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Gun Violence: A PublicHealth Concern? Gun Violence: A PublicHealth Concern? – Clinical Correlations Search Gun Violence: A PublicHealth Concern? June 9, 2016 8 min read By Matthew B. McNeill, MD Peer Reviewed One can often feel numb or indifferent to the seemingly nightly reports of gun deaths on American news programs. Individual homicides, suicides, or accidental gun deaths are tragic and tragically commonplace. However, over the last two decades, a tide of unrest with the current role (...) , SC, and San Bernardino, CA. Initially reserved to the political class and social activists, the call for action on firearms has reached a fever pitch as it has become more visible to the general public. While the debate and consideration of the right to possess firearms and ammunition is best left to legal authorities and Constitutional scholars, the over 30,000 annual deaths by firearm must at least prompt the consideration of gun violence as a significant publichealth concern. The Current
Zika infection: From obscurity to publichealth emergency 27512493 2016 08 11 2018 11 13 1753-495X 9 2 2016 Jun Obstetric medicine Obstet Med Zika infection: From obscurity to publichealth emergency. 53-4 10.1177/1753495X16648078 Nebbia Gaia G St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK. Douthwaite Samuel Thomas ST St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK. eng Journal Article 2016 05 15 England Obstet Med 101464191 1753-495X 2016 8 12 6 0 2016 8 12 6 0 2016 8 12 6 1 ppublish 27512493 10.1177/1753495X16648078
Emerging Zika virus disease: a publichealth emergency of global concern Infectious diseases remain a leading source of human morbidity and mortality. Recently, emerging infectious diseases are dominated by zoonoses, and eventually rising considerably. Their emergence is dependent on various factors especially, socioeconomic, environmental and ecological factors etc. Recently, the swift spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) through the Americas, simultaneously with the association of infection (...) with microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome, has strained this previously overlooked virus into the global attention. ZIKV is an emerging mosquito-borne Flavivirus, identified in rhesus monkey in 1947 in Uganda, and eventually in human in 1952. Considering the severity and recent spread over Americas, it has been declared as a publichealth emergency of international concern, and expected number of cases may be around three to four million. Therefore, it's important for all to assess the risk and be prepared
Community pharmacy interventions for publichealth priorities: a systematic review of community pharmacy-delivered smoking, alcohol and weight management interventions Community pharmacy interventions for publichealth priorities: a systematic review of community pharmacy-delivered smoking, alcohol and weight management interventions Community pharmacy interventions for publichealth priorities: a systematic review of community pharmacy-delivered smoking, alcohol and weight management (...) interventions Brown TJ, Todd A, O'Malley CL, Moore HJ, Husband AK, Bambra C, Kasim A, Sniehotta FF, Steed L, Summerbell CD Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Brown TJ, Todd A, O'Malley CL, Moore HJ, Husband AK, Bambra C, Kasim A, Sniehotta FF, Steed L, Summerbell CD. Community pharmacy interventions for publichealth priorities
Understanding the PublicHealth Implications Concerning Shale Gas Production and Hydraulic Fracturing JANUARY 2016 1 Understanding the PublicHealth Implications Concerning Shale Gas Production and Hydraulic Fracturing Helen Ward, PhD 1 and Anne-Marie Nicol, PhD 1 Introduction The intent of this document is to synthesize scientific information related to publichealth concerns of relevance to Canada about shale gas production (including the pre-production stages of drilling, hydraulic (...) fracturing, and well completion, as well as abandonment). Current policy and regulations are not considered. For the most part, the environmental and publichealth implications relating to shale gas production also apply to other types of unconventional natural gas production using hydraulic fracturing, including that of tight gas and coal bed methane. Basic descriptions and definition of terms for shale gas production and the hydraulic fracturing process are provided in the NCCEH summary “Overview
Understanding the complexity of biopsychosocial factors in the publichealth epidemic of overweight and obesity Obesity is a complex and multifaceted publichealth problem. This commentary reflects on a new theoretical model of obesity (i.e. Homeostatic Theory of Obesity proposed by Marks), and calls for additional research to examine biopsychosocial factors that may be of importance in developing interventions that promote long-term maintenance of weight loss and in developing obesity (...) prevention programs. Furthermore, we discuss the role of socioeconomic factors in obesity and call for interdisciplinary efforts to address obesity risk factors in the interest of publichealth.
