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The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on public health or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Mass incarceration, publichealth, and widening inequality in the USA. In this Series paper, we examine how mass incarceration shapes inequality in health. The USA is the world leader in incarceration, which disproportionately affects black populations. Nearly one in three black men will ever be imprisoned, and nearly half of black women currently have a family member or extended family member who is in prison. However, until recently the publichealth implications of mass incarceration were (...) unclear. Most research in this area has focused on the health of current and former inmates, with findings suggesting that incarceration could produce some short-term improvements in physical health during imprisonment but has profoundly harmful effects on physical and mental health after release. The emerging literature on the family and community effects of mass incarceration points to negative health impacts on the female partners and children of incarcerated men, and raises concerns that excessive
â€œHitting the spotâ€: Developing individuals with lived-experience of health and social care as facilitators to deliver a course to enhance public involvement in research â€“ a Welsh perspective Public involvement in research has become an important and integral part of the research process in health and social care, from the early stages of research prioritisation and development to the later stages of research conduct and dissemination. Learning and development opportunities, including (...) training, can assist the public and researchers in working together in the research process, and a training schedule exists in Wales for this purpose. One of the key components of this training schedule in Wales is the course Involving the Public in the Design and Conduct of Research: Building Research Partnerships. Building on the existing successes of this UK-wide course, first developed by Macmillan Cancer Support, a project was established between Health and Care Research Wales and Macmillan Cancer
A framework for public involvement at the design stage of NHS health and social care research: time to develop ethically conscious standards Researchers who conduct studies in health and social care are encouraged to involve the public as early as possible in the process of designing their studies. Before their studies are allowed to start researchers must seek approval from a Research Ethics Committee, which will assess whether the study is going to be safe and ethical for patients or healthy (...) and rewarding public involvement. The draft framework will help researchers to recognise the ethical issues when involving the public and is intended to be used voluntarily in a self-regulatory way. We believe that the draft framework requires further consultation and input from the wider research community and the public before endorsement by national UK bodies such as INVOLVE and the Health Research Authority (HRA).
PublicHealth Emergency Response in Taiwan In recent years, growth of international travel and trade, as well as climate change, has resulted in the frequent emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases such as Ebola, Zika, and MERS. In 2016, Taiwan used the Joint External Evaluation (JEE) tool to evaluate its publichealth emergency response capacities and understand important areas for improvement. This article presents Taiwan's disaster and publichealth emergency response organizational (...) structure, real-time integrated information, response processes, and command center structure. After reviewing the results of the JEE tool and drawing lessons from emergency response efforts in the United States, we provide 3 recommendations that may enhance Taiwan's publichealth emergency response capacities: establish common principles for disaster response regardless of which agency is in charge, standardize operation procedures, and perform regular training that includes nongovernmental
Taiwan's PublicHealth National Laboratory System: Success in Influenza Diagnosis and Surveillance Taiwan's National Laboratory System is one of the action packages of the Global Health Security Agenda, which was launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) to promote health security as an international priority and to encourage progress toward full implementation of the WHO International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005. The mission of each national laboratory system is to conduct real-time (...) biosurveillance and effective laboratory-based diagnostics, as measured by a nationwide laboratory system able to reliably conduct diagnoses on specimens transported properly to designated laboratories from at least 80% of the regions in the country. In Taiwan, the national laboratory system for publichealth is well-established and coordinated by the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (CDC), which is the government authority in charge of infectious disease prevention and intervention. Through the national
Health and Public Policy to Facilitate Effective Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders Involving Illicit and Prescription Drugs: An American College of Physicians Position Paper. Substance use disorders involving illicit and prescription drugs are a serious publichealth issue. In the United States, millions of individuals need treatment for substance use disorders but few receive it. The rising number of drug overdose deaths and the changing legal status of marijuana pose new (...) challenges. In this position paper, the American College of Physicians maintains that substance use disorder is a treatable chronic medical condition and offers recommendations on expanding treatment options, the legal status of marijuana, addressing the opioid epidemic, insurance coverage of substance use disorders treatment, education and workforce, and publichealth interventions.
