Latest & greatest articles for nursing

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Top results for nursing

901. Care of minor injuries by emergency nurse practitioners or junior doctors: a randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

Care of minor injuries by emergency nurse practitioners or junior doctors: a randomised controlled trial. We aimed to assess the care and outcome of patients with minor injuries who were managed by a nurse practitioner or a junior doctor in our accident and emergency department.1453 eligible patients, over age 16 years, who presented at our department with minor injuries were randomly assigned care by a nurse practitioner (n=704) or by a junior doctor (n=749). Each patient was first assessed (...) by the nurse practitioner or junior doctor who did a clinical assessment; the assessments were transcribed afterwards to maintain masked conditions. Patients were then assessed by an experienced accident and emergency physician (research registrar) who completed a research assessment, but took no part in the clinical management of the patient. A standard form was used to compare the clinical assessment of the nurse practitioner or junior doctor with the assessment of the research registrar. The primary

1999 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

902. Evidence-based nursing - treatment of people with schizophrenia

Evidence-based nursing - treatment of people with schizophrenia Evidence-based nursing - treatment of people with schizophrenia Evidence-based nursing - treatment of people with schizophrenia Hellzn O, Johanson A, Pejlert A Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Hellzn O, Johanson A, Pejlert A. Evidence-based nursing - treatment (...) of people with schizophrenia. Stockholm: Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU) 1999: 71 Authors' objectives This review summarises the available evidence on the nursing care of people with schizophrenia. Authors' conclusions In Western countries, the emphasis in psychiatric care has shifted from inpatient care to outpatient services. This change means that people with schizophrenia must have access to a functioning family and support network. The scientific evidence presented

1999 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

903. Evidence-based nursing in the treatment of people with depression

Evidence-based nursing in the treatment of people with depression Evidence-based nursing in the treatment of people with depression Evidence-based nursing in the treatment of people with depression Berg A, Dencker K, Skarsatter I Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Berg A, Dencker K, Skarsatter I. Evidence-based nursing (...) in the treatment of people with depression. Stockholm: Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU) 1999: 62 Authors' objectives To summarise the available evidence on the role of evidence-based nursing in the treatment of people with depression. Authors' conclusions Since all studies were conducted in countries other than Sweden, and with other social and economic cultures, the value of the evidence may be difficult to apply to Swedish conditions. In most studies, adults with depression were

1999 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

904. Behavioural management in nursing and residential homes: a randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

Behavioural management in nursing and residential homes: a randomised controlled trial. As more and more elderly people are being cared for in residential and nursing homes, how best can their psychiatric needs be met? We report on evaluation of a behavioural intervention by an old-age psychiatry hospital outreach team.This randomised controlled trial of a training and education intervention over 6 months was done in south Manchester, UK. 12 matched nursing and residential homes were randomised (...) to the control or intervention group and within each, the staff selected 10 residents whose behavioural problems made them difficult to care for. Care staff in the intervention homes attended seminars from the hospital outreach team and received weekly visits from a psychiatric nurse to assist in developing care planning skills. The main outcome measures were cognitive impairment and depression, behavioural disturbance, and functional ability, assessed by the geriatric mental state schedule, Crichton Royal

1999 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

905. The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions to clients in prenatal and postnatal period: a systematic review

The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions to clients in prenatal and postnatal period: a systematic review The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions to clients in prenatal and postnatal period: a systematic review The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions to clients in prenatal and postnatal period: a systematic review Ciliska D (...) studies, were eligible for inclusion. After the validity assessment, studies that were deemed to be of a weak quality were excluded. Specific interventions included in the review Any intervention carried out by a nurse, which was within the scope of public health nursing (PHN) practice in Canada, was eligible. Participants included in the review Studies where the participants were pre- or post-natal women were eligible for inclusion. Outcomes assessed in the review Any evaluation of a client-focused

1999 DARE.

906. Prevalence and treatment of pain in older adults in nursing homes and other long-term care institutions: a systematic review

Prevalence and treatment of pain in older adults in nursing homes and other long-term care institutions: a systematic review Prevalence and treatment of pain in older adults in nursing homes and other long-term care institutions: a systematic review Prevalence and treatment of pain in older adults in nursing homes and other long-term care institutions: a systematic review Fox P L, Raina P, Jadad A R Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of pain treatment in older adults in nursing (...) homes. Searching The authors searched MEDLINE (January 1966 to May 1997), HEALTH (January 1975 to May 1997), CINAHL (January 1982 to April 1997), AGELINE (January 1978 to May 1997) and the Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 1997) using MeSH terms and textwords: 'nursing home', 'chronic care hospital', 'health services for the aged', 'pain', 'analgesic', and 'analgesia'. The authors also scanned the reference lists of relevant individual studies, chapters in textbooks and journal review articles

1999 DARE.

907. Effects of the Resident Assessment Instrument on the care process and health outcomes in nursing homes: a review of the literature

Effects of the Resident Assessment Instrument on the care process and health outcomes in nursing homes: a review of the literature Effects of the Resident Assessment Instrument on the care process and health outcomes in nursing homes: a review of the literature Effects of the Resident Assessment Instrument on the care process and health outcomes in nursing homes: a review of the literature Achterberg W P, van Campen C, Margriet A, Kerkstra A, Ribbe M W Authors' objectives To assess the effects (...) of the implementation of the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) on process measures, the quality of care plans, staff satisfaction and outcome measures in nursing homes. Searching MEDLINE, Online Current Contents, CINAHL and PsycLIT were searched using the keywords 'Resident Assessment Instrument' and 'Minimum Data Set'. Members of the group working on cross-national implementation of the RAI were contacted for further material and work in progress. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included

1999 DARE.

908. Evidence of life quality in CAPD patients and implications for nursing care: a systematic review

Evidence of life quality in CAPD patients and implications for nursing care: a systematic review Evidence of life quality in CAPD patients and implications for nursing care: a systematic review Evidence of life quality in CAPD patients and implications for nursing care: a systematic review Bowman G S, Martin C R Authors' objectives To determine the present state of evidence available on the quality of life of CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis) patients. In addition, the authors (...) aimed to offer the evidence to nurse practitioners and to determine implications for practice and future research. Searching Electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE (1984 to 1998) and CINAHL (1982 to 1998). Primary search terms included 'peritoneal dialysis' and 'CAPD'. Secondary search terms included 'function', 'exercise', 'anxiety', 'depression', 'quality of life', 'mortality', 'coping', 'elderly', 'spouse', 'sexual function/dysfunction', and 'compliance'. These searches were supplemented

1999 DARE.

909. Does what nurses do affect clinical outcomes for hospitalized patients: a review of the literature

Does what nurses do affect clinical outcomes for hospitalized patients: a review of the literature Does what nurses do affect clinical outcomes for hospitalized patients: a review of the literature Does what nurses do affect clinical outcomes for hospitalized patients: a review of the literature Lee J L, Chang B L, Pearson M L, Kahn K L, Rubenstein L V Authors' objectives To identify and describe: 1. Empirical studies of inpatient nursing care quality that evaluate links between nursing care (...) process and health-related outcomes. 2. Nursing care processes for which process-outcome links have been established. 3. Important nursing care processes that have not yet been evaluated. Searching Searches were conducted of the computerised databases MEDLINE, CINAHL and Health Planning and Administration for articles on health care quality. References listed in the known literature on the subject were screened, handsearches were conducted of key nursing journals and four experts in the quality

1999 DARE.

910. Effectiveness of a 'thrombolysis nurse' in shortening delay to thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction

Effectiveness of a 'thrombolysis nurse' in shortening delay to thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction Effectiveness of a 'thrombolysis nurse' in shortening delay to thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction Effectiveness of a 'thrombolysis nurse' in shortening delay to thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction Somauroo J D, McCarten P, Appleton B, Amadi A, Rodrigues E Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED (...) . Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study compares the effectiveness of using a thrombolysis nurse in shortening delay to thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction (MI) against the use of no thrombolysis nurse. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

911. Safety and effectiveness of nurse telephone consultation in out of hours primary care: randomised controlled trial. The South Wiltshire Out of Hours Project (SWOOP) Group. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Safety and effectiveness of nurse telephone consultation in out of hours primary care: randomised controlled trial. The South Wiltshire Out of Hours Project (SWOOP) Group. To determine the safety and effectiveness of nurse telephone consultation in out of hours primary care by investigating adverse events and the management of calls.Block randomised controlled trial over a year of 156 matched pairs of days and weekends in 26 blocks. One of each matched pair was randomised to receive (...) the intervention.One 55 member general practice cooperative serving 97 000 registered patients in Wiltshire.All patients contacting the out of hours service or about whom contact was made during specified times over the trial year.A nurse telephone consultation service integrated within a general practice cooperative. The out of hours period was 615 pm to 1115 pm from Monday to Friday, 1100 am to 1115 pm on Saturday, and 800 am to 1115 pm on Sunday. Experienced and specially trained nurses received, assessed

1998 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

912. Long-term effects of nurse home visitation on children's criminal and antisocial behavior: 15-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Long-term effects of nurse home visitation on children's criminal and antisocial behavior: 15-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. A program of home visitation by nurses has been shown to affect the rates of maternal welfare dependence, criminality, problems due to use of substances, and child abuse and neglect. However, the long-term effects of this program on children's antisocial behavior have not been examined.To examine the long-term effects of a program of prenatal and early (...) childhood home visitation by nurses on children's antisocial behavior.Fifteen-year follow-up of a randomized trial. Interviews were conducted with the adolescents and their biological mothers or custodial parents.Semirural community in New York.Between April 1978 and September 1980, 500 consecutive pregnant women with no previous live births were recruited, and 400 were enrolled. A total of 315 adolescent offspring participated in a follow-up study when they were 15 years old; 280 (89%) were born

1998 JAMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

913. The effect of a physician assistant on the hospitalization of nursing home residents

The effect of a physician assistant on the hospitalization of nursing home residents The effect of a physician assistant on the hospitalization of nursing home residents The effect of a physician assistant on the hospitalization of nursing home residents Ackermann R J, Kemle K A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed (...) by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Using a gerontologist physician assistant (PA) for regular visits to a nursing home in order to reduce hospitalisation. Type of intervention Secondary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients residing in a nursing home. Setting Nursing home and hospital. The economic study was conducted in Georgia, USA. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

914. Telephone nurse triage services

Telephone nurse triage services Telephone nurse triage services Telephone nurse triage services Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research. Telephone nurse triage services. Edmonton: Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research (...) (AHFMR). Technote TN 14. 1998 Authors' objectives This report has been produced in response to a request for an evaluation of the literature regarding a proposed telephone nurse triage service. This service would be run with qualified personnel who could answer and direct callers' queries about acute care, symptom management, referrals, health information and education, and post-acute follow-up. Authors' conclusions There are several telephone nurse triage services in the U. S., one in Canada

1998 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

915. Evidence-based nursing: radiotherapy for patients with cancer

Evidence-based nursing: radiotherapy for patients with cancer Evidence-based nursing: radiotherapy for patients with cancer Evidence-based nursing: radiotherapy for patients with cancer Forsberg C, Wengstrom Y Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Forsberg C, Wengstrom Y. Evidence-based nursing: radiotherapy for patients (...) with cancer. Stockholm: Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU) 1998: 79 Authors' objectives The aim of this systematic literature review is to report on the scientific evidence concerning nursing in radiotherapy. Authors' conclusions Radiotherapy for cancer is often associated with complications and side effects. These, along with the worry and anxiety which the patient may experience from the disease itself and from treatment, place special demands on nursing intervention

1998 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

916. Technology assessment in nursing: a systematic review of the national and international literature

Technology assessment in nursing: a systematic review of the national and international literature Menetelmien arviointi hoitotyossa - Kansallisen ja kansainvalisen tutkimuksen systemoitu kirjallisuuskatsaus Technology assessment in nursing: a systematic review of the national and international literature Menetelmien arviointi hoitotyossa - Kansallisen ja kansainvalisen tutkimuksen systemoitu kirjallisuuskatsaus Technology assessment in nursing: a systematic review of the national (...) and international literature Partanen P, Perala M L Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Partanen P, Perala M L. Menetelmien arviointi hoitotyossa - Kansallisen ja kansainvalisen tutkimuksen systemoitu kirjallisuuskatsaus. Technology assessment in nursing: a systematic review of the national and international literature. Helsinki: Finnish

1998 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

917. Comparing nursing costs for preterm infants receiving conventional vs developmental care.

Comparing nursing costs for preterm infants receiving conventional vs developmental care. Comparing nursing costs for preterm infants receiving conventional vs developmental care. Comparing nursing costs for preterm infants receiving conventional vs developmental care. Petryshen P, Stevens B, Hawkins J, Stewart M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) Costs were not discounted, which was appropriate given the short timeframe of the study (less than one year). Quantities and costs were reported separately. Quantities measured were the number of days in acute and transitional neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Costs measured were direct nursing costs and indirect nursing costs defined as costs of support staff (unit secretaries and nursing unit administrator). The quantity/cost boundary adopted was that of the hospital, although it should

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

918. Cost-effectiveness of consultant pharmacists in managing drug-related morbidity and mortality at nursing facilities

Cost-effectiveness of consultant pharmacists in managing drug-related morbidity and mortality at nursing facilities Cost-effectiveness of consultant pharmacists in managing drug-related morbidity and mortality at nursing facilities Cost-effectiveness of consultant pharmacists in managing drug-related morbidity and mortality at nursing facilities Harrison D L, Bootman J L, Cox E R Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED (...) population The study population was a hypothetical cohort of 100 residents of a geriatric nursing home. No exclusion or inclusion criteria were specified. Setting The setting was community care. This was represented by a hypothetical geriatric nursing home in the USA. Dates to which data relate The dates during which the data were gathered were not reported in the paper. Source of effectiveness data The effectiveness data were derived from a review of the literature and experts' opinions. Modelling

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

919. Primary care anticoagulant clinic management using computerized decision support and near patient international normalized ratio (INR) testing: routine data from a practice nurse-led clinic

Primary care anticoagulant clinic management using computerized decision support and near patient international normalized ratio (INR) testing: routine data from a practice nurse-led clinic Primary care anticoagulant clinic management using computerized decision support and near patient international normalized ratio (INR) testing: routine data from a practice nurse-led clinic Primary care anticoagulant clinic management using computerized decision support and near patient international (...) normalized ratio (INR) testing: routine data from a practice nurse-led clinic Fitzmaurice D A, Hobbs F D, Murray E T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Primary care anticoagulant clinic management. Type of intervention

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

920. Feasibility and effects of nurse run clinics for patients with epilepsy in general practice: randomised controlled trial. Epilepsy Care Evaluation Group. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Feasibility and effects of nurse run clinics for patients with epilepsy in general practice: randomised controlled trial. Epilepsy Care Evaluation Group. To test the feasibility and effect of nurse run epilepsy clinics in primary care.A randomised controlled trial of nurse run clinics versus "usual care."Six general practices in the South Thames region.251 patients aged over 15 years who were taking anti-epileptic drugs or had a diagnosis of epilepsy and an attack in the past two years who met (...) specified inclusion criteria and had responded to a questionnaire.Questionnaire responses and recording of key variables extracted from the clinical records before and after the intervention.127 patients were randomised to a nurse run clinic, of whom 106 (83%) attended. The nurse wrote 28 letters to the general practitioners suggesting changes in epilepsy management. For this intervention group compared with the usual care group there was a highly significant improvement in the level of advice recorded

1997 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain