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Latest & greatest articles for stress
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on stress or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation and oxidative stress parameters: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials. Omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3 FAs) supplementation effects on oxidants and antioxidants are always controversial. Oxidative stress (OS) is one of the major mechanisms that contribute to the pathogenesis of several chronic diseases. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to summarize the finding of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) examining the effects
A meta-analytic review of cognitive processing therapy for adults with posttraumatic stress disorder. Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Two prior meta-analyses of studies are available but used approaches that limit conclusions that can be drawn regarding the impact of CPT on PTSD outcomes. The current meta-analysis reviewed outcomes of trials that tested the efficacy of CPT for PTSD in adults
A systematic review of the clinician related barriers and facilitators to the use of evidence-informed interventions for post traumatic stress. A number of evidence-informed interventions for PTSD have been developed and recommended by clinical guidelines. Despite efforts to disseminate these approaches, there remains a gap between evidence and practice, and research has started to identify a number of barriers to the implementation of evidence-informed interventions.This systematic review
Stress management interventions for multiple sclerosis: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Stress management interventions can help to improve mental health for adults living with multiple sclerosis. However, uncontrolled study designs may overestimate intervention effects. A systematic search of the Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Scopus databases identified eight randomized controlled trials evaluating cognitive behavioral approaches for a pooled sample of 568 adults with multiple (...) sclerosis. Both group and individual-based stress management interventions appear to be effective in promoting self-management of stress. Further research is needed to confirm the optimal timing of stress management interventions across the MS spectrum and strategies to maintain intervention effects.
Depression and post-traumatic stress during major social unrest in Hong Kong: a 10-year prospective cohort study. Hong Kong has been embroiled in increasingly violent social unrest since June, 2019. We examined the associated population mental health burden, risk factors, and health-care needs.In a population-based prospective cohort, adult participants aged 18 years or older were assessed at nine timepoints from 2009. Probable depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (...) (score ≥10) and suspected post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (score ≥14), plus direct exposure to traumatic events related to the ongoing social unrest. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify factors associated with both outcomes, adjusting for doctor-diagnosed depression or anxiety disorders before the unrest. On the basis of routine service statistics and respondents' intention to seek professional care, we projected the number of additional
Effectiveness of Adjustable Transobturator Male System (ATOMS) to Treat Male Stress Incontinence: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Adjustable transobturator male system (ATOMS) is a surgical device developed to treat male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after prostate surgery. The objective was to assess the effectiveness of the ATOMS device to treat male SUI as described in the literature.Two independent reviewers identified studies eligible for a systematic review and meta-analysis
Laminar Wall Shear Stress in Brain Arteriovenous Malformations: Systematic Review of Literature. Laminar wall sheer stress (LWSS) modulates inflammatory activity of the endothelium and may be a contributing factor in many cerebrovascular pathologies. There is a lack of consensus whether significant differences in LWSS exist between feeding vessels in brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) and healthy vessels. A systematic review of LWSS research in bAVM was undertaken, including the methods
Effect of Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis With Proton Pump Inhibitors vs Histamine-2 Receptor Blockers on In-Hospital Mortality Among ICU Patients Receiving Invasive Mechanical Ventilation: The PEPTIC Randomized Clinical Trial. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or histamine-2 receptor blockers (H2RBs) are often prescribed for patients as stress ulcer prophylaxis drugs in the intensive care unit (ICU). The comparative effect of these drugs on mortality is unknown.To compare in-hospital mortality rates (...) using PPIs vs H2RBs for stress ulcer prophylaxis.Cluster crossover randomized clinical trial conducted at 50 ICUs in 5 countries between August 2016 and January 2019. Patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilation within 24 hours of ICU admission were followed up for 90 days at the hospital.Two stress ulcer prophylaxis strategies were compared (preferential use with PPIs vs preferential use with H2RBs). Each ICU used each strategy sequentially for 6 months in random order; 25 ICUs were
The relationship between post-traumatic stress and post-traumatic growth in cancer patients and survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Research on the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)/post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) in cancer patients and survivors is increasing.We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 51 studies that assessed the relationship between PTSD/PTSS and PTG, in cancer patients/survivors. Five
Gene-environment interactions between HPA-axis genes and stressful life events in depression: a systematic review. Depression is a disorder caused by genetics and environmental factors. The aim of this study was to perform a review investigating the interaction between genetic variations located in genes involved in hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA-axis) and stressful life events (SLEs) in depression.In this systematic review, we selected articles investigating the interaction between
Mindfulness-based stress reduction for psychological distress among nurses: A systematic review. To explore the studies that used interventions based on the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for decreasing psychological distress among nurses.Because of the demanding nature of their work, nurses often have significantly high levels of stress, anxiety and depression. MBSR has been reported to be an effective intervention to decrease psychological distress.Systematic review.The databases (...) reduced stress, anxiety, depression, burnout and better job satisfaction, were reported in these studies.The adapted/brief versions of MBSR seem promising for reducing psychological distress in nurses. Future research should include randomised controlled trials with a larger sample size and follow-up studies. There should also be a focus on creative and effective ways of delivering MBSR to nurses.The results of this review are substantial for supporting the use of MBSR for nurses' psychological well
Acromial Stress Fractures: A Systematic Review. Acromial stress fracture (ASF) is a unique complication of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) that can have substantial influence on clinical results. The purpose of this review is to describe demographics, functional outcomes, and union rates for cases of RSA complicated by ASF.A systematic review was conducted using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology to identify studies that reported results
Mindfulness-based interventions to reduce burnout and stress in physicians: a study protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. Physicians often suffer from burnout and stress, not only affecting themselves, but also their patients and the healthcare system in general. An increasing number of studies suggest that mindfulness-based interventions improve physicians' well-being as well as the quality of care they deliver. However, the evidence is scattered, and a systematic review and meta (...) -analysis is lacking. To the best of our knowledge, this systematic review and meta-analysis will be the first to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in reducing burnout and stress among physicians. Further, it aims to uncover potential moderators of intervention effectiveness.MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, PSYINDEX, Web of Science, CINAHL and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials will be screened without language or publication date restrictions. In addition, backward
Multiple and interpersonal trauma are risk factors for both post-traumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder: A systematic review on the traumatic backgrounds and clinical characteristics of comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder/border Both borderline personality disorder (BPD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are associated with exposure to traumatic events and are highly comorbid. No review to date has addressed the clinical presentations and traumatic backgrounds
Cost-effectiveness of psychological interventions for children and young people with post-traumatic stress disorder. PTSD in youth may lead to long-lasting psychological implications, educational difficulties and increased healthcare costs. Psychological interventions have been shown to be effective in its management. The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of a range of psychological interventions for children and young people with PTSD.A decision-analytic model
Pharmacological prevention and early treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common mental disorder associated with significant distress and reduced functioning. Its occurrence after a severe traumatic event and association with characteristic neurobiological changes make PTSD a good candidate for pharmacological prevention and early treatment. The primary aim for this systematic (...) review and meta-analysis was to assess whether pharmacological interventions when compared to placebo, or other pharmacological/psychosocial interventions resulted in a clinically significant reduction or prevention of symptoms, improved functioning or quality of life, presence of disorder, or adverse effects. A systematic search was undertaken to identify RCTs, which used early pharmacotherapy (within three months of a traumatic event) to prevent and treat PTSD and acute stress disorder (ASD
Social cognition in post-traumatic stress disorder: A systematic review. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric condition. Patients with PTSD have marked symptoms that significantly impair their social and emotional abilities, and numerous studies have explored this issue. We hypothesized that impairment of social cognition takes part in functional disability of individuals with PTSD.We conducted a systematic review by querying PubMed database for the titles of articles
Neural Correlates of Affective Disturbances: A Comparative Meta-analysis of Negative Affect Processing in Borderline Personality Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Borderline personality disorder (BPD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are prominent examples of mental disorders with affective disturbances. Notably, all three disorders share a generally heightened negative affect, which is presumably the result