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Latest & greatest articles for methylprednisolone
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Dexamethasone versus Methylprednisolone for the Treatment of Respiratory Distress: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness Dexamethasone versus Methylprednisolone for the Treatment of Respiratory Distress: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Dexamethasone versus Methylprednisolone for the Treatment of Respiratory Distress: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness Dexamethasone versus Methylprednisolone for the Treatment of Respiratory Distress: Comparative Clinical (...) Effectiveness Last updated: May 7, 2019 Project Number: RB1337-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the comparative clinical effectiveness of dexamethasone versus methylprednisolone for the treatment of respiratory distress related to asthma? What is the comparative clinical effectiveness of dexamethasone versus methylprednisolone for the treatment of respiratory distress related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? What
The comparison of the effectiveness between different doses of local methylprednisolone injection versus triamcinolone in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: a double-blind clinical trial Local corticosteroid injection is one of the most prevalent methods in treating carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, the most efficient substance and its appropriate dosage remain controversial. In the present double-blind randomized controlled trial, the efficacy and safety of local injection of two corticosteroids (...) (triamcinolone and methylprednisolone) were compared at two different dosages, 20 and 40 mg.We consecutively included 80 patients with mild or moderate CTS and randomly assigned them to four groups: 20 or 40 mg triamcinolone (T20 or T40) and 20 or 40 mg methylprednisolone (M20 or M40) groups; each patient received a single injection of steroid using conventional approach. The four groups were relatively comparable and did not show any significant difference initially in their baseline measurements including
Effect of methylprednisolone on acute kidney injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with a cardiopulmonary bypass pump: a randomized controlled trial Perioperative corticosteroid use may reduce acute kidney injury. We sought to test whether methylprednisolone reduces the risk of acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery.We conducted a prespecified substudy of a randomized controlled trial involving patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (2007-2014); patients were (...) recruited from 79 centres in 18 countries. Eligibility criteria included a moderate-to-high risk of perioperative death based on a preoperative score of 6 or greater on the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation I. Patients (n = 7286) were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive intravenous methylprednisolone (250 mg at anesthetic induction and 250 mg at initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass) or placebo. Patients, caregivers, data collectors and outcome adjudicators were unaware of the assigned
Short-term Efficiency and Tolerance of Ketoprofen and Methylprednisolone in Acute Sciatica: A Randomized Trial Although anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used in acute discogenic sciatica, data regarding their efficacy are scarce and controversial. We compared the efficacy and safety of intravenous ketoprofen and methylprednisolone with placebo in sciatica.Multicenter, double-blinded randomized controlled trial.Patients with confirmed discogenic acute sciatica, without neurologic deficit (...) , were randomized into three arms.Besides standard-of-care analgesic therapy, they received intravenous injections of methylprednisolone (60 mg/d) or ketoprofen (200 mg/d) or placebo for five days. The primary outcome was leg pain over five days. Secondary outcomes were clinical responses at days 3 and 5, lumbar pain, Straight Leg Raise Test and lumbar flexion index, analgesic consumption, realization of lumbar spine injections, and surgery during the study period.Fifty-four patients were randomized
Effect of Methylprednisolone on Pain Management in Total Knee or Hip Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has been reported to be a successful strategy for patients with advanced osteoarthritis; however, early postoperative pain has become an unresolved issue. Perioperative methylprednisolone (MP) administration in TJA is an important and controversial topic. This study was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety
Methylprednisolone Top results for methylprednisolone - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (...) (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for methylprednisolone The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many
