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Latest & greatest articles for metformin
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Metformin?s role in type 1 diabetes: the removal trial Metformin’s Role in Type 1 Diabetes: the REMOVAL Trial – Clinical Correlations Search Metformin’s Role in Type 1 Diabetes: the REMOVAL Trial February 14, 2019 5 min read By William Plowe Peer Reviewed Metformin has been the first-line drug in type 2 diabetes for over a decade, but its possible benefit in type 1 diabetes (DM1) is still a matter of study. The American Diabetes Association lists metformin as an investigational agent that may (...) reduce insulin requirements in DM1, but it is not FDA-approved for that use. REMOVAL, a 2017 multicenter double-blind placebo-controlled study, studied metformin in adults with DM1. It is biologically plausible that metformin could have a role in DM1. Metformin, a biguanide, works by several mechanisms, including inhibition of gluconeogenesis and reducing insulin resistance. Importantly, in the UKPDS 34 study . Insulin resistance, the hallmark of type 2 diabetes, is often present in patients
Association of Long-term Child Growth and Developmental Outcomes With Metformin vs Insulin Treatment for Gestational Diabetes Metformin is an emerging option for treating gestational diabetes (GDM). However, because metformin crosses the placenta, patients and clinicians are concerned with its long-term effect on child health.To estimate the association of treating GDM with metformin vs insulin with child growth and development.Population-based cohort study of New Zealand women treated (...) with metformin or insulin for GDM from 2005 to 2012 and their children. This study linked national health care data to create a cohort of mothers and their children, including data from maternity care, pharmaceutical dispensing, hospitalizations, demographic records, and the B4 School Check (B4SC) preschool health assessment. Women treated pharmacologically with metformin or insulin during pregnancy were included. We excluded pregnancies with evidence of diabetes and deliveries prior to 2013. Liveborn
A phase II randomized clinical trial of the effect of metformin versus placebo on progression-free survival in women with metastatic breast cancer receiving standard chemotherapy. Pre-clinical data suggest metformin might enhance the effect of chemotherapy in breast cancer (BC). We conducted a Phase II randomized trial of chemotherapy plus metformin versus placebo in metastatic breast cancer (MBC).In this double blind phase II trial we randomly assigned non-diabetic MBC patients on 1st to 4th (...) line chemotherapy to receive metformin 850 mg po bid or placebo bid. Primary outcome was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary outcomes included overall survival (OS), response rate (RR), toxicity and quality of life (QOL). With 40 subjects and a type-one error of 0.2 (one-sided), a PFS hazard ratio (HR) of 0.58 could be detected with 80% power.40 patients were randomized (22 metformin, 18 placebo) with a mean age of 55 vs 57 years and ER/PR positive BC in 86.4% vs 83.3% off metformin vs
Evaluation of the metformin effects on Anti-MÃ¼llerian Hormone in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: A double-blind randomized clinical trial. 31435593 2019 08 25 2476-4108 17 2 2019 Feb International journal of reproductive biomedicine (Yazd, Iran) Int J Reprod Biomed (Yazd) Evaluation of the metformin effects on Anti-Müllerian Hormone in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: A double-blind randomized clinical trial. ijrm.v17i2.3992 10.18502/ijrm.v17i2.3992 Rahmanian Masoud M eng
Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin? Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin? | NPS MedicineWise 20 Years Of Helping Australians Make Better Decisions About Medicines, Medical Tests And Other Health Technologies. Log in Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google Signing you in Use another account OR Login Form Email Password Log in to NPS MedicineWise Forgot password Forgot password Email Send reset instructions Set new password Reset Password Password Set password Account exists We found (...) that match your past search terms. We’ll send you email alerts for articles that match these search terms: History Clear all to view your search history. Menu Breadcrumbs Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin? Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin? With a range of blood glucose-lowering medicines on the market, it can be hard to decide what to prescribe for patients needing more than metformin. Share Share to: Larger text Smaller text This program is funded by Boehringer Ingelheim Pty
Effect of metformin in addition to dietary and lifestyle advice for pregnant women who are overweight or obese: the GRoW randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial Maternal overweight and obesity are associated with well recognised pregnancy complications. Antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions have a modest effect on gestational weight gain without affecting pregnancy outcomes. We aimed to assess the effects on maternal and infant outcomes of antenatal metformin given (...) in addition to dietary and lifestyle advice among overweight and obese pregnant women.GRoW was a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which pregnant women at 10-20 weeks' gestation with a BMI of 25 kg/m2 or higher were recruited from three public maternity units in Adelaide, SA, Australia. Women were randomly assigned (1:1) via a computer-generated schedule to receive either metformin (to a maximum dose of 2000 mg per day) or matching placebo. Participants, their antenatal
