Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4)
Latest & greatest articles for metformin
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on metformin or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on metformin and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.
What is Trip?
Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.
Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.
As well as research evidence we also allow clinicians to search across other content types including images, videos, patient information leaflets, educational courses and news.
For further information on Trip click on any of the questions/sections on the left-hand side of this page. But if you still have questions please contact us via firstname.lastname@example.org
Metformin for the prevention of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in women with gestational diabetes and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Metformin has been reported to reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia. It is also known to influence soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 level, which correlates significantly with the gestational age at onset and severity of pre-eclampsia. The main aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials was to determine whether (...) metformin use is associated with the incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP).MEDLINE (1947 to September 2017), Scopus (1970 to September 2017) and the Cochrane Library (inception to September 2017) were searched for relevant citations in the English language. Only randomized controlled trials on metformin use, reporting the incidence of pre-eclampsia or pregnancy-induced hypertension, were included. Studies on populations with a high probability of metformin use prior to randomization
Spotlight: A case of Metformin Associated Lactic Acidosis Spotlight: A case of Metformin Associated Lactic Acidosis – Clinical Correlations Search Spotlight: A case of Metformin Associated Lactic Acidosis May 11, 2018 6 min read By Jasmine Nee and Martin Fried, MD Peer Reviewed LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. What is metformin-associated lactic acidosis? 2. How does severe acidemia lead to acute kidney injury? 3. How do you treat metformin-associated lactic acidosis? CASE SUMMARY The patient is a 40 (...) -year-old man with alcohol dependence and type II diabetes who presented to the emergency department for alcohol intoxication. After arriving hemodynamically stable with reassuring labs, he become tachypneic, confused, and lethargic a few hours later. At this point, he admitted that he took “a few” metformin pills in a suicide attempt. Arterial blood gas was significant for a pH < 6.8 and a lactate > 22 mg/dL. Due to this decompensation, he was intubated, admitted to the medical ICU, and started
Effect of metformin use on the risk and prognosis of endometrial cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Previous studies have suggested that metformin may be useful for preventing and treating endometrial cancer (EC), while the results have been inconsistent. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between metformin use and risk and prognosis of patients with EC.PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched for observational (...) studies evaluating the effect of metformin on EC prevention or treatment. The odds ratio (OR) was used for analyzing risks, and the hazard ratio (HR) was used for analyzing survival outcomes. A random-effects model was used for data analysis.Seven studies reported data on EC risk. The pooled results suggested that metformin was not significantly associated with a lower risk of EC [OR = 1.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.82-1.35, P = 0.70]. For patients with diabetes, metformin showed no advantage
Association of metformin with breast cancer incidence and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes: a GRADE assessed systematic review and meta-analysis. Background: Preclinical data suggest that metformin may reduce breast cancer incidence and improve cancer prognosis. However, the current evidence in observational studies is inconclusive. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effect of metformin on the incidence of breast cancer and all-cause mortality (...) intervals (95% CI) as effect measures.Results: A total of 12 observational studies were included for breast cancer incidence and 11 studies for all-cause mortality. No significant association was found between metformin exposure and incidence of breast cancer (OR = 0.93; 95% CI, 0.85-1.03; I2 = 35%). A 45% risk reduction was observed for all-cause mortality (HR = 0.55; 95% CI, 0.44-0.70; I2 = 81%). Presence of publication bias is strongly suspected for both outcomes using Egger's funnel
The role of metformin and statins in the incidence of epithelial ovarian cancer in type 2 diabetes: a cohort and nested case-control study To obtain evidence of the effects of metformin and statins on the incidence of ovarian cancer in women with type 2 diabetes (T2D).A retrospective cohort study and nested case-control study.The data were obtained from a diabetes database (FinDM) combining information from several nationwide registers.A cohort of 137 643 women over 40 years old and diagnosed (...) with T2D during 1996-2011 in Finland.In full cohort analysis Poisson regression was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HR) in relation to ever use of metformin, insulin other oral anti-diabetic medication or statins. In the nested case-control analysis 20 controls were matched to each case of ovarian cancer. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate HRs in relation to medication use and cumulative use of different medications. The estimates were adjusted for age and duration
Comparing SGLT-2 inhibitors to DPP-4 inhibitors as an add-on therapy to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Our aim was to compare Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) to Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) as add-on therapy to metformin.We searched for randomized trials comparing SGLT-2i to DPP-4i as add-on therapy to metformin in Type 2 diabetes.We pooled trials reporting outcomes between 12 and 26 weeks together while