Randomized Clinical Trial of Preoperative High-Dose Methylprednisolone on Postoperative Pain at Rest After Laparoscopic Appendectomy Methylprednisolone administered intravenously preoperatively has been shown to reduce pain, nausea, and fatigue after elective surgery. We aimed to show that 125 mg of methylprednisolone given intravenously 30 minutes before laparoscopic surgery for suspected appendicitis would reduce pain at rest during the first 3 postoperative days.A multicenter, parallel-group (...) , double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted including patients 18 years of age and older with an American Society of Anesthesiologist class of I-III undergoing laparoscopic surgery for suspected appendicitis. The primary outcome was pain at rest measured on the 11-point numerical rating scale 5 times during the first 3 days after surgery. The effect of 125 mg of methylprednisolone on postoperative pain at rest during the first 3 days was assessed using a mixed-effects model with time
Preoperative methylprednisolone does not reduce loss of knee-extension strength after total knee arthroplastyA randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 61 patients Background and purpose - Patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) face challenges related to postoperative reduction in knee-extension strength. We evaluated whether inhibition of the inflammatory response by a single preoperative dose of methylprednisolone (MP) reduces the pronounced loss of knee-extension
Effect of Oral Methylprednisolone on Clinical Outcomes in Patients With IgA Nephropathy: The TESTING Randomized Clinical Trial. Guidelines recommend corticosteroids in patients with IgA nephropathy and persistent proteinuria, but the effects remain uncertain.To evaluate the efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in patients with IgA nephropathy at risk of progression.The Therapeutic Evaluation of Steroids in IgA Nephropathy Global (TESTING) study was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized (...) clinical trial designed to recruit 750 participants with IgA nephropathy (proteinuria greater than 1 g/d and estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] of 20 to 120 mL/min/1.73 m2 after at least 3 months of blood pressure control with renin-angiotensin system blockade] and to provide follow-up until 335 primary outcomes occurred.Patients were randomized 1:1 to oral methylprednisolone (0.6-0.8 mg/kg/d; maximum, 48 mg/d) (n = 136) or matching placebo (n = 126) for 2 months, with subsequent weaning over
The biochemical and histological analysis of subcutaneous calcitonin and intramedullary methylprednisolone on bone repair after bone marrow ablation: an experimental comparative study in rats Although, glucocorticoid (GC) and calcitonin-induced changes in bone repair have been studied previously, the exact effects of these on fracture healing remain controversial. Hence, the purpose of this experimental study is to determine biochemical and histological effects of locally administrated GC (...) and systemically administrated calcitonin on the kinetics of healing response after bone marrow ablation in rats.After having undergone marrow ablation, a steroid-treated group of rats (n = 24) received a single dose of intramedullary methylprednisolone (2 mg/kg), a calcitonin-treated group (n = 24) received intermittently administrated subcutaneous salmon calcitonin (16 IU/kg), and a control group (n = 24) received intramedullary saline (25 μl).Blood samples taken on days 1, 3, 7, 9, and 15 after ablation
Atrial fibrillation following therapy with high-dose i.v. methylprednisolone: A brief case-based review Atrial fibrillation following high-dose i.v. steroids for treatment of severe immune-mediated diseases has been rarely reported in the literature. Here we report a further case of atrial fibrillation following high-dose i.v. methylprednisolone (HDIVMP) therapy of severe thrombocytopenia in a female patient with a flare-up of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The available literature
Tacrolimus Monotherapy after Intravenous Methylprednisolone in Adults with Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome Glucocorticoid treatment is the first choice therapy for adults with minimal change nephrotic syndrome; however, this therapy associates with many adverse effects. Tacrolimus may be an alternative to conventional glucocorticoid therapy. To investigate this possibility, we conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial (WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform: ChiCTR (...) -TRC-11001454) in eight renal units across China. We randomized enrolled patients with adult-onset minimal change nephrotic syndrome (n=119) to receive glucocorticoid therapy or tacrolimus after intravenous methylprednisolone (0.8 mg/kg per day) for 10 days. Patients received a conventional glucocorticoid regimen or tacrolimus monotherapy, starting with 0.05 mg/kg per day (target trough whole-blood level of 4-8 ng/ml) for 16-20 weeks and subsequently tapering over approximately 18 weeks. Remission
Intratympanic methylprednisolone versus gentamicin in patients with unilateral Ménière's disease: a randomised, double-blind, comparative effectiveness trial. Ménière's disease is characterised by severe vertigo attacks and hearing loss. Intratympanic gentamicin, the standard treatment for refractory Ménière's disease, reduces vertigo, but damages vestibular function and can worsen hearing. We aimed to assess whether intratympanic administration of the corticosteroid methylprednisolone reduces (...) vertigo compared with gentamicin.In this double-blind comparative effectiveness trial, patients aged 18-70 years with refractory unilateral Ménière's disease were enrolled at Charing Cross Hospital (London, UK) and Leicester Royal Infirmary (Leicester, UK). Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) by a block design to two intratympanic methylprednisolone (62·5 mg/mL) or gentamicin (40 mg/mL) injections given 2 weeks apart, and were followed up for 2 years. All investigators and patients were masked
