Latest & greatest articles for low back pain

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Top results for low back pain

461. Percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency thermocoagulation for chronic discogenic low back pain

Percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency thermocoagulation for chronic discogenic low back pain Percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency thermocoagulation for chronic discogenic low back pain Percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency thermocoagulation for chronic discogenic low back pain BlueCross BlueShield Association Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database (...) . The BlueCross BlueShield Association Technology Evaluation Center website ( ) includes the most recent 3 years of TEC Assessments. To request older reports, please use the “contact us” feature on the website. Citation BlueCross BlueShield Association. Percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency thermocoagulation for chronic discogenic low back pain. Chicago: BlueCross BlueShield Association (BCBS). TEC Assessment 18(19). 2004 Authors' objectives This Assessment will review the available evidence to determine

2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

462. Does early magnetic resonance imaging influence management or improve outcome in patients referred to secondary care with low back pain? A pragmatic randomised controlled trial

Does early magnetic resonance imaging influence management or improve outcome in patients referred to secondary care with low back pain? A pragmatic randomised controlled trial Does early magnetic resonance imaging influence management or improve outcome in patients referred to secondary care with low back pain? A pragmatic randomised controlled trial Does early magnetic resonance imaging influence management or improve outcome in patients referred to secondary care with low back pain (...) to secondary care with low back pain? A pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Health Technology Assessment 2004; 8(17): 1-144 Authors' objectives To establish whether the early use of sophisticated imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) influences the clinical management and outcome of patients with low back pain (LBP) and whether it is cost-effective. Authors' conclusions The early use of sophisticated imaging does not appear to affect management overall

2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

463. Harpgophytum procumbens for osteoarthritis and low back pain: a systematic review

Harpgophytum procumbens for osteoarthritis and low back pain: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2004 DARE.

464. Low back pain prevention's effects in schoolchildren: what is the evidence? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Low back pain prevention's effects in schoolchildren: what is the evidence? Low back pain prevention's effects in schoolchildren: what is the evidence? Low back pain prevention's effects in schoolchildren: what is the evidence? Cardon G, Balague F CRD summary This review concluded that, though the majority of the results of intervention studies were promising, there was no evidence that educational intervention programmes can prevent lower back pain in schoolchildren. Despite the potential (...) databases and expert knowledge. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review The authors did not state any inclusion criteria relating to the study designs. Where reported, included studies were of pre-test post-test or quasi-experimental design. Specific interventions included in the review Studies evaluating interventions for low-back pain (LBP) prevention were eligible for inclusion. The specific interventions included a 'Swedish back school' delivered by trained primary-school

2004 DARE.

465. Low back pain in rural Tibet. (Abstract)

Low back pain in rural Tibet. In a baseline assessment of 30 rural villages surrounding Shigatse City, Tibet, many people, especially women, identified low back pain as a serious health problem. Consequently, we aimed to establish the prevalence of such pain and to develop appropriate interventions. We did a cross-sectional study of the prevalence of low back pain and related functional disability using two-stage random cluster sampling. We included 499 adults aged at least 15 years from 19 (...) villages. The point prevalence of low back pain was 34.1% (95% CI 27.9-40.3% [170 people]); the 12-month prevalence was 41.9% (35.5-48.3% [209 people]). 100 (20%) villagers had substantial functional disability associated with low back pain. Low back pain is likely to be an important and under recognised problem in rural societies like Tibet.

2003 Lancet

466. Muscle relaxants for non-specific low back pain. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Muscle relaxants for non-specific low back pain. The use of muscle relaxants in the management of non-specific low back pain is controversial. It is not clear if they are effective, and concerns have been raised about the potential adverse effects involved.The aim of this review was to determine if muscle relaxants are effective in the treatment of non-specific low back pain.A computer-assisted search of the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2002), MEDLINE (1966 up to October 2001) and EMBASE (1988 up (...) to October 2001) was carried out. These databases were searched using the algorithm recommended by the Cochrane Back Review Group. References cited in the identified articles and other relevant literature were screened.Randomised and/or double-blinded controlled trials, involving patients diagnosed with non-specific low back pain, treated with muscle relaxants as monotherapy or in combination with other therapeutic modalities, were included for review.Two reviewers independently carried out

2003 Cochrane

467. Comparison of classification-based physical therapy with therapy based on clinical practice guidelines for patients with acute low back pain: a randomized clinical trial

Comparison of classification-based physical therapy with therapy based on clinical practice guidelines for patients with acute low back pain: a randomized clinical trial Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

