Latest & greatest articles for stress

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Top results for stress

121. Enteral nutrition as stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: A randomized controlled exploratory study

Enteral nutrition as stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: A randomized controlled exploratory study PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

122. The Effect of Binaural Beat Technology on the Cardiovascular Stress Response in Military Service Members With Postdeployment Stress. (Abstract)

The Effect of Binaural Beat Technology on the Cardiovascular Stress Response in Military Service Members With Postdeployment Stress. To assess the efficacy of embedded theta brainwave frequency in music using binaural beat technology (BBT) compared to music alone on the cardiovascular stress response in military service members with postdeployment stress.A double-blinded, randomized, pre- and postintervention trial.Seventy-four military services members with complaint of postdeployment stress (...) were randomized to either music with BBT or music alone. Each group listened to their respective intervention for a minimum of 30 min at bedtime for three consecutive nights a week for a total of 4 weeks. A 20-min pre- and postintervention heart rate variability (HRV) stress test and daily perceived stress via diaries assessed intervention efficacy.There was a statistical difference (p = .01) in low-frequency HRV between the music with BBT group compared to the music only group. The average low

2017 Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

123. Cognitive ability and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: an observational cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive ability and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: an observational cohort study Studies of the association between pre-deployment cognitive ability and post-deployment post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have shown mixed results.To study the influence of pre-deployment cognitive ability on PTSD symptoms 6-8 months post-deployment in a large population while controlling for pre-deployment education and deployment-related variables.Study linking prospective

2017 BJPsych open

124. Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide A recent study suggested that orally dosed ferric citrate hydrate (FC) corrects renal anemia in patients on hemodialysis (HD), suggesting biological differences in effects of iron supplementation using different routes of administration. To address this issue, the present study compared oral FC with i.v. saccharated ferric oxide (FO) in stable HD patients.Participants comprised 6 patients (...) , no changes were found in FC, whereas significant increases were seen in FO (appearance of non-transferrin-binding iron [NTBI]), despite the lower serum iron levels in FO. Compared with C, increases were seen in serum myeloperoxidase (oxidative marker) with accompanying significant decreases in thioredoxin (antioxidant) in FO, whereas no changes were found in FC.Oral FC differs from i.v. FO in areas such as less NTBI generation and less induction of oxidative stress. The result indicates potential

2017 Kidney international reports

125. Kidney Diseases in Agricultural Communities: A Case Against Heat-Stress Nephropathy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Kidney Diseases in Agricultural Communities: A Case Against Heat-Stress Nephropathy The beginning of the 21st century has seen the emergence of a new chronic tubulo-interstitial kidney disease of uncertain cause among agricultural communities in Central America and Sri Lanka. Despite many similarities in demography, presentation, clinical features, and renal histopathology in affected individuals in these regions, a toxic etiology has been considered mainly in Sri Lanka, whereas the predominant (...) hypothesis in Central America has been that recurrent acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by heat stress leads to chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is termed the heat stress/dehydration hypothesis. This review attempts to demonstrate that there is sparse evidence for the occurrence of significant AKI among manual workers who are at high risk, and that there is little substantial evidence that an elevation of serum creatinine < 0.3 mg/dl in previously healthy people will lead to CKD even with recurrent

2017 Kidney international reports

126. On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa Full Text available with Trip Pro

On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa Few researchers have investigated how female caregivers of institutionalised children, especially those affected by HIV and AIDS, experience stress. The role played by caregivers cannot be overemphasised; yet caregivers who work in institutions caring for orphaned and/or abandoned children affected by HIV and AIDS, are often marginalised and on the periphery (...) of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The implication is that insufficient attention or consideration is given to the importance of the role they play in these children's lives. The objective of the study was to explore how female caregivers of institutionalised children affected by HIV and AIDS experience stress. A qualitative research project with a case study design was conducted. The purposively selected participants from a previously identified care facility were seven females in the age ranges of 35-59

2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

127. Formative evaluation on cultural tailoring breathing awareness meditation smartphone apps to reduce stress and blood pressure Full Text available with Trip Pro

Formative evaluation on cultural tailoring breathing awareness meditation smartphone apps to reduce stress and blood pressure Chronic stress is an independent risk factor for essential hypertension (EH), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and is sometimes confronted by mal-adaptive coping behaviors (e.g., stress eating, excessive alcohol consumption, etc.). Pre-essential hypertension (preEH) is the leading predictor of future EH status. Breathing awareness meditation (BAM) can result in clinically (...) groups each of African American and White adults, [n=34, mean age =43.1 years, (SD 13.8 years), 44.1% African American] were conducted to understand stress, EH knowledge, app usage along with feedback from a hands-on demonstration of TT. Grounded theory using NVivo 10 was used to develop themes and combined with the questionnaires in the analysis.No racial differences were found in the analysis including app use scenarios, preferences, knowledge, technology use or the attitudes and acceptance toward