Sustained 52-week efficacy and safety of triple therapy with dapagliflozin plus saxagliptin versus dual therapy with sitagliptin added to metformin in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes To compare the efficacy and safety of an intensification strategy of early triple combination therapy with dapagliflozin (DAPA) plus saxagliptin (SAXA) to a dual therapy strategy with sitagliptin (SITA) in patients with type 2 diabetes who are inadequately controlled with metformin (MET) monotherapy.This
Metformin Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Vascular Health in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and relates strongly to insulin resistance (IR). Lean and obese adolescents with T1DM have marked IR. Metformin improves surrogate markers of IR in T1DM, but its effect on directly measured IR and vascular health in youth with T1DM is unclear. We hypothesized that adolescents with T1DM have impaired vascular (...) function and that metformin improves this IR and vascular dysfunction.Adolescents with T1DM and control participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the ascending (AA) and descending aorta to assess pulse wave velocity, relative area change, and maximal (WSSMAX) and time-averaged (WSSTA) wall shear stress. Participants with T1DM also underwent assessment of carotid intima-media thickness by ultrasound, brachial distensibility by DynaPulse, fat and lean mass by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
Dapagliflozin/metformin (type 2 diabetes mellitus) - Addendum to Commission A19-52 1 Translation of addendum A19-93 Dapagliflozin/Metformin (Diabetes mellitus Typ 2) – Addendum zum Auftrag A19-52 (Version 1.0; Status: 29 November 2019). Please note: This translation is provided as a service by IQWiG to English-language readers. However, solely the German original text is absolutely authoritative and legally binding. Addendum 29 November 2019 1.0 Commission: A19-93 Version: Status: IQWiG Reports (...) – Commission No. A19-93 Dapagliflozin/metformin (type 2 diabetes mellitus) – Addendum to Commission A19-52 1 Addendum A19-93 Version 1.0 Dapagliflozin/metformin – Addendum to Commission A19-52 29 November 2019 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) - i - Publishing details Publisher Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care Topic Dapagliflozin/metformin (type 2 diabetes mellitus) – Addendum to Commission A19-52 Commissioning agency Federal Joint Committee Commission awarded
Dapagliflozin/metformin (type 2 diabetes mellitus) - Benefit assessment according to §35a Social Code Book V Extract 1 Translation of Sections 2.1 to 2.6 of the dossier assessment Dapagliflozin/Metformin (Diabetes mellitus Typ 2) – Nutzenbewertung gemäß § 35a SGB V (neue wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse) (Version 1.0; Status: 27 September 2019). Please note: This translation is provided as a service by IQWiG to English-language readers. However, solely the German original text is absolutely (...) authoritative and legally binding. IQWiG Reports – Commission No. A19-52 Dapagliflozin/metformin (type 2 diabetes mellitus) – Benefit assessment according to §35a Social Code Book V 1 (new scientific findings) Extract of dossier assessment A19-52 Version 1.0 Dapagliflozin/metformin (type 2 diabetes mellitus) 27 September 2019 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) - i - Publishing details Publisher: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care Topic: Dapagliflozin/metformin (type
The effects of metformin on insulin resistance in overweight or obese children and adolescents: A PRISMA-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Metformin has shown its effectiveness in reducing body mass index (BMI) in obese children and adolescents, but relevant evidence for improving insulin resistance in overweight or obese children and adolescents is inconclusive.This study aimed to assess whether metformin could effectively and safely improve (...) homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) and other related laboratory indicators including fasting glucose, fasting insulin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C).Searches were carried out in PubMed, CENTRAL, Web of Science, EMBASE, CBM, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and WanFang from their inception until March 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing metformin alone with placebo in overweight
Role of Metformin in the Treatment of Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Insulin Resistance: A Systematic Review and Meta- Analysis. Metformin is the most-prescribed oral medication to lower blood glucose worldwide. Some data suggest that metformin may have a role in the treatment of patients with thyroid nodules, but contrasting results are reported in different settings. This study explores and critically reevaluates the knowledge on this topic.A literature search identified 250 records (...) . Studies evaluating the size of thyroid nodules before and after metformin treatment were included. Assessed outcomes were the size of thyroid nodules, thyrotropin (TSH) level, thyroid gland volume, and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). After screening and full-text assessment, five studies were included in the systematic review. Random-effects meta-analyses of the standardized mean difference (SMD) were performed for the four outcomes of interest. Heterogeneity was estimated using I2
