Latest & greatest articles for parkinson's disease

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Top results for parkinson's disease

1. Apomorphine sublingual film for off episodes in Parkinson's disease: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 study

: Affiliations 1 Department of Neurology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA; Clintrex, Sarasota, FL, USA. Electronic address: warren.olanow@clintrex.com. 2 Department of Neurology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. 3 Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA. 4 Department of Neurology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA. 5 Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ, USA. 6 Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders (...) and Movement Disorders Center of Boca Raton, Boca Raton, FL, USA. 7 University of Kansas Medical Center, University of Kansas, Kansas City, KS, USA. 8 Clintrex, Sarasota, FL, USA. 9 Sunovion, Marlborough, MA, USA. PMID: 31818699 DOI: Item in Clipboard Full-text links Cite Abstract Background: Many patients with Parkinson's disease have potentially disabling off episodes that are not predictably responsive to levodopa. In this study, we assessed the safety and efficacy of apomorphine sublingual film

2020 EvidenceUpdates

2. Assessment of an Objective Method of Dyskinesia Measurement in Parkinson's Disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Assessment of an Objective Method of Dyskinesia Measurement in Parkinson's Disease. The goal of this study was to validate an objective method of measuring levodopa induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease (PD).To characterize agreement between the clinician-based measure and a force plate, we assessed dyskinesia in PD subjects participating in a randomized and blinded clinical trial of an adenosine A2A anatagonist. Convergent validity and intra-class correlations were evaluated between

2019 Movement disorders clinical practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

3. Integrated Analysis of Droxidopa for the Treatment of Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension in Patients with Parkinson Disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integrated Analysis of Droxidopa for the Treatment of Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension in Patients with Parkinson Disease. Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) is associated with neurodegenerative conditions, may cause symptoms of end-organ hypoperfusion, increases fall risk, and can negatively impact quality of life. Droxidopa is approved for the treatment of symptomatic nOH in adults. As the largest subpopulation of patients with nOH has a diagnosis of Parkinson disease (PD

2019 Movement disorders clinical practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4. Istradefylline (Nourianz) - Parkinson's disease

and Uncertainties Conclusions and Reasons Analysis of Condition ? The condition treated was advanced Parkinson's disease which is operationally defined as patients taking levodopa and experiencing OFF episodes. Istradefylline was given to these patients as adjunctive treatment. The pivotal trials were adequate for investigating effects on istradefylline on adult patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. Current Treatment Options ? There are many approved treatments as adjunctive therapy for patients (...) Istradefylline (Nourianz) - Parkinson's disease CENTER FOR DRUG EVALUATION AND RESEARCH APPLICATION NUMBER: 022075Orig1s000 CLINICAL REVIEW(S) (b) (4) Clinical Review Natalie Branagan, MD NDA 022075 Nourianz/istradefylline CLINICAL REVIEW Application Type NDA Application Number(s) 022075 Priority or Standard Class 2 Resubmission Submit Date(s) February 27, 2019 Received Date(s) February 27, 2019 PDUFA Goal Date August 27, 2019 Division/Office DNP Reviewer Name(s) Natalie Branagan, MD Review

2019 FDA - Drug Approval Package

5. Effectiveness of home-based and remotely supervised aerobic exercise in Parkinson's disease: a double-blind, randomised controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

of group assignments. Both interventions were home based, requiring 30-45 min training three times per week for 6 months. Both groups received a motivational app and remote supervision. Home trainers were enhanced with virtual reality software and real-life videos providing a so-called exergaming experience (ie, exercise enhanced by gamified elements). The primary outcome was the between-group difference in the Movement Disorders Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) motor (...) Effectiveness of home-based and remotely supervised aerobic exercise in Parkinson's disease: a double-blind, randomised controlled trial High-intensity aerobic exercise might attenuate the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, but high-quality evidence is scarce. Moreover, long-term adherence remains challenging. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic exercise-gamified and delivered at home, to promote adherence-on relieving motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease with mild

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Levodopa (Inbrija) - Parkinson’s disease

with Parkinson’s disease, the cells in the brain that produce dopamine, a neurotransmitter important for controlling movement, begin to die and the amount of dopamine in the brain decreases. Inbrija contains levodopa which converts into dopamine in the brain and helps to restore dopamine levels, thereby improving the symptoms of the condition. Because Inbrija is inhaled, it can supply extra levodopa (and hence dopamine) quickly when needed during an ‘off’ period. What benefits of Inbrija have been shown (...) malignant syndrome or rhabdomyolysis. For the full list of side effects and restrictions, see the package leaflet. Why is Inbrija authorised in the EU? Studies show that Inbrija is effective at reducing symptoms during ‘off’ periods in patients with Parkinson’s disease on levodopa/dopa-decarboxylase-inhibitor treatment. The safety of the medicine is in line with other similar medicines. Because it is inhaled, Inbrija provides rapid relief of symptoms, which improves patients’ quality of life

2019 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

7. Canadian guideline for Parkinson disease

and written form. n Discussions should aim to achieve a balance between providing realistic information and promoting optimism. n Families and caregivers should be informed about the condition and available support services. DIAGNOSIS AND PROGRESSION n Parkinson disease should be suspected in anyone with tremor, stiness, slowness, balance problems or gait disorders. n CT or MRI brain scanning should not be routinely used to diagnose Parkinson disease. n Patients, especially young, who request genetic (...) to achieve a balance between providing realistic information and promoting optimism. n Families and caregivers should be informed about the condition and available support services. DIAGNOSIS AND PROGRESSION n Parkinson disease should be suspected in anyone with tremor, stiness, slowness, balance problems or gait disorders. n CT or MRI brain scanning should not be routinely used to diagnose Parkinson disease. n Patients, especially young, who request genetic testing should be assessed by a movement

2019 CPG Infobase

8. Safinamide (Xadago) for the treatment of adult patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease

Safinamide (Xadago) for the treatment of adult patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease Safinamide (Xadago®) for the treatment of adult patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease | Report | National Health Care Institute You are here: Safinamide (Xadago®) for the treatment of adult patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease Search within English part of National Health Care Institute Search Safinamide (Xadago®) for the treatment of adult patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease

2019 National Health Care Institute (Zorginstituut Nederland)

9. Safinamide (Onstryv) - idiopathic Parkinson's disease

Safinamide (Onstryv) - idiopathic Parkinson's disease Search Page - Drug and Health Product Register Language selection Search and menus Search Search website Search Topics menu You are here: Summary Basis of Decision - - Health Canada Expand all Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) for Contact: Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) documents provide information related to the original authorization of a product. The for is located below. Recent Activity for SBDs written for approved after September 1

2019 Health Canada - Drug and Health Product Register

10. Land Plus Aquatic Therapy Versus Land-Based Rehabilitation Alone for the Treatment of Freezing of Gait in Parkinson Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

effect of land-based therapies plus aquatic therapy in patients with PD who have FOG.The objective was to investigate the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary, intensive, motor-cognitive rehabilitation treatment (MIRT) in improving FOG and whether implementation with aquatic therapy (MIRT-AT) adds further benefits.The design consisted of a single-blind, parallel-group, 1:1 allocation ratio, randomized trial.The Department of Parkinson Disease, Movement Disorders and Brain Injury Rehabilitation (...) Land Plus Aquatic Therapy Versus Land-Based Rehabilitation Alone for the Treatment of Freezing of Gait in Parkinson Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial Freezing of gait (FOG) is one of the most disabling symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD). Different land-based rehabilitation approaches based on motor and cognitive strategies can be effective in treating FOG. Although there are data about the efficacy of aquatic therapy in ameliorating this phenomenon, no study has explored the combined

2019 EvidenceUpdates

11. Randomized trial of care management to improve Parkinson disease care quality (Abstract)

Randomized trial of care management to improve Parkinson disease care quality To test effects on care quality of Chronic Care Model-based Parkinson disease (PD) management.This 2-group stratified randomized trial involved 328 veterans with PD in southwestern United States. Guided care management, led by PD nurses, was compared to usual care. Primary outcomes were adherence to 18 PD care quality indicators. Secondary outcomes were patient-centered outcome measures. Data sources were telephone (...) of the changes over time was in the positive Patient Health Questionnaire-2 depression screen for intervention minus usual care (-11.52 [95% CI -20.42, -2.62]).A nurse-led chronic care management intervention, Care Coordination for Health Promotion and Activities in Parkinson's Disease (CHAPS), substantially increased adherence to PD quality of care indicators among veterans with PD, as documented in the EMR. Of 8 secondary outcomes assessed, a screening measure for depressive symptomatology was the only

2019 EvidenceUpdates

12. Aquatic exercise improves motor impairments in people with Parkinson`s disease, with similar or greater benefits than land-based exercise: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Aquatic exercise improves motor impairments in people with Parkinson`s disease, with similar or greater benefits than land-based exercise: a systematic review What are the effects of aquatic exercise on disease severity, (non-)motor impairments, activity performance, fear of falling, and quality of life in people with Parkinson's disease (PD)? Does aquatic exercise have greater effects on these outcomes than other forms of exercise in people with PD?Systematic review and meta-analysis (...) in the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Part III (MD -4.6, 95% CI -7.5 to -1.7) in favour of aquatic exercise. Six studies compared aquatic exercise with land-based exercise after intervention (mean 7.2 weeks of training (SD 2.2); 159 participants). The effect of aquatic exercise was superior to land-based exercise on the Berg Balance Scale (MD 2.7, 95% CI 1.6 to 3.9), the Falls Efficacy Scale (MD -4.0, 95% CI -6.1 to -1.8) and the 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (MD -6.0, 95% CI -11.3

2019 EvidenceUpdates

13. Comparative Effectiveness of mHealth-Supported Exercise Compared With Exercise Alone for People With Parkinson Disease: Randomized Controlled Pilot Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparative Effectiveness of mHealth-Supported Exercise Compared With Exercise Alone for People With Parkinson Disease: Randomized Controlled Pilot Study Declining physical activity commonly occurs in people with Parkinson disease (PD) and contributes to reduced functional capacity and quality of life.The purpose of this study was to explore the preliminary effectiveness, safety, and acceptability of a mobile health (mHealth)-mediated exercise program designed to promote sustained physical (...) . Daily steps and moderate-intensity minutes were measured using a step activity monitor for 1 week at baseline and again at 12 months. Secondary outcomes included the 6-Minute Walk Test, Parkinson Disease Questionnaire 39 mobility domain, safety, acceptability, and adherence.Both groups increased daily steps, moderate-intensity minutes, and 6-Minute Walk Test, with no statistically significant between-group differences observed. In the less active subgroup, changes in daily steps and moderate

2019 EvidenceUpdates

14. Bright light therapy for depression in Parkinson disease: A randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

Bright light therapy for depression in Parkinson disease: A randomized controlled trial To assess the efficacy of bright light therapy (BLT) in reducing depressive symptoms in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) compared to a control light.In this double-blind controlled trial, we randomized patients with PD and MDD to treatment with BLT (±10,000 lux) or a control light (±200 lux). Participants were treated for 3 months, followed by a 6-month naturalistic

2019 EvidenceUpdates

15. Trunk Exercises Improve Gait Symmetry in Parkinson Disease: A Blind Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Trunk Exercises Improve Gait Symmetry in Parkinson Disease: A Blind Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial. Deficits in step-to-step symmetry and trunk muscle activations have been linked to falls in Parkinson disease. Given such symptoms are poorly managed with anti-parkinsonian medications, alternate therapies are needed. This blind phase II randomized controlled trial sought to establish whether exercise can improve step-to-step symmetry in Parkinson disease.Twenty-four Parkinson disease (...) , active interventions seem more suited to increasing independence and quality of life for people with Parkinson disease.Complete the self-assessment activity and evaluation online at http://www.physiatry.org/JournalCME CME OBJECTIVES: Upon completion of this article, the reader should be able to do the following: (1) Describe the effect deficits in trunk muscle function have on gait in individuals with Parkinson disease; (2) Identify the benefits of targeted trunk exercises on step-to-step symmetry

