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Latest & greatest articles for stress
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on stress or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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The Differential Effects of Insecure Attachment on Post-Traumatic Stress: A Systematic Review of Extant Findings and Explanatory Mechanisms. It is well-documented that insecure attachment poses substantial risks to post-trauma recovery. Although attachment anxiety reliably predicts and is associated with elevated post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), the attachment avoidance-PTSS link has been far less consistent. This suggests both attenuating and enhancing connections between attachment (...) explanatory mechanisms underlying the association between insecure attachment and PTSS, including stress appraisals, cognitive factors, self-esteem, emotion regulation strategies, social factors, and trauma-specific factors (i.e., type of trauma, extreme stress). Implications for practice, policy, and research are discussed.
Exposure to work stress and use of psychotropic medications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. There is good evidence that job stressors are prospectively related to mental health problems, particularly depressive symptoms. This review aimed to examine whether job stressors were also related to use of psychotropic medications.Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses approach, we examined seven electronic databases that indexed literature from a wide
Effects of Mindâ»Body Exercises (Tai Chi/Yoga) on Heart Rate Variability Parameters and Perceived Stress: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Heart rate variability (HRV) as an accurate, noninvasive measure of the Autonomous Nervous System (ANS) can reflect mental health (e.g., stress, depression, or anxiety). Tai Chi and Yoga (Tai Chi/Yoga), as the most widely practiced mind⁻body exercises, have shown positive outcomes of mental health. To date (...) , no systematic review regarding the long-lasting effects of Tai Chi/Yoga on HRV parameters and perceived stress has been conducted.To critically evaluate the existing literature on this topic.Five electronic databases (Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, SportDiscus and Cochrane Library) were searched from the start of the research project to July 2018. Study selection, data extraction, and study quality assessment were independently carried out by two reviewers. The potentially identified randomized controlled
TVT versus TOT in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. To evaluate the evidence available on the effects and safety of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) versus transobturator tape (TOT) for female stress urinary incontinence therapy based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs).PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Weipu database were searched up to July 2017 to identify relevant studies, including
The Relevance of Cognitive Behavioral Models of Post-Traumatic Stress Following Child Maltreatment: A Systematic Review. While it is known that young people exposed to maltreatment or abuse are at elevated risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), much of our current knowledge of mechanisms that link trauma to childhood PTSD is based on single-incident, often noninterpersonal, trauma. Theoretical models highlight psychological processes of appraisals, memory, and coping (...) Association PsychNet, PubMed, and Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress) resulted in the inclusion of 36 papers, which described 31 studies and 33 unique samples. The review found cognitive behavioral models of PTSD appeared appropriate for understanding outcomes following maltreatment, but further research is needed on all processes, particularly trauma memory. Overall, there remain significant gaps in our knowledge of how psychological processes link maltreatment to PTSD
Effectiveness of interventions to reduce occupational stress among emergency department staff: a systematic review protocol. The aim of the review is to synthesize the best available evidence on interventions targeting occupational stress and burnout among emergency department (ED) staff. The specific review questions are.
Cardiac stress testing and coronary artery disease in liver transplantation candidates: Meta-analysis. To evaluate the diagnostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in predicting coronary artery disease (CAD) in cirrhotic patients listed for liver transplantation (LT), using invasive coronary angiography (ICA) as gold-standard.Retrieval of studies was based on Medical Subject Headings and Health Sciences Descriptors, which were combined
The Effects of Probiotic Supplementation on Clinical Symptom, Weight Loss, Glycemic Control, Lipid and Hormonal Profiles, Biomarkers of Inflammation, and Oxidative Stress in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Ra The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is to determine the effectiveness of probiotic supplementation on clinical symptoms, weight loss, glycemic control, lipid and hormonal profiles (...) , and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Eligible studies were systematically searched from Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, and Web of Science databases until January 2019. Cochran (Q) and I-square statistics were used to measure heterogeneity among included studies. Data were pooled by using random-effect model and expressed as standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Eleven articles were included in this meta
Contextualizing acculturative stress among Latino immigrants in the United States: a systematic review. This systematic review of the literature informed of (a) the relationship between acculturation and acculturative stress, (b) examined the determinants of acculturative stress among Latino immigrants in the U.S., and (c) provided a conceptual framework that can be used to specify the interactive effect of various factors on acculturative stress.Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic (...) Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), this review synthesized the results of thirty studies published between 2000 and 2015 that investigated the influence of several socio-demographic and cultural contexts on acculturative stress among Latino immigrants categorized using Family Stress Management (FSM) theory as a framework.Studied highlighted several protectors from and risks to acculturative stress. Historical context protective factors included having a choice over the decision to migrate and social
The Effectiveness of Using Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review. Neurofeedback is an innovative treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that is readily accessible to mental health therapists. As a widespread mental health concern with potentially devastating long-term consequences on psychosocial functioning, PTSD can also adversely impact biophysiological processes, particularly those related to the brain. Neurofeedback has shown
Treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in patients with a history of traumatic brain injury: A systematic review. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently co-occurs with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of treatments for PTSD in adult patients with a history of TBI. We searched for longitudinal studies aimed at treatments for PTSD patients who sustained a TBI, published in English between 1980
Stress in Physical Education Teachers: A Systematic Review of Sources, Consequences, and Moderators of Stress. Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify sources of stress, consequences of chronic stress and moderators of stress in physical education teachers and to formulate implications for future research and teacher education. Methods: The initial search identified 2483 publications, including 47 that met the inclusion criteria. Results: The most important sources (...) of stress in physical education teachers were the curriculum, inadequate facilities/equipment, the low status of PE and students´ discipline problems. Regarding the consequences of chronic stress, the majority of studies assessed burnout and reported low to moderate levels of burnout in general. However, of the studies that reported percentages, 20-25% of physical education teachers indicated high levels of burnout. Conclusions: Regarding the relationship between sources of stress and consequences
Effectiveness of diaphragmatic breathing on physiological and psychological stress in adults: a quantitative systematic review protocol. What is the effectiveness of diaphragmatic breathing on physiological and psychological stress in adults?
The cortisol stress response induced by surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Surgery is a stressor that can be categorized by duration and severity and induces a systemic stress response that includes increased adrenal cortisol production. However, the precise impact of surgical stress on the cortisol response remains to be defined.We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the cortisol stress response induced by surgery and to stratify this response according (...) . Minimally invasive procedures did not show a peri-operative cortisol peak, whereas more invasive surgeries caused a cortisol surge that was more pronounced in older subjects, women and patients undergoing open surgery and general anaesthesia. The duration of the procedure and the use of etomidate for induction of anaesthesia did not affect the cortisol response.The peri-operative cortisol stress response is dynamic and influenced by patient-specific, surgical and anaesthetic features. However
Experiences of children exposed to parental post-traumatic stress disorder while growing up in military and veteran families: a systematic review protocol. The objective of this review is to understand how parental Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) might impact children growing up in military and veteran families. The following question will guide and inform the review: What is the experience of children growing up in military families where the military or veteran parent is living (...) with post-traumatic stress disorder?
Posttraumatic stress disorder and tobacco use: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and tobacco use are prevalent conditions that co-occur at striking rates in the US. Previous reviews examined prevalence and factors associated with cigarette smoking among individuals with PTSD but have not been summarized since 2007. Moreover, none explored rates and factors associated with the use of other tobacco products. This study aimed to systematically review
Meta-Analysis: Exposure to Early Life Stress and Risk for Depression in Childhood and Adolescence. Early life stress (ELS) is associated with increased risk for the development of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adulthood; the degree to which ELS is associated with an early onset of MDD (ie, during childhood or adolescence), however, is not known. In this meta-analysis, we estimated the associations between ELS and the risk for onset of MDD before age 18 years. In addition, we examined
A systematic review on outcome reporting in randomised controlled trials on surgical interventions for female stress urinary incontinence: a call to develop a core outcome set. Several meta-analyses have identified methodological limitations in female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) trials, precluding the synthesis of primary studies and high-quality evidence.Evaluation of outcome measure selection and outcome reporting in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on surgery for SUI.Systematic (...) an interim use of three commonly reported outcomes in each domain (treatment success rate - complete cure, partial improvement, or failure of response; urodynamic evaluation outcomes - overactive bladder (OAB), voiding dysfunction, and urodynamic stress incontinence; patient-reported outcomes - quality of life, sexual dysfunction, and patient satisfaction) with the use of validated questionnaires for patient-reported outcomes and subjective success rates. Complications should be also explicitly
Incidence of vaginal erosion with different synthetic materials for suburethral sling in the treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence: A systematic review. The aim of this systematic review is to compare the vaginal erosion rates in different synthetic materials used in suburethral slings in Tension Free Vaginal Tape (TVT-O /TOT) procedures in management of female stress urinary incontinence.PRISMA 2009 framework was adopted for study design. Scholarly literature search was done using MEDLINE
Revictimization as a high-risk factor for development of posttraumatic stress disorder: a systematic review of the literature. Much research has been published on the role of sexual revictimization in the emergence of mental disorders in adulthood, but findings have sometimes been contradictory. The present systematic review sought to assess the state of the evidence on revictimization as a potential factor for the emergence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).Electronic searches were (...) conducted in five databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, Campbell Library, PsycINFO, and LILACS), using the terms PTSD, posttraumatic stress disorder, child abuse, and rape.We identified nine articles that established a connection among childhood sexual abuse (CSA), sexual revictimization in adulthood, and development of PTSD. Eight of the nine papers included were classified as having strong methodological quality (grade VI). One was classified as IV, with an average quality-of-evidence rating