Latest & greatest articles for stress

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Top results for stress

101. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Is Associated With Enhanced Cognitive Control Network Activity in Major Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Is Associated With Enhanced Cognitive Control Network Activity in Major Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Both major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are characterized by depressive symptoms, abnormalities in brain regions important for cognitive control, and response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). However, whether a common neural mechanism underlies CBT response across diagnoses is unknown.Brain activity during

2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

102. Molecular mechanisms underlying stress response and adaptation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Molecular mechanisms underlying stress response and adaptation Environmental stresses are ubiquitous and unavoidable to all living things. Organisms respond and adapt to stresses through defined regulatory mechanisms that drive changes in gene expression, organismal morphology, or physiology. Immune responses illustrate adaptation to bacterial and viral biotic stresses in animals. Dysregulation of the genotoxic stress response system is frequently associated with various types of human cancer (...) . With respect to plants, especially halophytes, complicated systems have been developed to allow for plant growth in high salt environments. In addition, drought, waterlogging, and low temperatures represent other common plant stresses. In this review, we summarize representative examples of organismal response and adaptation to various stresses. We also discuss the molecular mechanisms underlying the above phenomena with a focus on the improvement of organismal tolerance to unfavorable environments.© 2017

2017 Thoracic cancer

103. Comparison of umbilical artery Doppler and non-stress test in assessment of fetal well-being in gestational diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of umbilical artery Doppler and non-stress test in assessment of fetal well-being in gestational diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy and is related to poor perinatal outcomes. Reduction of neonatal complications of GDM is feasible by assessment of fetal well-being. Both fetal Doppler and NST are used for the screening of high-risk pregnancies.We aimed to compare the non-stress

2017 Electronic physician

104. Coping strategies of nursing students for dealing with stress in clinical setting: A qualitative study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Coping strategies of nursing students for dealing with stress in clinical setting: A qualitative study Nursing students in the clinical setting experience a high level of stress. The understanding of people involved in nursing education, from coping strategies of nursing students with clinical stress, is highly important for any kind of planning in this field.To explore the coping strategies of Iranian nursing students with stress in a clinical setting.This qualitative content analysis study (...) was carried out with twenty nursing students who were selected using purposive sampling at the Razi nursing and midwifery school in Kerman, in Iran during a ten-month period in 2016. Data were collected using semi-structured face to face interviews, and analyzed through Graneheim and Lundman's qualitative content analysis method."Seeking well-being" as the main theme and three categories of "Active confrontation with stress", "mastering the mind and body" and "avoidance" were obtained from data

2017 Electronic physician

105. Patient safety culture and job stress among nurses in Mazandaran, Iran Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patient safety culture and job stress among nurses in Mazandaran, Iran Paying attention to patient safety is a basic right and a necessary issue in providing medical care, and failure to observe it leads to irreparable damage. One of the factors affecting an individuals' performance in an organization is stress, which also endangers their health.To determine the relationship between patient safety culture and levels of job stress among the nurses working in the hospitals affiliated (...) with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.The present study was carried out using a cross-sectional method in the hospitals affiliated with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. A multistage stratified sampling method using a Morgan Table was employed to select 380 nurses as the study sample from among 3,180 nurses. They were selected by a multistage stratified sampling method. The study instruments were Stinemetz Standard Job Stress Questionnaire and Hospital Survey on Patient Safety

2017 Electronic physician

106. A mindfulness-based intervention to increase resilience to stress in university students (the Mindful Student Study): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

A mindfulness-based intervention to increase resilience to stress in university students (the Mindful Student Study): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial The rising number of young people going to university has led to concerns about an increasing demand for student mental health services. We aimed to assess whether provision of mindfulness courses to university students would improve their resilience to stress.We did this pragmatic randomised controlled trial at the University of Cambridge (...) that provision of mindfulness training could be an effective component of a wider student mental health strategy. Further comparative effectiveness research with inclusion of controls for non-specific effects is needed to define a range of additional, effective interventions to increase resilience to stress in university students.University of Cambridge and National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care East of England.Copyright © 2018 The Author(s

2017 The Lancet. Public health Controlled trial quality: predicted high

107. Being stressed outside the park—conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Being stressed outside the park—conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia The conservation of the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) is of prime importance for many African countries. Interactions between elephants and humans are known to induce stress and thereby have the potential to affect elephants' fitness. In Namibia, anthropogenic disturbances are increasing due to increasing human population size and development, particularly near protected areas (...) , such as national parks. In this study, we investigated elephant stress levels in relation to their land use, specifically their protection status, comparing elephants within Etosha National Park in Namibia with elephants residing outside the park. We noninvasively collected dung samples of 91 elephants and determined the concentration of faecal glucocorticoid metabolites (fGCM), an indicator of physiological stress. Elephants outside the park (N = 35) had significantly higher concentrations of fGCM than those

2017 Conservation physiology

108. Urinary Markers of Oxidative Stress Are Associated With Albuminuria But Not GFR Decline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Urinary Markers of Oxidative Stress Are Associated With Albuminuria But Not GFR Decline Markers of oxidative stress increase with age and are prevalent with chronic kidney disease. However, the role of oxidative stress markers as predictors for kidney function decline in the general population is unclear.We investigated whether a baseline urinary excretion of oxidative DNA damage (8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine [8-oxodG]) and oxidative RNA damage (8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine [8-oxoGuo (...) at follow-up improved from 0.67 to 0.71 (P = 0.002).Oxidative stress measured as urinary 8-oxoGuo excretion was independently associated with incident low-grade albuminuria, but neither 8-oxoGuo nor 8-oxodG predicted an accelerated age-related GFR decline in a cohort representative of the middle-aged general population during almost 6 years of follow-up.

2017 Kidney international reports

109. ‘We lost because of his drunkenness’: the social processes linking alcohol use to self-harm in the context of daily life stress in marriages and intimate relationships in rural Sri Lanka Full Text available with Trip Pro

‘We lost because of his drunkenness’: the social processes linking alcohol use to self-harm in the context of daily life stress in marriages and intimate relationships in rural Sri Lanka Harmful alcohol use has been found to cause detriment to the consumers and those around them. Research carried out in Sri Lanka has described the socioeconomic consequences to families owing to alcohol consumption. However, the social processes around alcohol use and how it could result in behaviour

2017 BMJ global health

110. A cross‐sectional study of stress and its sources among health professional students at Makerere University, Uganda Full Text available with Trip Pro

A cross‐sectional study of stress and its sources among health professional students at Makerere University, Uganda To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health professional students at Makerere University.This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection.The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health professional students (Medical, Dental and, Nursing students) at Makerere University. From each programme, students (...) were recruited proportionately, while being selected conveniently from each year of study. Stress was measured using the General Health Questionnaire 12 and stressors assessed using a questionnaire developed from literature. After obtaining ethics approval, data were collected from consenting students. Data collected were analysed using SPSS statistical program.The prevalence of stress was found to be 57.4% and stressors of academic and psychosocial origin were most frequently reported. The top

2017 Nursing open

111. Neuroprotective role of retinal SIRT3 against acute photo-stress Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuroprotective role of retinal SIRT3 against acute photo-stress SIRT3 is a key regulator of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species as well as mitochondrial function. The retina is one of the highest energy-demanding tissues, in which the regulation of reactive oxygen species is critical to prevent retinal neurodegeneration. Although previous reports have demonstrated that SIRT3 is highly expressed in the retina and important in neuroprotection, function of SIRT3 in regulating reactive oxygen (...) species in the retina is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of retinal SIRT3 in a light-induced retinal degeneration model using SIRT3 knockout mice. We demonstrate that SIRT3 deficiency causes acute reactive oxygen species accumulation and endoplasmic reticulum stress in the retina after the light exposure, which leads to increased photoreceptor death, retinal thinning, and decreased retinal function. Using a photoreceptor-derived cell line, we revealed that reactive oxygen

2017 NPJ aging and mechanisms of disease

112. Cytochrome b5 protects photoreceptors from light stress-induced lipid peroxidation and retinal degeneration Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cytochrome b5 protects photoreceptors from light stress-induced lipid peroxidation and retinal degeneration Lipid peroxides are generated by oxidative stress in cells, and contribute to ageing and neurodegenerative disease. The eye is at special risk for lipid peroxidation because photoreceptors possess amplified sensory membranes rich in peroxidation-susceptible polyunsaturated fatty acids. Light-induced lipid peroxidation in the retina contributes to retinal degeneration, and lipid (...) peroxidation has been implicated in the progression of age-associated ocular diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here, we show that exposing Drosophila melanogaster to strong blue light induces oxidative stress including lipid peroxidation that results in retinal degeneration. Surprisingly, very young flies are resilient to this acute light stress, suggesting they possess endogenous neuroprotective mechanisms. While lipophilic antioxidants partially suppressed blue light-induced

2017 NPJ aging and mechanisms of disease

113. Cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care Among Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care Among Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain Economic evaluation alongside a randomized trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus usual care alone (UC) for chronic low back pain (CLBP).To determine 1-year cost-effectiveness of CBT and MBSR compared to 33 UC.CLBP is expensive in terms of healthcare costs and lost productivity. Mind-body

2017 EvidenceUpdates

114. Enteral nutrition as stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: A randomized controlled exploratory study

Enteral nutrition as stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: A randomized controlled exploratory study PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

115. The Effect of Binaural Beat Technology on the Cardiovascular Stress Response in Military Service Members With Postdeployment Stress. (Abstract)

The Effect of Binaural Beat Technology on the Cardiovascular Stress Response in Military Service Members With Postdeployment Stress. To assess the efficacy of embedded theta brainwave frequency in music using binaural beat technology (BBT) compared to music alone on the cardiovascular stress response in military service members with postdeployment stress.A double-blinded, randomized, pre- and postintervention trial.Seventy-four military services members with complaint of postdeployment stress (...) were randomized to either music with BBT or music alone. Each group listened to their respective intervention for a minimum of 30 min at bedtime for three consecutive nights a week for a total of 4 weeks. A 20-min pre- and postintervention heart rate variability (HRV) stress test and daily perceived stress via diaries assessed intervention efficacy.There was a statistical difference (p = .01) in low-frequency HRV between the music with BBT group compared to the music only group. The average low

2017 Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

116. Cognitive ability and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: an observational cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive ability and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: an observational cohort study Studies of the association between pre-deployment cognitive ability and post-deployment post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have shown mixed results.To study the influence of pre-deployment cognitive ability on PTSD symptoms 6-8 months post-deployment in a large population while controlling for pre-deployment education and deployment-related variables.Study linking prospective

2017 BJPsych open

117. Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide A recent study suggested that orally dosed ferric citrate hydrate (FC) corrects renal anemia in patients on hemodialysis (HD), suggesting biological differences in effects of iron supplementation using different routes of administration. To address this issue, the present study compared oral FC with i.v. saccharated ferric oxide (FO) in stable HD patients.Participants comprised 6 patients (...) , no changes were found in FC, whereas significant increases were seen in FO (appearance of non-transferrin-binding iron [NTBI]), despite the lower serum iron levels in FO. Compared with C, increases were seen in serum myeloperoxidase (oxidative marker) with accompanying significant decreases in thioredoxin (antioxidant) in FO, whereas no changes were found in FC.Oral FC differs from i.v. FO in areas such as less NTBI generation and less induction of oxidative stress. The result indicates potential

2017 Kidney international reports

118. Kidney Diseases in Agricultural Communities: A Case Against Heat-Stress Nephropathy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Kidney Diseases in Agricultural Communities: A Case Against Heat-Stress Nephropathy The beginning of the 21st century has seen the emergence of a new chronic tubulo-interstitial kidney disease of uncertain cause among agricultural communities in Central America and Sri Lanka. Despite many similarities in demography, presentation, clinical features, and renal histopathology in affected individuals in these regions, a toxic etiology has been considered mainly in Sri Lanka, whereas the predominant (...) hypothesis in Central America has been that recurrent acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by heat stress leads to chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is termed the heat stress/dehydration hypothesis. This review attempts to demonstrate that there is sparse evidence for the occurrence of significant AKI among manual workers who are at high risk, and that there is little substantial evidence that an elevation of serum creatinine < 0.3 mg/dl in previously healthy people will lead to CKD even with recurrent

2017 Kidney international reports

119. On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa Full Text available with Trip Pro

On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa Few researchers have investigated how female caregivers of institutionalised children, especially those affected by HIV and AIDS, experience stress. The role played by caregivers cannot be overemphasised; yet caregivers who work in institutions caring for orphaned and/or abandoned children affected by HIV and AIDS, are often marginalised and on the periphery (...) of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The implication is that insufficient attention or consideration is given to the importance of the role they play in these children's lives. The objective of the study was to explore how female caregivers of institutionalised children affected by HIV and AIDS experience stress. A qualitative research project with a case study design was conducted. The purposively selected participants from a previously identified care facility were seven females in the age ranges of 35-59

2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

120. Formative evaluation on cultural tailoring breathing awareness meditation smartphone apps to reduce stress and blood pressure Full Text available with Trip Pro

Formative evaluation on cultural tailoring breathing awareness meditation smartphone apps to reduce stress and blood pressure Chronic stress is an independent risk factor for essential hypertension (EH), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and is sometimes confronted by mal-adaptive coping behaviors (e.g., stress eating, excessive alcohol consumption, etc.). Pre-essential hypertension (preEH) is the leading predictor of future EH status. Breathing awareness meditation (BAM) can result in clinically (...) groups each of African American and White adults, [n=34, mean age =43.1 years, (SD 13.8 years), 44.1% African American] were conducted to understand stress, EH knowledge, app usage along with feedback from a hands-on demonstration of TT. Grounded theory using NVivo 10 was used to develop themes and combined with the questionnaires in the analysis.No racial differences were found in the analysis including app use scenarios, preferences, knowledge, technology use or the attitudes and acceptance toward

2017 mHealth