Latest & greatest articles for nursing

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Top results for nursing

821. Effectiveness of appropriately trained nurses in preoperative assessment: randomised controlled equivalence/non-inferiority trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of appropriately trained nurses in preoperative assessment: randomised controlled equivalence/non-inferiority trial. To determine whether preoperative assessments carried out by appropriately trained nurses are inferior in quality to those carried out by preregistration house officers.Randomised controlled equivalence/non-inferiority trial.Four NHS hospitals in three trusts. Three of the four were teaching hospitals.All patients attending for assessment before general anaesthesia (...) for general, vascular, urological, or breast surgery between April 1998 and March 1999.Assessment by one of three appropriately trained nurses or by one of several preregistration house officers.History taken, physical examination, and investigations ordered. Measures evaluated by a specialist registrar in anaesthetics and placed in four categories: correct, overassessment, underassessment not affecting management, and underassessment possibly affecting management (primary outcome).1907 patients were

2002 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

822. Effectiveness of nurses as providers of birth labor support in North American hospitals: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Effectiveness of nurses as providers of birth labor support in North American hospitals: a randomized controlled trial. North American cesarean delivery rates have risen dramatically since the 1960s, without concomitant improvements in perinatal or maternal health. A Cochrane Review concluded that continuous caregiver support during labor has many benefits, including reduced likelihood of cesarean delivery.To evaluate the effectiveness of nurses as providers of labor support in North American (...) support by a specially trained nurse (n = 3454) during labor.The primary outcome measure was cesarean delivery rate. Other outcomes included intrapartum events and indicators of maternal and neonatal morbidity, both immediately after birth and in the first 6 to 8 postpartum weeks.Data were received for all 6915 women and their infants (n = 6949). The rates of cesarean delivery were almost identical in the 2 groups (12.5% in the continuous labor support group and 12.6% in the usual care group; P =.44

2002 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

823. Nurse led follow up and conventional medical follow up in management of patients with lung cancer: randomised trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nurse led follow up and conventional medical follow up in management of patients with lung cancer: randomised trial. To assess the effectiveness of nurse led follow up in the management of patients with lung cancer.Randomised controlled trial.Specialist cancer hospital and three cancer units in southeastern England.203 patients with lung cancer who had completed their initial treatment and were expected to survive for at least 3 months.Nurse led follow up of outpatients compared (...) with conventional medical follow up.Quality of life, patients' satisfaction, general practitioners' satisfaction, survival, symptom-free survival, progression-free survival, use of resources, and comparison of costs.Patient acceptability of nurse led follow up was high: 75% (203/271) of eligible patients consented to participate. Patients who received the intervention had less severe dyspnoea at 3 months (P=0.03) and had better scores for emotional functioning (P=0.03) and less peripheral neuropathy (P=0.05

2002 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

824. A randomised controlled crossover trial of nurse practitioner versus doctor-led outpatient care in a bronchiectasis clinic

A randomised controlled crossover trial of nurse practitioner versus doctor-led outpatient care in a bronchiectasis clinic A randomised controlled crossover trial of nurse practitioner versus doctor-led outpatient care in a bronchiectasis clinic A randomised controlled crossover trial of nurse practitioner versus doctor-led outpatient care in a bronchiectasis clinic Caine N, Sharples L D, Hollingworth W, French J, Keogan M, Exley A, Hodgkins D, Bilton D Record Status This is a bibliographic (...) record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Caine N, Sharples L D, Hollingworth W, French J, Keogan M, Exley A, Hodgkins D, Bilton D. A randomised controlled crossover trial of nurse practitioner versus doctor-led outpatient care in a bronchiectasis clinic. Health Technology Assessment 2002; 6(27): 1-82 Authors' objectives In the setting of a specialist outpatient clinic

