Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

61. Physical health and drug safety in individuals with schizophrenia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical health and drug safety in individuals with schizophrenia While antipsychotic medications are the mainstay of therapy for individuals with schizophrenia and psychotic disorders, their use is associated with adverse effects on physical health that require the attention and care of prescribers.We used the ADAPTE process to adapt existing guideline recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN (...) interventions are recommended to mitigate antipsychotic-induced weight gain. Prescribers should follow Canadian guidelines on the treatment of obesity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Recommendations on antipsychotic drug choice are made for users particularly concerned about extrapyramidal symptoms.Careful monitoring and attention by prescribers may mitigate adverse effects associated with antipsychotic medications.

2017 CPG Infobase

62. Myofascial techniques have no additional beneficial effects to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain after breast cancer surgery: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

Myofascial techniques have no additional beneficial effects to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain after breast cancer surgery: a randomized controlled trial To investigate the effects of myofascial techniques, in addition to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain shortly after breast cancer surgery.Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial with two groups.University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium Patients: A total of 147 patients (...) with unilateral axillary clearance for breast cancer.All participants received a standard physical therapy programme starting immediately after surgery for four months. The intervention group received additionally eight sessions of myofascial therapy from two up to four months after surgery. The control group received eight sessions of a placebo intervention, including static hand placements at the upper body region.The primary outcome was prevalence rate of upper limb pain. Additionally, pain intensity

2017 EvidenceUpdates

63. Yoga, Physical Therapy, or Education for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Noninferiority Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Yoga, Physical Therapy, or Education for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Noninferiority Trial. Yoga is effective for mild to moderate chronic low back pain (cLBP), but its comparative effectiveness with physical therapy (PT) is unknown. Moreover, little is known about yoga's effectiveness in underserved patients with more severe functional disability and pain.To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP.12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized noninferiority trial and subsequent (...) Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), and pain, measured by an 11-point scale, at 12 weeks. Prespecified noninferiority margins were 1.5 (RMDQ) and 1.0 (pain). Secondary outcomes included pain medication use, global improvement, satisfaction with intervention, and health-related quality of life.One-sided 95% lower confidence limits were 0.83 (RMDQ) and 0.97 (pain), demonstrating noninferiority of yoga to PT. However, yoga was not superior to education for either outcome. Yoga and PT were similar for most

2017 Annals of Internal Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

64. Development and evaluation of the medication-based index of physical function (MedIP) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Development and evaluation of the medication-based index of physical function (MedIP) the development of an objective and comprehensive drug-based index of physical function for older adults has the potential to more accurately predict fall risk.the index was developed using 862 adults (ages 57-85) from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) Wave 1 study. The index was evaluated in 70 adults (ages 51-88) from a rehabilitation study of dizziness and balance.the prevalence (...) among 601 drugs for 1,694 side effects was used with fall history to determine the magnitude of each side effect's contribution towards physical function. This information was used to calculate a Medication-based Index of Physical function (MedIP) score for each individual based on his or her medication profile. The MedIP was compared to the timed up and go (TUG) test as well as drug counts using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The associations between various indices of physical

2017 EvidenceUpdates

65. Formal Physical Therapy After Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Not Required: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Formal Physical Therapy After Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Not Required: A Randomized Controlled Trial The value of formal physical therapy after total hip arthroplasty is unknown. With substantial changes that have occurred in surgical and anesthesia techniques, self-directed therapy may be efficacious in restoring function to patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty.We conducted a single-center, randomized trial of 120 patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty who were (...) eligible for direct home discharge. The experimental group followed a self-directed home exercise program for 10 weeks. The control group received the standard protocol for physical therapy that included in-home visits with a physical therapist for the first 2 weeks followed by formal outpatient physical therapy for 8 weeks. Functional outcomes were measured using validated instruments including the Harris hip score (HHS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC

2017 EvidenceUpdates

66. Stroke screening and health-related physical fitness testing in medical staff members in Urumqi, China Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stroke screening and health-related physical fitness testing in medical staff members in Urumqi, China Stroke is the leading cause of death and disability, and is closely related to a lack of exercise. Currently, most Chinese medical staff members lack exercise and may be at risk for stroke. We sought to determine the risk factors for stroke and study the significance of health-related physical fitness testing in stroke prevention among Chinese medical staff members.A total of 627 subjects from (...) risk for stroke. This may be related to the nature of the profession and warrants more attention from the society. The health-related physical fitness measurement parameters in subjects at high risk for stroke were significantly different from those in subjects who were not at high risk. Screening and health-related physical fitness testing in medical staff members may contribute to stroke prevention. More rigorous controlled clinical trials will be needed in the future.

