Latest & greatest articles for stress

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Top results for stress

61. How an Environment of Stress and Social Risk Shapes Student Engagement With Social Media as Potential Digital Learning Platforms: Qualitative Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

How an Environment of Stress and Social Risk Shapes Student Engagement With Social Media as Potential Digital Learning Platforms: Qualitative Study Social media has been increasingly used as a learning tool in medical education. Specifically, when joining university, students often go through a phase of adjustment, and they need to cope with various challenges such as leaving their families and friends and trying to fit into a new environment. Research has shown that social media helps students (...) were maintaining existing relationships, building new relationships, and seeking academic support. Simultaneously, critical factors that inhibited the use of social media for learning emerged, namely, collapsed online identity, uncertain group norms, the desire to present an ideal self, and academic competition. These inhibitors led to student stress when managing their social media accounts, discouraged them from actively engaging on social media, and prevented the full exploitation of social

2018 JMIR medical education

62. In vivo imaging of inflammation and oxidative stress in a nonhuman primate model of cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration Full Text available with Trip Pro

In vivo imaging of inflammation and oxidative stress in a nonhuman primate model of cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration Loss of cardiac postganglionic sympathetic innervation is a characteristic pathology of Parkinson's disease (PD). It progresses over time independently of motor symptoms and is not responsive to typical anti-parkinsonian therapies. Cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration can be mimicked in animals using systemic dosing of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). As in PD, 6 (...) -OHDA-induced neuronal loss is associated with increased inflammation and oxidative stress. To assess the feasibility of detecting changes over time in cardiac catecholaminergic innervation, inflammation, and oxidative stress, myocardial positron emission tomography with the radioligands [11C]meta-hydroxyephedrine (MHED), [11C]PBR28 (PBR28), and [61Cu]diacetyl-bis(N(4))-methylthiosemicarbazone (ATSM) was performed in 6-OHDA-intoxicated adult, male rhesus macaques (n = 10; 50 mg/kg i.v

2018 NPJ Parkinson's disease

63. Association of stressful life events and psychological problems profile: Results from a large-scale cross-sectional study among Iranian industrial employees using Bayesian quantile structural equation model Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of stressful life events and psychological problems profile: Results from a large-scale cross-sectional study among Iranian industrial employees using Bayesian quantile structural equation model Objectives: The current study aimed at evaluating the major domains of stressful life events and their association with psychological problems profile in a large sample of Iranian industrial manufacturing employees. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 3,063 participants were randomly (...) selected from 16,000 employees working in a big industrial company in Isfahan, Iran. Three common psychological problems i.e. depression, anxiety and psychological distress were evaluated using Persian validated version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), respectively. Self-perceived frequency and intensity of stressful life events were measured by stressful life event (SLE) questionnaire. Bayesian quantile structural equation model in R

2018 EXCLI journal

64. A novel cardiac output response to stress test developed to improve diagnosis and monitoring of heart failure in primary care Full Text available with Trip Pro

A novel cardiac output response to stress test developed to improve diagnosis and monitoring of heart failure in primary care Primary care physicians lack access to an objective cardiac function test. This study for the first time describes a novel cardiac output response to stress (CORS) test developed to improve diagnosis and monitoring of heart failure in primary care and investigates its reproducibility.Prospective observational study recruited 32 consecutive primary care patients (age, 63

2018 ESC heart failure

65. Shear Stress Regulation of Endothelium: A Double-edged Sword Full Text available with Trip Pro

Shear Stress Regulation of Endothelium: A Double-edged Sword 29984197 2019 01 28 2450-131X 6 2 2018 Jun Journal of translational internal medicine J Transl Int Med Shear Stress Regulation of Endothelium: A Double-edged Sword. 58-61 10.2478/jtim-2018-0019 Bai Liang L Cardiovascular Research Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi Province, China. Shyy John Y-J JY PhD Cardiovascular Research Center, School of Basic Medical

2018 Journal of translational internal medicine

66. The 5-HTTLPR genotype, early life adversity and cortisol responsivity to psychosocial stress in women Full Text available with Trip Pro

The 5-HTTLPR genotype, early life adversity and cortisol responsivity to psychosocial stress in women The serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) has previously been associated with hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis function. Moreover, it has been suggested that this association is moderated by an interaction with stressful life experiences.To investigate the moderation of cortisol response to psychosocial stress by 5-HTTLPR genotype, either directly or through (...) an interaction with early life stress.A total of 151 women, 85 of which had personality psychopathology, performed the Trier Social Stress Test while cortisol responsivity was assessed.The results demonstrate a main effect of genotype on cortisol responsivity. Women carrying two copies of the long version of 5-HTTLPR exhibited stronger cortisol responses to psychosocial stress than women with at least one copy of the short allele (P = 0.03). However, the proportion of the variance of stress-induced cortisol