2002 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

825. Effects of community based nurses specialising in Parkinson's disease on health outcome and costs: randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of community based nurses specialising in Parkinson's disease on health outcome and costs: randomised controlled trial. To determine the effects of community based nurses specialising in Parkinson's disease on health outcomes and healthcare costs.Two year randomised controlled trial.438 general practices in nine randomly selected health authority areas of England.1859 patients with Parkinson's disease identified by the participating general practices.Survival, stand-up test, dot (...) in square test, bone fracture, global health question, PDQ-39, Euroqol, and healthcare costs.After two years 315 (17.3%) patients had died, although mortality did not differ between those who were attended by nurse specialists and those receiving standard care from their general practitioner (hazard ratio for nurse group v control group 0.91, 95% confidence interval 0.73 to 1.13). No significant differences were found between the two groups for the stand-up test (odds ratio 1.15, 0.93 to 1.42) and dot

2002 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

826. Systematic review of whether nurse practitioners working in primary care can provide equivalent care to doctors

Systematic review of whether nurse practitioners working in primary care can provide equivalent care to doctors Systematic review of whether nurse practitioners working in primary care can provide equivalent care to doctors Systematic review of whether nurse practitioners working in primary care can provide equivalent care to doctors Horrocks S, Anderson E, Salisbury C Authors' objectives The objective was to compare care provided by nurse practitioners to patients at their first health service (...) training for nurse practitioners in the UK, USA, South Africa and Australia were contacted for details of unpublished studies. The authors of identified studies were contacted for additional studies. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective observational studies of experimental design with a concurrent control group were eligible for inclusion. Specific interventions included in the review Studies that compared care provided

2002 DARE.

827. Home visits to prevent nursing home admission and functional decline in elderly people: systematic review and meta-regression analysis

Home visits to prevent nursing home admission and functional decline in elderly people: systematic review and meta-regression analysis Home visits to prevent nursing home admission and functional decline in elderly people: systematic review and meta-regression analysis Home visits to prevent nursing home admission and functional decline in elderly people: systematic review and meta-regression analysis Stuck A E, Egger M, Hammer A, Minder C E, Beck J C Authors' objectives To evaluate the effect (...) of preventive home visits on functional status, nursing home admission, and mortality. Searching MEDLINE, PsycINFO and EMBASE were searched from January 1985 to November 2001, using the keywords 'aged', 'home' or 'in-home', 'prevention' and 'geriatric assessment'. The authors also searched the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, checked reference lists of earlier reviews and book chapters, searched conference proceedings and specialty journals, and contacted experts. Studies were limited to reported

2002 DARE.

828. Nursing homes and assisted living facilities as places for dying

Nursing homes and assisted living facilities as places for dying Nursing homes and assisted living facilities as places for dying Nursing homes and assisted living facilities as places for dying Cartwright J C Authors' objectives To review the state of knowledge about nursing homes (NHs) and assisted living facilities (ALFs) as places for dying. Searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, HealthSTAR, PsycLIT, AgeLine, EBSCO and PubMed were searched for English language reports published between 1990 and 2001 (...) . Papers were also located by searching bibliographic lists and handsearching the programme abstracts of the 53rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, 2000. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review The inclusion criteria for study design were not stated a priori in the review. The included designs were published and unpublished research reports. Specific interventions included in the review The inclusion criteria specified nursing research

2002 DARE.

829. Telehealth interventions to improve clinical nursing of elders

Telehealth interventions to improve clinical nursing of elders Telehealth interventions to improve clinical nursing of elders Telehealth interventions to improve clinical nursing of elders Jones J F, Brennan P F Authors' objectives To examine the impact of telehealth interventions on the clinical nursing of elders. Searching MEDLINE (from 1966), CINAHL (from 1982), PsycINFO (from 1975), ERIC (from 1966) and ACM (from 1985) were searched to February 2001. Additional studies were sought (...) by examining the work and bibliographies of known investigators, and by examining review articles. The searches were restricted to studies published in English. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review The authors included only published reports that presented the findings of 'an exploratory or experimental study'; reviews were excluded. Specific interventions included in the review To be included, the studies had to focus on a nursing intervention using interactive computer