468. Treatment- and cost-effectiveness of early intervention for acute low-back pain patients: a one-year prospective study

Treatment- and cost-effectiveness of early intervention for acute low-back pain patients: a one-year prospective study Treatment- and cost-effectiveness of early intervention for acute low-back pain patients: a one-year prospective study Treatment- and cost-effectiveness of early intervention for acute low-back pain patients: a one-year prospective study Gatchel R J, Polatin P B, Noe C, Gardea M, Pulliam C, Thompson J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology An early intervention programme to prevent acute low-back pain (ALBP) from becoming a chronic disability was studied in high-risk ALBP patients. The programme was compared with no early intervention for high-risk patients, and also with no early

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

469. Rapid magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosing cancer-related low back pain: a cost-effectiveness analysis

Rapid magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosing cancer-related low back pain: a cost-effectiveness analysis Rapid magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosing cancer-related low back pain: a cost-effectiveness analysis Rapid magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosing cancer-related low back pain: a cost-effectiveness analysis Hollingworth W, Gray D T, Martin B I, Sullivan S D, Deyo R A, Jarvik J G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of rapid magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for diagnosis of cancer-related low back pain (LBP). Type of intervention Diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-utility analysis. Study population The hypothetical study population consisted of patients referred from primary care after

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

470. Total disc replacement for chronic low back pain: background and a systematic review of the literature

Total disc replacement for chronic low back pain: background and a systematic review of the literature Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2003 DARE.

471. Spinal manipulation for chronic low back pain

Spinal manipulation for chronic low back pain Spinal manipulation for chronic low back pain Spinal manipulation for chronic low back pain Patterson J Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Patterson J. Spinal manipulation for chronic low back pain. London: Bazian Ltd (Editors), Wessex Institute for Health Research and Development, University (...) of Southampton 2003: 8 Authors' objectives This study aims to assess the effects of spinal manipulation on people with chronic low back pain, compared with other treatments. Authors' conclusions We found no evidence about the shortor long-term effectiveness of spinal manipulation in the treatment of people with chronic low back pain, of at least 12 weeks duration. This was due to the lack of studies of spinal manipulation carried out in this population. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing

2003 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

472. [The health, economic and social impact of low back pain in the Basque Country]

[The health, economic and social impact of low back pain in the Basque Country] Impacto sanitario, economico y social del dolor lumbar en la Comunidad Autonoma del Pais Vasco [The health, economic and social impact of low back pain in the Basque Country] Impacto sanitario, economico y social del dolor lumbar en la Comunidad Autonoma del Pais Vasco [The health, economic and social impact of low back pain in the Basque Country] Perez Tierno S, Martinez de la Eranueva R, Ruiz Tellez A, Aizpuru (...) Barandiaran F, Iturgaiz Gorena, M J Citation Perez Tierno S, Martinez de la Eranueva R, Ruiz Tellez A, Aizpuru Barandiaran F, Iturgaiz Gorena, M J. Impacto sanitario, economico y social del dolor lumbar en la Comunidad Autonoma del Pais Vasco. [The health, economic and social impact of low back pain in the Basque Country] Vitoria-Gasteiz: Basque Office for Health Technology Assessment (OSTEBA). D-03-03. 2003 Authors' objectives

This report aims to determine the impact of low back pain on the health

2003 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

473. Multidisciplinary care for chronic low back pain

Multidisciplinary care for chronic low back pain Multidisciplinary care for chronic low back pain Multidisciplinary care for chronic low back pain French S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation French S. Multidisciplinary care for chronic low back pain. Clayton, Victoria: Centre for Clinical Effectiveness (CCE) 2003: 12 Authors' objectives This aim (...) of this critical appraisal was to assess whether multidisciplinary pain management programs improve function and quality of life in patients who have chronic low back pain compared to single strategies. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Low Back Pain; Pain; Patient Care Team Language Published English Country of organisation Australia Address for correspondence Monash Institute of Health Services Research, Block E, Monash Medical Centre, Locked Bag 29, Clayton, Victoria

2003 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

474. Rapid magnetic resonance imaging vs radiographs for patients with low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rapid magnetic resonance imaging vs radiographs for patients with low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Faster magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning has made MRI a potential cost-effective replacement for radiographs for patients with low back pain. However, whether rapid MRI scanning results in better patient outcomes than radiographic evaluation or a cost-effective alternative is unknown.To determine the clinical and economic consequences of replacing spine radiographs with rapid (...) MRI for primary care patients.Randomized controlled trial of 380 patients aged 18 years or older whose primary physicians had ordered that their low back pain be evaluated by radiographs. The patients were recruited between November 1998 and June 2000 from 1 of 4 imaging centers in the Seattle, Wash, area: a university-based teaching program, a nonuniversity-based teaching program, and 2 private clinics.Patients were randomly assigned to receive lumbar spine evaluation by rapid MRI

