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Latest & greatest articles for stress
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Enzymatic and non-enzymatic comparison of two different industrial tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) varieties against drought stress The aim of this study is to compare the tolerance mechanisms of two industrial tomato varieties (X5671R and 5MX12956) under drought stress. 14 days-old tomato seedlings were subjected to 7 days-long drought stress by withholding irrigation. The effects of stress were determined by enzymatic and non-enzymatic parameters. The physiological damages were evaluated via (...) to the Day 0 as the control. Total protein content, lipid peroxidation and proline accumulation presented increased values in both varieties in accordance with the increasing stress intensity. According to lipid peroxidation analysis, 5MX12956 tomato variety was found more drought sensitive than X5671R variety. Antioxidative enzyme activities showed increases in both varieties as a response to drought stress, although CAT and APX activities presented decrease on the 7th day of applied stress. 7 days long
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Depression, Anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Depression, Anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Depression, Anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Eye Movement Desensitization (...) and Reprocessing for Depression, Anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Published on: July 21, 2017 Project Number: RC0907-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for adult patients with depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress disorder? Key Message Based on low-quality studies, for patients
The impact of stress on body function: A review Any intrinsic or extrinsic stimulus that evokes a biological response is known as stress. The compensatory responses to these stresses are known as stress responses. Based on the type, timing and severity of the applied stimulus, stress can exert various actions on the body ranging from alterations in homeostasis to life-threatening effects and death. In many cases, the pathophysiological complications of disease arise from stress and the subjects (...) exposed to stress, e.g. those that work or live in stressful environments, have a higher likelihood of many disorders. Stress can be either a triggering or aggravating factor for many diseases and pathological conditions. In this study, we have reviewed some of the major effects of stress on the primary physiological systems of humans.
Safe, sound and desirable: development of mHealth apps under the stress of rapid life cycles 28828374 2019 01 15 2306-9740 3 2017 mHealth Mhealth Safe, sound and desirable: development of mHealth apps under the stress of rapid life cycles. 27 10.21037/mhealth.2017.06.05 Albrecht Urs-Vito UV Hannover Medical School, Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig-Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School, Hannover 30625, Germany. von Jan Ute U Hannover
Increased ethanolâ€inducible cytochrome P450â€2E1 and cytochrome P450 isoforms in exosomes of alcoholâ€exposed rodents and patients with alcoholism through oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress This study investigated the role of ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450-2E1 (CYP2E1) in enhancing CYP2E1 and other P450 proteins in extracellular vesicles (EVs) from alcohol-exposed rodents and human patients with alcoholism and their effects on oxidative hepatocyte injury. Female Fischer rats (...) significantly reduced in ethanol-exposed rats fed a diet containing polyunsaturated fatty acids. The increased number of EVs and EV CYP2E1 and other P450 isoforms in alcohol-exposed wild types were significantly reduced in the corresponding Cyp2e1-null mice. EV CYP2E1 amounts depended on increased oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress because their levels were decreased by cotreatment with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine or the CYP2E1 inhibitor chlormethiazole but increased by ER stress-inducer
Ablation of Oxytocin Neurons Causes a Deficit in Cold Stress Response The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is a critical locus of energy balance control. Three sets of neurons in the PVN are involved in regulating energy balance: oxytocin-expressing neurons (OXT-neurons), thyrotropin-releasing hormone-expressing neurons, and corticotrophin-releasing hormone-expressing neurons. To examine the role of OXT-neurons in energy balance, we ablated these neurons in mice by injecting diphtheria toxin (...) their response to 1) intraperitoneal cholecystokinin (CCK) injection and 2) thermogenic stress. OXT-neuron-ablated mice had a blunted decrease in feeding response to CCK. When exposed to the extreme cold (4°C) for 3 hours, OXT-neuron-ablated mice had significant decreases in both rectal and brown adipose tissue temperature relative to controls, which was rescued by OXT treatment. Thermographic imaging revealed that OXT-neuron-ablated mice had increased body surface temperature. Thus, we report that OXT
Stress at work: Factors associated with cognitive disorganisation among private sector professionals This study explores psychological and psychological variables associated with perceived stress at work. A total of 100 international participants consented to donating a hair sample and completing a work-related stress survey. Logistic regression was used to investigate associations with low/high cognitive disorganisation using data collected from hair cortisol analysis and self-report
Restructuring of Enterococcus faecalis biofilm architecture in response to antibiotic-induced stress Bacterial biofilms are intrinsically resistant to antimicrobial treatment, which contributes to microbial persistence in clinical infections. Enterococcus faecalis is an opportunistic pathogen that readily forms biofilms and is the most prevalent enterococcal species identified in healthcare-associated infections. Since intrinsic resistance to multiple antibiotics is common for enterococci (...) biofilms exhibiting complex cellular architectures were less structurally stable than monolayer biofilms, with the biofilm cells exhibiting increased detachment. Our results indicate that E. faecalis biofilms restructure in response to cellular stress whether induced by antibiotics in the case of parent cells, or by deficiencies in Epa composition for the ΔepaOX strain. The data demonstrate a link between cellular architecture and antibiotic resistance of E. faecalis biofilms.