2017 mHealth

128. Job‐related stress in psychiatric assistant nurses Full Text available with Trip Pro

Job‐related stress in psychiatric assistant nurses We aimed to clarify how stress among psychiatric assistant nurses (PANs) differed from Registered Nurses (PRNs).Cross-sectional survey study was conducted with PRNs and PANs working in six psychiatric hospitals in Japan.The Psychiatric Nurse Job Stressor Scale (PNJSS) and the job stressor and stress reaction subscales of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire measured stress in 68 PANs and 140 PRNs. The results were statistically (...) analysed.Psychiatric assistant nurses had significantly higher scores than PRNs on the job stressor subscales in psychiatric nursing ability, interpersonal relations and in the stress reaction subscales of irritability and somatic symptoms. "Psychiatric nursing ability," "Communication" and "Use of techniques" were associated with almost all stress reactions in PANs than in PRNs.

2017 Nursing open

129. Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Kashmir Valley Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Kashmir Valley Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir

2017 BMJ global health

130. Stress fracture of the second proximal phalanx of the foot in teenage athletes: Unrecognized location of stress fracture Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stress fracture of the second proximal phalanx of the foot in teenage athletes: Unrecognized location of stress fracture Adolescent athletes are a high-risk population for stress fractures. We report four cases of stress fractures of the second proximal phalanx, which had not been previously diagnosed as the location of the stress fracture of the foot, in teenage athletes.All fractures were on the plantar side of the proximal phalangeal base, and the oblique images of the plain radiograph (...) clearly depicted the fractures. Notably, three out of the four patients had histories of stress fracture of other locations. While three athletes with acute cases were able to make an early return to play with simple conservative management, the chronic case required surgical treatment for this rare injury.Although a rare injury, it is important that clinicians be aware of this type of stress fracture, as a timely diagnosis can avoid the need for surgical treatment and allow an early return to play.

2017 Asia-Pacific journal of sports medicine, arthroscopy, rehabilitation and technology

131. Acute Stress Enhances Emotional Face Processing in the Aging Brain. (Abstract)

Acute Stress Enhances Emotional Face Processing in the Aging Brain. Healthy aging has been associated with stable emotional well-being and attenuated brain responses to negative stimuli. At the same time, depressive symptoms are common in older adults. The neural mechanisms behind this paradox remain to be clarified. We hypothesized that acute stress could alter emotion processing in healthy aging brain and constitute a pathway to vulnerability.Using a randomized, controlled crossover design (...) , we explored the influence of acute stress on brain responses to happy and fearful facial expressions in 25 older adults (60-75 years of age) and 25 young (18-30 years of age) control subjects. Groups were matched on trait anxiety and education. Subjects underwent two separate functional magnetic resonance imaging sessions involving acute stress or a control procedure.Affective and physiological responses to the stressor were similar between the two age groups. On a whole-brain level, we revealed

2017 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging Controlled trial quality: uncertain

132. Self-compassion and physical health: Exploring the roles of perceived stress and health-promoting behaviors Full Text available with Trip Pro

Self-compassion and physical health: Exploring the roles of perceived stress and health-promoting behaviors Growing evidence indicates that self-compassion is associated with better physical health, but the pathways that mediate this relationship are not well understood. This study tested a serial mediation model that linked self-compassion, perceived stress, health behaviors, and a comprehensive index of physical health. A sample of 176 individuals completed an online survey posted on Amazon's (...) Mechanical Turk. Self-compassion had an indirect effect on physical health via both mediators and through the sequential pathway, suggesting that taking a kind, accepting and mindful stance toward one's flaws and failures may have benefits for reducing stress and promoting health behaviors.

2017 Health psychology open

133. Effect of vitamin E on oxidative stress level in blood, synovial fluid, and synovial tissue in severe knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of vitamin E on oxidative stress level in blood, synovial fluid, and synovial tissue in severe knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled study This study was performed to evaluate the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin E on oxidative stress in the plasma, synovial fluid, and synovial tissue of patients with knee osteoarthritis.Seventy-two patients with late-stage knee osteoarthritis scheduled for total knee arthroplasty were randomized to take oral placebo (Group (...) A) or 400 IU of vitamin E (Group B) once a day for 2 months before undergoing surgery. The blood levels of endpoints indicating oxidative stress or antioxidant capacity, Knee Society Score (KSS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score (WOMAC), and adverse effects were compared before and after the intervention between the two groups. At surgery, these redox endpoints and histological findings were compared between the synovial fluid and synovial tissue.In blood samples

