Latest & greatest articles for screening

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Top results for screening

221. Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Breast Cancer

Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Breast Cancer Breast Cancer: Community Health Workers | The Community Guide Welcome to The Community Guide! Let us know what you think of the website by completing this . Open Navigation or Search form Search Search The Community Guide You are here » Systematic Review Topic Recommended (strong evidence) April 2019 Audience Adults Low-income Population Women Setting Clinical/Health Systems Community Home Strategy Health (...) Education Screening Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Breast Cancer Tabs Snapshot Summary of CPSTF Finding The interventions that engage community health workers to increase screening for breast cancer by mammography. Evidence shows these interventions increase breast cancer screening rates when community health workers deliver them independently or as part of an implementation team. Interventions that engage community health workers to increase breast cancer screening

2020 Community Preventive Services Task Force

222. Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Cervical Cancer

Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Cervical Cancer Cervical Cancer: Community Health Workers | The Community Guide Welcome to The Community Guide! Let us know what you think of the website by completing this . Open Navigation or Search form Search Search The Community Guide You are here » Systematic Review Topic Recommended (strong evidence) April 2019 Audience Adults Low-income Population Women Setting Clinical/Health Systems Community Home Strategy Health (...) Education Screening Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Cervical Cancer Tabs Snapshot Summary of CPSTF Finding The interventions that engage community health workers to increase screening for cervical cancer by Pap smear. Evidence shows these interventions increase cervical cancer screening rates when community health workers deliver them independently or as part of an implementation team. In addition, economic evidence shows these interventions are cost-effective

2020 Community Preventive Services Task Force

223. Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Colorectal Cancer

Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Colorectal Cancer Colorectal Cancer: Community Health Workers | The Community Guide Welcome to The Community Guide! Let us know what you think of the website by completing this . Open Navigation or Search form Search Search The Community Guide You are here » Systematic Review Topic Recommended (strong evidence) April 2019 Audience Adults Low-income Population Setting Clinical/Health Systems Community Home Strategy Health (...) Education Screening Cancer Screening: Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers – Colorectal Cancer Tabs Snapshot Summary of CPSTF Finding The interventions that engage community health workers to increase screening for colorectal cancer by colonoscopy or fecal occult blood test [FOBT]. Evidence shows these interventions increase colorectal cancer screening rates when community health workers deliver them independently or as part of an implementation team. Interventions that engage community

2020 Community Preventive Services Task Force

224. Systematic Review of School Scoliosis Screening. (Abstract)

Systematic Review of School Scoliosis Screening. The aim of this study was to review the literature on school screening and its reported effectiveness. There is no worldwide consensus concerning the mandating of school screening for scoliosis. This remains a controversial issue.The following databases were employed: Medline, Premedline, CINAHL, CENTRAL, AMED, Embase, SCOPUS, Ovid nursing, and Web of Science. These data were generated from the Forward Bend Test, the angle of trunk rotation (...) and Moire topography. The first and second authors each independently screened titles and abstracts for potential studies. Fulltext papers of potential studies were also independently read by the first two authors to identify studies to be included based on strict inclusion/exclusion criteria. A heterogeneity test was performed by testing for the significance of the between-study variance. Publication bias was examined by a funnel plot.We found 20 studies that met our inclusion criteria. The pooled

2020 Spine deformity

225. Yield of a Public Health Screening of Children for Islet Autoantibodies in Bavaria, Germany. (Abstract)

Yield of a Public Health Screening of Children for Islet Autoantibodies in Bavaria, Germany. Public health screening for type 1 diabetes in its presymptomatic stages may reduce disease severity and burden on a population level.To determine the prevalence of presymptomatic type 1 diabetes in children participating in a public health screening program for islet autoantibodies and the risk for progression to clinical diabetes.Screening for islet autoantibodies was offered to children aged 1.75 (...) type 1 diabetes, defined by 2 or more islet autoantibodies, with categorization into stages 1 (normoglycemia), 2 (dysglycemia), or 3 (clinical) type 1 diabetes. Secondary outcomes were the frequency of diabetic ketoacidosis and parental psychological stress, assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (range, 0-27; higher scores indicate worse depression; ≤4 indicates no to minimal depression; >20 indicates severe depression).Of 90 632 children screened (median [interquartile range {IQR}] age

