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The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on public health or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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The healing properties of medicinal plants used in the Brazilian publichealth system: a systematic review. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the healing potential of medicinal plants belonging to the Brazilian National List of Medicinal Plants of Interest to the Unified Health System (RENISUS).PubMed and ScienceDirect databases were searched for relevant articles, regardless of the language, from 2010 to June 2016. Two reviewers independently assessed study (...) available in the Brazilian publichealth system as herbal medicine.This review may encourage and contribute to the appropriate use of medicinal plants in the publichealth system in Brazil.
Specificities of mental health problems in the countries of the Maghreb region, through scientific publications on the theme of suicide. A systematic review. In an article published in the journal "La Tunisie médicale" in 1972, Professor Sleim Ammar, a visionary North African psychiatrist, announced that "suicide is a publichealth problem" in the Maghreb.This work, on the one hand, aims to describe the profile of Maghreb publications indexed in the Medline database, on the topic of suicide (...) by a psychiatry team and published in an "open access" African journal. The recommendations of these North African publications on suicide were often general and not operational.the North African scientific research on suicide remains unproductive and of low methodological quality. The focus of this research towards primary suicide prevention, as part of a comprehensive publichealth approach, would be essential for the promotion of mental health in the North African region.
The impact of public performance reporting on health plan selection and switching: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The dissemination of public performance reporting (PPR) cards aims to increase utilisation of information on quality of care by consumers when making health plan choices. However, evaluations of PPR cards show that they have little impact on consumer choices. The aim of this study is to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of PPR cards in promoting (...) health plan selection and switching between health plans by consumers. We searched five online databases and eight previous reviews for studies reporting findings on PPR and health plans. We extracted data and conducted quality assessment, systematic critical synthesis and meta-analyses on the included studies. We identified eight relevant health plan articles related to selection (n = 2), switching (n = 4), selection/switching (n = 2). Meta-analyses showed that PPR was associated with an improvement
How can additional secondary data analysis of observational data enhance the generalisability of meta-analytic evidence for local publichealth decision making? This paper critically explores how survey and routinely collected data could aid in assessing the generalisability of publichealth evidence. We propose developing approaches that could be employed in understanding the relevance of publichealth evidence, and investigate ways of producing meta-analytic estimates tailored to reflect (...) local circumstances, based on analyses of secondary data. Currently, publichealth decision makers face challenges in interpreting global review evidence to assess its meaning in local contexts. A lack of clarity on the definition and scope of generalisability, and the absence of consensus on its measurement, has stunted methodological progress. The consequence of failing to tackle generalisability means that systematic review evidence often fails to fulfil its potential contribution in public
Oral diseases: a global publichealth challenge. Oral diseases are among the most prevalent diseases globally and have serious health and economic burdens, greatly reducing quality of life for those affected. The most prevalent and consequential oral diseases globally are dental caries (tooth decay), periodontal disease, tooth loss, and cancers of the lips and oral cavity. In this first of two papers in a Series on oral health, we describe the scope of the global oral disease epidemic, its (...) impose large economic burdens to families and health-care systems. Oral diseases are undoubtedly a global publichealth problem, with particular concern over their rising prevalence in many LMICs linked to wider social, economic, and commercial changes. By describing the extent and consequences of oral diseases, their social and commercial determinants, and their ongoing neglect in global health policy, we aim to highlight the urgent need to address oral diseases among other NCDs as a global health
The extent of public awareness, understanding and use of the Global Solar UV index as a worldwide health promotion instrument to improve sun protection: protocol for a systematic review. (Over)exposure to ultraviolet radiation is a major risk factor for skin cancer. The Global Solar Ultraviolet Index (UVI) was introduced by the WHO and partner organisations in 1995 as a simple measure of the intensity of solar UV radiation, providing guidance for the population to use appropriate sun protective (...) measures. Little is known about the impact of the UVI on actual sun protection behaviour. Our systematic review aims to assess global levels of awareness, understanding and use of the UVI as prerequisites for the preventive effectiveness of this publichealth tool.Systematic searches will be performed in 10 electronic literature databases including Medline, Scopus and Web of Science-Core Collection, two clinical trials registries and at least two grey literature databases (OpenGrey, Bielefeld Academic
The impact of public transport on the health of work commuters: a systematic review. Although the public transport (PT) commute can form a substantial part of the working day, there is a significant gap in our understanding of how it influences health of those who engage in it. The purpose of this systematic review was to therefore generate evidence from 1972 about the extent to which the PT commute (involving train, bus, subway, tram, or metro) impacts on the mental health, physical health (...) and well-being of the working people. We identified 47 studies in English worldwide involving an empirical quantitative focus which met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 23 studies involved over 500 participants. Although initial multi-modal comparisons showed impact on sickness rate, self-rated health complaints, perceived stress level and reduction in sleep, a more homogeneous analysis of rail commuters showed elevation in salivary cortisol, perceived stress, and affective reactions to crowding
