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The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on public health or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Models to predict the publichealth impact of vaccine resistance: A systematic review. Pathogen evolution is a potential threat to the long-term benefits provided by publichealth vaccination campaigns. Mathematical modeling can be a powerful tool to examine the forces responsible for the development of vaccine resistance and to predict its publichealth implications. We conducted a systematic review of existing literature to understand the construction and application of vaccine resistance (...) models. We identified 26 studies that modeled the publichealth impact of vaccine resistance for 12 different pathogens. Most models predicted that vaccines would reduce overall disease burden in spite of evolution of vaccine resistance. Relatively few pathogens and populations for which vaccine resistance may be problematic were covered in the reviewed studies, with low- and middle-income countries particularly under-represented. We discuss the key components of model design, as well as patterns
How averse are the UK general public to inequalities in health between socioeconomic groups? A systematic review. There is growing interest in the use of "distributionally-sensitive" forms of economic evaluation that capture both the impact of an intervention upon average population health and the distribution of that health amongst the population. This review aims to inform the conduct of distributionally sensitive evaluations in the UK by answering three questions: (1) How averse are the UK (...) public towards inequalities in lifetime health between socioeconomic groups? (2) Does this aversion differ depending upon the type of health under consideration? (3) Are the UK public as averse to inequalities in health between socioeconomic groups as they are to inequalities in health between neutrally framed groups? EMBASE, MEDLINE, EconLit, and SSCI were searched for stated preference studies relevant to these questions in October 2017. Of the 2155 potentially relevant papers identified, 15 met
PublicHealth Surveillance Studies of Alcohol Industry Market and Political Strategies: A Systematic Review. This review examines publichealth surveillance (PHS) studies of alcohol industry actors that explore the implications of the integration of business and political strategies for public health.Eligible for inclusion were studies published in English language peer-reviewed journals since 1980 that sought to investigate both alcohol industry business and political strategies (...) and their implications for publichealth. Studies were also required to present economic, political, and health data together. Seven databases were searched until May 2018.Six studies were identified as eligible for inclusion in this review, undertaken in high-, middle-, and low-income countries and published between 2000 and 2015. Political strategies are driven largely by business interests, whether at the company, sectoral, or industry level, and corporate social responsibility activities may be integrated within
A meta-analysis of Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence, genotypes and risk factors among food animals in West African countries from publichealth perspectives. Toxoplasma gondii has been incriminated as an important opportunistic zoonotic protozoan parasite in food animals. A West African meta-analysis was conducted to assess the seroprevalence, genotypes and risk factors of T. gondii infection in food animals. Databases were searched electronically, considering T. gondii infection in cattle (...) %, respectively. Most studied food animals were observed in Nigeria, while the highest seroprevalence was observed in examined goats from Republic of Benin, the lowest was in cattle from the same country. Substantial variability (Q = 2759.5; I2 = 98.3; Qi = 17.3; df = 48) among studies and lack of publication bias (LFK index = -0.08) in overall assessment was observed. In spite of the high seroprevalence in food animals, awareness and research activities in most endemic West African countries is low. Failure
Heat Not Burn Tobacco Product-A New Global Trend: Impact of Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco Products on PublicHealth, a Systematic Review. The use of heat-not-burn tobacco products (HnB) is being adopted increasingly as an alternative to smoking combusted products, primarily cigarettes. Substantial controversy has accompanied their marketing and use in the publichealth context. In this study, we aimed to consider the probable impacts of HnB tobacco products use on public health.In May 2019, we (...) . Interestingly, susceptibility to trying IQOS (25.1%) was higher than for traditional cigarettes (19.3%), but lower than for e-cigarettes (29.1%).Present studies suggest that HnB tobacco products have the potential to be a reduced risk product for publichealth compared to conventional cigarettes, considering indirectly the potential effects on the chronic diseases which are traditionally linked to traditional cigarette use as well as second hand exposure, but further studies are needed to determine whether
The PRECEDE-PROCEED model as a tool in PublicHealth screening: a systematic review. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the scientific literature concerning the use of the Precede-Proceed model (PPM) applied to educational programs and health screenings contextsV.Systematic review.The search process was based on a selection of publications listed in Medline and Scopus. The keywords used were "Precede-Proceed" AND ("screening" OR "educational programs"). Studies included (...) an excellent framework for health intervention programs especially in screening contexts, and could improve the understanding of the relationship between variables such as knowledge and screening. Given the complexity of a behavioral change process, certain important predisposing factors could be measured in future studies, and during health intervention planning.
