatica.We searched the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group trial register, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, Embase, Sport, Scisearch, and reference lists of relevant articles. We also (...) contacted authors of relevant articles. Date of the most recent searches: December 1998.We included all randomised studies or quasi randomised studies where at least one comparison group of adult patients with acute low back pain with or without radiation of pain below the knee was advised to rest in bed for at least two days and one group was not, or where comparison groups were advised to stay in bed for different lengths of time. The main outcomes of interest were pain, functional status, recovery

2000 Cochrane

445. Acupuncture for low back pain. (Abstract)

Acupuncture for low back pain. Although low back pain is usually a self-limiting and benign disease that tends to improve spontaneously over time, a large variety of therapeutic interventions are available for the treatment of low back pain.The objective of this review was to assess the effects of acupuncture for the treatment of non-specific low back pain.We searched the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field trials register, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (1997, issue 1), Medline (...) (1966 - 1996), Embase (1988 - 1996), Science Citation Index and reference lists of articles.Randomised trials of all types of acupuncture treatment that involves needling for subjects with non-specific low back pain.Two reviewers blinded with respect to authors, institution and journal independently assessed trial quality and extracted data.Eleven trials were included. The methodological quality was low. Only two trials were of high quality. Three trials compared acupuncture to no treatment, which

2000 Cochrane

446. Injection therapy for subacute and chronic benign low back pain. (Abstract)

Injection therapy for subacute and chronic benign low back pain. Injection with anaesthetics and/or steroids is one of the treatment modalities used in patients with chronic low back pain which needs evaluation with respect to the effectiveness on short and long term pain relief.To evaluate the effectiveness of injection therapy in patients with low back pain lasting longer than one month. We distinguished between three injection sites: facet joint, epidural or local injections.We searched (...) the Medline and Embase databases up to 1996 and other search methods as advocated by the Back Review Group search strategy. Abstracts and unpublished studies were not included.Randomized controlled trials of injection therapy for pain relief (although additional treatments were allowed) in patients with benign low back pain lasting longer than one month and not originating from cancer.Two reviewers independently assessed the trials for methodological quality. Subgroup analyses were made between trials

2000 Cochrane

447. Behavioural treatment for chronic low back pain. (Abstract)

Behavioural treatment for chronic low back pain. The treatment of chronic low back pain is not primarily focused on removing an underlying organic pathology, but at the reduction of disability through the modification of environmental contingencies and cognitive processes. Behavioural interventions are commonly used in the treatment of chronic (disabling) low back pain.The objective of this systematic review was to determine if behavioural therapy is more effective than reference treatments (...) for chronic non-specific low back pain, and which type of behavioural treatment is most effective.We searched the Medline, PsycLit databases, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register up to April 1999, Embase up to September 1999. We also screened references of identified randomised trials and relevant systematic reviews.Only randomised trials on any type of behavioural treatment for non-specific chronic low back pain were included.Methodological quality assessment and data extraction was done by two

2000 Cochrane

448. Back schools for non-specific low back pain. (Abstract)

Back schools for non-specific low back pain. Since the introduction of the Swedish back school in 1980, the content of back schools has changed and appears to vary widely today. Back schools are frequently used in the treatment of low back pain patients.The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effects of back schools for patients with non-specific low back pain.We searched the Medline and Embase databases up to December 1997 and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register up (...) to December 1998 if reported in English, Dutch, French or German. We also screened references given in relevant reviews and identified randomised trials.Only randomised trials that reported on any type of back school for non-specific low back pain were included.Two reviewers blinded with respect to authors, institution and journal independently extracted the data and assessed trial quality. Our preset "high quality" level was 6 or more out of 11 internal validity criteria with positive scores. As data

2000 Cochrane

449. Acute and chronic low back pain

Acute and chronic low back pain Acute and chronic low back pain Acute and chronic low back pain NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Acute and chronic low back pain. University of York. Effective Health Care 6(5). 2000 Authors' objectives (...) This bulletin aims to summarise the available evidence on the treatment of acute and chronic low back pain. Authors' conclusions Low back pain is very common in developed countries, especially in adults of working age. For acute low back pain, advice to continue ordinary activity can give equivalent or faster symptomatic recovery from the acute attack and lead to less chronic disability and less time off work. Bed rest should not be recommended as a treatment for acute low back pain. Non-steroidal anti