2017 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

134. Occupational Heat Stress and Kidney Health: From Farms to Factories Full Text available with Trip Pro

Occupational Heat Stress and Kidney Health: From Farms to Factories Millions of workers around the world are exposed to high temperatures, intense physical activity, and lax labor practices that do not allow for sufficient rehydration breaks. The extent and consequences of heat exposure in different occupational settings, countries, and cultural contexts is not well studied. We conducted an in-depth review to examine the known effects of occupational heat stress on the kidney. We also examined (...) methods of heat-stress assessment, strategies for prevention and mitigation, and the economic consequences of occupational heat stress. Our descriptive review summarizes emerging evidence that extreme occupational heat stress combined with chronic dehydration may contribute to the development of CKD and ultimately kidney failure. Rising global temperatures, coupled with decreasing access to clean drinking water, may exacerbate the effects of heat exposure in both outdoor and indoor workers who

2017 Kidney international reports

135. Computer-based versus in-person interventions for preventing and reducing stress in workers. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Computer-based versus in-person interventions for preventing and reducing stress in workers. Chronic exposure to stress has been linked to several negative physiological and psychological health outcomes. Among employees, stress and its associated effects can also result in productivity losses and higher healthcare costs. In-person (face-to-face) and computer-based (web- and mobile-based) stress management interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress in employees compared (...) to no intervention. However, it is unclear if one form of intervention delivery is more effective than the other. It is conceivable that computer-based interventions are more accessible, convenient, and cost-effective.To compare the effects of computer-based interventions versus in-person interventions for preventing and reducing stress in workers.We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, NIOSHTIC, NIOSHTIC-2, HSELINE, CISDOC, and two trials registers up to February 2017.We included randomised

2017 Cochrane

136. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (...) , Anxiety, and Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Published on: August 28, 2017 Project Number: RC0912-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy for adult patients with trauma-related post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, or depression? Key Message Two systematic reviews, two randomized controlled trials and four non-randomized

2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

137. Stress and sleep: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stress and sleep: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study Hispanics/Latinos face specific sociocultural stressors associated with their marginalized status in the United States. While stress is known to cause poor sleep, the differential effects of the specific stressors faced by Hispanics/Latinos have not been evaluated. Using cross-sectional data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study, we (...) conducted weighted generalized linear models to evaluate the associations of acculturation stress, ethnic discrimination, and chronic moderate/severe stress with self-reported sleep outcomes (insomnia symptoms, daytime sleepiness, sleep duration) in individual and aggregate models adjusted for site, socio-demographics, behavioral, and medical conditions. Participants included 5313 Hispanic/Latino adults; 43.5% ≥ age 45, 54.8% female, and 22.0% US-born. Chronic moderate/severe stress, ethnic

2017 SSM - population health

138. Troxerutin protects hippocampal neurons against amyloid beta-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Troxerutin protects hippocampal neurons against amyloid beta-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disease linked with increased production and/or deposition of amyloid-beta (Aβ) in the brain. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible neuroprotective effect of troxerutin on an animal model of Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer model was induced by a single dose intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of Aβ 1-42 (5 nmol (...) , and increased AChE activities in the hippocampus. Chronic administration of troxerutin significantly attenuated MDA levels and AChE activity and increased SOD and GPx activities in the hippocampus. Moreover, the number of apoptotic cells was decreased by troxerutin treatment. Taken together, our study demonstrated that troxerutin could increase the resistance of hippocampal neurons against apoptosis, at least in part, by diminishing the activity of AChE and oxidative stress. Therefore, troxerutin may have

2017 EXCLI journal

139. Targeting Mycobacterium tuberculosis sensitivity to thiol stress at acidic pH kills the bacterium and potentiates antibiotics Full Text available with Trip Pro

Targeting Mycobacterium tuberculosis sensitivity to thiol stress at acidic pH kills the bacterium and potentiates antibiotics Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) must sense and adapt to immune pressures such as acidic pH during pathogenesis. The goal of this study was to isolate compounds that inhibit acidic pH resistance, thus defining virulence pathways that are vulnerable to chemotherapy. Here, we report that the compound AC2P36 selectively kills Mtb at acidic pH and potentiates (...) the bactericidal activity of isoniazid, clofazimine, and diamide. We show that AC2P36 activity is associated with thiol stress and causes an enhanced accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species at acidic pH. Mechanism of action studies demonstrate that AC2P36 directly depletes Mtb thiol pools, with enhanced depletion of free thiols at acidic pH. These findings support that Mtb is especially vulnerable to thiol stress at acidic pH and that chemical depletion of thiol pools is a promising target

2017 Cell chemical biology

140. Activation of Inflammatory and Pro-Thrombotic Pathways in Acute Stress Cardiomyopathy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Activation of Inflammatory and Pro-Thrombotic Pathways in Acute Stress Cardiomyopathy Stress cardiomyopathy (SCM) is a unique cardiac disorder that more often occurs in women. SCM presents in a similar fashion as acute myocardial infarction (AMI), with chest pain, ECG changes, and congestive heart failure. The primary distinguishing feature is the absence of thrombotic coronary occlusion in SCM. How this reduction in cardiac function occurs in the absence of coronary occlusion remains unknown

2017 Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine