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Latest & greatest articles for stress
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Reducing Psychological Stress in Peripartum Women With Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: A Systematic Review. Peripartum women are exposed to a variety of stressors that have adverse health consequences for the maternal-child dyad (e.g., impaired bonding). To combat these adverse health consequences, heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVBF) may be implemented by holistic nurses to aid peripartum women experiencing a high level of stress. A systematic review was completed using (...) the guidelines established in the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement. To be included in the review, studies had to meet the following criteria: (a) published scientific articles, (b) studies published in English, (c) experimental, quasi-experimental, or case reports, (d) use of HRVBF as the main treatment, (e) use of psychological stress as a dependent variable, and (f) studies published until December 2017. The major findings of this review can be described
Effects of Yoga on Stress Among Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review. Yoga was recommended in both clinical and nonclinical populations as therapy methods. The diversity of yoga practice as a therapy method has rarely been discussed and it is essential to address the effects of yoga on stress.This article aims to investigate the effect of different types of yoga on stress in healthy population. On the other hand, the authors intended to figure out yoga effects on stress systematically.A (...) systematic literature review was conducted to identify articles that assess the effect of yoga and yoga-related interventions on stress reduction in nonclinical populations. Studies were classified according to the length of the intervention, yoga type, and measures of outcome. The studies were selected throughout last 5 years (January 2014 to November 2018) by using the key searching term yoga and stress incorporation with tension and pressure. The selection process followed the Prisma flow
Handling Stress and Sample Storage Are Associated with Weaker Complement-Mediated Bactericidal Ability in Birds but Not Bats. Variation in immune defense influences infectious disease dynamics within and among species. Understanding how variation in immunity drives pathogen transmission among species is especially important for animals that are reservoir hosts for zoonotic pathogens. Bats, in particular, have a propensity to host serious viral zoonoses without developing clinical disease (...) themselves. The immunological adaptations that allow bats to host viruses without disease may be related to their adaptations for flight (e.g., in metabolism and mediation of oxidative stress). A number of analyses report greater richness of zoonotic pathogens in bats than in other taxa, such as birds (i.e., mostly volant vertebrates) and rodents (i.e., nonvolant small mammals), but immunological comparisons between bats and these other taxa are rare. To examine interspecific differences in bacterial
Mindfulness-based stress reduction for treating chronic headache: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Mindfulness-based stress reduction/cognitive therapy are frequently used for pain-related conditions, but their effects on headache remain uncertain. This review aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of mindfulness-based stress reduction/cognitive therapy in reducing the symptoms of chronic headache.MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, CENTRAL, and PsychINFO were searched to 16 June 2017. Randomized (...) controlled trials comparing mindfulness-based stress reduction/cognitive therapy with usual care or active comparators for migraine and/or tension-type headache, which assessed headache frequency, duration or intensity as a primary outcome, were eligible for inclusion. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Tool.Five randomized controlled trials (two on tension-type headache; one on migraine; two with mixed samples) with a total of 185 participants were included. Compared to usual care, mindfulness
The Effects of Casual Videogames on Anxiety, Depression, Stress, and Low Mood: A Systematic Review. Background: Despite the variety of available treatments for mental health symptoms, many individuals do not engage with treatment and among those who do, dropout rates are often high. Therefore, providing alternative opportunities to access treatment is imperative. Research interest in the therapeutic effects of digital mental health initiatives and serious games has grown in recent years (...) , but the potential of simple, easy-to-use casual videogames (CVGs) that can be played in short bursts of time has seldom been considered. Objective: The objective of the present study is to provide a systematic review of the literature examining the effects of CVGs on treating anxiety, depression, stress, and low mood. Method: A systematic search was conducted, using the terms (casual gam* or casual videogam* or mini gam* or minigam* or mini-gam* or gamif*) and (mental health or anx* or depress* or stress
The effect of pomegranate on oxidative stress parameters: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Pomegranate contains remarkable amounts of phenolic ingredients and it has been related to the antioxidant capacity of this fruit. Several primary studies show that pomegranate intake can improve antioxidant status. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis consisted in investigating the effect of pomegranate on oxidative stress (OS) parameters.A comprehensive electronic database
Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Following Caesarean Section: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Background: While caesarean section (CS) can be a lifesaving intervention when performed in a timely manner to overcome dystocia or other complications, it is a traumatic event and may increase the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). No attempt has been made to assess prevalence of PTSD after CS specifically. This study aimed to quantify pooled prevalence of PTSD after CS
Efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Evidence for the efficacy of treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is urgently required. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) in reducing the symptoms of PTSD.Five databases were searched from inception until November 2018 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed the efficacy of IPT
Intervention components, mediators, and mechanisms of change of Internet- and mobile-based interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. While Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) might possess the potential to increase access to evidence-based therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), comprehensive knowledge on active intervention components and change mechanisms underlying their efficacy is largely pending so far
Oxidative stress involvement in psoriasis: a systematic review. Psoriasis is a skin chronic inflammatory disease with a complex aetiology. It is characterised by the imbalance of environmental, genetic, and immunologic factors. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) could damage the cell components. The antioxidant system defends the body against ROS; a malfunction of the antioxidant system, together with an increased production of ROS, is involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases (...) such as psoriasis. The purpose of this systematic review is to give an updated scenario about oxidative stress involvement in the psoriatic disease to identify useful biomarkers and to propose innovative therapies. A total of 28 studies were identified. Although several molecules were demonstrated being associated with psoriasis, only a little group resulted being eligible as disease biomarker [malonyldialdehyde (MDA), total oxidative stress, and oxidative stress index]. However, only MDA seems to be the best