2000 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

450. Acupuncture for chronic osteoarthritis pain, headache and low back pain

Acupuncture for chronic osteoarthritis pain, headache and low back pain Acupuncture for chronic osteoarthritis pain, headache and low back pain Acupuncture for chronic osteoarthritis pain, headache and low back pain Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement. Acupuncture (...) for chronic osteoarthritis pain, headache and low back pain. Bloomington MN: Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) 2000 Authors' objectives This review aims to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture for chronic osteoarthritis pain, headache and low back pain. Authors' conclusions Based on a review of evidence available to date, the ICSI Technology Assessment Committee finds the following: The quality of the literature continues to be a concern. As noted in the original report

2000 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

451. Routine referral for radiography of patients presenting with low back pain: is patients' outcome influenced by GPs' referral for plain radiography?

Routine referral for radiography of patients presenting with low back pain: is patients' outcome influenced by GPs' referral for plain radiography? Routine referral for radiography of patients presenting with low back pain: is patients' outcome influenced by GPs' referral for plain radiography? Routine referral for radiography of patients presenting with low back pain: is patients' outcome influenced by GPs' referral for plain radiography? Kerry S, Hilton S, Patel S, Dundas D, Rink E, Lord J (...) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Kerry S, Hilton S, Patel S, Dundas D, Rink E, Lord J. Routine referral for radiography of patients presenting with low back pain: is patients' outcome influenced by GPs' referral for plain radiography? Health Technology Assessment 2000; 4(20): 1-119 Authors' objectives A study in general practice

2000 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

452. Bipolar permanent magnets for the treatment of chronic low back pain: a pilot study. (Abstract)

Bipolar permanent magnets for the treatment of chronic low back pain: a pilot study. Chronic low back pain is one of the most prevalent and costly medical conditions in the United States. Permanent magnets have become a popular treatment for various musculoskeletal conditions, including low back pain, despite little scientific support for therapeutic benefit.To compare the effectiveness of 1 type of therapeutic magnet, a bipolar permanent magnet, with a matching placebo device for patients (...) with chronic low back pain.Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover pilot study conducted from February 1998 to May 1999.An ambulatory care physical medicine and rehabilitation clinic at a Veterans Affairs hospital.Nineteen men and 1 woman with stable low back pain of a mean of 19 years' duration, with no past use of magnet therapy for low back pain. Twenty patients were determined to provide 80% power in the study at P<.05 to detect a difference of 2 points (the difference believed

2000 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

453. Application of surface electromyography in the assessment of low back pain: a literature review

Application of surface electromyography in the assessment of low back pain: a literature review Application of surface electromyography in the assessment of low back pain: a literature review Application of surface electromyography in the assessment of low back pain: a literature review Mohseni-Bandpei M A, Watson M J, Richardson B Authors' objectives To assess the clinical application of surface electromyography (SEMG) in the assessment of people with chronic lower-back pain (LBP). Searching (...) patients and the identification of individuals at risk of developing LBP. Funding Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and Medical Education; Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Bibliographic details Mohseni-Bandpei M A, Watson M J, Richardson B. Application of surface electromyography in the assessment of low back pain: a literature review. Physical Therapy Reviews 2000; 5(2): 93-105 Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Adult; Chronic Disease; Electromyography /methods

2000 DARE.

454. A systematic review of workplace interventions to prevent low back pain

A systematic review of workplace interventions to prevent low back pain A systematic review of workplace interventions to prevent low back pain A systematic review of workplace interventions to prevent low back pain Maher C G Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of workplace interventions for the prevention of lower-back pain (LBP). Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro, PsycLIT, and occupational safety and health databases (via OSHROM) were searched from database inception (...) conclusions appeared to follow from the results. Implications of the review for practice and research Practice: The author did not state any implications for practice. Research: The author states that more research is required to evaluate the effects of interventions used to prevent LBP in workers. Bibliographic details Maher C G. A systematic review of workplace interventions to prevent low back pain. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 2000; 46(4): 259-269 PubMedID Other publications of related interest

2000 DARE.

455. Routine referral for radiography of patients presenting with low back pain: is patient's outcome influenced by GPs' referral for plain radiography Full Text available with Trip Pro

