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Latest & greatest articles for public health
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on public health or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on publichealth impact Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on publichealth impact Cupertino MC, Resende MB, Mayer NA, Carvalho LM, Siqueira-Batista R - Asian Pac J Trop Med Infectious diseases continue to impose unpredictable burdens on global health and economies, a subject that requires constant research (...) new infectious agents with unknown virulent potential. In conclusion, the monitoring of these diseases and adequate preparation for possible epidemics and pandemics are fundamental conditions for the mitigation of their future impact. The zoonotic threat of these etiological agents and the impact on publichealth can be enormous as shown by the ongoing epidemic of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019- nCoV) infections. "> Impact Factor 2018: 1.772 (@Clarivate Analytics) 5-Year Impact Factor: 1.772
Considerations in adjusting publichealth and social measures in the context of COVID-19 -1- Considerations in adjusting publichealth and social measures in the context of COVID-19 Interim guidance 16 April 2020 Background Across the globe, countries have implemented a number of control measures to comprehensively prepare for and respond to COVID-19. The overarching goal of the WHO global COVID-19 response strategy 1 is for all countries to control the pandemic by slowing down transmission (...) and reducing mortality associated with COVID-19, with the ultimate aim of reaching and maintaining a state of low-level or no transmission. Based on local epidemiology, some countries are in the process of scaling up publichealth and social measures, while others are or currently considering scaling down these measures. Although the goal in all countries is to suppress transmission and provide care for all patients, the intensity of implementation of control measures to achieve this — including
Microorganisms @ materials surfaces in aircraft: Potential risks for publichealth? - A systematic review. Civil air travel is increasingly recognized as an important potential source for the rapid spread of infectious diseases that were geographically confined in the past, creating international epidemics with great health and socio-economic impact.The objective of this systematic review is to elucidate the correlations of materials surfaces (composition, structure, properties) and microbial (...) in this systematic review, indicating that the aircraft interior surfaces in seat areas (tray tables, armrests, seat covers) and lavatories (door knob handles, toilet flush buttons) are generally colonized by various types of potentially hazardous microorganisms.The interior surfaces in seat and lavatory areas could pose higher health risks by causing infections due to their relatively high microbial contamination compared with other interior surfaces. The classification, chemical composition, surface structures
Public prosecutor's office and social control in the National Unified Health System: a systematic review. The 1988 Constitution increased the Public Prosecutor's Office attributions and facilitated social participation through management councils in the construction of public policies and in the implementation of social control. In this context, it is necessary to reflect critically on the Public Prosecutor's Office work and its interaction with Health Councils to strengthen social control (...) in the National Unified Health System. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify the national panorama of the relationship between the Public Prosecutor's Office and Health Councils with a view to providing answers on this institution's contributions toward effective social control in the National Unified Health System (SUS). The following databases were consulted: PubMed, BVS, CAPES Journals and BDTD. We included 17 studies, papers and dissertations, which were selected in the period 2006-2015
Policy Recommendations for PublicHealth Plans to Stem the Escalating Costs of Prescription Drugs: A Position Paper From the American College of Physicians. The increasing price of prescription drugs is an ongoing concern for Medicare and Medicaid, particularly for patients with chronic health conditions who are using multiple medications and patients in these programs taking high-priced brand-name specialty drugs. Shifts in benefit design, including higher deductibles and a movement away from (...) copayments to coinsurance, have increased patient out-of-pocket costs and put pressure on program budgets. In this paper, the American College of Physicians expands on its position paper from 2016 and offers additional recommendations to decrease out-of-pocket costs for patients, enhance the government's purchasing power, and address existing policies that add costs to the health care system.
Erratum: Alberto, R. et al., Wearable Monitoring Devices for Biomechanical Risk Assessment at Work: Current Status and Future Challenges-A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. PublicHealth 2018, 15, 2001. Due to an error during production, the first author's name of the published paper [...].
