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Latest & greatest articles for pregabalin
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Perioperative Pregabalin and Intraoperative Lidocaine Infusion to Reduce Persistent Neuropathic Pain After Breast Cancer Surgery: A Multicenter, Factorial, Randomized, Controlled Pilot Trial Persistent postsurgical pain is defined as pain localized to the area of surgery of a duration of ≥2 months and is, unfortunately, a common complication after breast cancer surgery. Although there is insufficient evidence to support any preventative strategy, prior literature suggests the possible efficacy (...) of intravenous lidocaine and perioperative pregabalin in preventing persistent pain after surgery. To determine feasibility of conducting a larger definitive trial, we conducted a multicenter 2 × 2 factorial, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot trial of 100 female patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. Patients were randomized to receive an intraoperative lidocaine infusion (1.5 mg/kg bolus followed by 2 mg/kg/h) or placebo and perioperative pregabalin (300 mg preoperatively, 75 mg twice daily for 9
Pregabalin add-on for drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Epilepsy is a common neurological disease that affects approximately 1% of the UK population. Approximately one-third of these people continue to have seizures despite drug treatment. Pregabalin is one of the newer antiepileptic drugs which have been developed to improve outcomes.This is an updated version of the Cochrane Review published in Issue 3, 2014, and includes three new studies.To assess the efficacy and tolerability of pregabalin (...) , manufacturer of pregabalin, to identify published, unpublished, and ongoing trials.We included randomised controlled trials comparing pregabalin with placebo or an alternative antiepileptic drug as an add-on for people of any age with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Double-blind and single-blind trials were eligible for inclusion. The primary outcome was 50% or greater reduction in seizure frequency; secondary outcomes were seizure freedom, treatment withdrawal for any reason, treatment withdrawal due
Prolonged Perioperative Use of Pregabalin and Ketamine to Prevent Persistent Pain after Cardiac Surgery Persistent postsurgical pain is common and affects quality of life. The hypothesis was that use of pregabalin and ketamine would prevent persistent pain after cardiac surgery.This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was undertaken at two cardiac surgery centers in the United Kingdom. Adults without chronic pain and undergoing any elective cardiac surgery patients via sternotomy (...) were randomly assigned to receive either usual care, pregabalin (150 mg preoperatively and twice daily for 14 postoperative days) alone, or pregabalin in combination with a 48-h postoperative infusion of intravenous ketamine at 0.1 mg · kg · h. The primary endpoints were prevalence of clinically significant pain at 3 and 6 months after surgery, defined as a pain score on the numeric rating scale of 4 or higher (out of 10) after a functional assessment of three maximal coughs. The secondary outcomes
Efficacy and Safety of Pregabalin in Neuropathic Pain Followed Spinal Cord Injury: A Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Pregabalin has been approved for the treatment of the neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury (SCI). We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis of randomized, controlled, multicenter trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pregabalin for SCI-induced neuropathic pain.Research searching was performed in PubMed and EMBASE databases (...) and the Cochrane library in May 2018. Clinical controlled trials using pregabalin for the pain treatment following SCI in adults (18 y old and above) were included. Pain and safety-related adverse events were considered as outcomes. Meta-analysis was conducted using Revman 5.0 software.Five publications (pregabalin, patients=261, placebo, patients=216) were included in our study. After at least 4-week's treatment with pregabalin (flexible dose, 150 to 600 mg/d), pregabalin-treated patients showed reduced pain
Analgesic Potentials of Preoperative Oral Pregabalin, Intravenous Magnesium Sulfate, and their Combination in Acute Postthoracotomy Pain The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the preoperative combination of oral Pregabalin and intravenous (IV) magnesium sulfate as analgesic adjuvants in postthoracotomy pain.One hundred twenty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status II were allocated randomly into 1 of 4 groups. Group MP received 300 mg (...) pregabalin orally and an IV infusion of magnesium sulfate 50 mg/kg mixed with 200 mL normal saline (NS); group P received 300 mg pregabalin orally and 200 mL NS infusion; group M received an IV infusion of magnesium sulfate 50 mg/kg mixed with 200 mL NS and a placebo capsule; and group C received placebo capsule and an IV infusion of 200 mL NS. All medications were given 1 hour before surgery in all groups. In the first 24 hours postoperatively, total morphine consumption, the Visual Analog Scale (0