2017 Chronic diseases and translational medicine

67. The Effect of Peripheral Nerve Stimulation on Shoulder Biomechanics: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Comparison to Physical Therapy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Effect of Peripheral Nerve Stimulation on Shoulder Biomechanics: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Comparison to Physical Therapy. To establish the effects on shoulder biomechanics from a peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) treatment compared to physical therapy (PT) in stroke survivors with chronic hemiplegic shoulder pain.Single-site, pilot, randomized controlled trial for adults with chronic shoulder pain after stroke. Participants were randomized to receive a 3-week treatment of single (...) -lead PNS or physical therapy (PT). The outcomes included isometric shoulder abduction strength, pain-free shoulder external rotation range of motion (ROM), delay in initiation and termination of shoulder abduction electromyogram (EMG) activity, and the Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (upper extremity section). Outcomes were measured at baseline, and at weeks 1, 4, 12, and 16.Twenty-five participants were recruited, 13 to PNS and 12 to PT. There were significant improvements for both PNS and PT

2017 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

68. Diagnosis of Upper Quadrant Lymphedema Secondary to Cancer: Clinical Practice Guideline From the Oncology Section of the American Physical Therapy Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnosis of Upper Quadrant Lymphedema Secondary to Cancer: Clinical Practice Guideline From the Oncology Section of the American Physical Therapy Association Diagnosis of Upper Quadrant Lymphedema Secondary to Cancer: Clinical Practice Guideline From the Oncology Section of the American Physical Therapy Association | Physical Therapy | Oxford Academic ') We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can (...) change your cookie settings at any time. Search Account Menu Menu Navbar Search Filter Mobile Microsite Search Term Close search filter search input Article Navigation Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation July 2017 Article Contents Article Navigation Diagnosis of Upper Quadrant Lymphedema Secondary to Cancer: Clinical Practice Guideline From the Oncology Section of the American Physical Therapy Association Kimberly Levenhagen K. Levenhagen, PT, DPT, Saint Louis University, Doisy College

2017 American Physical Therapy Association

69. Pelvic Girdle Pain in the Antepartum Population: Physical Therapy Clinical Practice Guidelines Linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health From the Section on Women's Health and the Orthopaedic Section of the American Full Text available with Trip Pro

the Evidence Based Physical Therapy for determination of article quality for the appropriate of level of evidence (I-V) established by the Centers for Evidence-Based Medicine and grades of evidence for strength according to the guidelines of Guyatt et al and modified by Law and MacDermid (A-F). Results: A total of 105 references were included and the following recommendations were found with evidence. The evidence is moderate to strong for identification of risk factors, clinical course, diagnosis (...) Appraisal Process and Reliability Each literary article was reviewed by 2 reviewers and required greater than 95% agreement among reviewers via Key Questions from the Evidence Based Physical Therapy for determination of article quality for the appropriate of level of evidence established by the Centers for Evidence-Based Medicine. If greater than 95% agreement was not achieved, a third reviewer was utilized for quality determination. Articles were considered “high quality” if they fulfilled greater than

2017 American Physical Therapy Association

70. Pelvic Girdle Pain in the Antepartum Population: Physical Therapy Clinical Practice Guidelines Linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health From the Section on Women's Health and the Orthopaedic Section of the America

, and the patient's values, expectations, and preferences. However, we suggest that the rationale for significant departures from accepted guidelines be documented in the patient's medical records at the time the relevant clinical decision is made. METHODS Summary of Literature Search 37/7/2017 Pelvic Girdle Pain in the Antepartum Population: Physical T... : Journal of Women’s Health Physical Therapy http://journals.lww.com/jwhpt/Fulltext/2017/05000/Pelvic_Girdle_Pain_in_the_Antepartum_Population__.7.aspx 6/27 (...) Process and Reliability Each literary article was reviewed by 2 reviewers and required greater than 95% agreement among reviewers via Key Questions from the Evidence Based Physical Therapy for determination of article quality for the appropriate of level of evidence established by the Centers for Evidence­Based Medicine. If greater than 95% agreement was not achieved, a third reviewer was utilized for quality determination. Articles were considered “high quality” if they fulfilled greater than 75