2018 BJPsych open

67. Association of Stress-Related Disorders With Subsequent Autoimmune Disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Stress-Related Disorders With Subsequent Autoimmune Disease. Psychiatric reactions to life stressors are common in the general population and may result in immune dysfunction. Whether such reactions contribute to the risk of autoimmune disease remains unclear.To determine whether there is an association between stress-related disorders and subsequent autoimmune disease.Population- and sibling-matched retrospective cohort study conducted in Sweden from January 1, 1981, to December (...) 31, 2013. The cohort included 106 464 exposed patients with stress-related disorders, with 1 064 640 matched unexposed persons and 126 652 full siblings of these patients.Diagnosis of stress-related disorders, ie, posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress reaction, adjustment disorder, and other stress reactions.Stress-related disorder and autoimmune diseases were identified through the National Patient Register. The Cox model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs of 41

2018 JAMA

68. The Role of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Acute Oxalate Nephropathy Associated With Ethylene Glycol Intoxication Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Role of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Acute Oxalate Nephropathy Associated With Ethylene Glycol Intoxication 30197989 2018 11 14 2468-0249 3 5 2018 Sep Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep The Role of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Acute Oxalate Nephropathy Associated With Ethylene Glycol Intoxication. 1217-1221 10.1016/j.ekir.2018.05.005 Wilson Gregory J GJ Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. School

2018 Kidney international reports

69. Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update

Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update PATIENT-CENTERED OUTCOMES RESEARCH INSTITUTE In partnership with Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update MAY 2018Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 207 Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update Prepared for: Agency (...) With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 207. (Prepared by the RTI International-University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2015-00011-I for AHRQ and PCORI.) AHRQ Publication No. 18-EHC011-EF. PCORI Publication No. 2018-SR-01. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2018. Posted final reports are located on the Effective Health Care Program search page. DOI: https://doi.org

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

70. Blood Pressure and Renal Responses to Orthostatic Stress Before and After Radiofrequency Renal Denervation in Patients with Resistant Hypertension Full Text available with Trip Pro

Blood Pressure and Renal Responses to Orthostatic Stress Before and After Radiofrequency Renal Denervation in Patients with Resistant Hypertension In patients with resistant hypertension, renal denervation (RDN) studies have mainly focused their outcomes on blood pressure (BP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of RDN on neurohormonal profiles, renal hemodynamics and sodium excretion in a resting state and during stress induced by lower body negative pressure (LBNP (...) year after RDN. In addition, our results suggest that RDN blunts not only the norepinephrine but also the mean BP, the GFR and the sodium excretion responses to an orthostatic stress one year after the intervention.NCT01734096.

2018 Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine

71. The Crosstalk of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress Pathways with NF-κB: Complex Mechanisms Relevant for Cancer, Inflammation and Infection Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Crosstalk of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress Pathways with NF-κB: Complex Mechanisms Relevant for Cancer, Inflammation and Infection Stressful conditions occuring during cancer, inflammation or infection activate adaptive responses that are controlled by the unfolded protein response (UPR) and the nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells (NF-κB) signaling pathway. These systems can be triggered by chemical compounds but also by cytokines, toll-like receptor (...) the transcriptional activation or repression of hundreds of genes that collectively determine the balance between metabolic and inflammatory phenotypes and the extent of apoptosis and autophagy or repair of cell damage and survival. Here, we also discuss results from genetic experiments and chemical activators of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress that suggest a link to the cytosolic inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB)α degradation pathway. These data show that the UPR affects this major control point of NF-κB activation

2018 Biomedicines

72. Evaluation of oxidative stress indices after exposure to malathion and protective effects of ascorbic acid in ovarian tissue of adult female rats Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of oxidative stress indices after exposure to malathion and protective effects of ascorbic acid in ovarian tissue of adult female rats Malathion is one of organophosphate pesticides that is extensively used in farming and crops to control pests. Malathion induces oxidative stress in the various tissues such as the reproductive system.To determine the effects of malathion on malondialdehyde (MDA) level and glutathione (GSH) content in female rat ovary tissue as well as to assess (...) was set as significance level.This study has shown that malathion increased MDA level and reduced GSH content compared with the control group (p<0.001). Also, administration of malathion in combination with Ascorbic Acid, reduced MDA level and increased the GSH content in rat ovarian tissue.Malathion induced lipid peroxidation and Oxidative stress in the ovarian of Rats. In addition, it appears that Ascorbic Acid, due to its antioxidant, can recover malathion-induced poisonous changes.

