Latest & greatest articles for public health

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Top results for public health

41. Protocol for a systematic review of the use of qualitative comparative analysis for evaluative questions in public health research. (Full text)

Protocol for a systematic review of the use of qualitative comparative analysis for evaluative questions in public health research. There is an increasing recognition that health intervention research requires methods and approaches that can engage with the complexity of systems, interventions, and the relations between systems and interventions. One approach which shows promise to this end is qualitative comparative analysis (QCA), which examines casual complexity across a medium to large (...) number of cases (between 10 and 60+), whilst also being able to generalise across those cases. Increasingly, QCA is being adopted in public health intervention research. However, there is a limited understanding of how it is being adopted. This systematic review will address this gap, examining how it is being used to understand complex causation; for what settings, populations and interventions; and with which datasets to describe cases.We will include published and peer-reviewed studies of any

2020 Systematic reviews PubMed abstract

42. Food consumption and glycemic testing of adults and elderly diabetic patients from Public Health: A systematic review of assessment methods. (Abstract)

Food consumption and glycemic testing of adults and elderly diabetic patients from Public Health: A systematic review of assessment methods. To map and discuss the different methods used to assess food consumption and glycemic testing of adults and elderly diabetic patients from Public Health.A total of 710 records were identified by searching databases integrated by the Virtual Health Library website, between September and October 2017. The Newcastle Ottawa scale was used for study quality

2020 Diabetes & metabolic syndrome

43. Public Health Threats in Mass Gatherings: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

Public Health Threats in Mass Gatherings: A Systematic Review. Mass gatherings (MGs) are held throughout the world. The aim of this review was to assess and identify the health threats based on the type of the MG, type of diseases, and injuries. Research platforms such as Web of Science, Medline, and Scopus were searched through June 2017. All epidemiologic studies that investigated the health threats during the MGs, such as communicable diseases, injuries, high-risk behaviors (...) common health problems. Infectious diseases and alcohol and drug-related disorders were other reported public health concerns. In the festival MGs, alcohol and drug-related problems were commonly reported. This review showed that health threats vary, based on the type of mass gathering. The health organizers of MGs should consider the type of the MG and the health needs and safety of the participants to help them plan their action and provide the needed health care services.

2020 Disaster medicine and public health preparedness

44. Capacity assessment in public health community interventions: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Capacity assessment in public health community interventions: a systematic review. The importance of building capacity in community interventions is well recognized. There is general agreement about the determinants of capacity and a range of existing capacity frameworks, however there is limited evidence or consistency in practice around assessing capacity in community interventions. The aim of this review was to describe how capacity is assessed in community interventions. A systematic review

2020 Health promotion international

45. Criteria Used for Priority-Setting for Public Health Resource Allocation in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

Criteria Used for Priority-Setting for Public Health Resource Allocation in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review. This systematic review aimed to identify criteria being used for priority setting for resource allocation decisions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Furthermore, the included studies were analyzed from a policy perspective to understand priority setting processes in these countries.Searches were carried out in PubMed, Embase, Econlit, and Cochrane (...) percent (n = 19) were the most cited criteria used for priority setting for public health resource allocation. Inter-region (LMICs) and between various approaches (like health technology assessment, multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), accountability for reasonableness (AFR) variations among criteria were also noted. Our review found that MCDA approach was more frequently used in upper middle-income countries and AFR in lower-income countries for priority setting in health. Policy makers were

2020 International journal of technology assessment in health care

46. A systematic review and evaluation of Zika virus forecasting and prediction research during a public health emergency of international concern. (Full text)

A systematic review and evaluation of Zika virus forecasting and prediction research during a public health emergency of international concern. Epidemic forecasting and prediction tools have the potential to provide actionable information in the midst of emerging epidemics. While numerous predictive studies were published during the 2016-2017 Zika Virus (ZIKV) pandemic, it remains unknown how timely, reproducible, and actionable the information produced by these studies was.To improve (...) % provided sufficient methodological detail to allow complete reproducibility. Fifty-one percent of predictions were published after the epidemic peak in the Americas. While the use of preprints improved the accessibility of ZIKV predictions by a median of 119 days sooner than journal publication dates, they were used in only 30% of studies.Many ZIKV predictions were published during the 2016-2017 pandemic. The accessibility, reproducibility, timeliness, and incorporation of uncertainty

2020 PLoS neglected tropical diseases PubMed abstract

47. Alcohol licensing: a guide for public health teams

Alcohol licensing: a guide for public health teams Alcohol licensing: a guide for public health teams - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Alcohol licensing: a guide for public health teams Public health teams make sure that licensing policy and applications consider the health and wellbeing of local communities. Published 8 March 2017 Last updated 16 May 2019 — From: Contents This guidance (...) , formally known as the Analytical Support Package, brings together nationally available data and materials with local authority information to support local authorities in accessing and using a range of databases and tools. Local teams are able to input their own data and create interactive maps and reports to help them in their existing role as a responsible authority. Licensing and public health Under the , a number of public bodies known as responsible authorities must be fully notified

