Latest & greatest articles for public health

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Top results for public health

61. British Society of Gastroenterology/Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland/Public Health England post-polypectomy and post-colorectal cancer resection surveillance guidelines (Full text)

British Society of Gastroenterology/Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland/Public Health England post-polypectomy and post-colorectal cancer resection surveillance guidelines British Society of Gastroenterology/Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland/Public Health England Post-Polypectomy and Post-Colorectal Cancer Resection Surveillance Guidelines - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set (...) to Collections Create a new collection Add to an existing collection Name your collection: Name must be less than 100 characters Choose a collection: Unable to load your collection due to an error Add Cancel Add to My Bibliography My Bibliography Unable to load your delegates due to an error Add Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Gut Actions , 69 (2), 201-223 Feb 2020 British Society of Gastroenterology/Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland/Public Health England

2020 EvidenceUpdates PubMed abstract

62. Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on public health impact

Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on public health impact Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on public health impact Cupertino MC, Resende MB, Mayer NA, Carvalho LM, Siqueira-Batista R - Asian Pac J Trop Med Infectious diseases continue to impose unpredictable burdens on global health and economies, a subject that requires constant research (...) new infectious agents with unknown virulent potential. In conclusion, the monitoring of these diseases and adequate preparation for possible epidemics and pandemics are fundamental conditions for the mitigation of their future impact. The zoonotic threat of these etiological agents and the impact on public health can be enormous as shown by the ongoing epidemic of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019- nCoV) infections. "> Impact Factor 2018: 1.772 (@Clarivate Analytics) 5-Year Impact Factor: 1.772

2020 Covid-19 Ad hoc papers

63. Considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19

Considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19 -1- Considerations in adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19 Interim guidance 16 April 2020 Background Across the globe, countries have implemented a number of control measures to comprehensively prepare for and respond to COVID-19. The overarching goal of the WHO global COVID-19 response strategy 1 is for all countries to control the pandemic by slowing down transmission (...) and reducing mortality associated with COVID-19, with the ultimate aim of reaching and maintaining a state of low-level or no transmission. Based on local epidemiology, some countries are in the process of scaling up public health and social measures, while others are or currently considering scaling down these measures. Although the goal in all countries is to suppress transmission and provide care for all patients, the intensity of implementation of control measures to achieve this — including

2020 WHO Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Pandemic

64. Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID-19: a rapid review

Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID-19: a rapid review Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID‐19: a rapid review - Nussbaumer-Streit, B - 2020 | Cochrane Library Cookies Our site uses cookies to improve your experience. You can find out more about our use of cookies in About Cookies, including instructions on how to turn off cookies if you wish to do so. By continuing to browse this site you agree (...) Cochrane Library features . Scolaris Content Language Banner Portlet Scolaris Content Language Banner Portlet Scolaris Content Display Scolaris Content Display Read comments on this Review(0) Cochrane Clinical Answers Editorials Podcasts Special Collections Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID‐19: a rapid review Cochrane Systematic Review - Prototype Version published: 08 April 2020 Collapse all Expand all Abstract available in Background Coronavirus

2020 Cochrane

65. What are the highest priority indications for use of serologic testing for COVID-19 clinically and to inform public health efforts?

What are the highest priority indications for use of serologic testing for COVID-19 clinically and to inform public health efforts? COVID-19 Scientific Advisory Group Rapid Response Report April 15, 2020 © 2020, Alberta Health Services, COVID-19 Scientific Advisory Group Key Research Question: What are the highest priority indications for use of serologic testing for COVID-19 clinically and to inform public health efforts? Key Messages from the Evidence Summary • No evidence was identified (...) to inform the clinical or public health implications of serological testing in special populations such as immunocompromised people, critical care patients, or the organ transplantation community. • There was no direct evidence for using serology to inform ‘return to work’ (RTW) policies. However, findings from the immunological and infection dynamics during infection suggest that a combination of RNA testing, IgG testing and IgM testing may help inform RTW decisions for healthcare personnel once

2020 Covid-19 Ad hoc papers

66. Pathogen Genomics in Public Health. (Full text)

Pathogen Genomics in Public Health. Rapid advances in DNA sequencing technology ("next-generation sequencing") have inspired optimism about the potential of human genomics for "precision medicine." Meanwhile, pathogen genomics is already delivering "precision public health" through more effective investigations of outbreaks of foodborne illnesses, better-targeted tuberculosis control, and more timely and granular influenza surveillance to inform the selection of vaccine strains. In this article (...) , we describe how public health agencies have been adopting pathogen genomics to improve their effectiveness in almost all domains of infectious disease. This momentum is likely to continue, given the ongoing development in sequencing and sequencing-related technologies.Copyright © 2019 Massachusetts Medical Society.