Promotion- and prevention-focused coping: A meta-analytic examination of regulatory strategies in the work stress process. We provide a meta-analytic examination of the regulatory strategies that employees adopt to cope with different types of stressors in the workplace and how these strategies are linked to work and personal outcomes. Drawing from regulatory focus theory, we introduce a new taxonomy of promotion- and prevention-focused coping that complements the traditional taxonomy (...) of problem- and emotion-focused coping in the transactional theory of stress. In addition, we propose that challenge stressors tend to evoke promotion-focused coping, whereas hindrance stressors tend to evoke prevention-focused coping. As a pair of important coping mechanisms in the work stress process, promotion-focused coping is positively related to employees' job performance, job attitudes, and personal well-being, whereas prevention-focused coping is negatively related to these outcomes. We
Medication versus trauma-focused psychotherapy for adults with posttraumatic stress disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The goal of this study was to summarize evidence from head-to-head randomized trials for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults comparing trauma-focused psychotherapies and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) in a systematic review and meta-analysis. We conducted a search
Efficacy of Self-Management Smartphone-Based Apps for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are prevalent in both civilian and military service members. As the number of smartphone-based applications (apps) grows rapidly in health care, apps are also increasingly used to help individuals with subthreshold PTSD or full PTSD. Yet, if the apps are self-managed, the feasibility and efficacy
AMS-800 Artificial urinary sphincter in female patients with stress urinary incontinence: A systematic review. To perform a systematic review of studies reporting the outcomes of AMS-800 artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation in female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) resulting from intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD).A systematic literature search of the Medline and Embase databases was performed in June 2018 in accordance with the PRISMA statement. No time limit
Prenatal maternal stress and risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in the offspring: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Exposure to prenatal stress has been reported to affect the risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in the offspring; however, there is currently no clear consensus. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the existing literature on the association between prenatal stress and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity (...) disorder (ADHD) in the offspring.Based on a registered protocol, we searched several electronic databases for articles in accordance with a detailed search strategy. We performed this study following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA).Prenatal stress was significantly associated with an increased risk of both ASD (pooled OR 1.64 [95% CI 1.15-2.34]; I2 = 90%; 15 articles) and ADHD (pooled OR 1.72 [95% CI 1.27-2.34]; I2 = 85%; 12 articles).This study suggests
The effect of probiotic and synbiotic supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in diabetic patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The role of gut microbiota in the management of diabetes has been shown. Several current trials are investigating the effect of probiotics and prebiotics, which are widely used to modulate intestinal microbiota, on inflammatory factors and biomarkers of oxidative stress in diabetic patients; however (...) , their findings are controversial. The aim of the current meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of probiotic and synbiotic supplementation on levels of serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and biomarkers of oxidative stress in diabetic patients. We searched the PubMed, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library databases from the inception to October 31, 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which reported the effect of probiotics or synbiotics on circulating (serum and plasma
Occupational stress facing nurse academics-A mixed-methods systematic review. To better understand occupational stress faced by nurse academics.A mixed-methods systematic review, following the Joanna Briggs Institute [JBI], (Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewers' Manual: 2014 edition, 2014) process. Studies were assessed for quality and risk of bias by using standardised critical appraisal instruments from the Joanna Briggs Institute. In addition, processes and reporting were checked against (...) the Equator guidelines. See Appendix S1.The review revealed that nursing academics do experience occupational stress, including burnout. Occupational stress for academic nurses is associated with various factors including work-life balance, workload issues, resources and support, and adapting to change. However, much of the literature focuses on nurses during the initial transition from clinical to academic environment, with rather less focus on established mid-to-late career nurse academics.Occupational
A meta-analysis of cortisol reactivity to the Trier Social Stress Test in virtual environments. Maladaptive responses to stressors can lead to poor physical and psychological health outcomes. Laboratory studies of stress induction commonly use the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). The TSST has been shown to reliably induce a stress response, most commonly measured via cortisol reactivity. Recently, researchers have used virtual environment versions of the TSST (V-TSST) in place (...) Social Stress Test, TSST, and virtual reality. Thirteen studies were included in this meta-analysis after meeting the inclusion criteria of utilizing a V-TSST and having cortisol measurements at baseline and peak stress to assess cortisol reactivity. The standardized mean gain effect size was used.There was a medium average effect size (ESsg = 0.65) across all studies for increase in cortisol from baseline to peak measurement. Significant moderating effects were seen for participant age, sex
Maternal stress in the first 1000 days and risk of childhood obesity: a systematic review. Objective: Maternal stress is associated with adverse child outcomes. Conception to 2-years postpartum (the first 1000 days) is a developmentally sensitive period for stress exposure. The role of maternal stress in the first 1000 days on child obesity risk is unclear. This review systematically examines the relationship between maternal stress across the first 1000 days and child obesity risk.Methods (...) : The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Maternity and Infant Care were searched from inception to June 2018. Eligible studies included women who experienced maternal stress in the first 1000 days; an included a measure of maternal stress and of child anthropometrics.Results: Sixteen studies met inclusion criteria, the majority of these examined prenatal stress exposure. Inconsistent effects were observed for psychological and physiological stress responses, on child weight outcomes