Evaluation of PublicHealth Emergency Management in China: A Systematic Review. To summarize the present status of health emergency management assessment in China, a comprehensive search of Chinese databases for research that explicitly mention health emergency assessment indicators and indicator systems was performed. Studies were evaluated using the Ekman quality assessment tool, and data were extracted with an original extraction form. Sixty-one studies were included. There are many types (...) and methods of health emergency management assessment in China, and the dimensions and the indicators involved are complex. Legal, regulatory, and policy bases for such assessment need to be further strengthened. The relevance of the entire assessment process and its practical application should be enhanced. In the occupational practice, appropriate evaluation methods should be selected according to respective evaluation purposes, evaluation objects, and contents. Laws, regulations, and policies
Progress Towards Elimination of Trachoma as a PublicHealth Problem in Eritrea: Results of a Systematic Review and Nine Population-based Prevalence Surveys Conducted in 2014. To assess Eritrea's progress towards elimination of trachoma as a publichealth problem, we reviewed and compiled current knowledge on the distribution and burden of trachoma in Eritrea, then undertook further population-based surveys where indicated, with support from the Global Trachoma Mapping Project (GTMP (...) and sanitation varied widely between EUs.Interventions are still required in Eritrea to eliminate trachoma as a publichealth problem. Data from these surveys will guide the Ministry of Health to undertake programme planning using a sound evidence base.
The Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Systematic Review Method May Curtail Science Used to Inform Policies, With Profound Implications for PublicHealth. 31166745 2020 01 09 2020 03 09 1541-0048 109 7 2019 07 American journal of publichealth Am J PublicHealth The Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Systematic Review Method May Curtail Science Used to Inform Policies, With Profound Implications for PublicHealth. 982-984 10.2105/AJPH (...) . Woodruff Tracey J TJ Veena I. Singla, Patrice M. Sutton, and Tracey J. Woodruff are with the Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco. eng Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Am J PublicHealth 1254074 0090-0036 AIM IM Chemical Industry legislation & jurisprudence Humans PublicHealth legislation & jurisprudence Systematic Reviews as Topic United States United
Therapeutic potential of medicinal plants indicated by the Brazilian publichealth system in treating the collateral effects induced by chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and chemoradiotherapy: A systematic review. This study, through a systematic review, evaluated the therapeutic effect of medicinal plants that were of interest to the Unified Health System (SUS) in treating the side effects induced by chemotherapy, radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy in cancer patients.According to the PRISMA
Anti-obesity publichealth messages and risk factors for disordered eating: a systematic review. In response to the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity, publichealth efforts to curb these conditions have been delivered in abundance. There is concern however that the messages used to target these conditions may be increasing risk factors for disordered eating. Therefore, we sought to systematically review the literature on the effects of anti-obesity publichealth messages on risk (...) factors for disordered eating. Seven electronic databases were searched for articles meeting the inclusion criteria, resulting in the inclusion of 12 studies of various methodologies that measured one or more risk factors for disordered eating following exposure to publichealth messages. Few studies specifically and accurately measured disordered eating behaviours. Most studies found that messages were stigmatizing towards persons who are overweight/obese, and exacerbate thin ideals and drive
Interim guidance: publichealth management of cases and contacts associated with novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in the community Interim Guidance: PublicHealth Management of cases and contacts associated with novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in the community March 10, 2020 CONTEXT The British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC) has adapted the interim guidance from the PublicHealth Agency of Canada (PHAC) for Regional Health Authorities (RHA) for publichealth management of human illness (...) of ill arriving or departing international travellers who are suspected of having COVID-19, with the Quarantine Officer notifying local publichealth authorities. Version: March 10, 2020 1 THE PATHOGEN Coronaviruses have been identified as human pathogens since the 1960s. To date, seven coronaviruses have been shown to infect humans, including COVID-19 ii . Common coronaviruses include OC-43, HKU1, 229E, NL63; these cause illness ranging from common colds to severe respiratory illnesses. Other