2020 Public Health England

48. Gastrointestinal infections: guidance for public health management

Gastrointestinal infections: guidance for public health management Gastrointestinal infections: guidance for public health management - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search The UK has left the EU Guidance Gastrointestinal infections: guidance for public health management (...) Guidance to help professionals in public health and environmental health departments to minimise the risk of transmission of gastrointestinal infections. Published 31 January 2020 From: Documents Ref: PHE publications gateway number: GW-1020 If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email . Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use. Details This guidance

2020 Public Health England

49. Teaching Information Literacy Skills to Public Health Staff: A Rapid Review

Teaching Information Literacy Skills to Public Health Staff: A Rapid Review Teaching Information Literacy Skills to Public Health Staff A Rapid Review Region of Peel – Public Health Office of the Medical Officer of Health September 16, 2019 Please use the following citation when referencing this document: Region of Peel-Public Health. Teaching information literacy skills to public health staff: A rapid review. Mississauga, ON: Region of Peel – Public Health; 2019. Table of Contents KEY MESSAGES (...) 27 1 Key Messages 1. Both face-to-face and online teaching strategies formats equally increase information literacy (IL) skills. 2. Blended formats do not increase IL skills more than single formats. 3. Students did not express a clear preference for one teaching format. 4. Teaching formats for IL can be adapted to organizational need and context. 2 M Executive Summary Question What are effective strategies for teaching information seeking skills to public health staff? Issue and Context Evidence

2020 Peel Health Library

50. Structure of Public Health

Structure of Public Health 1 Structure of public health: A literature review August 21, 2019 2 Please use the following citation when referencing this document: Region of Peel – Public Health. Structure of public health: A literature review. Mississauga, ON: Region of Peel – Public Health; 2019. 3 1 Issue & Context The 2019 provincial budget proposed substantive changes to the public health sector in Ontario. 1 These include: • Establishing 10 regional public health entities and 10 new regional (...) boards of health (BOHs) with one common governance model by 2020-2021. • Adjusting the provincial-municipal cost-sharing of public health programs. • Streamlining the Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion (Public Health Ontario) to enable greater flexibility with respect to non-critical standards based on community priorities. 1 Currently there are 35 local public health units in Ontario operating under different governance models (e.g., autonomous, regional/municipal, semi-autonomous

2020 Peel Health Library

51. Interventions to reduce the impact of dual practice in the public health sector. (Abstract)

Interventions to reduce the impact of dual practice in the public health sector. Dual practice (i.e. workers who work in the public and private sector) has an impact on health services in terms of quality and costs. However, the effectiveness of regulatory policies has not been proven.We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted (...) data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach.We identified three systematic reviews that included 23 primary studies overall, of which all correspond to observational studies. We concluded it is not clear whether the interventions to reduce the negative consequences of dual practice in the health system are effective because the certainty of the available evidence is very low.

2020 Medwave

52. Yield of a Public Health Screening of Children for Islet Autoantibodies in Bavaria, Germany. (Abstract)

Yield of a Public Health Screening of Children for Islet Autoantibodies in Bavaria, Germany. Public health screening for type 1 diabetes in its presymptomatic stages may reduce disease severity and burden on a population level.To determine the prevalence of presymptomatic type 1 diabetes in children participating in a public health screening program for islet autoantibodies and the risk for progression to clinical diabetes.Screening for islet autoantibodies was offered to children aged 1.75 (...) type 1 diabetes, defined by 2 or more islet autoantibodies, with categorization into stages 1 (normoglycemia), 2 (dysglycemia), or 3 (clinical) type 1 diabetes. Secondary outcomes were the frequency of diabetic ketoacidosis and parental psychological stress, assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (range, 0-27; higher scores indicate worse depression; ≤4 indicates no to minimal depression; >20 indicates severe depression).Of 90 632 children screened (median [interquartile range {IQR}] age

2020 JAMA

53. Status of injuries as a public health burden among children and adolescents in China: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Status of injuries as a public health burden among children and adolescents in China: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Injuries among children and adolescents remain a major public health problem in China. In the present study, we undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature of epidemiological studies investigating injuries among children and adolescents in China and aimed to describe the status of injury among children and adolescents (aged 0-19 years

2020 Medicine PubMed abstract

54. Methodological quality of public health guideline recommendations on vitamin D and calcium : a systematic review protocol. (Full text)

Methodological quality of public health guideline recommendations on vitamin D and calcium : a systematic review protocol. Current recommendations for vitamin D and calcium in dietary guidelines and bone health guidelines vary significantly among countries and professional organisations. It is unknown whether the methods used to develop these recommendations followed a rigourous process and how the differences in methods used may affect the recommended intakes of vitamin D and calcium (...) . The objectives of this study are (1) collate and compare recommendations for vitamin D and calcium across guidelines, (2) appraise methodological quality of the guideline recommendations and (3) identify methodological factors that may affect the recommended intakes for vitamin D and calcium. This study will make a significant contribution to enhancing the methodological rigour in public health guidelines for vitamin D and calcium recommendations.We will conduct a systematic review to evaluate vitamin D