Quality of diet and mortality among Japanese men and women: Japan PublicHealth Center based prospective study. To examine the association between adherence to the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top and total and cause specific mortality.Large scale population based prospective cohort study in Japan with follow-up for a median of 15 years.11 publichealth centre areas across Japan.36,624 men and 42,970 women aged 45-75 who had no history of cancer, stroke, ischaemic heart disease, or chronic
Nonlinear Exposure-Outcome Associations and PublicHealth Policy 27002456 2016 03 24 2018 12 02 1538-3598 315 12 2016 Mar 22-29 JAMA JAMA Nonlinear Exposure-Outcome Associations and PublicHealth Policy. 1286-7 10.1001/jama.2015.18023 Fraser Abigail A Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. Lawlor Debbie A DA Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. Howe Laura D LD (...) Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. eng Wellcome Trust United Kingdom MC_UU_12013/5 Medical Research Council United Kingdom MR/M009351/1 Medical Research Council United Kingdom Letter Comment United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 AIM IM JAMA. 2015 Oct 6;314(13):1339-40 26390229 JAMA. 2016 Mar 22-29;315(12):1288 27002459 Data Interpretation, Statistical Humans Mortality trends PublicHealth 2016 3 23 6 0 2016 3 24 6 0 2016 3 25 6 0
PublicHealth Nurses and Mothers Challenge and Shift the Meaning of Health Outcomes Maternal, child, and newborn health is a priority area in Canada and around the world. The work of publichealth nurses (PHNs) is often invisible and misunderstood. The purpose of this qualitative research project was to explore how universal and targeted home visiting programs for mothers and babies were organized, delivered, and experienced through the everyday practices of PHNs (n = 16) and mothers (n = 16 (...) ) in Nova Scotia, Canada. Feminist poststructuralism and discourse analysis were used to analyze interviews. Concepts of relations of power enabled an understanding of how health outcomes had been socially and institutionally constructed through binary relations. PHNs and mothers spoke about the importance of "softer" health outcomes, including maternal self-confidence and empowerment that had been constructed as less important than health outcomes that were seen to be more tangible and physical
Jedi publichealth: Co-creating an identity-safe culture to promote health equity The extent to which socially-assigned and culturally mediated social identity affects health depends on contingencies of social identity that vary across and within populations in day-to-day life. These contingencies are structurally rooted and health damaging inasmuch as they activate physiological stress responses. They also have adverse effects on cognition and emotion, undermining self-confidence (...) biopsychosocial processes have population health effects. We explicate an emergent framework, Jedi PublicHealth (JPH). JPH focuses on changing features of settings in everyday life, rather than individuals, to promote population health equity, a high priority, yet, elusive national publichealth objective. We call for an expansion and, in some ways, a re-orienting of efforts to eliminate population health inequity. Policies and interventions to remove and replace discrediting cues in everyday settings hold
Community pharmacy interventions for publichealth priorities: a systematic review of community pharmacy-delivered smoking, alcohol and weight management interventions Community pharmacy interventions for publichealth priorities: a systematic review of community pharmacy-delivered smoking, alcohol and weight management interventions Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested (...) , * 1 School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing, Durham University Queen’s Campus, Durham, Stockton-on-Tees, UK 2 Fuse, UK Clinical Research Collaboration Centre for Translational Research in PublicHealth, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK 3 Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing, Durham University Queen’s Campus, Durham, Stockton-on-Tees, UK 4 Centre for Health and Inequalities Research, Department of Geography, Durham University, Durham, UK 5
Lead Contamination in Flint - An Abject Failure to Protect PublicHealth. 26863114 2016 04 05 2017 03 21 1533-4406 374 12 2016 Mar 24 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Lead Contamination in Flint--An Abject Failure to Protect PublicHealth. 1101-3 10.1056/NEJMp1601013 Bellinger David C DC From the Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, and the Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of PublicHealth (...) - all in Boston. eng U54 HD090255 HD NICHD NIH HHS United States Journal Article 2016 02 10 United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 0 Water Pollutants, Chemical 059QF0KO0R Water 2P299V784P Lead AIM IM Humans Lead analysis blood Lead Poisoning epidemiology etiology Michigan epidemiology PublicHealth Water chemistry Water Pollutants, Chemical analysis Water Pollution, Chemical Water Supply 2016 2 11 6 0 2016 2 11 6 0 2016 4 6 6 0 ppublish 26863114 10.1056/NEJMp1601013
