Latest & greatest articles for nursing

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on nursing or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on nursing and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

What is Trip?

Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.

Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.

As well as research evidence we also allow clinicians to search across other content types including images, videos, patient information leaflets, educational courses and news.

For further information on Trip click on any of the questions/sections on the left-hand side of this page. But if you still have questions please contact us via jon.brassey@tripdatabase.com

Top results for nursing

861. Systematic review of patient and nurse attitudes to depot antipsychotic medication

Systematic review of patient and nurse attitudes to depot antipsychotic medication Systematic review of patient and nurse attitudes to depot antipsychotic medication Systematic review of patient and nurse attitudes to depot antipsychotic medication Walburn J, Gray R, Gournay K, Quraishi S, David A S Authors' objectives To investigate the following: patient satisfaction with depot antipsychotic medication; the patient-preferred setting for the administration of depot antipsychotic medication (...) ; patient preference for depot antipsychotic medication or oral antipsychotic medication; and nurse satisfaction with depot antipsychotic medication. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library were searched from 1966 to the end of May 1999. The search terms were 'depot', 'delayed-action preparations', '(intramuscular) injections' and 'antipsychotic (agents)' and/or 'neuroleptic (drugs)'. The databases were also searched using specific depot drug names, but these names were

2001 DARE.

862. In-home nursing care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and cost

In-home nursing care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and cost In-home nursing care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and cost In-home nursing care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and cost Harrison M J, Kushner K E, Benzies K, Kimak C, Jacobs P, Mitchell B F Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) hospital referrals, offered in-home care by experienced antenatal nurses and homemaker services by family aides, and received referrals 7 days a week. The programme included nursing and support services. Type of intervention Patient care management. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised women with high-risk pregnancies. There were several eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria for women with preterm labour were uterine contractions less

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

863. Training community psychiatric nurses in schizophrenia family work: a study of clinical and economic outcomes for patients and relatives

Training community psychiatric nurses in schizophrenia family work: a study of clinical and economic outcomes for patients and relatives Training community psychiatric nurses in schizophrenia family work: a study of clinical and economic outcomes for patients and relatives Training community psychiatric nurses in schizophrenia family work: a study of clinical and economic outcomes for patients and relatives Leff J, Sharpley M, Chisholm D, Bell R, Gamble C Record Status This is a critical (...) abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The health technology examined was cognitive and behavioural therapies given by community psychiatric nurses to families caring for a person with schizophrenia. The complete package included two educational sessions

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

864. Evaluation of a hospital diabetes specialist nursing service: a randomized controlled trial

Evaluation of a hospital diabetes specialist nursing service: a randomized controlled trial Evaluation of a hospital diabetes specialist nursing service: a randomized controlled trial Evaluation of a hospital diabetes specialist nursing service: a randomized controlled trial Davies M, Dixon S, Currie C J, Davis R E, Peters J R Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The health intervention examined was a hospital diabetes specialist nursing (DSN) service. This included individual structured patient education appropriate to need, and practical management advice such as verbal and written case-note feedback to ward-based medical and nursing staff. Type of intervention Other: Hospital specialist nursing service

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

865. A randomized trial of nurse specialist home care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and costs

A randomized trial of nurse specialist home care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and costs A randomized trial of nurse specialist home care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and costs A randomized trial of nurse specialist home care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and costs Brooten D, Youngblut J M, Brown L, Finkler S A, Neff D F, Madigan E Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS (...) EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Home care provided by nurse specialists to women with high-risk pregnancies was examined. The intervention consisted of standard prenatal and postpartum care, but half of the care was substituted with care delivered at home by advanced practice nurses (APNs). The women were also contacted

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

866. The effect of a hospitalist service with nurse discharge planner on patient care in an academic teaching hospital

The effect of a hospitalist service with nurse discharge planner on patient care in an academic teaching hospital The effect of a hospitalist service with nurse discharge planner on patient care in an academic teaching hospital The effect of a hospitalist service with nurse discharge planner on patient care in an academic teaching hospital Palmer H C, Armistead N S, Elnicki D M, Halperin A K, Ogershok P R, Manivannan S, Hobbs G R, Evans K Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Patients who were examined in a hospital internal medicine ward were treated by a medical team that included a hospitalist and a nurse discharge planner. The hospitalists were junior faculty members from the General Internal Medicine Department

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

867. Effect of nurse-to-patient ratio in the intensive care unit on pulmonary complications and resource use after hepatectomy

Effect of nurse-to-patient ratio in the intensive care unit on pulmonary complications and resource use after hepatectomy Effect of nurse-to-patient ratio in the intensive care unit on pulmonary complications and resource use after hepatectomy Effect of nurse-to-patient ratio in the intensive care unit on pulmonary complications and resource use after hepatectomy Dimick J B, Swoboda S M, Pronovost P J, Lipsett P A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of different nurse-to-patient ratios at night, in the intensive care unit (ICU), for the postoperative management of patients undergoing hepatic surgery. The ratios considered were: a 1:1 or 1:2 nurse-to-patient ratio ("more ICU nurses") versus a 1:3 or lower