2020 BMJ open PubMed abstract

55. Alcohol consumption's attributable disease burden and cost-effectiveness of targeted public health interventions: a systematic review of mathematical models. (Full text)

Alcohol consumption's attributable disease burden and cost-effectiveness of targeted public health interventions: a systematic review of mathematical models. Around 6% of total deaths are related to alcohol consumption worldwide. Mathematical models are important tools to estimate disease burden and to assess the cost-effectiveness of interventions to address this burden.We carried out a systematic review on models, searching main health literature databases up to July 2017. Pairs of reviewers (...) -effectiveness studies. We found several different families of models. Countries interested in adopting relevant public health measures may choose or adapt the one deemed most convenient, based on the availability of existing data at the local level, burden of work, and public health and economic outcomes of interest.

2020 BMC public health PubMed abstract

56. Storytelling as a research tool and intervention around public health perceptions and behaviour: a protocol for a systematic narrative review. (Full text)

Storytelling as a research tool and intervention around public health perceptions and behaviour: a protocol for a systematic narrative review. There is a growing trend to use storytelling as a research tool to extract information and/or as an intervention to effect change in the public knowledge, attitudes and behaviour (KAB) in relation to public health issues, primarily those with a strong element of disease prevention. However, evidence of its use in either or both capacities is limited (...) . This protocol proposes a systematic narrative review of peer-reviewed, published literature on the use of storytelling as a research tool within the public health arena.Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center), Web of Science, Art and Humanities database (ProQuest), Scopus and Google Scholar will be searched for studies that look at the use of storytelling in the research of pressing current public health issues, for example, vaccinations, antimicrobial resistance, climate

2020 BMJ open PubMed abstract

57. Writing a Systematic Review for Publication in a Health-Related Degree Program. (Full text)

Writing a Systematic Review for Publication in a Health-Related Degree Program. The protocol in this manuscript was designed to help graduate students publish. It is the result of a challenge from our provost in 2013. I developed this protocol over the last 6 years and have exercised the protocol for the last 5 years. The current version of the protocol has remained mostly static for the last 2 years-only small changes have been made to the process.The objective of this protocol is to enable (...) through multiple review processes at multiple journals submitted in sequence. Two other professors in the School of Health Administration have used this protocol in their classes.So far, this method has helped 51% of graduate students who used it in my graduate courses publish articles (with more manuscripts under consideration whose numbers have remained uncounted in this sum). I wish success to others who might use this protocol.©Clemens Scott Scott Kruse. Originally published in JMIR Research

2020 JMIR Research Protocols PubMed abstract

58. Fruit and Vegetable Concentrate Supplementation and Cardiovascular Health: A Systematic Review from a Public Health Perspective. (Full text)

Fruit and Vegetable Concentrate Supplementation and Cardiovascular Health: A Systematic Review from a Public Health Perspective. Fruits and vegetables (FV) are very important for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), but it has been demonstrated that FV consumption is below that recommended. Several companies have worked to offer FV concentrates, but it remains unclear whether they represent a potentially effective means of reducing the burden of NCDs. The present study provides (...) in duplicate. The results of the systematic review provided input for a Markov chain simulation model aimed at estimating the public health consequences of various scenarios of FV concentrate utilization on NCDs burden. The present results suggest a positive and significant role of FV concentrate supplementation on select parameters known to affect the risk of NCDs. Such an effect might be hypothesized to turn into mitigation of the burden of those NCDs modulated by the physiological parameters analyzed

2020 Journal of clinical medicine PubMed abstract

59. Public Health Implications of Image-Based Social Media: A Systematic Review of Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr, and Flickr. (Full text)

Public Health Implications of Image-Based Social Media: A Systematic Review of Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr, and Flickr. Image-based social media Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr, and Flickr have become sources of health-related information and tools for health communication. No known systematic review exists that summarizes the existing research and its health implications.We searched EBSCOhost Academic Search Complete, PubMed, and Web of Science in January 2016, April 2017, and November 2017 (...) , with the following keywords: Pinterest, Instagram, Tumblr, or Flickr. Only public health-related, peer-reviewed research articles were included (excluding surveys of self-reported social media use).Sixty-six research articles were included. All 12 experimental studies used Instagram. Of the 54 observational studies, 38 studied Instagram; 12, Pinterest; 7, Tumblr; and 6, Flickr; some studies investigated more than 1 platform. More than half of the included articles were related to mental health and substance

2020 The Permanente journal PubMed abstract

60. Community-centred public health: taking a whole system approach

Community-centred public health: taking a whole system approach Community-centred public health: taking a whole system approach - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Community-centred public health: taking a whole system approach Resources to enable local systems (...) to implement and embed community-centred approaches to health and wellbeing at scale. Published 14 January 2020 From: Documents Ref: PHE publications gateway reference: GW-892 If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email . Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use. Details Public Health England (PHE) has conducted research into current practice on whole system

2020 Public Health England