2019 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Path Finder for freezing of gait in people with Parkinson?s disease

instability are the leading causes of falls and disability in Parkinson's disease. Symptoms can become increasingly problematic as the condition progresses and may not be improved with pharmacological intervention. Non-pharmaceutical interventions such as physiotherapy can help improve function and maintain independence for patients, by correcting and improving posture, balance and general mobility. People with early stages of the disease may also be referred to a physiotherapist for assessment, education (...) and advice about maintaining physical activity. People with Parkinson's disease and impaired gait may choose to use walking aids such as a cane or frame, with or without visual-cue technology. Path Finder for freezing of gait in people with Parkinson’s disease (MIB170) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 11Population, setting and intended user Use of Path Finder is intended to reduce freezing of gait

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

17. Safety and efficacy of CVT-301 (levodopa inhalation powder) on motor function during off periods in patients with Parkinson`s disease: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial (Abstract)

Safety and efficacy of CVT-301 (levodopa inhalation powder) on motor function during off periods in patients with Parkinson`s disease: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial Patients with Parkinson's disease chronically treated with levodopa commonly have delayed or unpredictable onset of its benefits after oral intake. In this study, we assessed the safety and efficacy of CVT-301, a self-administered levodopa oral inhalation powder, for the treatment of patients (...) with Parkinson's disease during off periods.In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial, patients were recruited at 65 sites in Canada, Poland, Spain, and the USA. Eligible participants were patients with Parkinson's disease aged 30-85 years, who had daily off periods of 2 h or longer and showed an improvement of 25% or greater in the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor score from off to on state after use of an oral levodopa plus a dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor

2019 EvidenceUpdates

18. ‘Low dose’ physiotherapy and occupational therapy found ineffective for people with mild to moderate Parkinson’s disease

and intensity of treatment sessions was less than found in some recent trials, but are reflective of current NHS practice. The researchers suggest that future research could investigate more intensive physiotherapy and occupational therapy programmes, and focus on people with more severe Parkinson’s disease. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder associated with significant problems with movement, including trembling, stiffness (...) . Bibliography Deane K, Ellis-Hill C, Dekker K, et al. . Br J Occup Ther. 2003;66:193-200. Deane K, Ellis-Hill C, Dekker K, et al. .Br J Occup Ther. 2003;66:247-254. National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions. London: Royal College of Physicians; 2006. NHS Choices. . London: Department Of Health; 2015. NICE. CG35. London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence; 2006. Plant RP, Jones D, Ashburn A, et al. Evaluation of Physiotherapy in Parkinson’s Disease: Project Update: The Science

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

19. Relationship Between Respiratory Sensory Perception, Speech, and Swallow in Parkinson's Disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship Between Respiratory Sensory Perception, Speech, and Swallow in Parkinson's Disease. It has been suggested that sensory impairments contribute significantly to the motor deficits secondary to impaired sensorimotor integration in Parkinson's disease. Speech and swallowing are likely to become disordered in PD, and there is evidence that impaired upper airway sensation also contributes to these disorders.The goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between perception

2019 Movement disorders clinical practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. Effects of Qigong Exercise on Non-Motor Symptoms and Inflammatory Status in Parkinson's Disease: A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Qigong Exercise on Non-Motor Symptoms and Inflammatory Status in Parkinson's Disease: A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. Background: Non-motor symptoms such as sleep disturbance, cognitive decline, fatigue, anxiety, and depression in Parkinson's disease (PD) impact quality of life. Increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in individuals with PD have been reported, which may contribute to non-motor symptoms. A mind-body exercise, Qigong, has demonstrated benefits (...) across different medical conditions. However, a lack of evidence causes clinicians and patients to be uncertain about the effects of Qigong in individuals with PD. This study will examine the effects of Qigong on non-motor symptoms and inflammatory status in individuals with PD. Methods: Sixty individuals with PD will be recruited. Qigong and sham Qigong group (n = 30 for each) will receive a 12-week intervention. Participants will practice their assigned exercise at home (2×/day) and attend

2019 Medicines (Basel, Switzerland) Controlled trial quality: uncertain