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

868. Substitution of a nursing-led inpatient unit for acute services: randomized controlled trial of outcomes and cost of nursing-led intermediate care

Substitution of a nursing-led inpatient unit for acute services: randomized controlled trial of outcomes and cost of nursing-led intermediate care Substitution of a nursing-led inpatient unit for acute services: randomized controlled trial of outcomes and cost of nursing-led intermediate care Substitution of a nursing-led inpatient unit for acute services: randomized controlled trial of outcomes and cost of nursing-led intermediate care Griffiths P, Harris R, Richardson G, Hallett N, Heard S (...) , Wilson-Barnett J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The health intervention examined in the study was a service of intermediate care in a nursing-led inpatient unit (NLIU) for the promotion of patient recovery before

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

869. Evaluation of nurse-led follow up for patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy

Evaluation of nurse-led follow up for patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

870. Nurse-led weaning from mechanical ventilation: where's the evidence? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nurse-led weaning from mechanical ventilation: where's the evidence? Nurse-led weaning from mechanical ventilation: where's the evidence? Nurse-led weaning from mechanical ventilation: where's the evidence? Price A M Authors' objectives To systematically review the published literature to answer the question: 'Does nurse-led weaning from mechanical ventilation reduce the duration of ventilation compared with doctor-led care?' Searching The following sources were searched (search dates unclear (...) ): the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Best Evidence, and the Current Controlled Trials Register. In addition, 'Intensive and Critical Care Nursing' was handsearched over the previous 2 years, expert opinions were sought, and the reference lists of the identified studies were reviewed. MeSH terms were used with the 'explode' option and keyword searching using methodological filters; further details of the search strategy were reported in the paper. The search included studies reported in any language

2001 DARE.

871. Home care by outreach nursing for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (Abstract)

Home care by outreach nursing for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by progressive airflow obstruction, worsening exercise performance and deterioration in health. It is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and costs to health care systems. Care strategies, such as outreach nursing in the community, may reduce this burden.To evaluate the effectiveness of outreach respiratory health care worker programmes for patients (...) was an outreach nurse visiting patients in their homes, providing support, education, monitoring patient status and providing liaison with physicians. Interventions that used nurse practitioners who provided therapeutic intervention were also included. Studies in which the therapeutic intervention under test was physical training were not included.Data extraction and study quality assessment were performed independently by two reviewers. Where further or missing data was required, authors of studies were

2000 Cochrane

872. Nursing interventions for smoking cessation. (Abstract)

Nursing interventions for smoking cessation. Health care professionals frequently advise patients to improve their health by stopping smoking. Such advice may be brief, or part of more intensive interventions.To determine the effectiveness of nursing delivered smoking cessation interventions.The Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group register was searched for studies of interventions using nurses or health visitors and an additional search made on CINAHL.Randomised trials with follow-up of at least 6 (...) months.Two authors extracted data independently.Fifteen studies comparing nursing intervention to a control or usual care found intervention to significantly increase the odds of quitting (Peto Odds Ratio 1.43, 95% CI 1.24-1.66). There was heterogeneity between the study results, but pooling using a random effects model did not alter the estimate of effect. There was no evidence from indirect comparison that interventions classified as intensive had a larger effect than less intensive ones

2000 Cochrane

873. Nursing record systems: effects on nursing practice and health care outcomes. (Abstract)

Nursing record systems: effects on nursing practice and health care outcomes. A nursing record system is the record of care planned and/or given to individual patients/clients by qualified nurses or other caregivers under the direction of a qualified nurse. Nursing record systems may be an effective way of influencing nurse practice.To assess the effects of nursing record systems on nursing practice and patient outcomes.We searched The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Cinahl, Sigle, and databases (...) of the Royal College of Nursing, King's Fund, the NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, and the Institute of Electrical Engineers up to August 1999; and OCLC First Search, Department of Health database, NHS Register of Computer Applications and the Health Visitors' Association database up to the end of 1995. We hand searched the Journal of Nursing Administration (1971-1999), Computers in Nursing (1984-1999), Information Technology in Nursing (1989-1999) and reference lists of articles. We also hand

2000 Cochrane

874. Interventions to promote collaboration between nurses and doctors. (Abstract)

Interventions to promote collaboration between nurses and doctors. Lack of nurse-doctor collaboration contributes to problems in quality and efficiency of patient care.To assess the effects of interventions designed to improve nurse-doctor collaboration.We searched the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group specialised register and database of studies awaiting assessment, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, the Database (...) of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness, MEDLINE, and reference lists of articles up to the end of October 1999.Randomised trials, controlled before-and-after studies and interrupted time series of interventions to improve collaboration between nursing and medical professionals sharing patient care in primary or hospital care settings.One reviewer assessed the eligibility of potentially relevant studies, extracted data and assessed the quality of included studies; a second reviewer undertook duplicate

2000 Cochrane

875. Preventing child abuse and neglect with a program of nurse home visitation: the limiting effects of domestic violence. (Abstract)

