Latest & greatest articles for public health

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Top results for public health

81. The healing properties of medicinal plants used in the Brazilian public health system: a systematic review. (Abstract)

The healing properties of medicinal plants used in the Brazilian public health system: a systematic review. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the healing potential of medicinal plants belonging to the Brazilian National List of Medicinal Plants of Interest to the Unified Health System (RENISUS).PubMed and ScienceDirect databases were searched for relevant articles, regardless of the language, from 2010 to June 2016. Two reviewers independently assessed study (...) available in the Brazilian public health system as herbal medicine.This review may encourage and contribute to the appropriate use of medicinal plants in the public health system in Brazil.

2019 Journal of wound care

82. Specificities of mental health problems in the countries of the Maghreb region, through scientific publications on the theme of suicide. A systematic review. (Abstract)

Specificities of mental health problems in the countries of the Maghreb region, through scientific publications on the theme of suicide. A systematic review. In an article published in the journal "La Tunisie médicale" in 1972, Professor Sleim Ammar, a visionary North African psychiatrist, announced that "suicide is a public health problem" in the Maghreb.This work, on the one hand, aims to describe the profile of Maghreb publications indexed in the Medline database, on the topic of suicide (...) by a psychiatry team and published in an "open access" African journal. The recommendations of these North African publications on suicide were often general and not operational.the North African scientific research on suicide remains unproductive and of low methodological quality. The focus of this research towards primary suicide prevention, as part of a comprehensive public health approach, would be essential for the promotion of mental health in the North African region.

2019 La Tunisie Medicale

83. The impact of public performance reporting on health plan selection and switching: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

The impact of public performance reporting on health plan selection and switching: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The dissemination of public performance reporting (PPR) cards aims to increase utilisation of information on quality of care by consumers when making health plan choices. However, evaluations of PPR cards show that they have little impact on consumer choices. The aim of this study is to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of PPR cards in promoting (...) health plan selection and switching between health plans by consumers. We searched five online databases and eight previous reviews for studies reporting findings on PPR and health plans. We extracted data and conducted quality assessment, systematic critical synthesis and meta-analyses on the included studies. We identified eight relevant health plan articles related to selection (n = 2), switching (n = 4), selection/switching (n = 2). Meta-analyses showed that PPR was associated with an improvement

2019 Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

84. How can additional secondary data analysis of observational data enhance the generalisability of meta-analytic evidence for local public health decision making? (Full text)

How can additional secondary data analysis of observational data enhance the generalisability of meta-analytic evidence for local public health decision making? This paper critically explores how survey and routinely collected data could aid in assessing the generalisability of public health evidence. We propose developing approaches that could be employed in understanding the relevance of public health evidence, and investigate ways of producing meta-analytic estimates tailored to reflect (...) local circumstances, based on analyses of secondary data. Currently, public health decision makers face challenges in interpreting global review evidence to assess its meaning in local contexts. A lack of clarity on the definition and scope of generalisability, and the absence of consensus on its measurement, has stunted methodological progress. The consequence of failing to tackle generalisability means that systematic review evidence often fails to fulfil its potential contribution in public

2019 Research synthesis methods PubMed abstract

85. Oral diseases: a global public health challenge. (Full text)

Oral diseases: a global public health challenge. Oral diseases are among the most prevalent diseases globally and have serious health and economic burdens, greatly reducing quality of life for those affected. The most prevalent and consequential oral diseases globally are dental caries (tooth decay), periodontal disease, tooth loss, and cancers of the lips and oral cavity. In this first of two papers in a Series on oral health, we describe the scope of the global oral disease epidemic, its (...) impose large economic burdens to families and health-care systems. Oral diseases are undoubtedly a global public health problem, with particular concern over their rising prevalence in many LMICs linked to wider social, economic, and commercial changes. By describing the extent and consequences of oral diseases, their social and commercial determinants, and their ongoing neglect in global health policy, we aim to highlight the urgent need to address oral diseases among other NCDs as a global health