2019 NEJM PubMed abstract

67. Key Characteristics of Public Health Interventions Aimed at Increasing Whole Grain Intake: A Systematic Review. (Full text)

Key Characteristics of Public Health Interventions Aimed at Increasing Whole Grain Intake: A Systematic Review. To identify characteristics of successful public health interventions aimed at increasing whole grain consumption.The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses framework, guided by higher-quality interventions with greatest effect size, was adopted to conduct a systematic literature review.Of 8,500 initial records, only 8 interventions with demonstrated reach (...) multifaceted strategies across multiple aspects of the food system, underpinned by multiple stakeholder partnerships. Uniform capture of interventions using an online, searchable, public domain resource may provide a strategy to enable health professionals globally to plan local interventions across cultural settings, drawing on best practice guidelines developed from interventions with demonstrated reach and effectiveness.Copyright © 2018 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier

2019 Journal of nutrition education and behavior PubMed abstract

68. Microorganisms @ materials surfaces in aircraft: Potential risks for public health? - A systematic review. (Full text)

Microorganisms @ materials surfaces in aircraft: Potential risks for public health? - A systematic review. Civil air travel is increasingly recognized as an important potential source for the rapid spread of infectious diseases that were geographically confined in the past, creating international epidemics with great health and socio-economic impact.The objective of this systematic review is to elucidate the correlations of materials surfaces (composition, structure, properties) and microbial (...) in this systematic review, indicating that the aircraft interior surfaces in seat areas (tray tables, armrests, seat covers) and lavatories (door knob handles, toilet flush buttons) are generally colonized by various types of potentially hazardous microorganisms.The interior surfaces in seat and lavatory areas could pose higher health risks by causing infections due to their relatively high microbial contamination compared with other interior surfaces. The classification, chemical composition, surface structures

2019 Travel medicine and infectious disease PubMed abstract

69. Public prosecutor's office and social control in the National Unified Health System: a systematic review. (Full text)

Public prosecutor's office and social control in the National Unified Health System: a systematic review. The 1988 Constitution increased the Public Prosecutor's Office attributions and facilitated social participation through management councils in the construction of public policies and in the implementation of social control. In this context, it is necessary to reflect critically on the Public Prosecutor's Office work and its interaction with Health Councils to strengthen social control (...) in the National Unified Health System. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify the national panorama of the relationship between the Public Prosecutor's Office and Health Councils with a view to providing answers on this institution's contributions toward effective social control in the National Unified Health System (SUS). The following databases were consulted: PubMed, BVS, CAPES Journals and BDTD. We included 17 studies, papers and dissertations, which were selected in the period 2006-2015

2019 Ciencia & saude coletiva PubMed abstract

70. Policy Recommendations for Public Health Plans to Stem the Escalating Costs of Prescription Drugs: A Position Paper From the American College of Physicians. (Abstract)

Policy Recommendations for Public Health Plans to Stem the Escalating Costs of Prescription Drugs: A Position Paper From the American College of Physicians. The increasing price of prescription drugs is an ongoing concern for Medicare and Medicaid, particularly for patients with chronic health conditions who are using multiple medications and patients in these programs taking high-priced brand-name specialty drugs. Shifts in benefit design, including higher deductibles and a movement away from (...) copayments to coinsurance, have increased patient out-of-pocket costs and put pressure on program budgets. In this paper, the American College of Physicians expands on its position paper from 2016 and offers additional recommendations to decrease out-of-pocket costs for patients, enhance the government's purchasing power, and address existing policies that add costs to the health care system.

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

71. Erratum: Alberto, R. et al., Wearable Monitoring Devices for Biomechanical Risk Assessment at Work: Current Status and Future Challenges-A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2001. (Full text)

Erratum: Alberto, R. et al., Wearable Monitoring Devices for Biomechanical Risk Assessment at Work: Current Status and Future Challenges-A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2001. Due to an error during production, the first author's name of the published paper [...].

2019 International journal of environmental research and public health PubMed abstract

72. What public health strategies work to reduce the tobacco demand among young people? An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. (Abstract)

What public health strategies work to reduce the tobacco demand among young people? An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. To perform an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of health policy and health promotion strategies to reduce the tobacco demand in adolescents, youth and young adults.Reviewers independently performed an electronic database search, reviewed titles and abstracts, assessed articles' eligibility for inclusion and quality, and extracted

2019 Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

73. Treatment, prevention and public health management of impetigo, scabies, crusted scabies and fungal skin infections in endemic populations: a systematic review. (Full text)

Treatment, prevention and public health management of impetigo, scabies, crusted scabies and fungal skin infections in endemic populations: a systematic review. We conducted a systematic review of the treatment, prevention and public health control of skin infections including impetigo, scabies, crusted scabies and tinea in resource-limited settings where skin infections are endemic. The aim is to inform strategies, guidelines and research to improve skin health in populations (...) that are inequitably affected by infections of the skin and the downstream consequences of these. The systematic review is reported according to the PRISMA statement. From 1759 titles identified, 81 full text studies were reviewed and key findings outlined for impetigo, scabies, crusted scabies and tinea. Improvements in primary care and public health management of skin infections will have broad and lasting impacts on overall quality of life including reductions in morbidity and mortality from sepsis, skeletal