2018 Electronic physician

73. Dobutamine stress-induced ischemic right ventricular dysfunction in patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dobutamine stress-induced ischemic right ventricular dysfunction in patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is a non-invasive technique to detect coronary artery diseases (CAD). There are limited studies on evaluation of the right ventricular function by stress echocardiography. The appropriate evaluation of RV function and early diagnosis of its failure can help to improve outcomes for the patients undergoing cardiac surgery.To determine (...) patients (9 males) with a mean age of 65.4±7.6 years. The mean of TAPS was 16.9±4.5 mm and 15.7±2.9 mm before and after stress echocardiography, respectively (p=0.69). Systolic right ventricular (SRV) peak increased from before DSE compared with after DSE (8.0±2.2 vs. 13.7±4.2 mm/s, p<0.001). In addition, after dobutamine injection, right ventricular (RV) cardiac output decreased in 7 patients and one patient was affected by post-ejection shortening.It seems that TAPS and RV cardiac output after

2018 Electronic physician

74. Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Modified Pectoral Block on Postoperative Pain and Stress Response in Patient Undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy (Abstract)

Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Modified Pectoral Block on Postoperative Pain and Stress Response in Patient Undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy The most common surgical procedure for breast cancer is the modified radical mastectomy (MRM), but it is associated with significant postoperative pain. Regional anesthesia can reduce the stress response associated with surgical trauma.Our aim is to explore the efficacy of 1 µg/kg dexmedetomedine added to an ultrasound (US)-modified pectoral (...) (Pecs) block on postoperative pain and stress response in patients undergoing MRM.A randomized, double-blind, prospective study.An academic medical center.Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-II (18-60 years old and weighing 50-90 kg) scheduled for MRM were enrolled and randomly assigned into 2 groups (30 in each) to receive a preoperative US Pecs block with 30 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine only (group 1, bupivacaine group [GB]) or 30 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine

2018 EvidenceUpdates

75. Psychological Stress and Suicide in Bladder Cancer Patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

Psychological Stress and Suicide in Bladder Cancer Patients 29732395 2018 11 14 2352-3727 4 2 2018 Apr 26 Bladder cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) Bladder Cancer Psychological Stress and Suicide in Bladder Cancer Patients. 245-246 10.3233/BLC-189031 Messing Edward M EM University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA. eng Journal Article 2018 04 26 Netherlands Bladder Cancer 101668567 2018 5 8 6 0 2018 5 8 6 0 2018 5 8 6 1 epublish 29732395 10.3233/BLC-189031 BLC189031 PMC5929308 N

2018 Bladder cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

76. Economic stress and low leisure-time physical activity: Two life course hypotheses Full Text available with Trip Pro

Economic stress and low leisure-time physical activity: Two life course hypotheses The aim was to investigate associations between economic stress in childhood and adulthood, and low leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in adulthood from two life course perspectives. The public health survey in Scania in the southernmost part of Sweden in 2012 is a cross-sectional study based on a stratified random sample with 28,029 respondents aged 18-80 (51.7% response rate). Associations between childhood (...) and adult economic stress, and low LTPA were analyzed with logistic regressions. A 14.8% prevalence of men and 13.5% of women had low LTPA (sedentary lifestyle). Low LTPA was associated with higher age, being born abroad, low socioeconomic status, low trust, smoking, poor self-rated health, and economic stress in childhood and adulthood. The odds ratios of low LTPA increased with more accumulated economic stress across the life course in a dose-response relationship. There was no specific critical

2018 SSM - population health

77. Web-Based Stress Management for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Cancer (STREAM): A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Intervention Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Web-Based Stress Management for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Cancer (STREAM): A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Intervention Study Purpose Being diagnosed with cancer causes major psychological distress; however, a majority of patients lack psychological support during this critical period. Internet interventions help patients overcome many barriers to seeking face-to-face support and may thus close this gap. We assessed feasibility and efficacy of Web-based stress management (STREAM [Stress (...) ) in the intervention group as compared with the control. Changes in anxiety or depression were not significant in the intention-to-treat population (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale: mean, -1.28; 95% CI, -3.02 to 0.45; P = .15). Quality of life increased in the control group with the delayed intervention. Conclusion The Web-based stress management program STREAM is feasible and effective in improving quality of life.

2018 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

78. Virtual humans: transforming mHealth for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Virtual humans: transforming mHealth for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 29683131 2018 11 14 2306-9740 4 2018 mHealth Mhealth Virtual humans: transforming mHealth for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). 7 10.21037/mhealth.2018.03.03 Albright Glenn G Department of Psychology, Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, NY, USA. McMillan Jeremiah T JT Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. eng Editorial 2018 03 30 China

2018 mHealth

79. Reducing the stigma on posttraumatic stress disorder in militaries through virtual reality Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reducing the stigma on posttraumatic stress disorder in militaries through virtual reality 29683127 2018 11 14 2306-9740 4 2018 mHealth Mhealth Reducing the stigma on posttraumatic stress disorder in militaries through virtual reality. 5 10.21037/mhealth.2018.03.01 van Bennekom Martine J MJ Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. de Koning Pelle P PP Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam

2018 mHealth

80. Ameliorative effects of Spirulina platensis against lead-induced nephrotoxicity in newborn rats: Modulation of oxidative stress and histopathological changes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ameliorative effects of Spirulina platensis against lead-induced nephrotoxicity in newborn rats: Modulation of oxidative stress and histopathological changes Our experimental work was aimed at evaluating the safety and protective effects of dietary spirulina supplementation on the kidney of newborn rats, the offspring of lead contaminated lactating mothers. Female rats were randomly divided into four groups: group I (control) was given a normal diet, group II (positive control, S) received

2018 EXCLI journal