2002 DARE.

830. Nurse telephone triage for same day appointments in general practice: multiple interrupted time series trial of effect on workload and costs

Nurse telephone triage for same day appointments in general practice: multiple interrupted time series trial of effect on workload and costs Nurse telephone triage for same day appointments in general practice: multiple interrupted time series trial of effect on workload and costs Nurse telephone triage for same day appointments in general practice: multiple interrupted time series trial of effect on workload and costs Richards D A, Meakins J, Tawfik J, Godfrey L, Dutton E, Richardson G (...) , Russell D Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Nurse telephone triage for same day appointments in the setting of general practice was examined. Receptionists passed on requests for same day appointments to an experienced

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

831. Feasibility of in-home telehealth for conducting nursing research

Feasibility of in-home telehealth for conducting nursing research Feasibility of in-home telehealth for conducting nursing research Feasibility of in-home telehealth for conducting nursing research Smith C E, Cha J J, Kleinbeck F A, Cook D, Koehler J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of in-home telehealth for the follow-up of patients requiring mechanical ventilation for obstructive sleep apnoea. The intervention consisted of technical equipment that allowed the nurse to observe the patients in their home and to administer nursing interventions to the families. Physiologic data and ventilator procedures were observed via residential telephone lines. Type of intervention Other: Supportive care. Economic study

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

832. Nurse-led follow-up and conventional medical follow-up in management of patients with lung cancer: randomised trial

Nurse-led follow-up and conventional medical follow-up in management of patients with lung cancer: randomised trial Nurse-led follow-up and conventional medical follow-up in management of patients with lung cancer: randomised trial Nurse-led follow-up and conventional medical follow-up in management of patients with lung cancer: randomised trial Moore S, Corner J, Haviland J, Wells M, Salmon E, Normand C, Brada M, O'Brien M, Smith I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The health technology examined in the study was nurse-led follow-up in the management of patients with lung cancer. Conventional medical follow-up was considered as the comparator. Type of intervention Secondary prevention and tertiary

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

833. Economic analysis of a pragmatic randomised trial of home visits by a nurse to elderly people with hypertension in Mexico

Economic analysis of a pragmatic randomised trial of home visits by a nurse to elderly people with hypertension in Mexico Economic analysis of a pragmatic randomised trial of home visits by a nurse to elderly people with hypertension in Mexico Economic analysis of a pragmatic randomised trial of home visits by a nurse to elderly people with hypertension in Mexico Garcia-Pena C, Thorogood M, Wonderling D, Reyes-Frausto S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of home visits made by trained nurses, at least fortnightly, in the care of elderly people with hypertension. The nurses measured blood pressure, informed the patients and discussed possible lifestyle changes with them. Independent of this type

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

834. The 2-year costs and effects of a public health nursing case management intervention on mood-disordered single parents on social assistance

The 2-year costs and effects of a public health nursing case management intervention on mood-disordered single parents on social assistance The 2-year costs and effects of a public health nursing case management intervention on mood-disordered single parents on social assistance The 2-year costs and effects of a public health nursing case management intervention on mood-disordered single parents on social assistance Markle-Reid M, Browne G, Roberts J, Gafni A, Byrne C Record Status (...) This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology A two-year proactive, public-health, nursing case-management (health promotion and problem-solving) programme for single parents on social assistance, was examined. A public health nurse visited all

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

835. Clinical and economic evaluation of rapid influenza A virus testing in nursing homes in Calgary, Canada Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical and economic evaluation of rapid influenza A virus testing in nursing homes in Calgary, Canada Clinical and economic evaluation of rapid influenza A virus testing in nursing homes in Calgary, Canada Clinical and economic evaluation of rapid influenza A virus testing in nursing homes in Calgary, Canada Church D L, Davies H D, Mitton C, Semeniuk H, Logue M, Maxwell C, Donaldson C Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion (...) on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of a rapid influenza A virus infection diagnostic service was studied in an experimental nursing home. The experimental nursing home consisted of nurses trained to collect nasopharyngeal samples, which were immediately sent to a new laboratory service (the Calgary Laboratory