2019 Lancet PubMed abstract

86. The extent of public awareness, understanding and use of the Global Solar UV index as a worldwide health promotion instrument to improve sun protection: protocol for a systematic review. (Full text)

The extent of public awareness, understanding and use of the Global Solar UV index as a worldwide health promotion instrument to improve sun protection: protocol for a systematic review. (Over)exposure to ultraviolet radiation is a major risk factor for skin cancer. The Global Solar Ultraviolet Index (UVI) was introduced by the WHO and partner organisations in 1995 as a simple measure of the intensity of solar UV radiation, providing guidance for the population to use appropriate sun protective (...) measures. Little is known about the impact of the UVI on actual sun protection behaviour. Our systematic review aims to assess global levels of awareness, understanding and use of the UVI as prerequisites for the preventive effectiveness of this public health tool.Systematic searches will be performed in 10 electronic literature databases including Medline, Scopus and Web of Science-Core Collection, two clinical trials registries and at least two grey literature databases (OpenGrey, Bielefeld Academic

2019 BMJ open PubMed abstract

87. Chickenpox: public health management and guidance

Chickenpox: public health management and guidance Chickenpox: public health management and guidance - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Collection Chickenpox: public health management and guidance The diagnosis, management and epidemiology of chickenpox (varicella). Published 31 July 2014 Last updated 26 June 2019 — From: Varicella zoster Immunoglobulin ( . Chickenpox is an acute, infectious disease (...) caused by the varicella-zoster virus ( which tends to be more common in adults. The disease can be more serious in adults, particularly pregnant women. For symptoms and general information on chickenpox, visit . Epidemiology and data collection Chickenpox is not a in England and Wales. Data on cases reported in the UK is available from the by sentinel website. Laboratory testing for confirmation of chickenpox is not normally required but can be performed in Public Health England public health

2019 Public Health England

88. The effects of community pharmacy-delivered public health interventions on population health and health inequalities: A review of reviews (Full text)

The effects of community pharmacy-delivered public health interventions on population health and health inequalities: A review of reviews Community pharmacies have great potential to deliver services aimed at promoting health and preventing disease, and are well placed in deprived communities. This review of reviews aimed to assess the effectiveness of community pharmacy-delivered public health services and assess how they impact on inequalities in health using PROGRESS-Plus characteristics (...) management programmes, syringe exchange programmes, and inoculation services. This review supports the development of some community pharmacy public health services. At present, little is known how community pharmacy-delivered public health interventions impact on health inequalities. It would be prudent for future studies to address this by explicitly reporting outcomes according to the PROGRESS-Plus framework. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration number: CRD42017056264.Copyright © 2019

2019 EvidenceUpdates PubMed abstract

89. The impact of public transport on the health of work commuters: a systematic review. (Abstract)

The impact of public transport on the health of work commuters: a systematic review. Although the public transport (PT) commute can form a substantial part of the working day, there is a significant gap in our understanding of how it influences health of those who engage in it. The purpose of this systematic review was to therefore generate evidence from 1972 about the extent to which the PT commute (involving train, bus, subway, tram, or metro) impacts on the mental health, physical health (...) and well-being of the working people. We identified 47 studies in English worldwide involving an empirical quantitative focus which met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 23 studies involved over 500 participants. Although initial multi-modal comparisons showed impact on sickness rate, self-rated health complaints, perceived stress level and reduction in sleep, a more homogeneous analysis of rail commuters showed elevation in salivary cortisol, perceived stress, and affective reactions to crowding

2019 Health psychology review

90. The public health control of scabies: priorities for research and action. (Full text)

The public health control of scabies: priorities for research and action. Scabies is a parasitic disease of the skin that disproportionately affects disadvantaged populations. The disease causes considerable morbidity and leads to severe bacterial infection and immune-mediated disease. Scientific advances from the past 5 years suggest that scabies is amenable to population-level control, particularly through mass drug administration. In recognition of these issues, WHO added scabies to the list (...) . Frameworks for surveillance, monitoring, and evaluation of control strategies are also necessary.Copyright © 2019 World Health Organization. Published by Elsevier Ltd/Inc/BV. All rights reserved. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