Preventing child abuse and neglect with a program of nurse home visitation: the limiting effects of domestic violence. Home visitation to families with young children has been promoted as an effective way to prevent child maltreatment, but few studies have examined the conditions under which such programs meet this goal.To investigate whether the presence of domestic violence limits the effects of nurse home visitation interventions in reducing substantiated reports of child abuse (...) and neglect.Fifteen-year follow-up study of a randomized trial.Semirural community in upstate New York.Of 400 socially disadvantaged pregnant women with no previous live births enrolled consecutively between April 1978 and September 1980, 324 mothers and their children participated in the follow-up study.Families were randomly assigned to receive routine perinatal care (control group; n = 184 participated in follow-up), routine care plus nurse home visits during pregnancy only (n = 100), or routine care plus

2000 JAMA

876. Primary care outcomes in patients treated by nurse practitioners or physicians: a randomized trial. (Abstract)

Primary care outcomes in patients treated by nurse practitioners or physicians: a randomized trial. Studies have suggested that the quality of primary care delivered by nurse practitioners is equal to that of physicians. However, these studies did not measure nurse practitioner practices that had the same degree of independence as the comparison physician practices, nor did previous studies provide direct comparison of outcomes for patients with nurse practitioner or physician providers.To (...) compare outcomes for patients randomly assigned to nurse practitioners or physicians for primary care follow-up and ongoing care after an emergency department or urgent care visit.Randomized trial conducted between August 1995 and October 1997, with patient interviews at 6 months after initial appointment and health services utilization data recorded at 6 months and 1 year after initial appointment.Four community-based primary care clinics (17 physicians) and 1 primary care clinic (7 nurse

2000 JAMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

877. Nurse-initiation of x-rays of possible limb fractures in hospital emergency departments

Nurse-initiation of x-rays of possible limb fractures in hospital emergency departments Nurse-initiation of x-rays of possible limb fractures in hospital emergency departments Nurse-initiation of x-rays of possible limb fractures in hospital emergency departments Bernath V Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Bernath V. Nurse-initiation of x-rays (...) of possible limb fractures in hospital emergency departments. Clayton, Victoria: Centre for Clinical Effectiveness (CCE) 2000: 8 Authors' objectives This aim of this critical appraisal was to assess whether, for patients presenting with possible limb fractures, the request for x-rays by nurses rather than by doctors reduces waiting times in the emergency department. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Emergency Service, Hospital; Fractures, Bone; Nurse's Role; Nurses

2000 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

878. Nurse management of patients with minor illnesses in general practice: multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nurse management of patients with minor illnesses in general practice: multicentre, randomised controlled trial. To assess the acceptability and safety of a minor illness service led by practice nurses in general practice.Multicentre, randomised controlled trial.5 general practices in south east London and Kent representing semi-rural, suburban, and urban settings.1815 patients requesting and offered same day appointments by receptionists.Patients were assigned to treatment by either (...) a specially trained nurse or a general practitioner. Patients seen by a nurse were referred to a general practitioner when appropriate.The general satisfaction of the patients as measured by the consultation satisfaction questionnaire. Other outcome measures included the length of the consultation, number of prescriptions written, rates of referral to general practitioners, patient's reported health status, patient's anticipated behaviour in seeking health care in future, and number of patients who

2000 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

879. Randomised controlled trial of nurse practitioner versus general practitioner care for patients requesting "same day" consultations in primary care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomised controlled trial of nurse practitioner versus general practitioner care for patients requesting "same day" consultations in primary care. To ascertain any differences between care from nurse practitioners and that from general practitioners for patients seeking "same day" consultations in primary care.Randomised controlled trial with patients allocated by one of two randomisation schemes (by day or within day).10 general practices in south Wales and south west England.1368 patients (...) requesting same day consultations.Patient satisfaction, resolution of symptoms and concerns, care provided (prescriptions, investigations, referrals, recall, and length of consultation), information provided to patients, and patients' intentions for seeking care in the future.Generally patients consulting nurse practitioners were significantly more satisfied with their care, although for adults this difference was not observed in all practices. For children, the mean difference between general and nurse

2000 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

880. Randomised controlled trial comparing cost effectiveness of general practitioners and nurse practitioners in primary care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomised controlled trial comparing cost effectiveness of general practitioners and nurse practitioners in primary care. To compare the cost effectiveness of general practitioners and nurse practitioners as first point of contact in primary care.Multicentre randomised controlled trial of patients requesting an appointment the same day.20 general practices in England and Wales.1716 patients were eligible for randomisation, of whom 1316 agreed to randomisation and 1303 subsequently attended (...) the clinic. Data were available for analysis on 1292 patients (651 general practitioner consultations and 641 nurse practitioner consultations).Consultation process (length of consultation, examinations, prescriptions, referrals), patient satisfaction, health status, return clinic visits over two weeks, and costs.Nurse practitioner consultations were significantly longer than those of the general practitioners (11.57 v 7.28 min; adjusted difference 4. 20, 95% confidence interval 2.98 to 5.41), and nurses

2000 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high