Meningococcal disease: guidance on publichealth management Guidance for the publichealth management of meningococcal disease in the UK Updated February 2018 Guidance for PublicHealth Management of Meningococcal Disease in the UK: Updated February 2018 2 About PublicHealth England PublicHealth England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships (...) and the delivery of specialist publichealth services. We are an executive agency of the Department of Health and Social Care, and a distinct delivery organisation with operational autonomy. We provide government, local government, the NHS, Parliament, industry and the public with evidence-based professional, scientific and delivery expertise and support. PublicHealth England, Wellington House, 133-155 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8UG Tel: 020 7654 8000 www.gov.uk/phe Twitter: @PHE_uk Facebook: www.facebook.com
Health Misinformation and the Power of Narrative Messaging in the Public Sphere Health Misinformation and the Power of Narrative Messaging in the Public Sphere | Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique Quick jump to page content Toggle navigation Search Critical commentaries Published May 24, 2019 Main Article Content Timothy Caulfield Health Law Institute, Faculty of Law; School of PublicHealth, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Alessandro R Marcon Health Law (...) and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Joshua Greenberg School of Journalism and Communication, Faculty of Communication and Media Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada Amy Zarzeczny Johnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Regina, Regina, Canada Robyn Hyde-Lay Health Law Institute, Faculty of Law, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Abstract Numerous social, economic and academic pressures can have a negative impact on representations of biomedical
Publichealth service provision by community pharmacies: a systematic map of evidence Gillian Stokes, ebecca ees, Meena Khatwa, Claire Stans?eld Helen Burchett, Kelly Dickson, Ginny Brunton, James Thomas June 2019 Public helth service provision by community phrmcies : a systematic map of evidence Department of Health Reviews Facility To support national policy development and implementation The Department of Health Reviews Facility is a collaboration between the following centres of excellence (...) : This report should be cited as: Stokes G, Rees R, Khatwa M, Stansfield C, Burchett H, Dickson, K, Brunton G, Thomas J (2019) Publichealth service provision by community pharmacies: a systematic map of evidence. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University College London. Funding This report is independent research commissioned by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Policy Research Programme (PRP) for the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC
Economic evaluations of publichealth implementation-interventions: a systematic review and guideline for practice. Implementation interventions applied in publichealth are about using proven strategies to influence the uptake of evidence-based prevention and health promotion initiatives. The decision to invest in implementation has an opportunity cost, which can be overlooked. The purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which economic evaluations have been applied to implementation (...) interventions in public health.We conducted a systematic review of empirical studies examining the costs and consequences, cost-effectiveness or cost-benefit of strategies directed towards enhancing the implementation of publichealth interventions and policies in developed countries.The following databases were searched for English language publications reporting both effect measures and costs, from 1990 to current: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EconLit, EPPI-Centre database of health promotion
Mass gatherings medicine: publichealth issues arising from mass gathering religious and sporting events. Mass gathering events are associated with major publichealth challenges. The 2014 Lancet Series on the new discipline of mass gatherings medicine was launched at the World Health Assembly of Ministers of Health in Geneva in May, 2014. The Series covered the planning and surveillance systems used to monitor publichealth risks, publichealth threats, and experiences of health-care providers (...) from mass gathering events in 2012 and 2013. This follow-up Review focuses on the main publichealth issues arising from planned mass gathering events held between 2013 and 2018. We highlight publichealth and research data on transmission of infectious diseases and antibiotic-resistant bacteria, mass casualty incidents, and non-communicable diseases, including thermal disorders. In the events discussed in this Review, the combination of a large influx of people, many from countries with outbreak
Patient and public involvement in health research in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Patient and public involvement (PPI) is argued to lead to higher quality health research, which is more relatable to and helps empower the public. We synthesised the evidence to look for examples of PPI in health research in low/middle-income countries (LMICs), looking at levels of involvement and impact. Additionally, we considered the impact of who was undertaking the research (...) on the level of involvement and reported impact.Systematic review.EMBASE, Medline and PsychINFO, along with hand-searching references, grey literature, Google search and expert advice.Any health research with evidence of patient or public involvement, with no language restrictions dated from 1978 to 1 Dec 2017.Data relating to stage and level of involvement, as well as impact, were extracted by one researcher (NC), and a coding framework was developed using an inductive approach to examine the impact
Cyanobacteria and Drinking Water: Occurrence, Risks, Management and Knowledge Gaps for PublicHealth CYANOBACTERIA AND DRINKING WATER: OCCURRENCE, RISKS, MANAGEMENT AND KNOWLEDGE GAPS FOR PUBLICHEALTH MARCH 2019 Prepared by: Juliette O’Keeffe National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Photo credit: Ake via rawpixelNational Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health 1 INTRODUCTION With warming temperatures due to climate change and increased nutrient loads to freshwater systems (...) of importance for publichealth (PH) professionals and others involved in water management in responding to current and future risks from cyanobacteria in drinking water. This review will outline: Key factors affecting the proliferation of cyanoblooms • The prevalence of cyanoblooms across Canada • The health effects from exposure to cyanotoxins and risks to drinking water supplies • The effectiveness of drinking water treatment for decreasing risks of exposure • Existing approaches to management
Response rate differences between web and alternative data collection methods for publichealth research: a systematic review of the literature. To systematically review the literature and compare response rates (RRs) of web surveys to alternative data collection methods in the context of epidemiologic and publichealth studies.We reviewed the literature using PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, WebSM, and Google Scholar databases. We selected epidemiologic and publichealth studies that considered