Older peopleâ€™s priorities in health and social care research and practice: a public engagement workshop A one day public engagement workshop was held to focus on the priorities of older people about research and practice in health and social care. Seventy-five older people from the general public and a variety of backgrounds attended this event to share their views and discuss what should be prioritised. The main aim of this workshop was to identify and prioritise issues that are important (...) of the research process.As the world's population ages, there is an increasing need for research that addresses the priorities of older people. A public engagement workshop focusing on the priorities of older people for research and practice in health and social care was attended by seventy-five people aged 70 years and above in London, United Kingdom (UK). The workshop aimed to identify and prioritise issues important to older people that would benefit from further research and act as a platform to promote
The Creation of the Faculty of PublicHealth Page 1 The Creation of the Faculty of PublicHealth: A personal reflection by Walter Holland ? Emeritus Professor of PublicHealth Medicine ? Member Provisional Council/Board,1971-1972 ? Member of Faculty Board,1972-1975 ? President Faculty 1989-1992 This is a personal account of my experiences and views. A far more comprehensive document is available (1) which has some details of the minutes of meetings which took place. This was prepared by Prof (...) Michael Warren, who was the first Academic Registrar of the Faculty. To understand the reasons for the creation of the Faculty it is necessary to look back on publichealth activities before, during and after the Second World War . A full account of publichealth history is recounted by Holland and Stewart (2). Publichealth in the 19 th century The main publichealth issues of the 19 th century were sanitation, housing, infection, nutrition and the poor health and excess mortality of the population
Better Mental Health for All: A PublicHealth Approach to Mental Health Improvement Better Mental Health For All A publichealth approach to mental health improvement1 Better Mental Health For All | A publichealth approach to mental health improvement Acknowledgements 3 Foreword 4 Executive summary 6 Section 1: Public mental health: why bother? 9 Public mental health and publichealth practice 9 New ways of thinking 11 Mental health as a determinant of physical health 12 Epidemiology of mental (...) health and wellbeing 13 The business case for public mental health 14 Policy context 17 Equality, equity and diversity 17 Section 2: Creating mentally healthy people: risk and protective factors 19 Families and early years 19 Children and young people 20 Adverse childhood experiences 21 Adulthood 22 Later life 23 Creating mentally healthy places: risk and protective factors 24 Community 24 Home 25 Educational settings 25 Work settings 25 The built environment and neighbourhood effects 26 The natural
Expert opinion on whole genome sequencing for publichealth surveillance SCIENTIFIC ADVICE www.ecdc.europa.eu Expert opinion on whole genome sequencing for publichealth surveillance Strategy to harness whole genome sequencing to strengthen EU outbreak investigations and publichealth surveillance ECDC SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Expert opinion on whole genome sequencing for publichealth surveillance Strategy to harness whole genome sequencing to strengthen EU outbreak investigations and publichealth (...) (Paul Stradina University Hospital, Latvia), John Besser (CDC, US), Hans Blystad (National Institute of PublicHealth, Norway), Vitor Borges (Instituto Nacional de Saúde Dr. Ricardo Jorge, Portugal), Sylvain Brisse (Institut Pasteur Paris, France), Rosa Cano Portero (National Centre of Epidemiology, Spain), Dominique Caugant (National Institute of PublicHealth, Norway), Bruno Coignard (French PublicHealth Agency, France), Hajo Grundmann (Groningen University Medical Center, Netherlands), Susan
Publichealth guidance on chlamydia control in Europe SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Guidance on chlamydia control in Europe 2015 www.ecdc.europa.eu SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Guidance on chlamydia control in Europe 2015 ii This guidance document was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and coordinated by Otilia Mårdh and Andrew J. Amato-Gauci. Technical input was received from Gianfranco Spiteri and Helena de Carvalho Gomes. This guidance document was written by Bethan (...) and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern); Jan van Bergen (National Institute of PublicHealth (RIVM) and STI/AIDS Foundation and University of Amsterdam, Netherlands); Anneli Uusküla (University of Tartu, Estonia); Berit Andersen (Randers Regional Hospital, Denmark); Hannelore Götz (Municipal Health Service, Rotterdam, Netherlands); Björn Herrmann (University of Uppsala, Sweden); Ingrid van den Broek (National Institute of PublicHealth (RIVM)); Helen Ward (Imperial College London, UK) and Sarah Woodhall