Thiazolidinediones versus metformin on improving abnormal liver enzymes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis. Liver enzyme abnormalities are common in patients with type 2 diabetes. Currently, the inverse relationship between elevated liver enzymes and antidiabetics intake may be explained by rigorous treatment and good control. However, few studies have directly explored the influence of antidiabetics on abnormal liver function, especially the comparison between two (...) insulin sensitizers-thiazolidinediones and metformin.Databases, including PubMed, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP were searched. Two reviewers performed independently. Meta-analysis was used when studies were homogeneous enough.Six studies, including 4726 patients with type 2 diabetes, were involved in this systematic review. Compared with metformin, thiazolidinediones significantly reduced the alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. Further subgroup
Adequacy of clinical trial evidence of metformin fixed-dose combinations for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in India There is growing national and international concern about the drug regulatory system in India. Parliamentary reports have highlighted the presence of high numbers of unapproved medicines and irrational combinations of both approved and unapproved drugs in the Indian market-place. Fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) are a peculiar feature of the Indian pharmaceutical (...) landscape. Although metformin is a first-line treatment, FDCs for diabetes in India account for two-thirds of all diabetes medicine sales, and some have not been approved by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO). This study examines the basis of efficacy and safety of top-selling metformin FDCs in India against four WHO criteria from clinical trials guidelines for the approval of FDCs. Data from a commercial drug sales database (PharmaTrac) were combined with searches through published
Ertugliflozin - Steglatro, Steglujan (ertugliflozin and sitagliptin), Segluromet (ertugliflozin and metformin hydrochloride) - Type 2 diabetes Steglatro (ertugliflozin), Steglujan (ertugliflozin and sitagliptin), Segluromet (ertugliflozin and metformin hydrochloride) Tablets U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Search FDA Submit search Steglatro (ertugliflozin), Steglujan (ertugliflozin and sitagliptin), Segluromet (ertugliflozin and metformin hydrochloride) Tablets Steglatro Company
Efficacy and Safety of IDegLira Versus Basal-Bolus Insulin Therapy in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Uncontrolled on Metformin and Basal Insulin; DUAL VII Randomized Clinical Trial In patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes on basal insulin, prandial insulin may be initiated. We assessed the efficacy and safety of initiating insulin degludec/liraglutide fixed-ratio combination (IDegLira) versus basal-bolus insulin.A phase 3b trial examined patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes on insulin (...) glargine (IGlar U100) 20-50 units/day and metformin, randomized to IDegLira or IGlar U100 and insulin aspart ≤4 times per day.Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) decreased from 8.2% (66 mmol/mol) to 6.7% (50 mmol/mol) with IDegLira and from 8.2% (67 mmol/mol) to 6.7% (50 mmol/mol) with basal-bolus (estimated treatment difference [ETD] -0.02% [95% CI -0.16, 0.12]; -0.2 mmol/mol [95% CI -1.7, 1.3]), confirming IDegLira noninferiority versus basal-bolus (P < 0.0001). The number of severe or blood glucose
Effects of metformin on survival outcomes of pancreatic cancer patients with diabetes: A meta-analysis. Pancreatic cancer risk is reduced by metformin treatment in patients with diabetes. However, the effect of metformin on pancreatic cancer overall survival is unclear. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between metformin and clinical outcomes of pancreatic cancer patients with diabetes. An electronic and manual search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science (...) , Medline-Ovid and Cochrane Library databases between the beginning and March 31, 2017. A total of 8 studies consisting of 4,293 patients with pancreatic cancer with diabetes were included, comprising 2,033 patients who had received metformin and 2,260 patients who had not. The meta-analysis showed that metformin was associated with a relative survival benefit in pancreatic cancer patients [hazard ratio (HR), 0.81; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.70-0.93]. These associations were also observed
Combination of Metformin and Lifestyle Intervention for Antipsychotic-Related Weight Gain: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Weight gain is a common antipsychotic (AP)-related adverse drug reaction (ADR) that can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and premature mortality. This meta-analysis examined the efficacy and tolerability of combining metformin and lifestyle intervention for AP-related weight gain in schizophrenia.Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with meta (...) -analyzable data were searched and retrieved by 2 independent investigators. RevMan software (version 5.3) was used to synthesize data, and to calculate the standardized or weighted mean differences and risk ratio with their 95% confidence intervals.Six RCTs (n=732) were included and meta-analyzed. The metformin and lifestyle combination (MLC) group had significant reduction in weight and body mass index compared with the metformin group, lifestyle group, and placebo group. There was less frequent weight
Efficacy of metformin in the management of periodontitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis Periodontitis is characterized by inflammation of the periodontium and leads to loss of teeth if untreated. Although a number of surgical and pharmacological options are available for the management of periodontitis, it still affects a large proportion of population. Recently, metformin (MF), an oral hypoglycemic, has been used to treat periodontitis. The aim of this review is to systematically (...) evaluate the efficacy of MF in the treatment of periodontitis. An electronic search was carried out using the keywords 'metformin', 'periodontal' and 'periodontitis' via the PubMed/Medline, ISI Web of Science and Google Scholar databases for relevant articles published from 1949 to 2016. The addressed focused question was: 'Is metformin effective in reducing bone loss in periodontitis? Critical review and meta-analysis were conducted of the results obtained in the selected studies. Following