2020 JAMA

226. Screening Accuracy of SARC-F Combined With Calf Circumference for Sarcopenia in Older Adults: A Diagnostic Meta-Analysis. (Abstract)

Screening Accuracy of SARC-F Combined With Calf Circumference for Sarcopenia in Older Adults: A Diagnostic Meta-Analysis. 31672568 2020 01 27 1538-9375 21 2 2020 Feb Journal of the American Medical Directors Association J Am Med Dir Assoc Screening Accuracy of SARC-F Combined With Calf Circumference for Sarcopenia in Older Adults: A Diagnostic Meta-Analysis. 288-289 S1525-8610(19)30652-8 10.1016/j.jamda.2019.09.002 Mo Yihan Y Xiang Ya Nursing School, The Central South University, Changsha

2020 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

227. Current applications of machine learning in the screening and diagnosis of glaucoma: a systematic review and Meta-analysis. (Full text)

Current applications of machine learning in the screening and diagnosis of glaucoma: a systematic review and Meta-analysis. To compare the effectiveness of two well described machine learning modalities, ocular coherence tomography (OCT) and fundal photography, in terms of diagnostic accuracy in the screening and diagnosis of glaucoma.A systematic search of Embase and PubMed databases was undertaken up to 1st of February 2019. Articles were identified alongside their reference lists (...) of screening on a global scale, however further studies need to be undertaken, owing largely to the poor study quality associated with the fundal photography cohort.International Journal of Ophthalmology Press.

2020 International journal of ophthalmology PubMed abstract

228. Self-Sampling as a Plausible Alternative to Screen Cervical Cancer Precursor Lesions in a Population with Low Adherence to Screening: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

Self-Sampling as a Plausible Alternative to Screen Cervical Cancer Precursor Lesions in a Population with Low Adherence to Screening: A Systematic Review. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the world. A raised incidence and mortality parallel a low participation rate in screening, namely screening in poor countries and among specific populations of developed countries. Cervical or vaginal self-sampling may increase adherence to screening due to its low costs and elevated (...) sensibility and specificity. Our main goal was to compare self-sampling with physician sampling and to evaluate the participation rate of women formerly non-adherent to cervical cancer screening.We identified relevant studies from PubMed. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they fulfilled the following criteria: women aged between 16 and 80 years, poor and developed countries that use self-sampling, women with a low participation rate in screening and studies published since 2013. After fully reading

2020 Acta cytologica

229. Effectiveness of Interventions for Hepatitis B and C: A Systematic Review of Vaccination, Screening, Health Promotion and Linkage to Care Within Higher Income Countries. (Abstract)

Effectiveness of Interventions for Hepatitis B and C: A Systematic Review of Vaccination, Screening, Health Promotion and Linkage to Care Within Higher Income Countries. Viral hepatitis is a significant global health concern, particularly within low-middle income countries. Diseases historically affecting low-middle income countries, such as viral hepatitis, have become increasingly prevalent within high-income countries due to globalisation and mass international migration. High prevalence (...) countries due to issues associated with viral hepatitis require attention. This includes assessment of measures such as targeted health education, increased screening, linkage to appropriate treatment and follow-up care. Additionally, it is necessary to address migrant healthcare barriers, such as language, economic and social barriers. It is imperative that vulnerable migrant groups gain appropriate access to health services to prevent disease transmission and the widening of health-related disparities

2020 Journal of community health

230. Comparison of the participation rate between CT colonography and colonoscopy in screening population: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (Abstract)

Comparison of the participation rate between CT colonography and colonoscopy in screening population: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. To compare the participation rate between CT colonography (CTC) and colonoscopy in screening population in randomized controlled trials (RCTs).A search was performed using the PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases. RCTs that included screening populations and reported participation number were assessed. Cochrane (...) was with statistical difference. Screening population seemed more likely to participate the reduced/no cathartic preparation CTC. Statistical evidence was provided for more large RCTs are needed in the future.The screening populations seem more likely to participate in the CTC, especially the reduced/no cathartic preparation CTC. The statistical evidence was provided for more large RCTs are needed in the future.