The impact of publichealth insurance on health care utilisation, financial protection and health status in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review. Expanding publichealth insurance seeks to attain several desirable objectives, including increasing access to healthcare services, reducing the risk of catastrophic healthcare expenditures, and improving health outcomes. The extent to which these objectives are met in a real-world policy context remains an empirical question (...) of increasing research and policy interest in recent years.We reviewed systematically empirical studies published from July 2010 to September 2016 using Medline, Embase, Econlit, CINAHL Plus via EBSCO, and Web of Science and grey literature databases. No language restrictions were applied. Our focus was on both randomised and observational studies, particularly those including explicitly attempts to tackle selection bias in estimating the treatment effect of health insurance. The main outcomes are: (1
Systematic review of clinician awareness of mycotoxin impact in neural tube defects and best practices for pediatric neurosurgeons: implications for publichealth and policy. In lower-income populations, high rates of neural tube defects (NTDs) are a concern. Nutritional folate deficiencies and mycotoxins in contaminated food supplies increase risk of NTDs. As physicians in publichealth and involved in the care of children with NTDs, pediatric neurosurgeons have an interest in the treatment (...) of proper food storage, hygienic agricultural practices, decontamination techniques, diet diversification, folate supplementation, risk assessment, and food safety policy and publichealth initiatives.There is an absence of neurosurgical literature-related mycotoxins and NTDs. We suggest a set of best practices/educational materials on this topic and advocate pediatric neurosurgery engagement in publichealth initiatives targeted towards populations most affected by mycotoxins.
Systematic review of evidence on publichealth in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Engaging in publichealth activities in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK, also known as North Korea) offers a means to improve population health for its citizens and the wider region. Such an engagement requires an understanding of current and future needs.We conducted a systematic search of five English and eight Korean language databases to identify available literature published (...) between 1988 and 2017. A narrative review of evidence was conducted for five major categories (health systems, communicable diseases (CDs), non-communicable diseases (NCDs), injuries, and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) and nutrition).We found 465 publications on the DPRK and publichealth. Of the 253 articles that addressed major disease categories, we found under-representation of publications relative to proportion of disease burden for the two most significant causes: NCDs
Data Quality and Cost-Effectiveness Analyses of Electronic and Paper-Based Interviewer-Administered PublicHealth Surveys: Protocol for a Systematic Review. Population-level survey is an essential standard method used in publichealth research to quantify sociodemographic events and support publichealth policy development and intervention designs with evidence. Although all steps in the survey can contribute to the data quality parameters, data collection mechanisms seem the most determinant (...) , as they can avoid mistakes before they happen. The use of electronic devices such as smartphones and tablet computers improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of publichealth surveys. However, there is lack of systematically analyzed evidence to show the potential impact on data quality and cost reduction of electronic-based data collection tools in interviewer-administered surveys.This systematic review aims to evaluate the impact of interviewer-administered electronic device data collection methods
Correction: The impact of publichealth insurance on health care utilisation, financial protection and health status in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219731.].
A Systematic Review of the Effect of Retail Food Environment Interventions on Diet and Health with a Focus on the Enabling Role of Public Policies. Update the state of evidence on the effectiveness of retail food environment interventions in influencing diet and explore the underlying role of public policy, through a systematic review of population-level interventions to promote health in the retail food environment, including community and consumer environments. Diet-related outcomes included (...) purchasing, dietary intakes, diet quality, and health including weight. We coded studies for enabling public policy levers underpinning the intervention, using two widely used conceptual frameworks.Of 86 articles (1974-2018), the majority (58 articles, 67%) showed at least one positive effect on diet. Thirteen articles (15%) discussed natural experiments, 27 articles (31%) used a design involving comparison groups including 23 articles (27%) specifically describing randomized controlled trials, and 46
The sustainability of publichealth interventions in schools: a systematic review. The sustainability of school-based health interventions after external funds and/or other resources end has been relatively unexplored in comparison to health care. If effective interventions discontinue, new practices cannot reach wider student populations and investment in implementation is wasted. This review asked: What evidence exists about the sustainability of school-based publichealth interventions? Do (...) schools sustain publichealth interventions once start-up funds end? What are the barriers and facilitators affecting the sustainability of publichealth interventions in schools in high-income countries?Seven bibliographic databases and 15 websites were searched. References and citations of included studies were searched, and experts and authors were contacted to identify relevant studies. We included reports published from 1996 onwards. References were screened on title/abstract, and those included