2003 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

475. Effect of firmness of mattress on chronic non-specific low-back pain: randomised, double-blind, controlled, multicentre trial. (Abstract)

Effect of firmness of mattress on chronic non-specific low-back pain: randomised, double-blind, controlled, multicentre trial. A firm mattress is commonly believed to be beneficial for low-back pain, although evidence supporting this recommendation is lacking. We assessed the effect of different firmnesses of mattresses on the clinical course of patients with chronic non-specific low-back pain.In a randomised, double-blind, controlled, multicentre trial, we assessed 313 adults who had chronic (...) non-specific low-back pain, but no referred pain, who complained of backache while lying in bed and on rising. Mattress firmness is rated on a scale developed by the European Committee for Standardisation. The H(s) scale starts at 1.0 (firmest) and stops at 10.0 (softest). We randomly assigned participants firm mattresses (H(s)=2.3) or medium-firm mattresses (H(s)=5.6). We did clinical assessments at baseline and at 90 days. Primary endpoints were improvements in pain while lying in bed, pain

2003 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

476. Use of back belts to prevent occupational low-back pain

Use of back belts to prevent occupational low-back pain Use of back belts to prevent occupational low-back pain | CMAJ Main menu User menu Search Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Practice Use of back belts to prevent occupational low-back pain Recommendation statement from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care Recommendation The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care concludes that the existing evidence is conflicting and does not allow the task force to make (...) a recommendation for or against the use of back belts to either prevent occupational low-back pain or to reduce lost work time due to occupational low-back pain (grade C recommendation). In Canada, back injuries account for over 25% of all lost time claims, the largest single claims category in most workers' compensation jurisdictions. Low-back pain (LBP), which is often seen initially in primary care practice, is estimated to be the most costly ailment in working-age adults. Disability resulting from LBP

2003 CPG Infobase

477. Diagnostic evaluation of low back pain with emphasis on imaging. (Abstract)

Diagnostic evaluation of low back pain with emphasis on imaging. To review evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of clinical information and imaging for patients with low back pain in primary care settings.MEDLINE search (January 1966 to September 2001) for articles and reviews relevant to the accuracy of the clinical and radiographic examination of patients with low back pain.The authors reviewed abstracts and selected articles for review on the basis of a combined judgment. Data on the clinical

2002 Annals of Internal Medicine

478. Advice to stay active as a single treatment for low back pain and sciatica. (Abstract)

Advice to stay active as a single treatment for low back pain and sciatica. Low back pain is one of the most common conditions managed in primary care. Restricted activity, rest, and symptomatic analgesics are the most commonly prescribed treatment for low back pain and sciatica.To assess the effects of advice to stay active as single treatment for patients with low back pain.Computerised searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Sport, The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Musculoskeletal Group's Trials (...) Register and Scisearch, and scanning of reference lists from relevant articles were undertaken. Relevant studies were also traced by contacting authors. Date of the most recent searches: December 1998.We included all randomised trials or quasi-randomised trials where the study population consisted of adult patients with low back pain or sciatica, in which one comparison group was advised to stay active. The main outcomes of interest were pain, functional status, recovery and return to work.Two

2002 Cochrane

479. Multidisciplinary bio-psycho-social rehabilitation for chronic low back pain. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multidisciplinary bio-psycho-social rehabilitation for chronic low back pain. Chronic low back pain is, in many countries, the main cause of long term disability in middle age. Patients with chronic low back pain are often referred for multidisciplinary treatment. Previous published systematic reviews on this topic included no randomised controlled trials and pooled together controlled and non-controlled studies.To assess the effect of multidisciplinary bio-psycho-social rehabilitation on pain (...) , multiprofessional, multimodal, pain clinic and functional restoration. We also reviewed reference lists and consulted the editors of the Back Review Group of the Cochrane Collaboration.randomised controlled trials comparing multidisciplinary bio-psycho-social rehabilitation with a non-multidisciplinary control intervention.Adults with disabling low back pain of more than three months in duration.Patients had to be assessed and treated by qualified professionals according to a plan that addresses physical

2002 Cochrane

480. Cost-effectiveness of lumbar spine radiography in primary care patients with low back pain

Cost-effectiveness of lumbar spine radiography in primary care patients with low back pain Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.