Publichealth impact of the 2014â€“2015 Ebola outbreak in West Africa: seizing opportunities for the future 28589018 2019 02 09 2059-7908 2 2 2017 BMJ global health BMJ Glob HealthPublichealth impact of the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak in West Africa: seizing opportunities for the future. e000202 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000202 Delamou Alexandre A 0000-0002-9397-7106 Department of PublicHealth, Gamal University of Conakry, Conakry, Guinea. Delvaux Thérèse T Woman and Child Health Research Centre (...) , Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium. El Ayadi Alison Marie AM Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. Beavogui Abdoul Habib AH Department of Parasitology-Mycology, Gamal University of Conakry, Conakry, Guinea. Okumura Junko J Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan. Van Damme Wim W Health Policy Unit, Department of PublicHealth, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium. De Brouwere Vincent V
A globally networked hybrid approach to publichealth capacity training for maternal health professionals in low and middle income countries MundoComm is a current NIH-funded project for sustainable publichealth capacity building in community engagement and technological advances aimed at improving maternal health issues. Two to four teams are selected annually, each consisting of three healthcare professionals and one technical person from specific low and middle income countries (LMICs (...) and qualitative feedback (using online data capturing forms) assess baseline and post-training knowledge and skills in publichealth project strategies.The course currently has one team each in Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, and Honduras for a total of 12 trainees. The course and modules include best practices in information and communication technologies (ICTs), ethical reviews, community engagement, evidence-based community interventions, and e-Health strategies. To maximize successful and culturally
Improving Biosurveillance Systems to Enable Situational Awareness During PublicHealth Emergencies 28092456 2017 09 12 2018 11 13 2326-5108 15 1 2017 Jan/Feb Health security Health Secur Improving Biosurveillance Systems to Enable Situational Awareness During PublicHealth Emergencies. 17-19 10.1089/hs.2016.0097 Nuzzo Jennifer B JB eng Journal Article 2017 01 16 United States Health Secur 101654694 2326-5094 IM Awareness Biosurveillance methods Disease Outbreaks Emergencies Humans PublicHealth
Strengthening US PublicHealth Preparedness and Response Operations 28092487 2017 09 12 2018 11 13 2326-5108 15 1 2017 Jan/Feb Health security Health Secur Strengthening US PublicHealth Preparedness and Response Operations. 20-21 10.1089/hs.2016.0115 Watson Matthew M Nuzzo Jennifer B JB Shearer Matthew P MP Meyer Diane D eng Journal Article 2017 01 16 United States Health Secur 101654694 2326-5094 IM Civil Defense economics Disaster Planning methods organization & administration Humans Public (...) Health Administration PublicHealth Practice economics Surveys and Questionnaires United States 2017 1 17 6 0 2017 9 13 6 0 2017 1 17 6 0 ppublish 28092487 10.1089/hs.2016.0115 PMC5314964 Health Secur. 2016 Sep-Oct;14 (5):284-304 27575382
Float Tanks: Review of Current Guidance and Considerations for PublicHealth Inspectors JULY 2016 1 Float Tanks: Review of Current Guidance and Considerations for PublicHealth Inspectors Shelley Beaudet a and Angela Eykelbosh b Key Messages • The growing popularity of “floatation” and the ways in which this practice differs from the use of pools and spas have raised interesting questions in environmental publichealth. • Publichealth agencies in the US and Canada have taken very different (...) approaches to the classification and regulation (or non-regulation) of these facilities. • Continuing engagement amongst environmental health practitioners, regulatory agencies, and industry may help to ensure that standards applied to float tanks are both appropriate to the activity and protective of publichealth. Background “Floating” refers to an increasingly popular health and wellness practice in which an individual floats (typically nude and in the dark) in a warm, saturated solution of magnesium
Publichealth and the economy could be served by reallocating medical expenditures to social programs As much as 30% of US health care spending in the United States does not improve individual or population health. To a large extent this excess spending results from prices that are too high and from administrative waste. In the public sector, and particularly at the state level, where budget constraints are severe and reluctance to raise taxes high, this spending crowds out social, educational (...) , and public-health investments. Over time, as spending on medical care increases, spending on improvements to the social determinants of health are starved. In California the fraction of General Fund expenditures spent on publichealth and social programs fell from 34.8% in fiscal year 1990 to 21.4% in fiscal year 2014, while health care increased from 14.1% to 21.3%. In spending more on healthcare and less on other efforts to improve health and health determinants, the state is missing important
PublicHealth Outcomes Framework - evidence summaries and maps PublicHealth Wales Observatory | PublicHealth Outcomes Framework - Evidence Summaries & Maps ') | | | | | | Search PublicHealth Outcomes Framework - Evidence Summaries & Maps > > > > > PublicHealth Outcomes Framework - Evidence Summaries & Maps PublicHealth Outcomes Framework - Evidence Summaries & Maps Evidence for Action These evidence summaries are a consolidation of effective actions that could be considered in relation (...) to improving health and well-being for the indicators in the PublicHealth Outcomes Framework. They provide a brief overview and each is supported by a map with greater detail about the underlying evidence. They can be used to support Public Services Boards, Health Boards and Local Authorities when developing Well-being plans and, alongside other considerations, inform their decision making. They may also be of interest to policy makers, the third sector and practitioners. A ( .pdf) for the evidence
Publichealth guidance on antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in the EU/EEA ? addressing the vulnerable populations SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in the EU/EEA – addressing the vulnerable populations www.ecdc.europa.euECDC SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in the EU/EEA – addressing the vulnerable populations ii This report (...) implications for publichealth practice and research 1 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Objectives and target audience 2 1.2 Questions addressed 2 2 Background 3 2.1 Epidemiological and policy context in the EU/EEA 3 3 Guidance development 4 3.1 Member States survey 4 3.2 Literature reviews 4 3.2.1 Literature review on effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility 4 3.2.2 Literature review on antenatal screening approaches that are effective
The politics of health: what do the public think about the NHS? The politics of health: what do the public think about the NHS? | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply The politics of health: what do the public think about the NHS? This content relates to the following topics: Jump link block Jump to section Share this content As we head towards the general (...) election, the NHS is a key concern for voters and is vying with Brexit as the issue they say is most likely to influence how they vote. While public and patient satisfaction with health services remains high, the public are increasingly pessimistic about the future of the NHS. An overwhelming majority of the public think the health service has a funding problem and increasing numbers of people would be prepared to pay more in tax or National Insurance to boost NHS funding. The public remains wedded
Online support: investigating the role of public online forums in mental health Online support: investigating the role of public online forums in mental health | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Online support: investigating the role of public online forums in mental health This content relates to the following topics: Part of Share this content Authors (...) Josh Smith Jamie Bartlett This report looks at the large amounts of mental health related discussion taking place on public online forums, and explores whether computational techniques can provide robust, actionable insight from these conversations. The report was written by the Centre for the Analysis of Social Media (CASM) at Demos in partnership with The King’s Fund. It was funded by the Wellcome Trust The report describes the collection and analysis of one million publicly available forum posts