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Impact of Workplace Exposure and Stress on Neck Pain and Disabilities in Women-A Longitudinal Follow-up After a Rehabilitation Intervention. The aim was to evaluate if pain, disability, and work productivity are influenced by physical and psychosocial work exposures as well as by stress, up to 1 year after a randomized controlled trial treatment intervention, and to determine whether any such association differed between treatment and control groups.Ninety-seven working women suffering non (...) -specific neck pain (n = 67 treatment group, n = 30 control group) were followed from end of treatment intervention and at 9- and 15-month follow-ups, respectively. Physical and psychosocial exposures, as well as perceived stress, were assessed after the treatment intervention. Pain, neck disability, and work productivity were assessed at baseline, after intervention 3 months later and at 9- and 15-month follow-ups. Longitudinal assessment was conducted using the exposure level at 3 months as predictor
The Evaluation of Stress Incontinence Prior to Primary Surgery No. 127-The Evaluation of Stress Incontinence Prior to Primary Surgery - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Volume 40, Issue 2, Pages e45–e50 No. 127-The Evaluation of Stress Incontinence Prior to Primary Surgery x Scott A. Farrell , MD Halifax, NS No. 127, April 2003 (Reaffirmed February 2018) DOI: To view the full text, please login as a subscribed (...) user or . Click to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Abstract Objective To provide clinical guidelines for the evaluation of women with stress urinary incontinence prior to primary anti-incontinence surgery. Options The modalities of evaluation range from basic pelvic examination through to the use of adjuncts including ultrasound and urodynamic testing. Outcomes These guidelines provide a comprehensive approach to the preoperative evaluation of urinary incontinence to ensure that excessive
Intravaginal Laser for Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause and Stress Urinary Incontinence No. 358-Intravaginal Laser for Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause and Stress Urinary Incontinence - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Volume 40, Issue 4, Pages 503–511 No. 358-Intravaginal Laser for Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause and Stress Urinary Incontinence x Jens-Erik Walter , MD Montréal, QC x Annick Larochelle (...) , MD Montréal, QC No. 358, April 2018 DOI: To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or . Click to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Figures Figure Comparative pre- and post-laser vaginal biopsies. Abstract Objective This technical bulletin reviews the evidence relating to risks and benefits of using intravaginal laser technology in the management of genitourinary syndrome of menopause and stress urinary incontinence. Intended Users Gynaecologists, urogynaecologists, urologists
Post-traumatic stress disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search Post-traumatic stress disorder Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: September 2018 Summary Disorder that may develop (either immediately or delayed) following exposure to a stressful event or situation of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature. According to DSM-5, it is characterised by 4 (...) , and an assessment of risk: this can be facilitated by the use of screening questionnaires and a clinical interview schedule. Trauma-focused psychological treatments are the most effective treatment. Pharmacotherapy may be used in patients who do not respond to, cannot tolerate, do not want, or do not have access to psychological therapies. Definition Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop following exposure to 1 or more traumatic events such as deliberate acts of interpersonal violence, severe
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Residents: A Randomized Controlled Trial Burnout is highly prevalent in residents. No randomized controlled trials have been conducted measuring the effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on burnout in residents.To determine the effectiveness of MBSR in reducing burnout in residents.A randomized controlled trial comparing MBSR with a waitlist control group.Residents from all medical, surgical and primary care disciplines were eligible
Incidence and demographical characteristics of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder due to motor vehicle accidents Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are daily occurrences in Malaysia but the extent to which victims are psychologically affected is not well known. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and demographic characteristics of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to MVAs at a university hospital in Malaysia.Patients presenting to the emergency (...) department from August to October 2014 due to MVA-related injuries were recruited. After a period of at least one month, they were followed-up and screened using the validated Malay Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Civilian version. A score of 30 was chosen as the cut-off point for PTSD.In total, 112 patients presented to the emergency department following MVAs during the study period. Of these, 60.7% agreed for the follow-up. Among the respondents, the mean age was 26 years, 91.2% were males
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Is Associated With Enhanced Cognitive Control Network Activity in Major Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Both major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are characterized by depressive symptoms, abnormalities in brain regions important for cognitive control, and response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). However, whether a common neural mechanism underlies CBT response across diagnoses is unknown.Brain activity during
Comparison of umbilical artery Doppler and non-stress test in assessment of fetal well-being in gestational diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy and is related to poor perinatal outcomes. Reduction of neonatal complications of GDM is feasible by assessment of fetal well-being. Both fetal Doppler and NST are used for the screening of high-risk pregnancies.We aimed to compare the non-stress
Coping strategies of nursing students for dealing with stress in clinical setting: A qualitative study Nursing students in the clinical setting experience a high level of stress. The understanding of people involved in nursing education, from coping strategies of nursing students with clinical stress, is highly important for any kind of planning in this field.To explore the coping strategies of Iranian nursing students with stress in a clinical setting.This qualitative content analysis study (...) was carried out with twenty nursing students who were selected using purposive sampling at the Razi nursing and midwifery school in Kerman, in Iran during a ten-month period in 2016. Data were collected using semi-structured face to face interviews, and analyzed through Graneheim and Lundman's qualitative content analysis method."Seeking well-being" as the main theme and three categories of "Active confrontation with stress", "mastering the mind and body" and "avoidance" were obtained from data