The long reach of early adversity: Parenting, stress, and neural pathways to antisocial behavior in adulthood Early life adversities including harsh parenting, maternal depression, neighborhood deprivation, and low family economic resources are more prevalent in low-income urban environments and are potent predictors of psychopathology, including, for boys, antisocial behavior (AB). However, little research has examined how these stressful experiences alter later neural function. Moreover
Effect of Electroacupuncture on Urinary Leakage Among Women With Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Electroacupuncture involving the lumbosacral region may be effective for women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), but evidence is limited.To assess the effect of electroacupuncture vs sham electroacupuncture for women with SUI.Multicenter, randomized clinical trial conducted at 12 hospitals in China and enrolling 504 women with SUI between October 2013 and May 2015 (...) % in the electroacupuncture group and 2.0% in the sham electroacupuncture group, and all events were classified as mild.Among women with stress urinary incontinence, treatment with electroacupuncture involving the lumbosacral region, compared with sham electroacupuncture, resulted in less urine leakage after 6 weeks. Further research is needed to understand long-term efficacy and the mechanism of action of this intervention.clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01784172.
Predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder following critical illness: A mixed methods study Post-traumatic stress disorder has been reported in survivors of critical illness. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder in survivors of critical illness.Patients attending the intensive care unit (ICU) follow-up clinic completed the UK-Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome 14-Questions Inventory and data was collected from their medical records. Predictors (...) investigated included age, gender, Apache II score, ICU length of stay, pre-illness psychopathology; delirium and benzodiazepine administration during ICU stay and delusional memories of the ICU stay following discharge.A total of 198 patients participated, with 54 (27%) patients suffering with post-traumatic stress disorder. On multivariable logistic regression, the significant predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder were younger age, lower Apache II score, pre-illness psychopathology and delirium
Relationship between hysterectomy and severity of female stress urinary incontinence Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) is one of the most reported health dilemmas of women suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms.To determine the relation between hysterectomy and severity of female SUI using Valsalva Leak Point Pressure (VLPP).This case-control study was conducted at a public urology clinic in Tehran in 2015. The study population was all female with SUI complaints who visited the clinic
Ethnicity, sex, and age are determinants of red blood cell storage and stress hemolysis: results of the REDS-III RBC-Omics study Genetic polymorphisms in blood donors may contribute to donor-specific differences in the survival of red blood cells (RBCs) during cold storage and after transfusion. Genetic variability is anticipated to be high in donors with racial admixture from malaria endemic regions such as Africa and Asia. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that donor
Psychological stress has a higher rate of developing addictive behaviors compared to physical stress in rat offspring Prenatal stress could have great influence on development of offspring and might alter cognitive function and other physiological processes of children. The current study was conducted to study the effect of physical or psychological prenatal stress on addictive and anxiety-like behavior of male and female offspring during their adolescence period (postnatal day (PND) 40). Adult (...) female rats were exposed to physical (swimming) or psychological (observing another female rat swimming) stress from day six of gestation for 10 days. Male and female offspring were assayed for anxiety-like behavior, motor and balance function and morphine conditioned place preference using the open field, elevated plus maze (EPM), rotarod and wire grip assay and conditioned place preference. Offspring in both physical and psychological prenatal stress groups demonstrated significant increase
Group Cognitive Processing Therapy for Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, or Mood Disorders: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Group Cognitive Processing Therapy for Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, or Mood Disorders: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Group Cognitive Processing Therapy for Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, or Mood Disorders: A Review of Clinical (...) Effectiveness and Guidelines Group Cognitive Processing Therapy for Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety, or Mood Disorders: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Published on: June 12, 2017 Project Number: RC0891-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of group cognitive processing therapy for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders
Stress-Dose Corticosteroid Versus Placebo in Neonatal Cardiac Operations: A Randomized Controlled Trial Corticosteroids can improve the hemodynamic status of neonates with postoperative low cardiac output syndrome after cardiac operations. This study compared a prophylactically administered stress-dose corticosteroid (SDC) regimen against placebo on inflammation, adrenocortical function, and hemodynamic outcome.Forty neonates undergoing elective open heart operations were randomized into two
Cellular fluid shear stress on implant surfacesâ€”establishment of a novel experimental set up Mechanostimuli of different cells can affect a wide array of cellular and inter-cellular biological processes responsible for dental implant healing. The purpose of this in vitro study was to establish a new test model to create a reproducible flow-induced fluid shear stress (FSS) of osteoblast cells on implant surfaces.As FSS effects on osteoblasts are detectable at 10 dyn/cm2, a custom-made flow
Role of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress, Autophagy, and Inflammation in Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular diseases are a class of heart or blood vessels diseases, which are now considered to be the leading cause of death globally. A number of recent studies have reported key roles for inflammation in the progression of diseased vessels and systematic heart failure. In particular, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, which is mechanistically implicated in inflammation and autophagy, has now been (...) associated with pathophysiological states in the cardiovascular system. Autophagy has also been identified as an important process in the progression of multiple cardiovascular diseases such as in atherosclerosis plaque progression and ischemia and/or reperfusion. In light of the above, it has been proposed that a link between inflammation, autophagy, and ER stress may exist that contribute to diseases of the heart and its supporting vessels. This review highlights current knowledge on the cross talk
Stress, self-regulation, and context: Evidence from the health and retirement survey Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful (...) experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results. In this study we use a novel instrument designed to explicitly measure the self-regulatory motivations and perceived effectiveness of eight health-related self-regulatory behaviors (smoking, alcohol, drug use, overeating, prayer, exercise, social support, talking with a councilor) in a subset