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

836. Effects of community based nurses specialising in Parkinson's disease on health outcome and costs: randomised controlled trial

Effects of community based nurses specialising in Parkinson's disease on health outcome and costs: randomised controlled trial Effects of community based nurses specialising in Parkinson's disease on health outcome and costs: randomised controlled trial Effects of community based nurses specialising in Parkinson's disease on health outcome and costs: randomised controlled trial Jarman B, Hurwitz B, Cook A, Bajekal M, Lee A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of community-based nurses for the management of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Nurses completed a course on special needs of people with PD and their carers. Their position in the community was advisory to the general practitioner (GP

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

837. A nurse-delivered advice intervention can reduce chronic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use in general practice: a randomized controlled trial

A nurse-delivered advice intervention can reduce chronic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use in general practice: a randomized controlled trial A nurse-delivered advice intervention can reduce chronic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use in general practice: a randomized controlled trial A nurse-delivered advice intervention can reduce chronic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use in general practice: a randomized controlled trial Jones A C, Coulson L, Muir K, Tolley K, Lophatananon (...) A, Everitt L, Pringle M, Doherty M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of nurse-delivered advice aimed at reducing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) usage. The intervention was reinforced with written

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

838. Early discharge of hip fracture patients from hospital: transfer of costs from hospital to nursing home Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early discharge of hip fracture patients from hospital: transfer of costs from hospital to nursing home Early discharge of hip fracture patients from hospital: transfer of costs from hospital to nursing home Early discharge of hip fracture patients from hospital: transfer of costs from hospital to nursing home van Balen R, Steyerberg E W, Cools H J, Polder J J, Habbema J D Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each (...) abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of early discharge of hip fracture patients from hospital, to home or transfer to a special rehabilitation ward in a nursing home. The decision to discharge was assessed 5 days after surgery, and the type of care needed by the patients (either discharge to home or transfer to a rehabilitation ward

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

839. Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction. (Abstract)

Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction. The worsening hospital nurse shortage and recent California legislation mandating minimum hospital patient-to-nurse ratios demand an understanding of how nurse staffing levels affect patient outcomes and nurse retention in hospital practice.To determine the association between the patient-to-nurse ratio and patient mortality, failure-to-rescue (deaths following complications) among surgical patients (...) , and factors related to nurse retention.Cross-sectional analyses of linked data from 10 184 staff nurses surveyed, 232 342 general, orthopedic, and vascular surgery patients discharged from the hospital between April 1, 1998, and November 30, 1999, and administrative data from 168 nonfederal adult general hospitals in Pennsylvania.Risk-adjusted patient mortality and failure-to-rescue within 30 days of admission, and nurse-reported job dissatisfaction and job-related burnout.After adjusting for patient

2002 JAMA

840. Predicting mortality in nursing home residents with lower respiratory tract infection: The Missouri LRI Study. (Abstract)

Predicting mortality in nursing home residents with lower respiratory tract infection: The Missouri LRI Study. Lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) is a leading cause of mortality and hospitalization in nursing home residents. Treatment decisions may be aided by a clinical prediction rule that identifies residents at low and high risk of mortality.To identify patient characteristics predictive of 30-day mortality in nursing home residents with an LRI.Prospective cohort study of 1406 episodes (...) of LRI in 1044 residents of 36 nursing homes in central Missouri and the St Louis, Mo, area between August 15, 1995, and September 30, 1998.Thirty-day all-cause mortality.Thirty-day mortality was 14.7% (n = 207). In a logistic analysis, using generalized estimating equations to adjust for clustering, we developed an 8-variable model to predict 30-day mortality, including serum urea nitrogen, white blood cell count, body mass index, pulse rate, activities of daily living status, absolute lymphocyte

2001 JAMA