Patient safety culture and job stress among nurses in Mazandaran, Iran Paying attention to patient safety is a basic right and a necessary issue in providing medical care, and failure to observe it leads to irreparable damage. One of the factors affecting an individuals' performance in an organization is stress, which also endangers their health.To determine the relationship between patient safety culture and levels of job stress among the nurses working in the hospitals affiliated (...) with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.The present study was carried out using a cross-sectional method in the hospitals affiliated with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. A multistage stratified sampling method using a Morgan Table was employed to select 380 nurses as the study sample from among 3,180 nurses. They were selected by a multistage stratified sampling method. The study instruments were Stinemetz Standard Job Stress Questionnaire and Hospital Survey on Patient Safety
Being stressed outside the parkâ€”conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia The conservation of the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) is of prime importance for many African countries. Interactions between elephants and humans are known to induce stress and thereby have the potential to affect elephants' fitness. In Namibia, anthropogenic disturbances are increasing due to increasing human population size and development, particularly near protected areas (...) , such as national parks. In this study, we investigated elephant stress levels in relation to their land use, specifically their protection status, comparing elephants within Etosha National Park in Namibia with elephants residing outside the park. We noninvasively collected dung samples of 91 elephants and determined the concentration of faecal glucocorticoid metabolites (fGCM), an indicator of physiological stress. Elephants outside the park (N = 35) had significantly higher concentrations of fGCM than those
Urinary Markers of Oxidative Stress Are Associated With Albuminuria But Not GFRÂ Decline Markers of oxidative stress increase with age and are prevalent with chronic kidney disease. However, the role of oxidative stress markers as predictors for kidney function decline in the general population is unclear.We investigated whether a baseline urinary excretion of oxidative DNA damage (8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine [8-oxodG]) and oxidative RNA damage (8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine [8-oxoGuo (...) at follow-up improved from 0.67 to 0.71 (P = 0.002).Oxidative stress measured as urinary 8-oxoGuo excretion was independently associated with incident low-grade albuminuria, but neither 8-oxoGuo nor 8-oxodG predicted an accelerated age-related GFR decline in a cohort representative of the middle-aged general population during almost 6 years of follow-up.
â€˜We lost because of his drunkennessâ€™: the social processes linking alcohol use to self-harm in the context of daily life stress in marriages and intimate relationships in rural Sri Lanka Harmful alcohol use has been found to cause detriment to the consumers and those around them. Research carried out in Sri Lanka has described the socioeconomic consequences to families owing to alcohol consumption. However, the social processes around alcohol use and how it could result in behaviour
A crossâ€sectional study of stress and its sources among health professional students at Makerere University, Uganda To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health professional students at Makerere University.This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection.The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health professional students (Medical, Dental and, Nursing students) at Makerere University. From each programme, students (...) were recruited proportionately, while being selected conveniently from each year of study. Stress was measured using the General Health Questionnaire 12 and stressors assessed using a questionnaire developed from literature. After obtaining ethics approval, data were collected from consenting students. Data collected were analysed using SPSS statistical program.The prevalence of stress was found to be 57.4% and stressors of academic and psychosocial origin were most frequently reported. The top
Neuroprotective role of retinal SIRT3 against acute photo-stress SIRT3 is a key regulator of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species as well as mitochondrial function. The retina is one of the highest energy-demanding tissues, in which the regulation of reactive oxygen species is critical to prevent retinal neurodegeneration. Although previous reports have demonstrated that SIRT3 is highly expressed in the retina and important in neuroprotection, function of SIRT3 in regulating reactive oxygen (...) species in the retina is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of retinal SIRT3 in a light-induced retinal degeneration model using SIRT3 knockout mice. We demonstrate that SIRT3 deficiency causes acute reactive oxygen species accumulation and endoplasmic reticulum stress in the retina after the light exposure, which leads to increased photoreceptor death, retinal thinning, and decreased retinal function. Using a photoreceptor-derived cell line, we revealed that reactive oxygen
Cytochrome b5 protects photoreceptors from light stress-induced lipid peroxidation and retinal degeneration Lipid peroxides are generated by oxidative stress in cells, and contribute to ageing and neurodegenerative disease. The eye is at special risk for lipid peroxidation because photoreceptors possess amplified sensory membranes rich in peroxidation-susceptible polyunsaturated fatty acids. Light-induced lipid peroxidation in the retina contributes to retinal degeneration, and lipid (...) peroxidation has been implicated in the progression of age-associated ocular diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here, we show that exposing Drosophila melanogaster to strong blue light induces oxidative stress including lipid peroxidation that results in retinal degeneration. Surprisingly, very young flies are resilient to this acute light stress, suggesting they possess endogenous neuroprotective mechanisms. While lipophilic antioxidants partially suppressed blue light-induced
Cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care Among Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain Economic evaluation alongside a randomized trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus usual care alone (UC) for chronic low back pain (CLBP).To determine 1-year cost-effectiveness of CBT and MBSR compared to 33 UC.CLBP is expensive in terms of healthcare costs and lost productivity. Mind-body