Effect of metformin on glycaemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. For type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients, adding metformin to insulin therapies is thought to improve blood glucose levels, but current evidence does not support this clinical benefit. Additional data from large clinical trials are now available; therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies on assessing the efficacy and adverse effects of metformin.We searched the MEDLINE (...) , EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases for data from randomized controlled trials. We performed statistical analyses by using Review Manager 5.2.Thirteen randomized controlled trials that compared metformin versus placebo met our inclusion criteria and were included in the study. The final meta-analysis included a total of 1183 participants with T1D. Metformin was associated with reductions in BMI (-1.14, 95% CI -2.05 to -0.24, P = .01), insulin requirements (-0.47, 95% CI -0.70 to -0.23, P = .0001
Survival Benefits From Metformin Use in Pancreatic Cancer: A Systemic Review and Meta-analysis. 29424813 2018 10 11 2019 12 10 1536-4828 47 3 2018 03 Pancreas Pancreas Survival Benefits From Metformin Use in Pancreatic Cancer: A Systemic Review and Meta-analysis. e11-e14 10.1097/MPA.0000000000001000 Wirunsawanya Kamonkiat K Department of Internal Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI; Department of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand; Department of Internal Medicine (...) , University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI; Department of Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand; Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand email@example.com. Jaruvongvanich Veeravich V Upala Sikarin S eng Letter United States Pancreas 8608542 0885-3177 0 Hypoglycemic Agents 9100L32L2N Metformin IM Female Humans Hypoglycemic Agents therapeutic use Male Meta-Analysis as Topic Metformin therapeutic use
Metformin use and its effect on gastric cancer in patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review of observational studies. Increasing evidence suggests that metformin use is associated with a decreased risk of cancer. The traditional therapies for gastric cancer (GC) are gastrectomy and chemoradiotherapy; however, these therapies may cause certain adverse effects, which affect a patient's quality of life, and the overall survival rate is low. At present, little is known about whether (...) the use of metformin decreases the risk of GC in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, in the present study, a systematic review was performed to analyze the effect of metformin on GC. A literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases for articles published up to June 30th, 2016. The studies that evaluated GC patients treated with metformin and compared them with GC patients treated with other antidiabetic drugs were reviewed. Eligible studies were evaluated
Different effects of metformin and insulin on primary and secondary chemoprevention of colorectal adenoma in diabetes type 2: Traditional and Bayesian meta-analysis. Metformin and insulin differently affect the risk of colon cancer in type 2 diabetic patients, however their effects on colon adenoma is not clear. PubMed, ISI, Scopus and Cochrane databases were searched for studies reporting. The outcomes were total adenoma; advanced adenoma and recurrent adenoma. Traditional and Bayesian meta (...) and Begg's regression asymmetry tests. Moreover, "trim and fill" procedure was used to assess the possible effect of publication bias. For metformin intake, 11 studies (51991 patients) were included. The results showed that metformin significantly decreased the risk of advance adenoma (OR= 0.51, p< 0.001). The risk of total adenoma was not associated with metformin use (OR= 0.86, p=0.274), and metformin did not affect the risk of adenoma recurrence (OR= 0.89, p=0.137). Five studies (2678 patients) were
Comparative effectiveness of metformin monotherapy in extended release and immediate release formulations for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in treatment-naive Chinese patients: Analysis of results from the CONSENT trial Metformin treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be limited by gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events (AEs), resulting in treatment discontinuation. We investigated whether once-daily metformin extended release (XR) is superior in terms of GI tolerability, with non (...) -inferior efficacy, compared with thrice-daily metformin immediate release (IR) in treatment-naïve Chinese patients with T2DM.This prospective, open-label, randomized, multicentre, phase IV interventional study enrolled Chinese T2DM patients to receive either metformin XR or metformin IR with a 2-week screening period, a 16-week treatment period and a 2-week follow-up period without treatment. Co-primary endpoints were a non-inferiority assessment of metformin XR vs metformin IR in glycated haemoglobin
Ertugliflozin plus sitagliptin versus either individual agent over 52 weeks in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately controlled with metformin: The VERTIS FACTORIAL randomized trial To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ertugliflozin and sitagliptin co-administration vs the individual agents in patients with type 2 diabetes who are inadequately controlled with metformin.In this study (Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02099110), patients with glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥7.5% and ≤11.0 (...) % (≥58 and ≤97 mmol/mol) with metformin ≥1500 mg/d (n = 1233) were randomized to ertugliflozin 5 (E5) or 15 (E15) mg/d, sitagliptin 100 mg/d (S100) or to co-administration of E5/S100 or E15/S100. The primary endpoint was change from baseline in HbA1c at Week 26.At Week 26, least squares mean HbA1c reductions from baseline were greater with E5/S100 (-1.5%) and E15/S100 (-1.5%) than with individual agents (-1.0%, -1.1% and -1.1% for E5, E15 and S100, respectively; P < .001 for all comparisons). HbA1c