2019 Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH PubMed abstract

74. New psychoactive substances: challenges for drug surveillance, control, and public health responses. (Abstract)

New psychoactive substances: challenges for drug surveillance, control, and public health responses. The rapid emergence since the mid-2000s of a large and diverse range of substances originally designed as legal alternatives to more established illicit drugs (pragmatically clustered and termed new psychoactive substances; [NPS]) has challenged traditional approaches to drug monitoring, surveillance, control, and public health responses. In this section of the Series, we describe the emergence (...) of NPS and consider opportunities for strengthening the detection, identification, and responses to future substances of concern. First, we explore the definitional complexity of the term NPS. Second, we describe the origins and drivers surrounding NPS, including motivations for use. Third, we summarise evidence on NPS availability, use, and associated harms. Finally, we use NPS as a case example to explore challenges and opportunities for future drug monitoring, surveillance, control, and public

2019 Lancet

75. Hepatitis B: clinical and public health management

Hepatitis B: clinical and public health management Hepatitis B: clinical and public health management - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Register by 26 November to vote in the General Election on 12 (...) December. Guidance Hepatitis B: clinical and public health management Information for healthcare professionals on the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of hepatitis B. Published 31 July 2014 Last updated 5 November 2019 — From: Contents Diagnosis Hepatitis B is a virus that replicates in the liver but is also present at very high levels in the blood of people who are infected. The hepatitis B virus ( ( . When an individual (recipient) is thought to have been exposed to blood from another individual

2019 Public Health England

76. Measles: public health response to cases who have travelled by air whilst infectious

Measles: public health response to cases who have travelled by air whilst infectious Measles: public health response to cases who have travelled by air whilst infectious - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search (...) Register by 26 November to vote in the General Election on 12 December. Guidance Measles: public health response to cases who have travelled by air whilst infectious Guidance about infectious measles on a flight (or international travel) for public health staff, passengers and crew. Published 26 June 2012 Last updated 28 October 2019 — From: Documents Ref: PHE gateway number 2018702 If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format

2019 Public Health England

77. Public health implications of legalising the production and sale of cannabis for medicinal and recreational use. (Abstract)

Public health implications of legalising the production and sale of cannabis for medicinal and recreational use. We assess the current and describe possible future public health impacts of the legalisation of cannabis production, sale, and use in the Americas. First, we describe global patterns of cannabis use and their most probable adverse health effects. Second, we summarise evidence regarding the effectiveness of cannabinoids for medicinal use and describe approaches that have been used (...) to regulate the use of medicinal cannabis and how these approaches might have affected medicinal and recreational use and harms (eg, road crashes). Third, we describe how jurisdictions that have legalised recreational use have regulated production and sale of cannabis. Fourth, we evaluate the effects of cannabis legalisation on cannabis use and harms and on the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Fifth, we use alcohol and tobacco policy examples to identify possible long-term public health effects

2019 Lancet

78. Public health impact of coal-fired power plants: a critical systematic review of the epidemiological literature. (Abstract)

Public health impact of coal-fired power plants: a critical systematic review of the epidemiological literature. Coal-based energy production is the most utilized method of electricity production worldwide and releases the highest concentration of gaseous, particulate, and metallic pollutants. Toxicological research has shown that coal combustion by-products are carcinogens, endocrine disruptors, and cardiorespiratory toxins. This article aims to systematically review the epidemiological

2019 International journal of environmental health research

79. Frailty: implications for clinical practice and public health. (Abstract)

Frailty: implications for clinical practice and public health. Frailty is an emerging global health burden, with major implications for clinical practice and public health. The prevalence of frailty is expected to rise alongside rapid growth in the ageing population. The course of frailty is characterised by a decline in functioning across multiple physiological systems, accompanied by an increased vulnerability to stressors. Having frailty places a person at increased risk of adverse outcomes (...) , including falls, hospitalisation, and mortality. Studies have shown a clear pattern of increased health-care costs and use associated with frailty. All older adults are at risk of developing frailty, although risk levels are substantially higher among those with comorbidities, low socioeconomic position, poor diet, and sedentary lifestyles. Lifestyle and clinical risk factors are potentially modifiable by specific interventions and preventive actions. The concept of frailty is increasingly being used

2019 Lancet

80. Public health deworming programmes for soil-transmitted helminths in children living in endemic areas (Full text)

Public health deworming programmes for soil-transmitted helminths in children living in endemic areas The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends treating all school children at regular intervals with deworming drugs in areas where helminth infection is common. Global advocacy organizations claim routine deworming has substantive health and societal effects beyond the removal of worms. In this update of the 2015 edition we included six new trials, additional data from included trials (...) , and addressed comments and criticisms.To summarize the effects of public health programmes to regularly treat all children with deworming drugs on child growth, haemoglobin, cognition, school attendance, school performance, physical fitness, and mortality.We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; Embase; LILACS; the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT); reference lists; and registers of ongoing

2019 EvidenceUpdates PubMed abstract