2016LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Methylprednisolone Does Not Reduce Persistent Pain after Cardiac Surgery Persistent incisional pain is common after cardiac surgery and is believed to be in part related to inflammation and poorly controlled acute pain. Methylprednisolone is a corticosteroid with substantial antiinflammatory and analgesic properties and is thus likely to ameliorate persistent surgical pain. Therefore, the authors tested the primary hypothesis that patients randomized to methylprednisolone have less persistent (...) incisional pain than those given placebo.One thousand forty-three patients having cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac surgery via a median sternotomy were included in this substudy of Steroids in Cardiac Surgery (SIRS) trial. Patients were randomized to 500 mg intraoperative methylprednisolone or placebo. Incisional pain was assessed at 30 days and 6 months after surgery, and the potential risk factors were also evaluated.Methylprednisolone administration did not reduce pain at 30 days or persistent
Efficacy of Triamcinolone Hexacetonide versus Methylprednisolone Acetate Intraarticular Injections in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized, Double-blinded, 24-week Study Intraarticular (IA) corticosteroid injections are broadly used in knee osteoarthritis (OA); however, the best corticosteroid agent is not well defined. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH) and methylprednisolone acetate (MA) injections in knee OA.Patients with symptomatic knee
Randomized clinical trial of prevention of seroma formation after mastectomy by local methylprednisolone injection Seroma formation, the most prevalent postoperative complication after mastectomy, is an inflammatory process that is potentially preventable via local steroid administration. This study investigated the effect of local steroid administration on seroma formation.This was a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled intervention study of a single dose of 80 mg methylprednisolone (...) and complications.A total of 212 women scheduled for mastectomy for primary breast cancer were included. After M + SLNB, 32 (46 per cent) of 69 women developed a seroma in the methylprednisolone group, compared with 52 (78 per cent) of 67 in the saline group (P < 0.001). The mean cumulative seroma volume in the intention-to-treat population for the first 10 and 30 days was significantly lower in the methylprednisolone group (24 ml versus 127 ml in the saline group, and 177 versus 328 ml respectively) (P < 0.001
Effect of Timing and Route of Methylprednisolone Administration During Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Procedures We compared the antiinflammatory and cardioprotective effects of the two most common regimens of corticosteroid administration in pediatric cardiac surgical procedures: a single dose delivered either at anesthesia induction or by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) prime.Forty-five children, aged between 1 and 18 months and undergoing ventricular septal or atrioventricular septal defect (...) correction, were randomized in double-blind fashion into three groups. The anesthesia induction group received 30 mg/kg methylprednisolone intravenously after anesthesia induction, and the CPB-prime group received 30 mg/kg methylprednisolone by CPB circuit. The placebo group received saline solution. Plasma concentrations of methylprednisolone, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and IL-10, and troponin were measured at anesthesia induction before the study drug, 30 minutes on CPB, after patients were weaned from
Clinical findings for fungal infections caused by methylprednisolone injections. Since September 18, 2012, public health officials have been investigating a large outbreak of fungal meningitis and other infections in patients who received epidural, paraspinal, or joint injections with contaminated lots of methylprednisolone acetate. Little is known about infections caused by Exserohilum rostratum, the predominant outbreak-associated pathogen. We describe the early clinical course of outbreak
Methylprednisolone injections for the carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Steroid injections are used in idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), but evidence of efficacy beyond 1 month is lacking.To assess the efficacy of local methylprednisolone injections in CTS.Randomized, placebo-controlled trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00806871).Regional referral orthopedic department in Sweden.Patients aged 18 to 70 years with CTS but no previous steroid injections.Three (...) groups (37 patients each) received 80 mg of methylprednisolone, 40 mg of methylprednisolone, or placebo. The patients and treating surgeons were blinded.Primary end points were the change in CTS symptom severity scores at 10 weeks (range, 1 to 5) and rate of surgery at 1 year. Three patients had missing 10-week data. All patients had 1-year data.Improvement in CTS symptom severity scores at 10 weeks was greater in patients who received 80 mg of methylprednisolone and 40 mg of methylprednisolone than