2017 The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), Inc.

71. Physical Therapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines

Physical Therapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines Physical Therapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Physical Therapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines Physical Therapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines Published on: November 10, 2016 Project Number: RC0822-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary (...) with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of physical therapy interventions for chronic non-cancer pain in adult patients? Key Message Eleven evidence-based guidelines included recommendations about the use of physical therapy interventions for the management of chronic, non-cancer pain. Overall, guidelines supported the use of physical and exercise therapy, manual therapy (i.e. spinal manipulation therapy and mobilization techniques

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

72. Impact on weight and physical function of intensive medical weight loss in older adults with stage II and III obesity Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact on weight and physical function of intensive medical weight loss in older adults with stage II and III obesity A 6-month pilot trial compared two strategies for weight loss in older adults with body mass indexes (BMIs) ≥35 kg/m(2) to assess weight loss response, safety, and impact on physical function.Twenty-eight volunteers were randomized to a balanced deficit diet (BDD) (500 kcal/day below estimated energy needs) or an intensive, low-calorie, meal replacement diet (ILCD, 960 kcal/day (...) ]) compared with BDD. There were no significant differences in change in physical function or adverse event frequency.Compared with a traditional BDD intervention, older adults who have severe obesity treated with intensive medical weight loss had greater weight loss and decreases in fat mass without a higher frequency of adverse events. In the short term, however, this did not translate into greater improvements in physical function.© 2016 The Obesity Society.

2016 EvidenceUpdates

73. Early Parent-Administered Physical Therapy for Preterm Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early Parent-Administered Physical Therapy for Preterm Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial To investigate the short-term effect of parent-administered physical therapy in the preterm period on motor performance in medically stable infants.This study was a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized controlled trial including 153 infants born at gestational age ≤32 weeks and randomized to an intervention (n = 74) or a control (n = 79) group. The intervention promoted postural control, head control (...) was measured by using Cohen's d.The mean baseline z score was 0.06 (95% confidence interval, -0.48 to 0.60). After the intervention, there was a significant group difference, indicating a change in motor performance from week 34 to 37 PMA favoring the intervention group. The estimated difference in z scores was 0.42 (95% confidence interval, 0.13 to 0.72; P = .005), and the effect size was 0.40.Parent-administered physical therapy conducted before term-equivalent age improved motor performance at 37 weeks

2016 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

74. Integration of Dermatology-Focused Physical Diagnosis Rounds and Case-Based Learning within the Internal Medicine Medical Student Clerkship Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integration of Dermatology-Focused Physical Diagnosis Rounds and Case-Based Learning within the Internal Medicine Medical Student Clerkship Over half of dermatologic conditions are seen by nondermatologists, yet medical students receive little dermatology education. Medical students in the clinical years of training at our institution felt insecure in their physical diagnosis skills for dermatologic conditions.The objective of this study was to implement dermatology-focused curricula within (...) the Internal Medicine (IM) Core Clerkship to increase student confidence in diagnosing skin diseases.Two dermatology-focused sessions were integrated into the IM Clerkship. A faculty dermatologist leads students on a dermatology-focused physical diagnosis "Skin Rounds", where patients are seen at the bedside and students practice describing skin lesions and forming a differential diagnosis. Students also participate in a case-based active learning session. A dermatologist selects images of common skin

2016 Journal of medical education and curricular development

75. Core concept of integrative medicine: physical activity Full Text available with Trip Pro

Core concept of integrative medicine: physical activity 28462113 2018 11 13 2213-4220 5 3 2016 Sep Integrative medicine research Integr Med Res Core concept of integrative medicine: physical activity. 169-170 10.1016/j.imr.2016.08.002 Kwak Hyo-Bum HB Department of Kinesiology, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea. eng Editorial 2016 08 12 Netherlands Integr Med Res 101612707 2213-4220 2017 5 3 6 0 2017 5 4 6 0 2017 5 4 6 1 ppublish 28462113 10.1016/j.imr.2016.08.002 S2213-4220(16