Dapagliflozin versus saxagliptin as add-on therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin. This analysis compared the efficacy and safety of the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, dapagliflozin, and the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitor, saxagliptin, both added on to metformin.This was a post-hoc analysis from a double-blind, randomized, 24-week clinical trial (NCT01606007) of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) inadequately controlled (...) with metformin. We compared the dapagliflozin 10 mg (n = 179) and saxagliptin 5 mg (n = 176) treatment arms.Dapagliflozin showed significantly greater mean reductions versus saxagliptin in HbA1c (difference versus saxagliptin [95% CI]: -0.32% [-0.54, -0.10]; p < 0.005), fasting plasma glucose (-0.98 [-1.42, -0.54] mmol/L; p < 0.0001), body weight (-2.39 [-3.08, -1.71] kg; p < 0.0001) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (-3.89 [-6.15, -1.63] mmHg; p < 0.001). More dapagliflozintreated than saxagliptin-treated
Teneligliptin versus sitagliptin in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin and glimepiride: A randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority trial To assess the efficacy and safety of add-on therapy with the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor teneligliptin compared with sitagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) inadequately controlled with metformin and glimepiride.This was a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority study of adult Korean (...) subjects with T2DM (n = 201), with HbA1c ranging from 7.0% to 11.0%, on stable doses of metformin plus glimepiride. Subjects were randomized in a 1:1 fashion to receive either oral teneligliptin 20 mg or sitagliptin 100 mg for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was change from baseline in HbA1c.At baseline, mean age was 60.56 ± 9.41 years, body mass index was 25.23 ± 2.85 kg/m2 and HbA1c was 8.11% ± 0.79%. At 24 weeks, both groups achieved significant reductions from baseline in HbA1c (teneligliptin, -1.03
The effects of metformin on simple obesity: a meta-analysis. To evaluate the efficacy of metformin versus a placebo in the treatment of patients with simple obesity without obesity related diseases.A search was done on Pub-Med, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Science Citation Index Expanded databases. The main inclusion criteria included the following:(1) randomized controlled trials. (2) patients diagnosed as being overweight or obese. (3) patients were randomly assigned to receive metformin or control (...) . Exclusion criteria included the following: patients diagnosed with an obesity related disease, such as diabetes mellitus (DM) or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).Compared with the placebo, weighted mean difference (WMD) was 2.33 (95% CI 0.31, 4.35) kg higher with metformin (p = 0.02). Compared with the placebo, WMD was 0.57 (95% CI 0.35, 0.79) kg/m² higher with metformin(p < 0.00001). There was no significant difference in the reduction of waist circumference between the metformin group and the control
[Effect of metformin on colorectal carcinoma in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: a Markov model analysis]. To evaluate the colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention effect of metformin in comparison with that of other T2DM medications from a Markov model perspective.Literature concerning CRC morbidity of T2DM patients with metformin or other diabetes medications treatment was reviewed in PubMed and Cochrane Library database from September 2010 to December 2016.(1)enrolled population was adult (...) on the model.Seven literatures were recruited and 10 000 patients were virtually allocated for each arm. In contrast with non-metformin group, T2DM patients treated with metformin had a lower rate of CRC(1.670% vs. 2.146%, P=0.016). Moreover, cumulative tumor-free survival of metformin group was, slightly but significantly, better than that of non-metformin group (10.908 years vs. 10.882 years, P=0.000).T2DM patients treated with metformin have a lower morbidity of CRC and a better cumulative tumor-free survival
Effects of metformin treatment on radiotherapy efficacy in patients with cancer and diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis Metformin is a key pharmaceutical for patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Metformin also can enhance tumor radiosensitivity in vitro and in vivo. Some retrospective cohort studies have indicated that metformin can improve the efficacy of radiotherapy in patients with cancer and DM. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the radiotherapy efficacy (...) of metformin in patients with cancer and DM.Multiple databases were queried for studies that address the efficacy of metformin in radiotherapy of patients with cancer and DM. Studies were included that involved comparisons of the short-term tumor responses and long-term survival outcomes of these patients who were managed with or without metformin as well as of nondiabetic patients without metformin. The OR and HR with accompanying 95% CI were assessed in a random effects model. The main endpoints were 2