2020 The British journal of radiology

231. Deep Learning-Based Algorithms in Screening of Diabetic Retinopathy: A Systematic Review of Diagnostic Performance. (Abstract)

Deep Learning-Based Algorithms in Screening of Diabetic Retinopathy: A Systematic Review of Diagnostic Performance. Diagnostic performance of deep learning-based algorithms in screening patients with diabetes for diabetic retinopathy (DR). The algorithms were compared with the current gold standard of classification by human specialists.Because DR is a common cause of visual impairment, screening is indicated to avoid irreversible vision loss. Automated DR classification using deep learning may (...) be a suitable new screening tool that could improve diagnostic performance and reduce manpower.For this systematic review, we aimed to identify studies that incorporated the use of deep learning in classifying full-scale DR in retinal fundus images of patients with diabetes. The studies had to provide a DR grading scale, a human grader as a reference standard, and a deep learning performance score. A systematic search on April 5, 2018, through MEDLINE and Embase yielded 304 publications. To identify

2020 Ophthalmology. Retina

232. Preseason shoulder range of motion screening and in-season risk of shoulder and elbow injuries in overhead athletes: systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Preseason shoulder range of motion screening and in-season risk of shoulder and elbow injuries in overhead athletes: systematic review and meta-analysis. To characterise whether preseason screening of shoulder range of motion (ROM) is associated with the risk of shoulder and elbow injuries in overhead athletes.Systematic review and meta-analysis.Six electronic databases up to 22 September 2018.Inclusion criteria were (1) overhead athletes from Olympic or college sports, (2) preseason measures (...) to 2.92, p<0.01).Preseason screening of shoulder external rotation ROM may identify professional baseball pitchers and swimmers at risk of injury. Shoulder ROM screening may not be effective to identify handball, softball, volleyball and tennis players at risk of injuries. The results of this systematic review and meta-analysis should be interpreted with caution due to the limited number of studies and their high degree of heterogeneity.CRD42017072895.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use

2020 British Journal of Sports Medicine PubMed abstract

233. Quality indicators for screening colonoscopy and colonoscopist performance and the subsequent risk of interval colorectal cancer: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Quality indicators for screening colonoscopy and colonoscopist performance and the subsequent risk of interval colorectal cancer: a systematic review. The objective of this review was to assess the association between quality indicators used to evaluate individual colonoscopist performance and subsequent interval colorectal cancers (CRCs) in patients participating in bowel cancer screening programs.Colorectal cancer is a leading cause of cancer death. Bowel cancer screening has been shown (...) to reduce CRC mortality and morbidity, and has therefore been introduced in many countries. Endoscopy societies have developed quality assurance guidelines and guidelines on quality indicators for screening colonoscopies. These quality indicators need to be validated against a relevant outcome to assess their value.We included studies on screening colonoscopies conducted on participants in a bowel cancer screening program, regardless of comorbidity. Studies on procedures performed on patients with known

2020 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

234. Acceptance of Opt-Out HIV Screening in Outpatient Settings in the United States: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Abstract)

Acceptance of Opt-Out HIV Screening in Outpatient Settings in the United States: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In the United States, about 15% of persons living with HIV infection do not know they are infected. Opt-out HIV screening aims to normalize HIV testing by performing an HIV test during routine medical care unless the patient declines. The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the acceptance of opt-out HIV screening in outpatient settings (...) in the United States.We searched in PubMed and CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) for studies published from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2018, of opt-out HIV screening in outpatient settings. We collected data from selected studies and calculated for each study (1) the percentage of persons who were offered HIV testing, (2) the percentage of persons who accepted the test, and (3) the percentage of new HIV diagnoses among persons tested. We also collected information

2020 Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974)

235. Colorectal cancer screening for patients with a family history of colorectal cancer or adenomas. (Abstract)

Colorectal cancer screening for patients with a family history of colorectal cancer or adenomas. To review and summarize the recently developed Canadian Association of Gastroenterology screening recommendations for patients with a family history of colorectal cancer (CRC) or adenoma from a family medicine perspective.A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to synthesize knowledge regarding family history and CRC. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE (...) , and EMBASE were searched with the following MeSH terms: colorectal cancers or neoplasms, screen or screening or surveillance, and family or family history. Known hereditary syndromes were excluded. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology was used to establish certainty in reviewed evidence. Most recommendations are conditional recommendations with very low-quality evidence.Individuals who have 1 first-degree relative (FDR) with CRC or an advanced adenoma

2020 Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien

236. Diagnostic utility of patient history, clinical examination and screening tool data to identify neuropathic pain in low back-related leg pain: protocol for a systematic review. (Full text)