2016 Integrative medicine research

76. Design of a randomised intervention study: the effect of dumbbell exercise therapy on physical activity and quality of life among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Design of a randomised intervention study: the effect of dumbbell exercise therapy on physical activity and quality of life among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia Participation in physical activity has a positive impact on the overall health and quality of life, whereas physical inactivity is associated with a poor prognosis among breast cancer survivors. Despite the health-enhancing benefits of physical activity, the majority of Malaysian breast cancer survivors are not physically active (...) . This paper presents the design of a randomised study to evaluate the feasibility and effect of exercise therapy intervention using light resistance dumbbell exercise to promote active lifestyle and improve the quality of life of breast cancer survivors in Malaysia.This is an intervention study of a 12-week exercise therapy that will explore and compare the effects of light resistance and aerobic exercise on physical activity level and quality of life components in 102 female breast cancer survivors

2016 BMJ global health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

77. Comparative Effectiveness of Tai Chi Versus Physical Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01258985).An urban tertiary care academic hospital.204 participants with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (mean age, 60 years; 70% women; 53% white).Tai Chi (2 times per week for 12 weeks) or standard physical therapy (2 times per week for 6 weeks, followed by 6 weeks of monitored home exercise).The primary outcome was Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score at 12 weeks. Secondary outcomes included physical function, depression, medication use (...) Comparative Effectiveness of Tai Chi Versus Physical Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Trial. Few remedies effectively treat long-term pain and disability from knee osteoarthritis. Studies suggest that Tai Chi alleviates symptoms, but no trials have directly compared Tai Chi with standard therapies for osteoarthritis.To compare Tai Chi with standard physical therapy for patients with knee osteoarthritis.Randomized, 52-week, single-blind comparative effectiveness trial

2016 Annals of Internal Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

78. Additional Effects of a Physical Therapy Protocol on Headache Frequency, Pressure Pain Threshold, and Improvement Perception in Patients With Migraine and Associated Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

) and a physiotherapy plus medication group (n=25) (N=50).Both groups received medication for migraine treatment. Additionally, physiotherapy plus medication patients received 8 sessions of physical therapy over 4 weeks, comprised mainly of manual therapy and stretching maneuvers lasting 50 minutes.A blinded examiner assessed the clinical outcomes of headache frequency, intensity, and self-perception of global change and physical outcomes of pressure pain threshold and cervical range of motion. Data were recorded (...) differences between groups were observed only in the temporal area (P<.05). No differences were observed between groups regarding cervical range of motion.We cannot assume that physical therapy promotes additional improvement in migraine treatment; however, it can increase the cervical pressure pain threshold, anticipate clinically relevant changes, and enhance patient satisfaction.Copyright © 2016 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2016 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

79. Randomised controlled trial: Surgery and physical therapy likely yield similar outcomes in spinal stenosis

Randomised controlled trial: Surgery and physical therapy likely yield similar outcomes in spinal stenosis Surgery and physical therapy likely yield similar outcomes in spinal stenosis | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Surgery and physical therapy likely yield similar outcomes in spinal stenosis Article Text Therapeutics/Prevention Randomised controlled trial Surgery and physical therapy likely yield similar outcomes in spinal

2016 Evidence-Based Medicine

80. Cognitive therapies for increasing physical activity

Cognitive therapies for increasing physical activity Cognitive therapies for increasing physical activity - NIPH Selected items added to basket Close Search for: Søk Meny Infectious diseases & Vaccines Close Mental & Physical health Close Environment & Lifestyle Close Health in Norway Close Quality & Knowledge Close Research & Access to data Close About NIPH Close Cognitive therapies for increasing physical activity Have you found an error? Order Download: Key message Regular physical activity (...) reduces the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Cognitive therapies have documented effects in a number of health care settings but we do not know if cognitive therapies can increase physical activity. We evaluated the effect of cognitive therapies on physical activity summarizing studies involving different patient groups and persons at risk of heart disease. Few studies had follow-up times beyond six months. We found that: It is probable, based on moderate-quality evidence, that cognitive

2016 Norwegian Institute of Public Health