2019 Lancet PubMed abstract

91. Meningococcal disease: guidance on public health management

Meningococcal disease: guidance on public health management Guidance for the public health management of meningococcal disease in the UK Updated February 2018 Guidance for Public Health Management of Meningococcal Disease in the UK: Updated February 2018 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships (...) and the delivery of specialist public health services. We are an executive agency of the Department of Health and Social Care, and a distinct delivery organisation with operational autonomy. We provide government, local government, the NHS, Parliament, industry and the public with evidence-based professional, scientific and delivery expertise and support. Public Health England, Wellington House, 133-155 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8UG Tel: 020 7654 8000 www.gov.uk/phe Twitter: @PHE_uk Facebook: www.facebook.com

2019 Public Health England

92. Quality in public health: a shared responsibility

Quality in public health: a shared responsibility March 2019 Produced by the Public Health System Group for England Quality in Public Health: A Shared ResponsibilityThe Quality Framework for the public health system has been developed by the Public Health System Group in association with: With thanks to Public Health England for coordinating the development of the Framework on behalf of the Public Health System Group.Foreword/ Preface Introduction Public health systems Characteristics (...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Summary.of.our.commitments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Making.it.happen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 References.and.resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3Foreword/ Preface Introduction Public health systems Characteristics of quality Working together Key principles and actions Seven steps to improve quality

2019 Public Health England

93. Public Health Outcomes Framework: indicator updates

Public Health Outcomes Framework: indicator updates Public Health Outcomes Framework Data included in 8 May 2019 publication 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships and the delivery of specialist public health services. We are an executive agency of the Department of Health and Social Care (...) , and a distinct delivery organisation with operational autonomy. We provide government, local government, the NHS, Parliament, industry and the public with evidence-based professional, scientific and delivery expertise and support. Public Health England Wellington House 133-155 Waterloo Road London SE1 8UG Tel: 020 7654 8000 www.gov.uk/phe Twitter: @PHE_uk Facebook: www.facebook.com/PublicHealthEngland © Crown copyright 2019 You may re-use this information (excluding logos) free of charge in any format

2019 Public Health England

94. Health Misinformation and the Power of Narrative Messaging in the Public Sphere

Health Misinformation and the Power of Narrative Messaging in the Public Sphere Health Misinformation and the Power of Narrative Messaging in the Public Sphere | Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique Quick jump to page content Toggle navigation Search Critical commentaries Published May 24, 2019 Main Article Content Timothy Caulfield Health Law Institute, Faculty of Law; School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Alessandro R Marcon Health Law (...) and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Joshua Greenberg School of Journalism and Communication, Faculty of Communication and Media Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada Amy Zarzeczny Johnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Regina, Regina, Canada Robyn Hyde-Lay Health Law Institute, Faculty of Law, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Abstract Numerous social, economic and academic pressures can have a negative impact on representations of biomedical

2019 Institute of Health Economics

95. Public health service provision by community pharmacies: a systematic map of evidence

Public health service provision by community pharmacies: a systematic map of evidence Gillian Stokes, ebecca ees, Meena Khatwa, Claire Stans?eld Helen Burchett, Kelly Dickson, Ginny Brunton, James Thomas June 2019 Public helth service provision by community phrmcies : a systematic map of evidence Department of Health Reviews Facility To support national policy development and implementation The Department of Health Reviews Facility is a collaboration between the following centres of excellence (...) : This report should be cited as: Stokes G, Rees R, Khatwa M, Stansfield C, Burchett H, Dickson, K, Brunton G, Thomas J (2019) Public health service provision by community pharmacies: a systematic map of evidence. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University College London. Funding This report is independent research commissioned by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Policy Research Programme (PRP) for the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC

2019 EPPI Centre

96. Economic evaluations of public health implementation-interventions: a systematic review and guideline for practice. (Full text)

Economic evaluations of public health implementation-interventions: a systematic review and guideline for practice. Implementation interventions applied in public health are about using proven strategies to influence the uptake of evidence-based prevention and health promotion initiatives. The decision to invest in implementation has an opportunity cost, which can be overlooked. The purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which economic evaluations have been applied to implementation (...) interventions in public health.We conducted a systematic review of empirical studies examining the costs and consequences, cost-effectiveness or cost-benefit of strategies directed towards enhancing the implementation of public health interventions and policies in developed countries.The following databases were searched for English language publications reporting both effect measures and costs, from 1990 to current: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EconLit, EPPI-Centre database of health promotion

2019 Public health PubMed abstract

97. Mass gatherings medicine: public health issues arising from mass gathering religious and sporting events. (Full text)

Mass gatherings medicine: public health issues arising from mass gathering religious and sporting events. Mass gathering events are associated with major public health challenges. The 2014 Lancet Series on the new discipline of mass gatherings medicine was launched at the World Health Assembly of Ministers of Health in Geneva in May, 2014. The Series covered the planning and surveillance systems used to monitor public health risks, public health threats, and experiences of health-care providers (...) from mass gathering events in 2012 and 2013. This follow-up Review focuses on the main public health issues arising from planned mass gathering events held between 2013 and 2018. We highlight public health and research data on transmission of infectious diseases and antibiotic-resistant bacteria, mass casualty incidents, and non-communicable diseases, including thermal disorders. In the events discussed in this Review, the combination of a large influx of people, many from countries with outbreak

2019 Lancet PubMed abstract

98. Patient and public involvement in health research in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review. (Full text)

Patient and public involvement in health research in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Patient and public involvement (PPI) is argued to lead to higher quality health research, which is more relatable to and helps empower the public. We synthesised the evidence to look for examples of PPI in health research in low/middle-income countries (LMICs), looking at levels of involvement and impact. Additionally, we considered the impact of who was undertaking the research (...) on the level of involvement and reported impact.Systematic review.EMBASE, Medline and PsychINFO, along with hand-searching references, grey literature, Google search and expert advice.Any health research with evidence of patient or public involvement, with no language restrictions dated from 1978 to 1 Dec 2017.Data relating to stage and level of involvement, as well as impact, were extracted by one researcher (NC), and a coding framework was developed using an inductive approach to examine the impact

2019 BMJ open PubMed abstract

99. Cyanobacteria and Drinking Water: Occurrence, Risks, Management and Knowledge Gaps for Public Health

Cyanobacteria and Drinking Water: Occurrence, Risks, Management and Knowledge Gaps for Public Health CYANOBACTERIA AND DRINKING WATER: OCCURRENCE, RISKS, MANAGEMENT AND KNOWLEDGE GAPS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH MARCH 2019 Prepared by: Juliette O’Keeffe National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Photo credit: Ake via rawpixelNational Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health 1 INTRODUCTION With warming temperatures due to climate change and increased nutrient loads to freshwater systems (...) of importance for public health (PH) professionals and others involved in water management in responding to current and future risks from cyanobacteria in drinking water. This review will outline: Key factors affecting the proliferation of cyanoblooms • The prevalence of cyanoblooms across Canada • The health effects from exposure to cyanotoxins and risks to drinking water supplies • The effectiveness of drinking water treatment for decreasing risks of exposure • Existing approaches to management

2019 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

100. Response rate differences between web and alternative data collection methods for public health research: a systematic review of the literature. (Abstract)

Response rate differences between web and alternative data collection methods for public health research: a systematic review of the literature. To systematically review the literature and compare response rates (RRs) of web surveys to alternative data collection methods in the context of epidemiologic and public health studies.We reviewed the literature using PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, WebSM, and Google Scholar databases. We selected epidemiologic and public health studies that considered

2019 International journal of public health