Routine referral for radiography of patients presenting with low back pain: is patient's outcome influenced by GPs' referral for plain radiography Routine referral for radiography of patients presenting with low back pain: is patients' outcome influenced by GPs' referral for plain radiography? Journals Library An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you

2000 NIHR HTA programme

456. A comparison of osteopathic spinal manipulation with standard care for patients with low back pain. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A comparison of osteopathic spinal manipulation with standard care for patients with low back pain. The effect of osteopathic manual therapy (i.e., spinal manipulation) in patients with chronic and subchronic back pain is largely unknown, and its use in such patients is controversial. Nevertheless, manual therapy is a frequently used method of treatment in this group of patients.We performed a randomized, controlled trial that involved patients who had had back pain for at least three weeks (...) groups were satisfied with their care.Osteopathic manual care and standard medical care had similar clinical results in patients with subacute low back pain. However, the use of medication was greater with standard care.

1999 NEJM Controlled trial quality: uncertain

457. Randomised controlled trial of exercise for low back pain: clinical outcomes, costs, and preferences. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomised controlled trial of exercise for low back pain: clinical outcomes, costs, and preferences. To evaluate effectiveness of an exercise programme in a community setting for patients with low back pain to encourage a return to normal activities.Randomised controlled trial of progressive exercise programme compared with usual primary care management. Patients' preferences for type of management were elicited independently of randomisation.187 patients aged 18-60 years with mechanical low (...) back pain of 4 weeks to 6 months' duration.Exercise classes led by a physiotherapist that included strengthening exercises for all main muscle groups, stretching exercises, relaxation session, and brief education on back care. A cognitive-behavioural approach was used.Assessments of debilitating effects of back pain before and after intervention and at 6 months and 1 year later. Measures included Roland disability questionnaire, Aberdeen back pain scale, pain diaries, and use of healthcare

1999 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

458. Evidence-based physiotherapy for patients with low-back pain

Evidence-based physiotherapy for patients with low-back pain Evidence-based physiotherapy for patients with low-back pain Evidence-based physiotherapy for patients with low-back pain Harms-Ringdahl K, Holmstrom E, Jonsson T, Lindstrom I Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Harms-Ringdahl K, Holmstrom E, Jonsson T, Lindstrom I (...) . Evidence-based physiotherapy for patients with low-back pain. Stockholm: Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU) 1999: 101 Authors' objectives The report presents a systematic literature review of the scientific basis for treating low-back problems by physiotherapy. Authors' conclusions This review supports the following conclusions and recommendations for interventions in patients who self-refer or are referred to a physiotherapist for low-back problems. Patients with acute

1999 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

459. Low-back pain: frequency, management and prevention from an HTA perspective (funded by DIHTA)

Low-back pain: frequency, management and prevention from an HTA perspective (funded by DIHTA) Low-back pain: frequency, management and prevention from an HTA perspective (funded by DIHTA) Low-back pain: frequency, management and prevention from an HTA perspective (funded by DIHTA) Danish Centre for Evaluation and Health Technology Assessment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Danish Centre for Evaluation and Health Technology Assessment. Low-back pain: frequency, management and prevention from an HTA perspective (funded by DIHTA) Copenhagen: Danish Centre for Evaluation and Health Technology Assessment (DACEHTA). 1(1). 1999 Authors' objectives The purpose of this health technology assessment is to adjust international technology assessments already published on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of back pain

1999 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

460. Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for low back pain: a randomized crossover study. (Abstract)

Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for low back pain: a randomized crossover study. Low back pain (LBP) contributes to considerable disability and lost wages in the United States. Commonly used opioid and nonopioid analgesic drugs produce adverse effects and are of limited long-term benefit in the management of this patient population.To compare the effectiveness of a novel nonpharmacologic pain therapy, percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS), with transcutaneous electrical (...) nerve stimulation (TENS) and flexion-extension exercise therapies in patients with long-term LBP.A randomized, single-blinded, sham-controlled, crossover study from March 1997 to December 1997.An ambulatory pain management center at a university medical center.Twenty-nine men and 31 women with LBP secondary to degenerative disk disease.Four therapeutic modalities (sham-PENS, PENS, TENS, and exercise therapies) were each administered for a period of 30 minutes 3 times a week for 3 weeks.Pretreatment

1999 JAMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain