Latest & greatest articles for public health

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Top results for public health

1. Feasibility of Ultra-Rapid Exome Sequencing in Critically Ill Infants and Children With Suspected Monogenic Conditions in the Australian Public Health Care System. (Abstract)

Feasibility of Ultra-Rapid Exome Sequencing in Critically Ill Infants and Children With Suspected Monogenic Conditions in the Australian Public Health Care System. Widespread adoption of rapid genomic testing in pediatric critical care requires robust clinical and laboratory pathways that provide equitable and consistent service across health care systems.To prospectively evaluate the performance of a multicenter network for ultra-rapid genomic diagnosis in a public health care (...) were initiated in 12 patients (11%), treatment was redirected toward palliative care in 14 patients (13%), and surveillance for specific complications was initiated in 19 patients (18%).This study suggests feasibility of ultra-rapid genomic testing in critically ill pediatric patients with suspected monogenic conditions in the Australian public health care system. However, further research is needed to understand the clinical value of such testing, and the generalizability of the findings to other

2020 JAMA

2. Thrombectomy for Stroke in the Public Health Care System of Brazil. (Abstract)

Thrombectomy for Stroke in the Public Health Care System of Brazil. Randomized trials involving patients with stroke have established that outcomes are improved with the use of thrombectomy for large-vessel occlusion. These trials were performed in high-resource countries and have had limited effects on medical practice in low- and middle-income countries.We studied the safety and efficacy of thrombectomy in the public health system of Brazil. In 12 public hospitals, patients with a proximal (...) , signifying an absence of or minor neurologic deficit, was 35.1% in the thrombectomy group and 20.0% in the control group (difference, 15.1 percentage points; 95% CI, 2.6 to 27.6). Asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 51.4% of the patients in the thrombectomy group and 24.5% of those in the control group; symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 4.5% of the patients in each group.In this randomized trial conducted in the public health care system of Brazil, endovascular treatment within

2020 NEJM

3. Considerations for school-related public health measures in the context of COVID-19

Considerations for school-related public health measures in the context of COVID-19 Considerations for school-related public health measures in the context of COVID-19 WHO Regional websites / / Considerations for school-related public health measures in the context of COVID-19 WHO Team WHO Global Reference numbers WHO Reference Number: WHO/2019-nCoV/Adjusting_PH_measures/Schools/2020.1 Copyright CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO © 2020

2020 WHO Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Pandemic

4. Considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19

Considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19 Considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19: interim guidance WHO Regional websites / / Considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19: interim guidance Overview This document is intended for national authorities and decision makers in countries that have introduced large scale public health and social measures. It offers (...) guidance for adjusting public health and social measures, while managing the risk of a resurgence of cases. - (Uploaded 10 May 2020) - (Uploaded 10 May 2020) - (Uploaded 13 May 2020) - (Uploaded 14 May 2020) WHO Team WHO Global Number of pages 4 Reference numbers WHO Reference Number: WHO/2019-nCoV/Adjusting_PH_measures/2020.1 Copyright CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO © 2020

2020 WHO Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Pandemic

5. Considerations for public health and social measures in the workplace in the context of COVID-19

Considerations for public health and social measures in the workplace in the context of COVID-19 Considerations for public health and social measures in the workplace in the context of COVID-19 WHO Regional websites / / Considerations for public health and social measures in the workplace in the context of COVID-19 WHO Team WHO Global Reference numbers WHO Reference Number: WHO/2019-nCoV/Adjusting_PH_measures/Workplaces/2020.1 Copyright CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO © 2020

2020 WHO Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Pandemic

6. Health economics: a guide for public health teams

Health economics: a guide for public health teams Health economics: a guide for public health teams - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Health economics: a guide for public health teams Resources (...) to help local commissioners achieve value for money by estimating the return on investment (ROI) and cost-effectiveness of public health programmes. Published 14 May 2017 Last updated 11 October 2019 — From: Contents Public Health England ( The discusses the difficulty in estimating . The Framework offers a transparent and evidence based approach to making the most of the available resources in a local authority. Another resource that helps you think across multiple public health topic areas at once

2020 Public Health England

7. Conducting in-action and after-action reviews of the public health response to COVID-19

Conducting in-action and after-action reviews of the public health response to COVID-19 Conducting in-action and after-action reviews of the public health response to COVID-19 Global Navigation Other sites: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control An agency of the European Union Main Navigation Secondary Navigation Search Search Search Search Conducting in-action and after-action reviews of the public health response to COVID-19 Conducting in-action and after-action reviews (...) of the public health response to COVID-19 Technical report 4 Jun 2020 Cite: Conducting in-action and after-action reviews of the public health response to COVID-19. Stockholm: ECDC; 2020. The unprecedented events of the COVID-19 pandemic have placed enormous strain on the health and economic systems of countries worldwide. In roughly 20 EU/EEA countries, it appears that physical distancing measures have had an impact and that the initial wave of transmission has started to decline. Given that the COVID-19

2020 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

8. Database of public health guidance on COVID-19

Database of public health guidance on COVID-19 application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet

2020 Health Information and Quality Authority

9. Possible benefits of providing safe supply of substances to people who use drugs during public health emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic

Possible benefits of providing safe supply of substances to people who use drugs during public health emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic Possible benefits of providing safe supply of substances to people who use drugs during public health emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic | The Ontario HIV Treatment Network The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Possible benefits of providing safe supply of substances to people who use drugs during public health emergencies such as the COVID-19 (...) pandemic Possible benefits of providing safe supply of substances to people who use drugs during public health emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic , , , , , Questions What are possible benefits of providing a safe supply of substances to people who use drugs during public health emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic? Key take-home messages Safe supply is an approach that focuses on saving lives by prescribing pharmaceutical grade substances such as opioids and stimulants to individuals

2020 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

10. Tramadol use and public health consequences in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Tramadol use and public health consequences in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Misuse of tramadol, an opioid prescription analgesic, is known as a public health challenge globally. We aimed to systematically review studies on the prevalence of non-prescribed use, regular tramadol use and dependence, tramadol-induced poisoning and mortality in Iran.Consistent with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, international (Medline, Scopus

2020 Addiction (Abingdon, England)

11. A systematic review of aberration detection algorithms used in public health surveillance. (Abstract)

A systematic review of aberration detection algorithms used in public health surveillance. The algorithms used for detecting anomalies have evolved substantially over the last decade to take advantage of advances in informatics and to accommodate changes in surveillance data. We identified 145 studies since 2007 that evaluated statistical methods used to detect aberrations in public health surveillance data. For each study, we classified the analytic methods and reviewed the evaluation metrics (...) . We also summarized the practical usage of the detection algorithms in public health surveillance systems worldwide. Traditional methods (e.g., control charts, linear regressions) were the focus of most evaluation studies and continue to be used commonly in practice. There was, however, an increase in the number of studies using forecasting methods and studies applying machine learning methods, hidden Markov models, and Bayesian framework to multivariate datasets. Evaluation studies demonstrated

2020 Journal of biomedical informatics

12. Experiences of Māori of Aotearoa New Zealand's public health system: a systematic review of two decades of published qualitative research. (Full text)

Experiences of Māori of Aotearoa New Zealand's public health system: a systematic review of two decades of published qualitative research. This paper aims to synthesise the broader perspectives of Māori patients and their whānau (extended family, family group) of their treatment within the public health system. Our research question was 'What are the experiences of Māori in the public health and/or hospital system in Aotearoa New Zealand?'A systematic search using PRISMA protocols (...) and reflexive typology organised around the categories of Māori, public healthcare and qualitative research identified 14 papers that covered all three categories. We undertook a qualitative metasynthesis on these papers using a critical community psychology approach.Māori patients and whānau from the included papers mention both barriers and facilitators to health. We categorised barriers as organisational structures, staff interactions and practical considerations. Facilitators were categorised

2020 Australian and New Zealand journal of public health PubMed abstract

13. Fangcang shelter hospitals: a novel concept for responding to public health emergencies. (Full text)

Fangcang shelter hospitals: a novel concept for responding to public health emergencies. Fangcang shelter hospitals are a novel public health concept. They were implemented for the first time in China in February, 2020, to tackle the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. The Fangcang shelter hospitals in China were large-scale, temporary hospitals, rapidly built by converting existing public venues, such as stadiums and exhibition centres, into health-care facilities. They served (...) engagement). Fangcang shelter hospitals could be powerful components of national responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as future epidemics and public health emergencies.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2020 Lancet PubMed abstract

14. Assessment of publication bias and outcome reporting bias in systematic reviews of health services and delivery research: A meta-epidemiological study. (Full text)

Assessment of publication bias and outcome reporting bias in systematic reviews of health services and delivery research: A meta-epidemiological study. Strategies to identify and mitigate publication bias and outcome reporting bias are frequently adopted in systematic reviews of clinical interventions but it is not clear how often these are applied in systematic reviews relating to quantitative health services and delivery research (HSDR). We examined whether these biases are mentioned (...) and/or otherwise assessed in HSDR systematic reviews, and evaluated associating factors to inform future practice. We randomly selected 200 quantitative HSDR systematic reviews published in the English language from 2007-2017 from the Health Systems Evidence database (www.healthsystemsevidence.org). We extracted data on factors that may influence whether or not authors mention and/or assess publication bias or outcome reporting bias. We found that 43% (n = 85) of the reviews mentioned publication bias and 10

2020 PloS one PubMed abstract

15. Social Media Use in Emergency Response to Natural Disasters: A Systematic Review With a Public Health Perspective. (Abstract)

Social Media Use in Emergency Response to Natural Disasters: A Systematic Review With a Public Health Perspective. Social media research during natural disasters has been presented as a tool to guide response and relief efforts in the disciplines of geography and computer sciences. This systematic review highlights the public health implications of social media use in the response phase of the emergency, assessing (1) how social media can improve the dissemination of emergency warning (...) and response information during and after a natural disaster, and (2) how social media can help identify physical, medical, functional, and emotional needs after a natural disaster. We surveyed the literature using 3 databases and included 44 research articles. We found that analyses of social media data were performed using a wide range of spatiotemporal scales. Social media platforms were identified as broadcasting tools presenting an opportunity for public health agencies to share emergency warnings

2020 Disaster medicine and public health preparedness

16. Association of Public Health Interventions With the Epidemiology of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Wuhan, China. (Full text)

Association of Public Health Interventions With the Epidemiology of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Wuhan, China. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic, and it is unknown whether a combination of public health interventions can improve control of the outbreak.To evaluate the association of public health interventions with the epidemiological features of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan by 5 periods according to key events and interventions.In this cohort study, individual-level data (...) on 32 583 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases reported between December 8, 2019, and March 8, 2020, were extracted from the municipal Notifiable Disease Report System, including patients' age, sex, residential location, occupation, and severity classification.Nonpharmaceutical public health interventions including cordons sanitaire, traffic restriction, social distancing, home confinement, centralized quarantine, and universal symptom survey.Rates of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infections (defined

2020 JAMA PubMed abstract

17. Impact of functional foods and nutraceuticals on high blood pressure with a special focus on meta-analysis: review from a public health perspective. (Abstract)

Impact of functional foods and nutraceuticals on high blood pressure with a special focus on meta-analysis: review from a public health perspective. In recent times many researchers are expressing immense interest in nutraceuticals and functional foods for combating various diseases or abnormal conditions, especially against hypertension (HT). Persistent HT is medically referred to as chronic high blood pressure (BP) and considered to be one of the major risk factors for the deadliest diseases (...) pattern that might help to manage or combat HT and its related complications. During this review, the author would like to shed light on the basic science behind HT including pathophysiology and the impact of dietary salt on HT and the impact of various functional foods or nutraceuticals against HT in humans (meta-analysis and systemic review). This contribution gives a better idea (public health perspective) for choosing the best functional foods/nutraceuticals for the prevention, management

2020 Food & function

18. The Application of Internet-Based Sources for Public Health Surveillance (Infoveillance): Systematic Review. (Full text)

The Application of Internet-Based Sources for Public Health Surveillance (Infoveillance): Systematic Review. Public health surveillance is based on the continuous and systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. This informs the development of early warning systems to monitor epidemics and documents the impact of intervention measures. The introduction of digital data sources, and specifically sources available on the internet, has impacted the field of public health (...) surveillance. New opportunities enabled by the underlying availability and scale of internet-based sources (IBSs) have paved the way for novel approaches for disease surveillance, exploration of health communities, and the study of epidemic dynamics. This field and approach is also known as infodemiology or infoveillance.This review aimed to assess research findings regarding the application of IBSs for public health surveillance (infodemiology or infoveillance). To achieve this, we have presented

2020 Journal of medical Internet research PubMed abstract

19. Pain Management Best Practices from Multispecialty Organizations during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises

Pain Management Best Practices from Multispecialty Organizations during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises Pain Management Best Practices from Multispecialty Organizations during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises | Pain Medicine | Oxford Academic ') We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Navbar Search Filter Mobile Microsite Search (...) Term search filter search input Article Navigation Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation Article Contents Article Navigation Accepted manuscript Pain Management Best Practices from Multispecialty Organizations during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Public Health Crises Steven P Cohen, MD COL (ret) Professor of Anesthesiology, Neurology and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Chief of Pain Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and Professor of Anesthesiology and Physical Medicine

2020 American Academy of Pain Medicine

20. Opioid agonist treatment and risk of mortality during opioid overdose public health emergency: population based retrospective cohort study. (Full text)

Opioid agonist treatment and risk of mortality during opioid overdose public health emergency: population based retrospective cohort study. To compare the risk of mortality among people with opioid use disorder on and off opioid agonist treatment (OAT) in a setting with a high prevalence of illicitly manufactured fentanyl and other potent synthetic opioids in the illicit drug supply.Population based retrospective cohort study.Individual level linkage of five health administrative datasets

2020 BMJ PubMed abstract