What publichealth strategies work to reduce the tobacco demand among young people? An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. To perform an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of health policy and health promotion strategies to reduce the tobacco demand in adolescents, youth and young adults.Reviewers independently performed an electronic database search, reviewed titles and abstracts, assessed articles' eligibility for inclusion and quality, and extracted
Treatment, prevention and publichealth management of impetigo, scabies, crusted scabies and fungal skin infections in endemic populations: a systematic review. We conducted a systematic review of the treatment, prevention and publichealth control of skin infections including impetigo, scabies, crusted scabies and tinea in resource-limited settings where skin infections are endemic. The aim is to inform strategies, guidelines and research to improve skin health in populations (...) that are inequitably affected by infections of the skin and the downstream consequences of these. The systematic review is reported according to the PRISMA statement. From 1759 titles identified, 81 full text studies were reviewed and key findings outlined for impetigo, scabies, crusted scabies and tinea. Improvements in primary care and publichealth management of skin infections will have broad and lasting impacts on overall quality of life including reductions in morbidity and mortality from sepsis, skeletal
New psychoactive substances: challenges for drug surveillance, control, and publichealth responses. The rapid emergence since the mid-2000s of a large and diverse range of substances originally designed as legal alternatives to more established illicit drugs (pragmatically clustered and termed new psychoactive substances; [NPS]) has challenged traditional approaches to drug monitoring, surveillance, control, and publichealth responses. In this section of the Series, we describe the emergence (...) of NPS and consider opportunities for strengthening the detection, identification, and responses to future substances of concern. First, we explore the definitional complexity of the term NPS. Second, we describe the origins and drivers surrounding NPS, including motivations for use. Third, we summarise evidence on NPS availability, use, and associated harms. Finally, we use NPS as a case example to explore challenges and opportunities for future drug monitoring, surveillance, control, and public
Publichealth implications of legalising the production and sale of cannabis for medicinal and recreational use. We assess the current and describe possible future publichealth impacts of the legalisation of cannabis production, sale, and use in the Americas. First, we describe global patterns of cannabis use and their most probable adverse health effects. Second, we summarise evidence regarding the effectiveness of cannabinoids for medicinal use and describe approaches that have been used (...) to regulate the use of medicinal cannabis and how these approaches might have affected medicinal and recreational use and harms (eg, road crashes). Third, we describe how jurisdictions that have legalised recreational use have regulated production and sale of cannabis. Fourth, we evaluate the effects of cannabis legalisation on cannabis use and harms and on the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Fifth, we use alcohol and tobacco policy examples to identify possible long-term publichealth effects
Publichealth impact of coal-fired power plants: a critical systematic review of the epidemiological literature. Coal-based energy production is the most utilized method of electricity production worldwide and releases the highest concentration of gaseous, particulate, and metallic pollutants. Toxicological research has shown that coal combustion by-products are carcinogens, endocrine disruptors, and cardiorespiratory toxins. This article aims to systematically review the epidemiological
Frailty: implications for clinical practice and publichealth. Frailty is an emerging global health burden, with major implications for clinical practice and publichealth. The prevalence of frailty is expected to rise alongside rapid growth in the ageing population. The course of frailty is characterised by a decline in functioning across multiple physiological systems, accompanied by an increased vulnerability to stressors. Having frailty places a person at increased risk of adverse outcomes (...) , including falls, hospitalisation, and mortality. Studies have shown a clear pattern of increased health-care costs and use associated with frailty. All older adults are at risk of developing frailty, although risk levels are substantially higher among those with comorbidities, low socioeconomic position, poor diet, and sedentary lifestyles. Lifestyle and clinical risk factors are potentially modifiable by specific interventions and preventive actions. The concept of frailty is increasingly being used
Publichealth deworming programmes for soil-transmitted helminths in children living in endemic areas The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends treating all school children at regular intervals with deworming drugs in areas where helminth infection is common. Global advocacy organizations claim routine deworming has substantive health and societal effects beyond the removal of worms. In this update of the 2015 edition we included six new trials, additional data from included trials (...) , and addressed comments and criticisms.To summarize the effects of publichealth programmes to regularly treat all children with deworming drugs on child growth, haemoglobin, cognition, school attendance, school performance, physical fitness, and mortality.We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; Embase; LILACS; the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT); reference lists; and registers of ongoing