Diagnostic utility of patient history, clinical examination and screening tool data to identify neuropathic pain in low back-related leg pain: protocol for a systematic review. Neuropathic low back-related leg pain (LBLP) can be a challenge to healthcare providers to diagnose and treat. Accurate diagnosis of neuropathic pain is fundamental to ensure appropriate intervention is given. However, to date there is no gold standard to diagnose neuropathic LBLP. Patient examination guidelines (...) and screening tools have been developed and validated for the purpose of diagnosing neuropathic pain in LBLP; however, there has been no systematic review conducted to compare the diagnostic validity of these methods. Therefore, this systematic review will investigate the diagnostic utility of patient history, clinical examination and screening tool data to identify neuropathic pain in LBLP.This protocol is informed and reported in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta

2020 BMJ open PubMed abstract

237. Diabetic eye disease and screening attendance by ethnicity in New Zealand: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Diabetic eye disease and screening attendance by ethnicity in New Zealand: A systematic review. To examine differences in incidence, prevalence and screening for diabetic retinopathy in New Zealand, we searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL up to 6 December 2018 for observational studies reporting diabetic eye disease or attendance at retinal screening, disaggregated by ethnicity. Two authors separately screened and selected studies, and extracted data. None of the 11 included studies reported (...) data on visual impairment from diabetic retinopathy. All nine studies reporting diabetic eye disease by ethnicity found Pacific people and Māori had higher rates of sight-threatening disease and lower rates of screening attendance compared to Europeans. Data for Asian people were infrequently reported, but when they were, they also fared worse than Europeans. This review highlights that equity-focused strategies are needed to address ethnic disparities in eye health among New Zealanders

2020 Clinical & experimental ophthalmology

238. Alcohol-related trauma reinjury prevention with hospital-based screening in adult populations: An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma evidence-based systematic review. (Full text)

Alcohol-related trauma reinjury prevention with hospital-based screening in adult populations: An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma evidence-based systematic review. Unaddressed alcohol use among injured patients may result in recurrent injury or death. Many trauma centers incorporate alcohol screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for injured patients with alcohol use disorders, but systematic reviews evaluating the impact of these interventions are lacking.An (...) evidence-based systematic review was performed to answer the following population, intervention, comparator, outcomes question: Among adult patients presenting for acute injury, should emergency department, trauma center, or hospital-based alcohol screening with brief intervention and/or referral to treatment be instituted compared with usual care to prevent or decrease reinjury, hospital readmission, alcohol-related offenses, and/or alcohol consumption? A librarian-initiated query of PubMed, MEDLINE

2020 The journal of trauma and acute care surgery PubMed abstract

239. Primary Care Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. (Full text)

Primary Care Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have mortality estimated at 81%.To systematically review the evidence on benefits and harms of AAA screening and small aneurysm treatment to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force.MEDLINE, PubMed (publisher supplied only), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, and Cochrane Central Register (...) of Controlled Trials for relevant English-language studies published through September 2018. Surveillance continued through July 2019.Trials of AAA screening benefits and harms; trials and cohort studies of small (3.0-5.4 cm) AAA treatment benefits and harms.Two investigators independently reviewed abstracts and full-text articles and extracted data. The Peto method was used to pool odds ratios (ORs) for AAA-related mortality, rupture, and operations; the DerSimonian and Laird random-effects model was used

2020 JAMA PubMed abstract

240. Screening Questionnaires to Detect Neurological Disorders in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

Screening Questionnaires to Detect Neurological Disorders in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review. Neurological disorders are an important cause of disability and death worldwide. The distribution of these disorders differs significantly in developing countries. Screening questionnaires have been used as an important tool to detect neurological illnesses. This systematic literature review aimed to report the validity of screening questionnaires for neurological disorders in developing (...) with a screening tool were epilepsy, stroke, and neuropathies (77, 53, and 40%, respectively). Ten screening questionnaires were accessible. Two questionnaires were mainly used to detect neurological disorders: the World Health Organization Protocol for Epidemiologic Studies of Neurologic Disorders and the Ten Questions Questionnaire. The sensitivity of the questionnaires was ranged from 84 to 100% and 56 to 100%, respectively.This systematic review presents evidence that screening questionnaires are valid

2020 Neuroepidemiology