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Integrating Mindfulness and Physical Exercises for Medical Students: A Systematic Review OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine | Integrating Mindfulness and Physical Exercises for Medical Students: A Systematic Review Welcome to LIDSEN Publishing Inc. or OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine Quick Link (ISSN 2573-4393) OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine is an international peer-reviewed Open Access journal published quarterly online by LIDSEN Publishing Inc. It covers all (...) evidence-based scientific studies on integrative, alternative and complementary approaches to improving health and wellness. Topics contain but are not limited to: Acupuncture Acupressure Acupotomy Bioelectromagnetics applications Pharmacological and biological treatments including their efficacy and safety Diet, nutrition and lifestyle changes Herbal medicine Homeopathy Manual healing methods (e.g., massage, physicaltherapy) Kinesiology Mind/body interventions Preventive medicine Research
Effect of Early Surgery vs PhysicalTherapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. Despite recent studies suggesting arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) is not more effective than physicaltherapy (PT), the procedure is still frequently performed in patients with meniscal tears.To assess whether PT is noninferior to APM for improving patient-reported knee function in patients with meniscal tears.Noninferiority, multicenter (...) to APM (n = 159) or a predefined PT protocol (n = 162). The PT protocol consisted of 16 sessions of exercise therapy over 8 weeks focused on coordination and closed kinetic chain strength exercises.The primary outcome was change in patient-reported knee function on the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (range, 0 to 100; from worse to best) from baseline over a 24-month follow-up period. The noninferiority margin was defined as a difference between treatment groups of 8
Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early PhysicalTherapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial Randomized controlled trial.The aim of this study was to compare early physicaltherapy versus usual care in patients with low back pain.Early physicaltherapy (PT) has been associated with reduced downstream healthcare utilization in retrospective studies, but not investigated prospectively in the military health system.Military (...) service members seeking care from a general practitioner were recruited. Patients attended a 20-minute self-management class with focus on psychosocial resilience and then randomized to usual care only (UC) versus immediately starting a 3-week physicaltherapy program (PT). Primary outcome was the Oswestry Disability Index at 1 year. Secondary outcomes included Oswestry scores at 4- and 12-week follow-up, numeric pain rating scale, global rating of change, and healthcare utilization at 1 year
Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes To explore associations between remission, based on clinical and ultrasound definitions, and future good radiographic and physical outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Newly diagnosed patients with RA followed a treat-to-target strategy incorporating ultrasound information in the Aiming for Remission in rheumatoid (...) were defined: no radiographic progression and good outcome (no radiographic progression+physical function≥general population median), both sustained 12-24 months. We calculated the ORs of these outcomes for the remission definitions.Of 103 patients, 42%-82% reached remission at 6 months, dependent on definition. Seventy-one per cent of patients had no radiographic progression and 37% had good outcome. An association between 6-month remission and no radiographic progression was observed for ACR
Cost-effectiveness of internet-based cognitiveâ€“behavioural therapy and physical exercise for depression Both internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (ICBT) and physical exercise are alternatives to treatment as usual (TAU) in managing mild to moderate depression in primary care.To determine the cost-effectiveness of ICBT and physical exercise compared with TAU in primary care.Economic evaluation of a randomised controlled trial (N = 945) in Sweden. Costs were estimated by a service use (...) questionnaire and used together with the effects on quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). The primary 3-month healthcare provider perspective in primary care was complemented by a 1-year societal perspective.The primary analysis showed that incremental cost per QALY gain was €8817 for ICBT and €14 571 for physical exercise compared with TAU. At the established willingness-to-pay threshold of €21 536 (£20 000) per QALY, the probability of ICBT being cost-effective is 90%, and for physical exercise is 76
The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for communityâ€dwelling physicaltherapy patients The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a fall prevention educational session on fall risk knowledge, use of fall prevention interventions and the number of falls in community-dwelling older persons attending physical therapy.This pilot study used a mixed method design consisting of a quantitative pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design followed by a qualitative (...) and subsequent evaluation. An increase in fall risk knowledge (p = 0.031) and implementation of fall prevention techniques was noted. One fall was sustained 60 days after therapy discharge.
Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physicaltherapy interventions after stroke Adequate reporting of ethics-related research methods promotes convergence on best ethics practices. In physicaltherapy, studies on ethics reporting are limited to few aspects, and none focuses on stroke research. Our objectives were to investigate the reporting of multiple ethics-related features and its variation over time, and the characteristics of the studies associated with ethics (...) reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) of physicaltherapy interventions after stroke.A random sample of RCTs published in the years 2004, 2009 and 2014, was extracted from the PubMed database, regardless of the publishing journal. For each trial we investigated year of publication, trial registration, sample size, stroke subtype, phase of the disease, setting, interventions and dosing, outcome measures, outcome of the study, PEDro score and 5-year impact factor of the publishing journal
Caregiver-Provided PhysicalTherapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review Caregiver-provided physicaltherapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations.This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing
Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal PhysicalTherapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial Nondisplaced and minimally displaced fractures of the radial head and neck are common injuries, yet the role of physicaltherapy (PT) in their treatment is unclear. The aim of this trial was to assess the need for formal PT following a simple fracture of the radial head or neck.Patients who had a nondisplaced or minimally displaced fracture of the radial
Preoperative PhysicalTherapy Education Reduces Time to Meet Functional Milestones After Total Joint Arthroplasty As length of stay decreases for total joint arthroplasty, much of the patient preparation and teaching previously done in the hospital must be performed before surgery. However, the most effective form of preparation is unknown. This randomized trial evaluated the effect of a one-time, one-on-one preoperative physicaltherapy education session coupled with a web-based microsite (...) (preopPTEd) on patients' readiness to discharge from physicaltherapy (PT), length of hospital stay, and patient-reported functional outcomes after total joint arthroplasty.Was this one-on-one preoperative PT education session coupled with a web- based microsite associated with (1) earlier achievement of readiness to discharge from PT; (2) a reduced hospital length of stay; and (3) improved WOMAC scores 4 to 6 weeks after surgery?Between February and June 2015, 126 typical arthroplasty patients underwent
Formal PhysicalTherapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare formal outpatient physicaltherapy (PT) and unsupervised home exercises after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA).Fifty-two patients were randomized to 6 weeks of outpatient PT or an unsupervised home exercise program after UKA. The primary outcome was change in range of motion at 6 weeks with secondary outcomes
A Neuroimaging Web Services Interface as a Cyber Physical System for Medical Imaging and Data Management in Brain Research: Design Study Structural and functional brain images are essential imaging modalities for medical experts to study brain anatomy. These images are typically visually inspected by experts. To analyze images without any bias, they must be first converted to numeric values. Many software packages are available to process the images, but they are complex and difficult to use (...) designed as a cyber physical system for neuroimaging and clinical data in brain research.Neuroimaging Web Services Interface accepts magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, diffusion tensor imaging, and functional magnetic resonance imaging. These images are processed using existing and custom software packages. The output is then stored as image files, tabulated files, and MySQL tables. The system, made up of a series of interconnected servers, is password-protected and is securely
Effects of 24-hours/day versus business hours physicaltherapy intervention in adult intensive care unit patients: a systematic review Effects of 24-hours/day versus business hours physicaltherapy intervention in adult intensive care unit patients: a systematic review - MedCrave online Due to current COVID19 situation and as a measure of abundant precaution, our Member Services centre are operating with minimum staff eISSN: 2574-9838 International PhysicalMedicine & Rehabilitation Journal (...) availability of physicaltherapy beyond business hours could shorten the length of ICU stay and days of mechanical ventilation. Further studies are required to increase certainty about the effectiveness of Physical Therapist intervention 24-hours/7 days in intensive care unit. Keywords: physicaltherapy, intensive care units, after-hours care, rehabilitation, review, length of stay, mechanical ventilation Abbreviations ESICM, european society of intensive care medicine; ICU, intensive care unit; OR, odds
The effects of a single session of lumbar spinal manipulative therapy in terms of physical performance test symmetry in asymptomatic athletes: a single-blinded, randomised controlled study. Musculoskeletal disorders in athletes, including spinal biomechanical dysfunctions, are believed to negatively influence symmetry. Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is recognised as a safe and effective treatment for musculoskeletal disorders, but there is little evidence about whether it can be beneficial (...) in symmetry. Therefore, this study aimed to measure the effects of lumbar SMT in symmetry.Forty asymptomatic athletes participated in the study. The randomisation procedure was performed according to the following group allocation: group 1 (SMT) and group 2 (SHAM). Each participant completed a physical activity questionnaire, and also underwent clinical and physical evaluation for inclusion according to eligibility criteria. Statistical significance (P<0.05) between groups and types of therapy were
Effectiveness of Telephone-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression in Patients with Chronic Physical Health Conditions: A Meta-Analysis Links for doi: 10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.3.227 Effectiveness of Telephone-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression in Patients with Chronic Physical Health Conditions: A Meta-Analysis Park,Suin et al. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing (2018), 27 (3):227
Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Plus PhysicalTherapy on Gait in Patients With Parkinson Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The aim of the study was to study the combined effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and physicaltherapy on the walking ability of patients with Parkinson disease (PD).The study used an experimental, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial.After intervention, group 1 (only tDCS) demonstrated a significant increase in gait (...) speed by 0.13 to 0.14 m/sec (17.8%-19.2%) and an increase in step length by 5.9 to 6.1 cm (14.0%-14.5%), whereas group 2 (tDCS and physicaltherapy) revealed a significant increase in gait speed by 0.10 to 0.13 m/sec (14.9%-19.4%) and step length by 4.5 to 5.4 cm (10.6%-12.8%) and group 3 (sham tDCS and physicaltherapy) showed a significant increase in gait speed by 0.09 to 0.14 m/sec (13.0%-20.3%) and step length by 3.0 to 5.4 cm (6.8%-12.3%). All these results lasted for at least 8 wks after
Comparison of Supervised and Unsupervised Models of PhysicalTherapy in Total Knee Arthroplasty: Systematic Review Comparison of supervised and unsupervised models of physicaltherapy in total knee arthroplasty: systematic review - MedCrave online Due to current COVID19 situation and as a measure of abundant precaution, our Member Services centre are operating with minimum staff eISSN: 2574-9838 International PhysicalMedicine & Rehabilitation Journal Review Article Volume 2 Issue 5 Comparison (...) Arthroplasty) #2 "PhysicalTherapy Modalities"[Mesh] OR (Modalities, PhysicalTherapy) OR (Modality, PhysicalTherapy) OR (PhysicalTherapy Modality) OR (Physiotherapy (Techniques)) OR (Physiotherapies (Techniques)) OR (PhysicalTherapy Techniques) OR (PhysicalTherapy Technique) OR (Techniques, PhysicalTherapy) #3 ((randomized controlled trial [pt]) OR (controlled clinical trial [pt]) OR (randomized [tiab]) OR (placebo [tiab]) OR (drugtherapy [sh]) OR (randomly [tiab]) OR (trial [tiab]) OR (groups [tiab
Obstacles facing evidence based medicine in physicalmedicine and rehabilitation: from opinion and knowledge to practice Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a new approach to medicine which can guide clinical services toward effective and beneficial results with the least side effects or errors. Up to now, there have been few available articles about specialists' EBM status, specifically the status of physiatrists in the area of EBM.To determine the present status of physiatrists' attitudes (...) was done using SPSS version 16.One hundred twenty-eight questionnaires were completed (response percentage 52.2%). In total, 48.4% specialists had attended EBM workshops and 89.6% of people were familiar with medical search engines. The amount of familiarity with databases was mostly with MEDLINE/PubMed (52.3%). Respondents mainly had a positive point of view towards EBM. Those who had access to databases at work or somewhere out of home had a more positive attitude (p=0.002). Those who had attended