Gabapentin and pregabalin: Are high doses justified? Gabapentin and pregabalin: Are high doses justified? January 2019 Mailing Address: Therapeutics Initiative The University of British Columbia Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2176 Health Sciences Mall Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 1Z3 Tel.: 604 822 0700 Fax: 604 822 0701 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.ti.ubc.ca 117 A nalgesia once seemed a relatively straightfor- ward aspect of medicine. Recommendations in textbooks (...) and guidelines were definitive, albeit heavily conflicted. Even recent guidelines encourage dose titration, based on an implicit, if unsupported, notion that more is likely to be better. 1 Recent experiments and systematic reviews show that drugs seldom outperform placebo significantly in chronic pain. Even old standards like acetaminophen and amitriptyline do not stand up well to careful scru- tiny of randomized placebo-controlled trials. 2,3 Recent evidence confirms that gabapentin and pregabalin
The efficacy of pregabalin for the management of acute and chronic postoperative pain in thoracotomy: a meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis of randomized-controlled trials Pregabalin is commonly used as an analgesic for neuropathic pain. But pregabalin as an adjunct to a multimodal analgesic regimen - although standard clinical protocol in some settings - has remained controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to identify the efficacy of pregabalin for management of postoperative (...) pain in thoracotomy.Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, Springer, and Clinical Trial Register database were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of pregabalin in preventing postoperative pain in thoracotomy. Review Manager 5.3 and STATA 12.0 were selected to conduct the meta-analysis. Trial sequential analysis was used to control random errors and calculate the required information size.Nine RCTs with 684 patients were included in our meta-analysis. Outcomes favoring pregabalin
Effect of preoperative pregabalin on analgesia and interleukins after lumbotomy: prospective, randomized, comparative, double-blind study Pregabalin is an anticonvulsant and has been used for postoperative analgesia. This study aimed to assess the effect of a single preoperative dose of pregabalin for analgesia after nephrectomy.The study was prospective, randomized, comparative, and double-blinded, conducted in 40 kidney transplant donors, between 18 and 60 years, American Society (...) of Anesthesia physical status I or II. Epidural anesthesia was performed with 15 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine single shot and general anesthesia with 3 µg/kg of fentanyl, propofol, atracurium, and sevoflurane, and 50% of oxygen without nitrous oxide. Patients in group 1 were administered 300 mg of pregabalin and those in group 2 were administered placebo, in identical capsules, 1 hour prior to surgery. Postoperative analgesia was supplemented with tramadol. The following parameters were assessed: pain intensity
Pregabalin for neuropathic pain in adults. This review updates part of an earlier Cochrane Review titled "Pregabalin for acute and chronic pain in adults", and considers only neuropathic pain (pain from damage to nervous tissue). Antiepileptic drugs have long been used in pain management. Pregabalin is an antiepileptic drug used in management of chronic pain conditions.To assess the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of pregabalin for chronic neuropathic pain in adults.We searched CENTRAL (...) , MEDLINE, and Embase for randomised controlled trials from January 2009 to April 2018, online clinical trials registries, and reference lists.We included randomised, double-blind trials of two weeks' duration or longer, comparing pregabalin (any route of administration) with placebo or another active treatment for neuropathic pain, with participant-reported pain assessment.Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed trial quality and biases. Primary outcomes were: at least 30% pain
Effect of Pregabalin on Radiotherapy-Related Neuropathic Pain in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial Neuropathic pain is an unavoidable treatment-related adverse event among patients with head and neck cancer who are undergoing radiotherapy. We aimed to test the efficacy and safety of pregabalin versus placebo in the treatment of radiotherapy-related neuropathic pain.This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in four centers in China (...) . Eligible patients with a mean pain intensity score of 4 or more on an 11-point numeric rating scale were randomly assigned to receive either active treatment with a flexible dose of pregabalin or placebo for 16 weeks. The primary efficacy outcome was pain reduction measured on the numeric rating scale.There were 128 patients who received treatment as randomly assigned. Pain intensity reduction was 2.44 in the pregabalin arm and 1.58 in the placebo arm at week 16, yielding an adjusted mean difference
Effects of a single dose of preoperative pregabalin and gabapentin for acute postoperative pain: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Pregabalin (PGB) and gabapentin (GBP) are current and emerging drugs in the field of pre-emptive preoperative analgesia. However, the role of PGB or GBP in acute postoperative pain management still remains elusive.We conducted a comprehensive literature search of articles published by December 3, 2017. A total of 79 randomized controlled trials
Anxiously Awaiting Evidence: Pregabalin in generalized anxiety disorder Tools for Practice is proudly sponsored by the Alberta College of Family Physicians (ACFP). ACFP is a provincial, professional voluntary organization, representing more than 4,800 family physicians, family medicine residents, and medical students in Alberta. Established over sixty years ago, the ACFP strives for excellence in family practice through advocacy, continuing medical education and primary care research (...) . www.acfp.ca July 16, 2018 Anxiously Awaiting Evidence: Pregabalin in generalized anxiety disorder Clinical Question: Is pregabalin effective for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)? Bottom Line: Evidence for pregabalin in GAD is inconsistent and at high-risk of bias (industry-written, short-term, poorly described methods, high drop-outs, and run-in periods that overinflate benefit). If real, an additional one in 6-8 people may respond to pregabalin compared to placebo at 4-8 weeks. However, the change
Comparison of Preoperative Administration of Pregabalin and Duloxetine on Cognitive Functions and Pain Management After Spinal Surgery: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study Surgical trauma is known to induce hyperalgesia, and if pain management is insufficient, it contributes to persistent pain in the postoperative period.In this study, our primary aims were to compare the effect of pregabalin and duloxetine on postoperative pain scores and cognitive functions. Our secondary aim (...) was to determine drug-related side effects.This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.The study was carried out in the setting of the operating room and the surgical ward.Ninety-four patients, 18 to 65 years of age, ASA status I-II, scheduled for elective repair of lumbar disc herniation were enrolled in the study.The patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: the first group received pregabalin 75 mg orally 1 hour before the surgery and at the postoperative 12th and 24th
Cognitive Effects of Perioperative Pregabalin: Secondary Exploratory Analysis of a Randomized Placebo-controlled Study Pregabalin has shown opioid sparing and analgesic effects in the early postoperative period; however, perioperative effects on cognition have not been studied. A randomized, parallel group, placebo-controlled investigation in 80 donor nephrectomy patients was previously performed that evaluated the analgesic, opioid-sparing, and antihyperalgesic effects of pregabalin (...) . This article describes a secondary exploratory analysis that tested the hypothesis that pregabalin would impair cognitive function compared to placebo.Eighty patients scheduled for donor nephrectomy participated in this randomized, placebo-controlled study. Pregabalin (150 mg twice daily, n = 40) or placebo (n = 40) was administered on the day of surgery and the first postoperative day, in addition to a pain regimen consisting of opioids, steroids, local anesthetics, and acetaminophen. Specific cognitive
Prophylactic Pregabalin to Decrease Pain During Medication Abortion: A Randomized Controlled Trial To evaluate whether prophylactic pregabalin reduces pain experienced with medication abortion.We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of women initiating medication abortion with mifepristone and buccal misoprostol up to 70 days of gestation. Participants were randomized to 300 mg oral pregabalin or a placebo immediately before misoprostol. The primary outcome was maximum (...) pain on an 11-point numerical rating scale, reported using real-time electronic surveys over 72 hours. Secondary outcomes included pain at each time point, ibuprofen and narcotic use, side effects, and satisfaction. We estimated that 110 women would be required to have 80% power to detect a difference in pain of 1.3 points.Between June 2015 and October 2016, 241 women were screened and 110 were randomized (56 pregabalin, 54 placebo). Three were lost to follow-up. The primary outcome of mean maximum
Pregabalin Top results for pregabalin - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for pregabalin The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms
The effect of pregabalin or duloxetine on arthritis pain: a clinical and mechanistic study in people with hand osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent arthritis worldwide and is characterized by chronic pain and impaired physical function. We hypothesized that heightened pain in hand OA could be reduced with duloxetine or pregabalin. In this prospective, randomized clinical study, we recruited 65 participants, aged 40-75 years, with a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for pain (...) of at least 5. Participants were randomized to one of the following three groups: duloxetine, pregabalin, and placebo. The primary endpoint was the NRS pain score, and the secondary endpoints included the Australian and Canadian Hand Osteoarthritis Index (AUSCAN) pain, stiffness, and function scores and quantitative sensory testing by pain pressure algometry. After 13 weeks, compared to placebo, ANOVA found significant differences between the three groups (P=0.0078). In the intention-to-treat analysis
Trial of Pregabalin for Acute and Chronic Sciatica. Sciatica can be disabling, and evidence regarding medical treatments is limited. Pregabalin is effective in the treatment of some types of neuropathic pain. This study examined whether pregabalin may reduce the intensity of sciatica.We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of pregabalin in patients with sciatica. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either pregabalin at a dose of 150 mg per day that was adjusted (...) underwent randomization, of whom 108 received pregabalin and 101 received placebo; after randomization, 2 patients in the pregabalin group were determined to be ineligible and were excluded from the analyses. At week 8, the mean unadjusted leg-pain intensity score was 3.7 in the pregabalin group and 3.1 in the placebo group (adjusted mean difference, 0.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.2 to 1.2; P=0.19). At week 52, the mean unadjusted leg-pain intensity score was 3.4 in the pregabalin group and 3.0